Section: General Variables
Subsection: Temporal Bounds

Polity Duration

The lifetime of a polity.  
Contributors: Jenny, Majid, Peter

Variable Definition
Polity The Seshat Polity Name
Year(s) The years for which we have the data. [negative = BCE]
Confidence Inferred : The value is inferred.
Suspected : The value is suspected (Expert Check Needed).
Evidenced : The value is backed up by sufficient evidence.
Disputed? No : No disagreement among scholars.
Yes : There is disagreement among scholars.
Expert? : Not yet Checked by a Seshat Expert.
: Checked and accepted by a Seshat Expert (or RA).

Variable Definition
polity_year_from The beginning year for a polity.
polity_year_to The end year for a polity.

# Polity   Year(s)   Polity Year from Polity Year to   Confidence     Disputed?     Expert?   Edit
1
Kingdom of Bohemia - Přemyslid Dynasty
1198 CE 1309 CE
1198
1309
Confident No Edit
2
State of the Teutonic Order
1300 CE 1400 CE
1300
1400
Confident No Edit
3
Brandenburg-Prussia
1618 CE 1870 CE
1618
1870
Confident No Edit
4
Chola Empire
* Year Range of Chola Empire is assumed.
[849, 1280]
849
1280
Confident No Edit
5
Norman England
* Year Range of Norman England is assumed.
[1066, 1153]
1066
1153
Confident No Edit
6
Kingdom of Jimma
* Year Range of Kingdom of Jimma is assumed.
[1790, 1932]
1790
1932
Confident No Edit
7
Majeerteen Sultanate
* Year Range of Majeerteen Sultanate is assumed.
[1750, 1926]
1750
1926
Confident No Edit
8
Japan - Final Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Final Jomon is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
-1200
-300
Confident No Edit
9
Kamakura Shogunate
* Year Range of Kamakura Shogunate is assumed.
[1185, 1333]
1185
1333
Confident No Edit
10
Late Angkor
* Year Range of Late Angkor is assumed.
[1220, 1432]
1220
1432
Confident No Edit
11
Chagatai Khanate
* Year Range of Chagatai Khanate is assumed.
[1263, 1402]
1263
1402
Confident No Edit
12
Ancient Khwarazm
* Year Range of Ancient Khwarazm is assumed.
[-1000, -521]
-1000
-521
Confident No Edit
13
Spanish Empire II
* Year Range of Spanish Empire II is assumed.
[1716, 1814]
1716
1814
Confident No Edit
14
Egypt - Late Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Late Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2350, -2150]
-2350
-2150
Confident No Edit
15
Abbasid Caliphate II
* Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate II is assumed.
[1191, 1258]
1191
1258
Confident No Edit
16
Elam - Crisis Period
* Year Range of Elam - Crisis Period is assumed.
[-1100, -900]
-1100
-900
Confident No Edit
17
Japan - Middle Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Middle Jomon is assumed.
[-3500, -2500]
-3500
-2500
Confident No Edit
18
Jenne-jeno III
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno III is assumed.
[400, 899]
400
899
Confident No Edit
19
Oaxaca - Rosario
* Year Range of Oaxaca - Rosario is assumed.
[-700, -500]
-700
-500
Confident No Edit
20
Hatti - Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Hatti - Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-1650, -1500]
-1650
-1500
Confident No Edit
21
Elam - Awan Dynasty I
* Year Range of Elam - Awan Dynasty I is assumed.
[-2675, -2100]
-2675
-2100
Confident No Edit
22
Susa I
* Year Range of Susa I is assumed.
[-4300, -3800]
-4300
-3800
Confident No Edit
23
Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period
* Year Range of Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period is assumed.
[1778, 1819]
1778
1819
Confident No Edit
24
Benin Empire
* Year Range of Benin Empire is assumed.
[1140, 1897]
1140
1897
Confident Yes Edit
25
Benin Empire
* Year Range of Benin Empire is assumed.
[1140, 1897]
1170
1897
Confident Yes Edit
26
Benin Empire
* Year Range of Benin Empire is assumed.
[1140, 1897]
1200
1897
Confident Yes Edit
27
Vijayanagara Empire
* Year Range of Vijayanagara Empire is assumed.
[1336, 1646]
1336
1646
Confident No Edit
28
Akkadian Empire
* Year Range of Akkadian Empire is assumed.
[-2270, -2083]
-2270
-2083
Confident No Edit
29
Elam - Late Sukkalmah
* Year Range of Elam - Late Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1700, -1500]
-1700
-1500
Confident No Edit
30
Kassite Babylonia
* Year Range of Kassite Babylonia is assumed.
[-1595, -1150]
-1595
-1150
Confident No Edit
31
Early Dynastic
* Year Range of Early Dynastic is assumed.
[-2900, -2500]
-2900
-2500
Confident No Edit
32
Neo-Assyrian Empire
* Year Range of Neo-Assyrian Empire is assumed.
[-911, -612]
-911
-612
Confident No Edit
33
Anglo-Saxon England II
* Year Range of Anglo-Saxon England II is assumed.
[927, 1065]
927
1065
Confident No Edit
34
Plantagenet England
* Year Range of Plantagenet England is assumed.
[1154, 1485]
1154
1485
Confident No Edit
35
Kingdom of the Huns
* Year Range of Kingdom of the Huns is assumed.
[376, 469]
376
469
Confident No Edit
36
Early United Mexican States
* Year Range of Early United Mexican States is assumed.
[1810, 1920]
1810
1920
Confident No Edit
37
Naqada II
* Year Range of Naqada II is assumed.
[-3550, -3300]
-3550
-3300
Confident No Edit
38
Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period
* Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period is assumed.
[-1293, -1070]
-1293
-1070
Confident No Edit
39
Spanish Empire I
* Year Range of Spanish Empire I is assumed.
[1516, 1715]
1516
1700
Confident No Edit
40
French Kingdom - Early Bourbon
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Bourbon is assumed.
[1589, 1660]
1589
1660
Confident No Edit
41
French Kingdom - Late Bourbon
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Bourbon is assumed.
[1660, 1815]
1660
1789
Confident No Edit
42
Proto-French Kingdom
* Year Range of Proto-French Kingdom is assumed.
[987, 1150]
987
1150
Confident No Edit
43
Carolingian Empire II
* Year Range of Carolingian Empire II is assumed.
[840, 987]
840
987
Confident No Edit
44
Proto-Carolingian
* Year Range of Proto-Carolingian is assumed.
[687, 751]
687
751
Confident No Edit
45
Middle Merovingian
* Year Range of Middle Merovingian is assumed.
[543, 687]
543
687
Confident No Edit
46
La Tene A-B1
* Year Range of La Tene A-B1 is assumed.
[-475, -325]
-475
-325
Confident No Edit
47
French Kingdom - Early Valois
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Valois is assumed.
[1328, 1450]
1328
1450
Confident No Edit
48
The Emirate of Crete
* Year Range of The Emirate of Crete is assumed.
[824, 961]
824
961
Confident No Edit
49
Kalingga Kingdom
* Year Range of Kalingga Kingdom is assumed.
[500, 732]
500
732
Confident No Edit
50
Mataram Sultanate
* Year Range of Mataram Sultanate is assumed.
[1568, 1703]
1568
1703
Confident No Edit
51
Kushan Empire
* Year Range of Kushan Empire is assumed.
[35, 319]
35
319
Confident No Edit
52
Western Jin
* Year Range of Western Jin is assumed.
[265, 317]
265
317
Confident No Edit
53
Hmong - Late Qing
* Year Range of Hmong - Late Qing is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
1701
1895
Confident No Edit
54
Northern Song
* Year Range of Northern Song is assumed.
[960, 1127]
960
1127
Confident No Edit
55
Early Wei Dynasty
* Year Range of Early Wei Dynasty is assumed.
[-445, -225]
-445
-225
Confident No Edit
56
Western Zhou
* Year Range of Western Zhou is assumed.
[-1122, -771]
-1122
-771
Confident No Edit
57
Yangshao
* Year Range of Yangshao is assumed.
[-5000, -3000]
-5000
-3000
Confident No Edit
58
Neguanje
* Year Range of Neguanje is assumed.
[250, 1050]
250
1050
Confident No Edit
59
Tairona
* Year Range of Tairona is assumed.
[1050, 1524]
1050
1524
Confident No Edit
60
Shuar - Colonial
* Year Range of Shuar - Colonial is assumed.
[1534, 1830]
1534
1830
Confident No Edit
61
Ayyubid Sultanate
* Year Range of Ayyubid Sultanate is assumed.
[1171, 1250]
1171
1250
Confident No Edit
62
Badarian
* Year Range of Badarian is assumed.
[-4400, -3800]
-4400
-3800
Confident No Edit
63
Us Reconstruction-Progressive
* Year Range of Us Reconstruction-Progressive is assumed.
[1866, 1933]
1866
1933
Confident No Edit
64
Late Tiwanaku
* Year Range of Late Tiwanaku is assumed.
[800, 1149]
800
1149
Confident No Edit
65
Chaco Canyon - Late Bonito phase
* Year Range of Chaco Canyon - Late Bonito phase is assumed.
[1101, 1140]
1101
1140
Confident No Edit
66
Antebellum US
* Year Range of Antebellum US is assumed.
[1776, 1865]
1776
1865
Confident No Edit
67
Late Classic Tikal
* Year Range of Late Classic Tikal is assumed.
[555, 869]
555
869
Confident No Edit
68
Tudor and Early Stuart England
* Year Range of Tudor and Early Stuart England is assumed.
[1486, 1689]
1486
1689
Confident No Edit
69
Khwarezmid Empire
* Year Range of Khwarezmid Empire is assumed.
[1157, 1231]
1157
1231
Confident No Edit
70
Soviet Union
* Year Range of Soviet Union is assumed.
[1918, 1991]
1918
1991
Confident No Edit
71
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I
* Year Range of Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I is assumed.
[1614, 1775]
1614
1775
Confident No Edit
72
Naqada I
* Year Range of Naqada I is assumed.
[-3800, -3550]
-3800
-3550
Confident No Edit
73
Egypt - Dynasty 0
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty 0 is assumed.
[-3300, -3100]
-3300
-3100
Confident No Edit
74
Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period
* Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period is assumed.
[-1550, -1293]
-1550
-1293
Confident No Edit
75
Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2650, -2350]
-2650
-2350
Confident No Edit
76
Ptolemaic Kingdom I
* Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom I is assumed.
[-305, -217]
-305
-217
Confident No Edit
77
Egypt - Saite Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Saite Period is assumed.
[-664, -525]
-664
-525
Confident No Edit
78
Axum I
* Year Range of Axum I is assumed.
[-149, 349]
-149
349
Confident No Edit
79
Atlantic Complex
* Year Range of Atlantic Complex is assumed.
[-2200, -1000]
-2200
-1000
Confident No Edit
80
French Kingdom - Late Capetian
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Capetian is assumed.
[1150, 1328]
1150
1328
Confident No Edit
81
Hallstatt B2-3
* Year Range of Hallstatt B2-3 is assumed.
[-900, -700]
-900
-700
Confident No Edit
82
Hallstatt C
* Year Range of Hallstatt C is assumed.
[-700, -600]
-700
-600
Confident No Edit
83
Early Merovingian
* Year Range of Early Merovingian is assumed.
[481, 543]
481
543
Confident No Edit
84
La Tene B2-C1
* Year Range of La Tene B2-C1 is assumed.
[-325, -175]
-325
-175
Confident No Edit
85
La Tene C2-D
* Year Range of La Tene C2-D is assumed.
[-175, -27]
-175
-27
Confident No Edit
86
British Empire II
* Year Range of British Empire II is assumed.
[1850, 1968]
1780
1840
Confident No Edit
87
Classical Crete
* Year Range of Classical Crete is assumed.
[-500, -323]
-500
-323
Confident No Edit
88
Hellenistic Crete
* Year Range of Hellenistic Crete is assumed.
[-323, -69]
-323
-69
Confident No Edit
89
New Palace Crete
* Year Range of New Palace Crete is assumed.
[-1700, -1450]
-1700
-1450
Confident No Edit
90
Postpalatial Crete
* Year Range of Postpalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1300, -1200]
-1300
-1200
Confident No Edit
91
Hawaii III
* Year Range of Hawaii III is assumed.
[1580, 1778]
1580
1778
Confident No Edit
92
Iban - Pre-Brooke
* Year Range of Iban - Pre-Brooke is assumed.
[1650, 1841]
1650
1841
Confident No Edit
93
Kediri Kingdom
* Year Range of Kediri Kingdom is assumed.
[1049, 1222]
1049
1222
Confident No Edit
94
Cahokia - Sand Prairie
* Year Range of Cahokia - Sand Prairie is assumed.
[1275, 1400]
1275
1400
Confident No Edit
95
Yehuda
* Year Range of Yehuda is assumed.
[-141, -63]
-141
-63
Confident No Edit
96
Kingdom of Ayodhya
* Year Range of Kingdom of Ayodhya is assumed.
[-64, 34]
-64
34
Confident No Edit
97
Post-Mauryan Kingdoms
* Year Range of Post-Mauryan Kingdoms is assumed.
[-205, -101]
-205
-101
Confident No Edit
98
Chalcolithic Middle Ganga
* Year Range of Chalcolithic Middle Ganga is assumed.
[-3000, -601]
-3000
-601
Confident No Edit
99
Neolithic Middle Ganga
* Year Range of Neolithic Middle Ganga is assumed.
[-7000, -3001]
-7000
-3001
Confident No Edit
100
Gurjar
* Year Range of Gurjar is assumed.
[810, 1030]
810
1030
Confident No Edit
101
Kanauj
* Year Range of Kanauj is assumed.
[650, 780]
650
780
Confident No Edit
102
Mahajanapada era
* Year Range of Mahajanapada era is assumed.
[-600, -324]
-600
-324
Confident No Edit
103
Bazi Dynasty
* Year Range of Bazi Dynasty is assumed.
[-1005, -986]
-1005
-986
Confident No Edit
104
Dynasty of E
* Year Range of Dynasty of E is assumed.
[-979, -732]
-979
-732
Confident No Edit
105
Second Dynasty of Isin
* Year Range of Second Dynasty of Isin is assumed.
[-1153, -1027]
-1153
-1027
Confident No Edit
106
Isin-Larsa
* Year Range of Isin-Larsa is assumed.
[-2004, -1763]
-2004
-1763
Confident No Edit
107
Southern Mesopotamia Neolithic
* Year Range of Southern Mesopotamia Neolithic is assumed.
[-9000, -5501]
-9000
-5501
Confident No Edit
108
Late Roman Republic
* Year Range of Late Roman Republic is assumed.
[-133, -31]
-133
-31
Confident No Edit
109
Middle Roman Republic
* Year Range of Middle Roman Republic is assumed.
[-264, -133]
-264
-133
Confident No Edit
110
Asuka
* Year Range of Asuka is assumed.
[538, 710]
538
710
Confident No Edit
111
Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama
* Year Range of Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama is assumed.
[1568, 1603]
1568
1603
Confident No Edit
112
Deccan - Iron Age
* Year Range of Deccan - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
-1200
-300
Confident No Edit
113
Kadamba Empire
* Year Range of Kadamba Empire is assumed.
[345, 550]
345
550
Confident No Edit
114
Kampili Kingdom
* Year Range of Kampili Kingdom is assumed.
[1280, 1327]
1280
1327
Confident No Edit
115
Polish Kingdom - Piast Dynasty Fragmented Period
* Year Range of Polish Kingdom - Piast Dynasty Fragmented Period is assumed.
[1139, 1370]
1139
1370
Confident No Edit
116
Holy Roman Empire - Hohenstaufen and Welf Dynasties
* Year Range of Holy Roman Empire - Hohenstaufen and Welf Dynasties is assumed.
[1126, 1254]
1126
1254
Confident No Edit
117
Abbasid Caliphate I
* Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate I is assumed.
[750, 946]
750
946
Confident No Edit
118
Neo-Babylonian Empire
* Year Range of Neo-Babylonian Empire is assumed.
[-626, -539]
-626
-539
Confident No Edit
119
Ur - Dynasty III
* Year Range of Ur - Dynasty III is assumed.
[-2112, -2004]
-2112
-2004
Confident No Edit
120
Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar
* Year Range of Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar is assumed.
[-7000, -6000]
-7000
-6000
Confident No Edit
121
Formative Period
* Year Range of Formative Period is assumed.
[-7200, -7000]
-7200
-7000
Confident No Edit
122
Ilkhanate
* Year Range of Ilkhanate is assumed.
[1256, 1339]
1256
1339
Confident No Edit
123
Elam I
* Year Range of Elam I is assumed.
[-900, -744]
-900
-744
Confident No Edit
124
Parthian Empire I
* Year Range of Parthian Empire I is assumed.
[-247, 40]
-247
40
Confident No Edit
125
Parthian Empire II
* Year Range of Parthian Empire II is assumed.
[41, 226]
41
226
Confident No Edit
126
Sasanid Empire I
* Year Range of Sasanid Empire I is assumed.
[205, 487]
205
487
Confident No Edit
127
Sasanid Empire II
* Year Range of Sasanid Empire II is assumed.
[488, 642]
488
642
Confident No Edit
128
Elam - Shimashki Period
* Year Range of Elam - Shimashki Period is assumed.
[-2028, -1940]
-2028
-1940
Confident No Edit
129
Elam - Early Sukkalmah
* Year Range of Elam - Early Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1900, -1701]
-1900
-1701
Confident No Edit
130
Icelandic Commonwealth
* Year Range of Icelandic Commonwealth is assumed.
[930, 1262]
930
1262
Confident No Edit
131
Latium - Bronze Age
* Year Range of Latium - Bronze Age is assumed.
[-1800, -900]
-1800
-900
Confident No Edit
132
Latium - Copper Age
* Year Range of Latium - Copper Age is assumed.
[-3600, -1800]
-3600
-1800
Confident No Edit
133
Latium - Iron Age
* Year Range of Latium - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1000, -580]
-1000
-580
Confident No Edit
134
Early Roman Republic
* Year Range of Early Roman Republic is assumed.
[-509, -264]
-509
-264
Confident No Edit
135
Republic of St Peter I
* Year Range of Republic of St Peter I is assumed.
[711, 904]
711
904
Confident No Edit
136
Republic of Venice III
* Year Range of Republic of Venice III is assumed.
[1204, 1563]
1205
1564
Confident No Edit
137
Heian
* Year Range of Heian is assumed.
[794, 1185]
794
1185
Confident No Edit
138
Japan - Incipient Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Incipient Jomon is assumed.
[-13600, -9200]
-13600
-9200
Confident No Edit
139
Japan - Initial Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Initial Jomon is assumed.
[-9200, -5300]
-9200
-5300
Confident No Edit
140
Japan - Early Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Early Jomon is assumed.
[-5300, -3500]
-5300
-3500
Confident No Edit
141
Bronze Age Cambodia
* Year Range of Bronze Age Cambodia is assumed.
[-1200, -501]
-1200
-501
Confident No Edit
142
Bronze Age Cambodia
* Year Range of Bronze Age Cambodia is assumed.
[-500, 224]
-500
224
Confident No Edit
143
Khitan I
* Year Range of Khitan I is assumed.
[907, 1125]
907
1125
Confident No Edit
144
Late Mongols
* Year Range of Late Mongols is assumed.
[1368, 1690]
1368
1690
Confident No Edit
145
Rouran Khaganate
* Year Range of Rouran Khaganate is assumed.
[300, 555]
300
555
Confident No Edit
146
Xiongnu Imperial Confederation
* Year Range of Xiongnu Imperial Confederation is assumed.
[-209, -60]
-209
-60
Confident No Edit
147
Monte Alban II
* Year Range of Monte Alban II is assumed.
[-100, 200]
-100
200
Confident No Edit
148
Monte Alban V
* Year Range of Monte Alban V is assumed.
[900, 1520]
900
1520
Confident No Edit
149
Archaic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Archaic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-6000, -2001]
-6000
-2001
Confident No Edit
150
Aztec Empire
* Year Range of Aztec Empire is assumed.
[1427, 1526]
1427
1526
Confident No Edit
151
Classic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Classic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[100, 649]
100
649
Confident No Edit
152
Epiclassic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Epiclassic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[650, 899]
650
899
Confident No Edit
153
Initial Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Initial Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-2000, -1201]
-2000
-1201
Confident No Edit
154
Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[1200, 1426]
1200
1426
Confident No Edit
155
Toltecs
* Year Range of Toltecs is assumed.
[900, 1199]
900
1199
Confident No Edit
156
Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -4000]
-5500
-4000
Confident No Edit
157
Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period is assumed.
[-1800, -1300]
-1800
-1300
Confident No Edit
158
Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period is assumed.
[-1300, -500]
-1300
-500
Confident No Edit
159
Nara Kingdom
* Year Range of Nara Kingdom is assumed.
[710, 794]
710
794
Confident No Edit
160
Early Angkor
* Year Range of Early Angkor is assumed.
[802, 1100]
802
1100
Confident No Edit
161
Kingdom of Norway II
* Year Range of Kingdom of Norway II is assumed.
[1262, 1396]
1262
1396
Confident No Edit
162
Khmer Kingdom
* Year Range of Khmer Kingdom is assumed.
[1432, 1594]
1432
1594
Confident No Edit
163
Chenla
* Year Range of Chenla is assumed.
[550, 825]
550
825
Confident No Edit
164
Funan I
* Year Range of Funan I is assumed.
[225, 540]
225
540
Confident No Edit
165
Funan II
* Year Range of Funan II is assumed.
[540, 640]
540
640
Confident No Edit
166
Saadi Sultanate
* Year Range of Saadi Sultanate is assumed.
[1554, 1659]
1554
1659
Confident No Edit
167
Jenne-jeno II
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno II is assumed.
[50, 399]
50
399
Confident No Edit
168
Eastern Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Eastern Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[583, 630]
583
630
Confident No Edit
169
Shiwei
* Year Range of Shiwei is assumed.
[600, 1000]
600
1000
Confident No Edit
170
Later Wagadu Empire
* Year Range of Later Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[1078, 1203]
1078
1203
Confident No Edit
171
Late Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Late Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-400, -101]
-400
-101
Confident No Edit
172
Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-100, 99]
-100
99
Confident No Edit
173
Oaxaca - San Jose
* Year Range of Oaxaca - San Jose is assumed.
[-1150, -700]
-1150
-700
Confident No Edit
174
Wari Empire
* Year Range of Wari Empire is assumed.
[650, 999]
650
999
Confident No Edit
175
Orokaiva - Colonial
* Year Range of Orokaiva - Colonial is assumed.
[1884, 1942]
1884
1942
Confident No Edit
176
Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-4000, -3200]
-4000
-3200
Confident No Edit
177
Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period is assumed.
[-3200, -2500]
-3200
-2500
Confident No Edit
178
Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period
* Year Range of Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period is assumed.
[854, 1193]
854
1193
Confident No Edit
179
Kachi Plain - Urban Period I
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period I is assumed.
[-2500, -2100]
-2500
-2100
Confident No Edit
180
Kachi Plain - Urban Period II
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period II is assumed.
[-2100, 1800]
-1800
-1300
Confident No Edit
181
Sakha - Early
* Year Range of Sakha - Early is assumed.
[1400, 1632]
1400
1632
Confident No Edit
182
Sakha - Late
* Year Range of Sakha - Late is assumed.
[1632, 1900]
1632
1900
Confident No Edit
183
Rattanakosin
* Year Range of Rattanakosin is assumed.
[1782, 1873]
1782
1873
Confident No Edit
184
Fatimid Caliphate
* Year Range of Fatimid Caliphate is assumed.
[909, 1171]
909
1171
Confident No Edit
185
Late Cappadocia
* Year Range of Late Cappadocia is assumed.
[-322, -93]
-322
-93
Confident No Edit
186
Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-6000, -5500]
-6000
-5500
Confident No Edit
187
East Roman Empire
* Year Range of East Roman Empire is assumed.
[395, 631]
395
631
Confident No Edit
188
Koktepe II
* Year Range of Koktepe II is assumed.
[-750, -550]
-750
-550
Confident No Edit
189
Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7000, -6600]
-7000
-6600
Confident No Edit
190
Himyar I
* Year Range of Himyar I is assumed.
[270, 340]
270
340
Confident No Edit
191
Holy Roman Empire - Fragmented Period
* Year Range of Holy Roman Empire - Fragmented Period is assumed.
[1255, 1453]
1255
1453
Confident No Edit
192
Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty
* Year Range of Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty is assumed.
[1454, 1517]
1454
1517
Confident No Edit
193
Yemen - Era of Warlords
* Year Range of Yemen - Era of Warlords is assumed.
[1038, 1174]
1038
1174
Confident No Edit
194
Ottoman Empire II
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire II is assumed.
[1517, 1683]
1517
1683
Confident No Edit
195
Ottoman Empire III
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire III is assumed.
[1683, 1839]
1683
1839
Confident No Edit
196
Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling
* Year Range of Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling is assumed.
[1055, 1199]
1000
1150
Confident No Edit
197
Proto-Haudenosaunee Confederacy
* Year Range of Proto-Haudenosaunee Confederacy is assumed.
[1300, 1565]
1300
1565
Confident No Edit
198
Cahokia - Early Woodland
* Year Range of Cahokia - Early Woodland is assumed.
[-600, -150]
-600
-150
Confident No Edit
199
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II
* Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II is assumed.
[900, 1049]
900
1050
Confident No Edit
200
Cahokia - Late Woodland II
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland II is assumed.
[450, 600]
450
600
Confident No Edit
201
Cahokia - Middle Woodland
* Year Range of Cahokia - Middle Woodland is assumed.
[-150, 300]
-150
300
Confident No Edit
202
Cahokia - Late Woodland III
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland III is assumed.
[600, 750]
600
750
Confident No Edit
203
Cahokia - Late Woodland I
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland I is assumed.
[300, 450]
300
450
Confident No Edit
204
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I
* Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I is assumed.
[750, 900]
750
900
Confident No Edit
205
Khanate of Bukhara
* Year Range of Khanate of Bukhara is assumed.
[1599, 1747]
1599
1747
Confident No Edit
206
Yemen - Late Bronze Age
* Year Range of Yemen - Late Bronze Age is assumed.
[-1200, -801]
-1200
-801
Confident No Edit
207
Neolithic Yemen
* Year Range of Neolithic Yemen is assumed.
[-3500, -1201]
-3500
-1201
Confident No Edit
208
Qatabanian Commonwealth
* Year Range of Qatabanian Commonwealth is assumed.
[-450, -111]
-450
-111
Confident No Edit
209
Sabaean Commonwealth
* Year Range of Sabaean Commonwealth is assumed.
[-800, -451]
-800
-451
Confident No Edit
210
Kingdom of Saba and Dhu Raydan
* Year Range of Kingdom of Saba and Dhu Raydan is assumed.
[-110, 149]
-110
149
Confident No Edit
211
Durrani Empire
* Year Range of Durrani Empire is assumed.
[1747, 1826]
1747
1826
Confident No Edit
212
Ghur Principality
* Year Range of Ghur Principality is assumed.
[1025, 1215]
1025
1215
Confident No Edit
213
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
* Year Range of Greco-Bactrian Kingdom is assumed.
[-256, -125]
-256
-125
Confident No Edit
214
Late Qing
* Year Range of Late Qing is assumed.
[1796, 1912]
1796
1912
Confident No Edit
215
Late Shang
* Year Range of Late Shang is assumed.
[-1250, -1045]
-1250
-1045
Confident No Edit
216
Konya Plain - Early Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Neolithic is assumed.
[-9600, -7000]
-9600
-7000
Confident No Edit
217
Phrygian Kingdom
* Year Range of Phrygian Kingdom is assumed.
[-900, -695]
-900
-695
Confident No Edit
218
Tabal Kingdoms
* Year Range of Tabal Kingdoms is assumed.
[-900, -730]
-900
-730
Confident No Edit
219
Cahokia - Moorehead
* Year Range of Cahokia - Moorehead is assumed.
[1200, 1274]
1200
1275
Confident No Edit
220
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early
* Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early is assumed.
[1566, 1713]
1566
1713
Confident No Edit
221
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late
* Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late is assumed.
[1714, 1848]
1714
1848
Confident No Edit
222
Polish Kingdom - Piast Dynasty
* Year Range of Polish Kingdom - Piast Dynasty is assumed.
[963, 1138]
963
1138
Confident No Edit
223
Hephthalites
* Year Range of Hephthalites is assumed.
[408, 561]
408
561
Confident No Edit
224
Kidarite Kingdom
* Year Range of Kidarite Kingdom is assumed.
[388, 477]
388
477
Confident No Edit
225
Tocharians
* Year Range of Tocharians is assumed.
[-129, 29]
-129
29
Confident No Edit
226
Eastern Han Empire
* Year Range of Eastern Han Empire is assumed.
[25, 220]
25
220
Confident No Edit
227
Erligang
* Year Range of Erligang is assumed.
[-1650, -1250]
-1650
-1250
Confident No Edit
228
Electorate of Bavaria
* Year Range of Electorate of Bavaria is assumed.
[1623, 1806]
1623
1806
Confident No Edit
229
Magadha
* Year Range of Magadha is assumed.
[450, 605]
450
605
Confident No Edit
230
Erlitou
* Year Range of Erlitou is assumed.
[-1850, -1600]
-1850
-1600
Confident No Edit
231
Hmong - Early Chinese
* Year Range of Hmong - Early Chinese is assumed.
[1895, 1941]
1895
1941
Confident No Edit
232
Longshan
* Year Range of Longshan is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
-3000
-1900
Confident No Edit
233
Oneota
* Year Range of Oneota is assumed.
[1400, 1650]
1400
1650
Confident No Edit
234
Great Ming
* Year Range of Great Ming is assumed.
[1368, 1644]
1368
1644
Confident No Edit
235
Northern Wei
* Year Range of Northern Wei is assumed.
[386, 534]
386
534
Confident No Edit
236
Ubaid
* Year Range of Ubaid is assumed.
[-5500, -4201]
-5500
-4000
Confident No Edit
237
Early Xiongnu
* Year Range of Early Xiongnu is assumed.
[-1400, -300]
-1400
-300
Confident No Edit
238
Germany - Hohenzollern Dynasty
* Year Range of Germany - Hohenzollern Dynasty is assumed.
[1871, 1918]
1871
1918
Confident No Edit
239
Early Qing
* Year Range of Early Qing is assumed.
[1644, 1796]
1644
1796
Confident No Edit
240
Sui Dynasty
* Year Range of Sui Dynasty is assumed.
[581, 618]
581
618
Confident No Edit
241
Tang Dynasty I
* Year Range of Tang Dynasty I is assumed.
[617, 763]
617
763
Confident No Edit
242
Tang Dynasty II
* Year Range of Tang Dynasty II is assumed.
[763, 907]
763
907
Confident No Edit
243
Western Han Empire
* Year Range of Western Han Empire is assumed.
[-202, 9]
-202
9
Confident No Edit
244
Late Xiongnu
* Year Range of Late Xiongnu is assumed.
[-60, 100]
-60
100
Confident No Edit
245
Great Yuan
* Year Range of Great Yuan is assumed.
[1271, 1368]
1271
1368
Confident No Edit
246
Maurya Empire
* Year Range of Maurya Empire is assumed.
[-324, -187]
-324
-187
Confident No Edit
247
Mughal Empire
* Year Range of Mughal Empire is assumed.
[1526, 1858]
1526
1858
Confident No Edit
248
Shuar - Ecuadorian
* Year Range of Shuar - Ecuadorian is assumed.
[1831, 1931]
1831
1931
Confident No Edit
249
Egypt - Dynasty I
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty I is assumed.
[-3100, -2900]
-3100
-2900
Confident No Edit
250
Egypt - Dynasty II
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty II is assumed.
[-2900, -2687]
-2900
-2687
Confident No Edit
251
Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period is assumed.
[-404, -342]
-404
-342
Confident No Edit
252
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I is assumed.
[1260, 1348]
1260
1348
Confident No Edit
253
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III is assumed.
[1412, 1517]
1412
1517
Confident No Edit
254
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II is assumed.
[1348, 1412]
1348
1412
Confident No Edit
255
Egypt - Middle Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Middle Kingdom is assumed.
[-2016, -1700]
-2016
-1700
Confident No Edit
256
Ptolemaic Kingdom II
* Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom II is assumed.
[-217, -30]
-217
-30
Confident No Edit
257
Egypt - Period of the Regions
* Year Range of Egypt - Period of the Regions is assumed.
[-2150, -2016]
-2150
-2016
Confident No Edit
258
Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period is assumed.
[-1720, -1567]
-1720
-1567
Confident No Edit
259
Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period is assumed.
[-1069, -747]
-1069
-747
Confident No Edit
260
Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period is assumed.
[868, 969]
868
969
Confident No Edit
261
Chuuk - Early Truk
* Year Range of Chuuk - Early Truk is assumed.
[1775, 1886]
1775
1886
Confident No Edit
262
Chuuk - Late Truk
* Year Range of Chuuk - Late Truk is assumed.
[1886, 1948]
1886
1948
Confident No Edit
263
Beaker Culture
* Year Range of Beaker Culture is assumed.
[-3200, -2000]
-3200
-2000
Confident No Edit
264
Carolingian Empire I
* Year Range of Carolingian Empire I is assumed.
[752, 840]
752
840
Confident No Edit
265
Hallstatt A-B1
* Year Range of Hallstatt A-B1 is assumed.
[-1000, -900]
-1000
-900
Confident No Edit
266
Hallstatt D
* Year Range of Hallstatt D is assumed.
[-600, -475]
-600
-475
Confident No Edit
267
French Kingdom - Late Valois
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Valois is assumed.
[1450, 1589]
1450
1589
Confident No Edit
268
Akan - Pre-Ashanti
* Year Range of Akan - Pre-Ashanti is assumed.
[1501, 1701]
1501
1701
Confident No Edit
269
Ashanti Empire
* Year Range of Ashanti Empire is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
1701
1895
Confident No Edit
270
Archaic Crete
* Year Range of Archaic Crete is assumed.
[-710, -500]
-710
-500
Confident No Edit
271
Final Postpalatial Crete
* Year Range of Final Postpalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1200, -1000]
-1200
-1000
Confident No Edit
272
Geometric Crete
* Year Range of Geometric Crete is assumed.
[-1000, -710]
-1000
-710
Confident No Edit
273
Monopalatial Crete
* Year Range of Monopalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1450, -1300]
-1450
-1300
Confident No Edit
274
Neolithic Crete
* Year Range of Neolithic Crete is assumed.
[-7000, -3000]
-7000
-3000
Confident No Edit
275
The Old Palace Crete
* Year Range of The Old Palace Crete is assumed.
[-1900, -1700]
-1900
-1700
Confident No Edit
276
Prepalatial Crete
* Year Range of Prepalatial Crete is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
-3000
-1900
Confident No Edit
277
Hawaii I
* Year Range of Hawaii I is assumed.
[1000, 1200]
1000
1200
Confident No Edit
278
Hawaii II
* Year Range of Hawaii II is assumed.
[1200, 1580]
1200
1580
Confident No Edit
279
Rashtrakuta Empire
* Year Range of Rashtrakuta Empire is assumed.
[753, 973]
753
973
Confident No Edit
280
Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial
* Year Range of Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial is assumed.
[1841, 1987]
1841
1987
Confident No Edit
281
Java - Buni Culture
* Year Range of Java - Buni Culture is assumed.
[-400, 500]
-400
500
Confident No Edit
282
Majapahit Kingdom
* Year Range of Majapahit Kingdom is assumed.
[1292, 1518]
1292
1518
Confident No Edit
283
Medang Kingdom
* Year Range of Medang Kingdom is assumed.
[732, 1019]
732
1019
Confident No Edit
284
Canaan
* Year Range of Canaan is assumed.
[-2000, -1175]
-2000
-1175
Confident No Edit
285
Yisrael
* Year Range of Yisrael is assumed.
[-1030, -722]
-1030
-722
Confident No Edit
286
Chalukyas of Badami
* Year Range of Chalukyas of Badami is assumed.
[543, 753]
543
753
Confident No Edit
287
Chalukyas of Kalyani
* Year Range of Chalukyas of Kalyani is assumed.
[973, 1191]
973
1191
Confident No Edit
288
Deccan - Neolithic
* Year Range of Deccan - Neolithic is assumed.
[-2700, -1200]
-2700
-1200
Confident No Edit
289
Amorite Babylonia
* Year Range of Amorite Babylonia is assumed.
[-2000, -1600]
-2000
-1600
Confident No Edit
290
Delhi Sultanate
* Year Range of Delhi Sultanate is assumed.
[1206, 1526]
1206
1526
Confident No Edit
291
Early A'chik
* Year Range of Early A'chik is assumed.
[1775, 1867]
1775
1867
Confident No Edit
292
Late A'chik
* Year Range of Late A'chik is assumed.
[1867, 1956]
1867
1956
Confident No Edit
293
Gahadavala Dynasty
* Year Range of Gahadavala Dynasty is assumed.
[1085, 1193]
1085
1193
Confident No Edit
294
Gupta Dynasty
* Year Range of Gupta Dynasty is assumed.
[320, 515]
320
515
Confident No Edit
295
Hoysala Kingdom
* Year Range of Hoysala Kingdom is assumed.
[1108, 1346]
1108
1346
Confident No Edit
296
Satavahana Empire
* Year Range of Satavahana Empire is assumed.
[-100, 203]
-100
200
Confident No Edit
297
Sunga Empire
* Year Range of Sunga Empire is assumed.
[-187, -65]
-187
-65
Confident No Edit
298
Uruk
* Year Range of Uruk is assumed.
[-4000, -2900]
-4000
-3000
Confident No Edit
299
Achaemenid Empire
* Year Range of Achaemenid Empire is assumed.
[-550, -331]
-550
-331
Confident No Edit
300
Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -3000]
-5500
-3000
Confident No Edit
301
Ak Koyunlu
* Year Range of Ak Koyunlu is assumed.
[1339, 1501]
1339
1501
Confident No Edit
302
Early Sultanate of Aussa
* Year Range of Early Sultanate of Aussa is assumed.
[1734, 1895]
1734
1895
Confident No Edit
303
Oyo
* Year Range of Oyo is assumed.
[1300, 1535]
1300
1535
Confident No Edit
304
Proto-Yoruboid
* Year Range of Proto-Yoruboid is assumed.
[-300, 300]
-300
300
Suspected No Edit
305
Igala
* Year Range of Igala is assumed.
[1600, 1900]
1600
1900
Confident No Edit
306
Hausa bakwai
* Year Range of Hausa bakwai is assumed.
[900, 1808]
900
1808
Confident No Edit
307
Kanem-Borno
* Year Range of Kanem-Borno is assumed.
[1380, 1893]
1380
1893
Confident No Edit
308
Kingdom of Cayor
* Year Range of Kingdom of Cayor is assumed.
[1549, 1864]
1549
1864
Confident No Edit
309
Early Cholas
* Year Range of Early Cholas is assumed.
[-600, 300]
-600
300
Confident Yes Edit
310
Vakataka Kingdom
* Year Range of Vakataka Kingdom is assumed.
[255, 550]
255
550
Confident No Edit
311
Buyid Confederation
* Year Range of Buyid Confederation is assumed.
[932, 1062]
932
1062
Confident No Edit
312
Elymais II
* Year Range of Elymais II is assumed.
[25, 215]
25
215
Confident No Edit
313
Susiana A
* Year Range of Susiana A is assumed.
[-6000, -5700]
-6000
-5700
Confident No Edit
314
Susiana B
* Year Range of Susiana B is assumed.
[-5700, -5100]
-5700
-5100
Confident No Edit
315
Susiana - Late Ubaid
* Year Range of Susiana - Late Ubaid is assumed.
[-4700, -4300]
-4700
-4300
Confident No Edit
316
Susiana - Early Ubaid
* Year Range of Susiana - Early Ubaid is assumed.
[-5100, -4700]
-5100
-4700
Confident No Edit
317
Bamana kingdom
* Year Range of Bamana kingdom is assumed.
[1712, 1861]
1712
1861
Confident No Edit
318
Elam - Kidinuid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Kidinuid Period is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
-1500
-1400
Confident No Edit
319
Elam - Igihalkid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Igihalkid Period is assumed.
[-1399, -1200]
-1399
-1200
Confident No Edit
320
Elam - Shutrukid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Shutrukid Period is assumed.
[-1199, -1100]
-1199
-1100
Confident No Edit
321
Elam II
* Year Range of Elam II is assumed.
[-743, -647]
-743
-647
Confident No Edit
322
Mongol Empire
* Year Range of Mongol Empire is assumed.
[1206, 1368]
1206
1270
Confident No Edit
323
Elam III
* Year Range of Elam III is assumed.
[-612, -539]
-612
-539
Confident No Edit
324
Pre-Ceramic Period
* Year Range of Pre-Ceramic Period is assumed.
[-7800, -7200]
-7800
-7200
Confident No Edit
325
Qajar
* Year Range of Qajar is assumed.
[1794, 1925]
1794
1925
Confident No Edit
326
Safavid Empire
* Year Range of Safavid Empire is assumed.
[1501, 1722]
1501
1722
Confident No Edit
327
Seleucids
* Year Range of Seleucids is assumed.
[-312, -63]
-312
-63
Confident No Edit
328
Seljuk Sultanate
* Year Range of Seljuk Sultanate is assumed.
[1037, 1157]
1037
1157
Confident No Edit
329
Susa II
* Year Range of Susa II is assumed.
[-3800, -3100]
-3800
-3100
Confident No Edit
330
Susa III
* Year Range of Susa III is assumed.
[-3100, -2675]
-3100
-2675
Confident No Edit
331
Ostrogothic Kingdom
* Year Range of Ostrogothic Kingdom is assumed.
[489, 554]
489
554
Confident No Edit
332
Rome - Republic of St Peter II
* Year Range of Rome - Republic of St Peter II is assumed.
[904, 1198]
904
1198
Confident No Edit
333
Papal States - High Medieval Period
* Year Range of Papal States - High Medieval Period is assumed.
[1198, 1309]
1198
1309
Confident No Edit
334
Papal States - Medieval Period I
* Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period I is assumed.
[1527, 1648]
1527
1648
Confident No Edit
335
Papal States - Medieval Period II
* Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period II is assumed.
[1648, 1809]
1648
1809
Confident No Edit
336
Papal States - Renaissance Period
* Year Range of Papal States - Renaissance Period is assumed.
[1378, 1527]
1378
1527
Confident No Edit
337
Exarchate of Ravenna
* Year Range of Exarchate of Ravenna is assumed.
[568, 751]
568
751
Confident No Edit
338
Roman Empire - Principate
* Year Range of Roman Empire - Principate is assumed.
[-31, 284]
-31
284
Confident No Edit
339
Roman Kingdom
* Year Range of Roman Kingdom is assumed.
[-716, -509]
-716
-509
Confident No Edit
340
Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity
* Year Range of Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity is assumed.
[395, 476]
395
476
Confident No Edit
341
Republic of Venice IV
* Year Range of Republic of Venice IV is assumed.
[1564, 1797]
1565
1797
Confident No Edit
342
Early Mongols
* Year Range of Early Mongols is assumed.
[1000, 1206]
1000
1206
Confident No Edit
343
Ashikaga Shogunate
* Year Range of Ashikaga Shogunate is assumed.
[1336, 1467]
1336
1467
Confident No Edit
344
Japan - Late Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Late Jomon is assumed.
[-2500, -1200]
-2500
-1200
Confident No Edit
345
Kansai - Kofun Period
* Year Range of Kansai - Kofun Period is assumed.
[250, 537]
250
537
Confident No Edit
346
Warring States Japan
* Year Range of Warring States Japan is assumed.
[1467, 1568]
1467
1568
Confident No Edit
347
Tokugawa Shogunate
* Year Range of Tokugawa Shogunate is assumed.
[1603, 1868]
1603
1868
Confident No Edit
348
Kansai - Yayoi Period
* Year Range of Kansai - Yayoi Period is assumed.
[-300, 250]
-300
250
Confident No Edit
349
Second Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Second Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[682, 744]
682
744
Confident No Edit
350
Uigur Khaganate
* Year Range of Uigur Khaganate is assumed.
[745, 840]
745
840
Confident No Edit
351
Kara-Khanids
* Year Range of Kara-Khanids is assumed.
[950, 1212]
950
1212
Confident No Edit
352
Western Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Western Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[582, 630]
582
630
Confident No Edit
353
Classical Angkor
* Year Range of Classical Angkor is assumed.
[1100, 1220]
1100
1220
Confident No Edit
354
Andronovo
* Year Range of Andronovo is assumed.
[-1800, -1200]
-1800
-1200
Confident No Edit
355
Phoenician Empire
* Year Range of Phoenician Empire is assumed.
[-1200, -332]
-1200
-332
Confident No Edit
356
Jenne-jeno I
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno I is assumed.
[-250, 49]
-250
49
Confident No Edit
357
Jenne-jeno IV
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno IV is assumed.
[900, 1300]
900
1300
Confident No Edit
358
Mali Empire
* Year Range of Mali Empire is assumed.
[1230, 1410]
1230
1410
Confident No Edit
359
Segou Kingdom
* Year Range of Segou Kingdom is assumed.
[1650, 1712]
1650
1712
Confident No Edit
360
Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty
* Year Range of Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty is assumed.
[1493, 1591]
1493
1591
Confident No Edit
361
Xianbei Confederation
* Year Range of Xianbei Confederation is assumed.
[100, 250]
100
250
Confident No Edit
362
Zungharian Empire
* Year Range of Zungharian Empire is assumed.
[1670, 1757]
1670
1757
Confident No Edit
363
Middle Wagadu Empire
* Year Range of Middle Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[700, 1077]
700
1077
Confident No Edit
364
Early Monte Alban I
* Year Range of Early Monte Alban I is assumed.
[-500, -300]
-500
-300
Confident No Edit
365
Monte Alban Late I
* Year Range of Monte Alban Late I is assumed.
[-300, -100]
-300
-100
Confident No Edit
366
Monte Alban III
* Year Range of Monte Alban III is assumed.
[200, 500]
200
500
Confident No Edit
367
Monte Alban IIIB and IV
* Year Range of Monte Alban IIIB and IV is assumed.
[500, 900]
500
900
Confident No Edit
368
Cuzco - Late Intermediate I
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate I is assumed.
[1000, 1250]
1000
1250
Confident No Edit
369
Early Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Early Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-1200, -801]
-1200
-801
Confident No Edit
370
Middle Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Middle Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-800, -401]
-800
-401
Confident No Edit
371
Oaxaca - Tierras Largas
* Year Range of Oaxaca - Tierras Largas is assumed.
[-1400, -1150]
-1400
-1150
Confident No Edit
372
Cuzco - Early Intermediate I
* Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate I is assumed.
[200, 499]
200
499
Confident No Edit
373
Cuzco - Early Intermediate II
* Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate II is assumed.
[500, 649]
500
649
Confident No Edit
374
Cuzco - Late Intermediate II
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate II is assumed.
[1250, 1400]
1250
1400
Confident No Edit
375
Cuzco - Late Formative
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Formative is assumed.
[-500, 200]
-500
200
Confident No Edit
376
Inca Empire
* Year Range of Inca Empire is assumed.
[1375, 1532]
1375
1532
Confident No Edit
377
Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial
* Year Range of Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial is assumed.
[1734, 1883]
1734
1883
Confident No Edit
378
Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7500, -5500]
-7500
-5500
Confident No Edit
379
Indo-Greek Kingdom
* Year Range of Indo-Greek Kingdom is assumed.
[-180, -10]
-180
-10
Confident No Edit
380
Sind - Samma Dynasty
* Year Range of Sind - Samma Dynasty is assumed.
[1335, 1521]
1335
1521
Confident No Edit
381
Hatti - New Kingdom
* Year Range of Hatti - New Kingdom is assumed.
[-1400, -1180]
-1400
-1180
Confident No Edit
382
Egypt - Kushite Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Kushite Period is assumed.
[-747, -656]
-747
-656
Confident No Edit
383
Umayyad Caliphate
* Year Range of Umayyad Caliphate is assumed.
[661, 750]
661
750
Confident No Edit
384
Ayutthaya
* Year Range of Ayutthaya is assumed.
[1593, 1767]
1593
1767
Confident No Edit
385
Sarazm
* Year Range of Sarazm is assumed.
[-3500, -2000]
-3500
-2000
Confident No Edit
386
Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age is assumed.
[-3000, -2000]
-3000
-2000
Confident No Edit
387
Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
-1500
-1400
Confident No Edit
388
Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia
* Year Range of Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia is assumed.
[-2000, -1700]
-2000
-1700
Confident No Edit
389
Byzantine Empire I
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire I is assumed.
[632, 866]
632
866
Confident No Edit
390
Byzantine Empire II
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire II is assumed.
[867, 1072]
867
1072
Confident No Edit
391
Byzantine Empire III
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire III is assumed.
[1073, 1204]
1073
1204
Confident No Edit
392
Kingdom of Lydia
* Year Range of Kingdom of Lydia is assumed.
[-670, -546]
-670
-546
Confident No Edit
393
Lysimachus Kingdom
* Year Range of Lysimachus Kingdom is assumed.
[-323, -281]
-323
-281
Confident No Edit
394
Konya Plain - Late Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Neolithic is assumed.
[-6600, -6000]
-6600
-6000
Confident No Edit
395
Neo-Hittite Kingdoms
* Year Range of Neo-Hittite Kingdoms is assumed.
[-1180, -900]
-1180
-900
Confident No Edit
396
Ottoman Emirate
* Year Range of Ottoman Emirate is assumed.
[1299, 1402]
1299
1402
Confident No Edit
397
Ottoman Empire I
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire I is assumed.
[1402, 1517]
1402
1517
Confident No Edit
398
Roman Empire - Dominate
* Year Range of Roman Empire - Dominate is assumed.
[285, 394]
285
394
Confident No Edit
399
Himyar II
* Year Range of Himyar II is assumed.
[378, 525]
378
525
Confident No Edit
400
Rum Sultanate
* Year Range of Rum Sultanate is assumed.
[1077, 1307]
1077
1307
Confident No Edit
401
Early Illinois Confederation
* Year Range of Early Illinois Confederation is assumed.
[1640, 1717]
1640
1717
Confident No Edit
402
Koktepe I
* Year Range of Koktepe I is assumed.
[-1400, -1000]
-1400
-1000
Confident No Edit
403
Samanid Empire
* Year Range of Samanid Empire is assumed.
[819, 999]
819
999
Confident No Edit
404
Sogdiana - City-States Period
* Year Range of Sogdiana - City-States Period is assumed.
[604, 711]
604
711
Confident No Edit
405
Timurid Empire
* Year Range of Timurid Empire is assumed.
[1370, 1526]
1370
1526
Confident No Edit
406
Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty
* Year Range of Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty is assumed.
[1637, 1805]
1637
1805
Confident No Edit
407
Sokoto Caliphate
* Year Range of Sokoto Caliphate is assumed.
[1804, 1904]
1804
1904
Confident No Edit
408
Rasulid Dynasty
* Year Range of Rasulid Dynasty is assumed.
[1229, 1453]
1229
1453
Confident No Edit
409
Yemen Ziyad Dynasty
* Year Range of Yemen Ziyad Dynasty is assumed.
[822, 1037]
822
1037
Confident No Edit
410
Mossi
* Year Range of Mossi is assumed.
[1100, 1897]
1100
1897
Confident Yes Edit
411
Classical Ife
* Year Range of Classical Ife is assumed.
[1000, 1400]
1000
1400
Confident No Edit
412
Benin Empire
* Year Range of Benin Empire is assumed.
[1140, 1897]
1300
1897
Confident Yes Edit
413
Benin Empire
* Year Range of Benin Empire is assumed.
[1140, 1897]
1320
1897
Confident Yes Edit
414
Benin Empire
* Year Range of Benin Empire is assumed.
[1140, 1897]
1450
1897
Confident Yes Edit
415
Mossi
* Year Range of Mossi is assumed.
[1100, 1897]
1400
1897
Confident Yes Edit
416
Hohokam Culture
* Year Range of Hohokam Culture is assumed.
[300, 1500]
300
1500
Confident No Edit
417
Alaouite Dynasty I
* Year Range of Alaouite Dynasty I is assumed.
[1631, 1727]
1631
1727
Confident No Edit
418
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty I
* Year Range of Austria - Habsburg Dynasty I is assumed.
[1454, 1648]
1454
1648
Confident No Edit
419
Armenian Kingdom
* Year Range of Armenian Kingdom is assumed.
[-188, 6]
-188
6
Confident No Edit
420
Oirats
* Year Range of Oirats is assumed.
[1368, 1630]
1368
1630
Confident No Edit
421
Golden Horde
* Year Range of Golden Horde is assumed.
[1240, 1440]
1240
1440
Confident No Edit
422
Saffarid Caliphate
* Year Range of Saffarid Caliphate is assumed.
[861, 1003]
861
1003
Confident No Edit
423
British Empire I
* Year Range of British Empire I is assumed.
[1690, 1849]
1690
1849
Confident No Edit
424
Kingdom of Hawaii - Post-Kamehameha Period
* Year Range of Kingdom of Hawaii - Post-Kamehameha Period is assumed.
[1820, 1898]
1855
1898
Confident No Edit
425
Anglo-Saxon England I
* Year Range of Anglo-Saxon England I is assumed.
[410, 926]
410
926
Confident No Edit
426
Napoleonic France
* Year Range of Napoleonic France is assumed.
[1816, 1870]
1816
1870
Confident No Edit
427
Austro-Hungarian Monarchy
* Year Range of Austro-Hungarian Monarchy is assumed.
[1867, 1918]
1867
1918
Confident No Edit
428
British Empire IIIIIIIIII
* Year Range of British Empire IIIIIIIIII is assumed.
[1850, 1968]
1850
1968
Confident No Edit
429
Qasimid Dynasty XXXXXXX
* Year Range of Qasimid Dynasty XXXXXXX is assumed.
[1637, 1805]
1637
1805
Confident No Edit
430
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty II
* Year Range of Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty II is assumed.
[1776, 1917]
1776
1917
Confident No Edit
431
Kingdom of Bohemia - Luxembourgian and Jagiellonian Dynasty
* Year Range of Kingdom of Bohemia - Luxembourgian and Jagiellonian Dynasty is assumed.
[1310, 1526]
1310
1526
Confident No Edit
432
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II
* Year Range of Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II is assumed.
[1649, 1918]
1649
1918
Confident No Edit
433
Holy Roman Empire - Hohenstaufen Faction
* Year Range of Holy Roman Empire - Hohenstaufen Faction is assumed.
[1198, 1215]
1198
1215
Confident No Edit
434
Lombard Kingdom
* Year Range of Lombard Kingdom is assumed.
[568, 774]
568
774
Confident No Edit
435
Wukari Federation
* Year Range of Wukari Federation is assumed.
[1820, 1899]
1848
1900
Confident No Edit
436
Hungary Kingdom - Árpád Dynasty
* Year Range of Hungary Kingdom - Árpád Dynasty is assumed.
[1000, 1301]
1000
1301
Confident No Edit
437
Hungary Kingdom - Anjou and Later Dynasties
* Year Range of Hungary Kingdom - Anjou and Later Dynasties is assumed.
[1302, 1526]
1302
1526
Confident No Edit
438
Kwararafa
* Year Range of Kwararafa is assumed.
[596, 1820]
1600
1848
Confident No Edit
439
Holy Roman Empire - Ottonian-Salian Dynasty
* Year Range of Holy Roman Empire - Ottonian-Salian Dynasty is assumed.
[919, 1125]
919
1125
Confident No Edit
440
Funj Sultanate
* Year Range of Funj Sultanate is assumed.
[1504, 1820]
1504
1820
Confident No Edit
441
Early Modern Sierra Leone
* Year Range of Early Modern Sierra Leone is assumed.
[1650, 1896]
1650
1896
Confident No Edit
442
Kaabu
* Year Range of Kaabu is assumed.
[1500, 1867]
1500
1867
Confident No Edit
443
Freetown
* Year Range of Freetown is assumed.
[1787, 1808]
1787
1808
Confident No Edit
444
Futa Jallon
* Year Range of Futa Jallon is assumed.
[1725, 1896]
1725
1896
Confident No Edit
445
Mane
* Year Range of Mane is assumed.
[1550, 1650]
1550
1650
Confident No Edit
446
Middle and Late Nok
* Year Range of Middle and Late Nok is assumed.
[-1500, -901]
-1500
-901
Confident No Edit
447
West Burkina Faso Yellow I
* Year Range of West Burkina Faso Yellow I is assumed.
[100, 500]
100
500
Confident No Edit
448
Kanem
* Year Range of Kanem is assumed.
[800, 1379]
800
1379
Confident No Edit
449
Middle and Late Nok
* Year Range of Middle and Late Nok is assumed.
[-900, 0]
-900
0
Confident No Edit
450
Pre-Sape Sierra Leone
* Year Range of Pre-Sape Sierra Leone is assumed.
[600, 1400]
600
1400
Confident No Edit
451
West Burkina Faso Red II and III
* Year Range of West Burkina Faso Red II and III is assumed.
[1100, 1400]
1100
1400
Confident No Edit
452
West Burkina Faso Red IV
* Year Range of West Burkina Faso Red IV is assumed.
[1401, 1500]
1401
1500
Confident No Edit
453
West Burkina Faso Red I
* Year Range of West Burkina Faso Red I is assumed.
[701, 1100]
701
1100
Confident No Edit
454
Sape
* Year Range of Sape is assumed.
[1400, 1550]
1400
1550
Confident No Edit
455
West Burkina Faso Yellow II
* Year Range of West Burkina Faso Yellow II is assumed.
[501, 700]
501
700
Confident No Edit
456
Toutswe
* Year Range of Toutswe is assumed.
[700, 1250]
700
1250
Confident No Edit
457
Great Zimbabwe
* Year Range of Great Zimbabwe is assumed.
[1270, 1550]
1270
1550
Confident No Edit
458
Torwa-Rozvi
* Year Range of Torwa-Rozvi is assumed.
[1494, 1850]
1494
1850
Confident No Edit
459
Dutch Empire
* Year Range of Dutch Empire is assumed.
[1648, 1795]
1648
1795
Confident No Edit
460
Anurādhapura I
* Year Range of Anurādhapura I is assumed.
[-300, 70]
-300
70
Confident No Edit
461
Mutapa
* Year Range of Mutapa is assumed.
[1450, 1880]
1450
1880
Confident No Edit
462
Pandya Empire
* Year Range of Pandya Empire is assumed.
[1250, 1323]
1250
1323
Confident No Edit
463
Dambadaneiya
* Year Range of Dambadaneiya is assumed.
[1232, 1293]
1232
1293
Confident No Edit
464
Anurādhapura IV
* Year Range of Anurādhapura IV is assumed.
[614, 1017]
614
1017
Confident No Edit
465
Polonnaruwa
* Year Range of Polonnaruwa is assumed.
[1070, 1255]
1070
1255
Confident No Edit
466
Anurādhapura III
* Year Range of Anurādhapura III is assumed.
[428, 614]
428
614
Confident No Edit
467
Jaffna
* Year Range of Jaffna is assumed.
[1310, 1591]
1310
1591
Confident No Edit
468
Anurādhapura II
* Year Range of Anurādhapura II is assumed.
[70, 428]
70
428
Confident No Edit
469
Adal Sultanate
* Year Range of Adal Sultanate is assumed.
[1375, 1543]
1375
1543
Confident No Edit
470
Tunni Sultanate
* Year Range of Tunni Sultanate is assumed.
[800, 1200]
800
1200
Confident No Edit
471
Ajuran Sultanate
* Year Range of Ajuran Sultanate is assumed.
[1250, 1700]
1250
1700
Confident No Edit
472
Habr Yunis
* Year Range of Habr Yunis is assumed.
[1300, 1886]
1300
1886
Confident No Edit
473
Kingdom of Gomma
* Year Range of Kingdom of Gomma is assumed.
[1780, 1886]
1780
1886
Confident No Edit
474
Sultanate of Geledi
* Year Range of Sultanate of Geledi is assumed.
[1750, 1911]
1750
1911
Confident No Edit
475
Shoa Sultanate
* Year Range of Shoa Sultanate is assumed.
[1108, 1285]
1108
1285
Confident No Edit
476
Hadiya Sultanate
* Year Range of Hadiya Sultanate is assumed.
[1300, 1680]
1300
1680
Confident No Edit
477
Ifat Sultanate
* Year Range of Ifat Sultanate is assumed.
[1280, 1375]
1280
1375
Confident No Edit
478
Medri Bahri
* Year Range of Medri Bahri is assumed.
[1310, 1889]
1310
1889
Confident No Edit
479
Kingdom of Kaffa
* Year Range of Kingdom of Kaffa is assumed.
[1390, 1897]
1390
1897
Confident No Edit
480
Kingdom of Gumma
* Year Range of Kingdom of Gumma is assumed.
[1800, 1897]
1800
1897
Confident No Edit
481
Emirate of Harar
* Year Range of Emirate of Harar is assumed.
[1650, 1875]
1650
1875
Confident No Edit
482
Isaaq Sultanate
* Year Range of Isaaq Sultanate is assumed.
[1300, 1886]
1300
1886
Confident No Edit
483
Proto-Yoruba
* Year Range of Proto-Yoruba is assumed.
[301, 649]
301
649
Confident No Edit
484
Late Formative Yoruba
* Year Range of Late Formative Yoruba is assumed.
[650, 1049]
650
1049
Confident No Edit
485
Kwararafa
* Year Range of Kwararafa is assumed.
[596, 1820]
596
1820
Confident No Edit
486
Allada
* Year Range of Allada is assumed.
[1100, 1724]
1100
1724
Confident No Edit
487
Ilú-ọba Ọ̀yọ́
* Year Range of Ilú-ọba Ọ̀yọ́ is assumed.
[1601, 1835]
1601
1835
Confident No Edit
488
Whydah
* Year Range of Whydah is assumed.
[1671, 1727]
1671
1727
Confident No Edit
489
Aro
* Year Range of Aro is assumed.
[1690, 1902]
1690
1902
Confident No Edit
490
Ọ̀ràézè Ǹrì
* Year Range of Ọ̀ràézè Ǹrì is assumed.
[1043, 1911]
1043
1911
Confident No Edit
491
Kingdom of Saloum
* Year Range of Kingdom of Saloum is assumed.
[1490, 1863]
1490
1863
Confident No Edit
492
Foys
* Year Range of Foys is assumed.
[1600, 1892]
1715
1894
Confident No Edit
493
Early Pandyas
* Year Range of Early Pandyas is assumed.
[-600, 300]
-600
300
Confident Yes Edit
494
Kingdom of Baol
* Year Range of Kingdom of Baol is assumed.
[1550, 1890]
1550
1890
Confident No Edit
495
Kingdom of Sine
* Year Range of Kingdom of Sine is assumed.
[1350, 1887]
1350
1887
Confident No Edit
496
Kingdom of Waalo
* Year Range of Kingdom of Waalo is assumed.
[1287, 1855]
1287
1855
Confident No Edit
497
Jolof Empire
* Year Range of Jolof Empire is assumed.
[1360, 1549]
1360
1549
Confident No Edit
498
Imamate of Futa Toro
* Year Range of Imamate of Futa Toro is assumed.
[1776, 1860]
1776
1860
Confident No Edit
499
Denyanke Kingdom
* Year Range of Denyanke Kingdom is assumed.
[1490, 1776]
1490
1776
Confident No Edit
500
Kingdom of Jolof
* Year Range of Kingdom of Jolof is assumed.
[1549, 1865]
1549
1865
Confident No Edit
501
Buganda
* Year Range of Buganda is assumed.
[1700, 1894]
1700
1894
Confident No Edit
502
Toro
* Year Range of Toro is assumed.
[1830, 1896]
1830
1896
Confident No Edit
503
Buganda
* Year Range of Buganda is assumed.
[1450, 1699]
1450
1699
Confident No Edit
504
Karagwe
* Year Range of Karagwe is assumed.
[1500, 1916]
1500
1916
Confident No Edit
505
Kingdom of Niynginya
* Year Range of Kingdom of Niynginya is assumed.
[1650, 1897]
1650
1897
Confident No Edit
506
Nkore
* Year Range of Nkore is assumed.
[1450, 1749]
1450
1749
Confident No Edit
507
Ndorwa
* Year Range of Ndorwa is assumed.
[1700, 1800]
1700
1800
Confident No Edit
508
Burundi
* Year Range of Burundi is assumed.
[1680, 1903]
1680
1903
Confident No Edit
509
Gisaka
* Year Range of Gisaka is assumed.
[1700, 1867]
1700
1867
Confident No Edit
510
Early Pandyas
* Year Range of Early Pandyas is assumed.
[-600, 300]
-600
200
Confident Yes Edit
511
Fipa
* Year Range of Fipa is assumed.
[1600, 1890]
1600
1890
Confident No Edit
512
Bugesera
* Year Range of Bugesera is assumed.
[1700, 1799]
1700
1799
Confident No Edit
513
Nkore
* Year Range of Nkore is assumed.
[1750, 1901]
1750
1901
Confident No Edit
514
Pandya Dynasty
* Year Range of Pandya Dynasty is assumed.
[590, 915]
590
915
Confident No Edit
515
Thanjavur Maratha Kingdom
* Year Range of Thanjavur Maratha Kingdom is assumed.
[1675, 1799]
1675
1799
Confident No Edit
516
Carnatic Sultanate
* Year Range of Carnatic Sultanate is assumed.
[1710, 1801]
1710
1801
Confident No Edit
517
Late Pallava Empire
* Year Range of Late Pallava Empire is assumed.
[300, 890]
300
890
Confident No Edit
518
Kalabhra Dynasty
* Year Range of Kalabhra Dynasty is assumed.
[200, 600]
200
600
Confident No Edit
519
Nayaks of Thanjavur
* Year Range of Nayaks of Thanjavur is assumed.
[1532, 1676]
1532
1676
Confident No Edit
520
Jin Dynasty
* Year Range of Jin Dynasty is assumed.
[1115, 1234]
1115
1234
Confident No Edit
521
Nayaks of Madurai
* Year Range of Nayaks of Madurai is assumed.
[1529, 1736]
1529
1736
Confident No Edit
522
Peiligang
* Year Range of Peiligang is assumed.
[-7000, -5001]
-7000
-5001
Confident No Edit
523
East Francia
* Year Range of East Francia is assumed.
[842, 919]
842
919
Confident No Edit