Home Region:  Central Europe (Europe)

Kingdom of Bohemia - Přemyslid Dynasty

D G PT EQ 2020  cz_bohemian_k_1

Preceding:
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Succeeding:
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The Kingdom of Bohemia under the Přemyslid dynasty from 1198 to 1309 CE was a period marked by significant development, territorial expansion, and the consolidation of royal power, which laid the foundational structures of the Bohemian state and its integration into the broader European medieval political landscape. This era witnessed the transformation of Bohemia from a duchy into a kingdom, with Prague emerging as a significant cultural and political center in Central Europe. [1]




The formal recognition of Bohemia as a kingdom came in 1198, when Duke Ottokar I assumed the title of King, a status confirmed by the Holy Roman Emperor. This elevation reflected not only the growing power and prestige of the Přemyslid rulers but also the strategic importance of Bohemia within the Holy Roman Empire. [2]



The Přemyslid dynasty, which traced its origins back to the 9th century, was instrumental in shaping the identity and political structures of the Bohemian state. [3]




One of the most notable rulers of this period was Ottokar II (1253-1278), known as Ottokar the Great. His reign was characterized by ambitious territorial expansion, extending Bohemian control over adjacent regions, including Austria, Styria, Carinthia, and Carniola, thereby significantly enhancing the kingdom’s power and influence in Central Europe. Ottokar II’s efforts to consolidate his rule and expand his territory brought him into conflict with other regional powers and the Holy Roman Emperor, leading to his eventual defeat and death at the Battle of Marchfeld in 1278. [4]




Despite the dynastic challenges and occasional conflicts with the Holy Roman Empire, the Přemyslid dynasty succeeded in maintaining Bohemia’s sovereignty and distinct identity within the imperial framework. The legal codifications and administrative reforms of this period laid the groundwork for the kingdom’s future development.



The end of the Přemyslid dynasty came in 1306, following the assassination of Wenceslaus III. The subsequent period saw the rise of the Luxembourg dynasty, which would continue to shape the kingdom’s trajectory in the future. [5]

[1]: Jaroslav Pánek and Oldřich Tůma, A History of the Czech Lands (Prague: Karolinum Press, 2009). Zotero link: 5MFK58ZP

[2]: Jörg K. Hoensch, Geschichte Böhmens: von der slavischen Landnahme bis zur Gegenwart. Zotero link: APL977ZI

[3]: Bayerische Akademie der Wissenschaften, Neue Deutsche Biographie. Zotero link: 2B7YCXT3

[4]: Hoensch, Přemysl Otakar II. von Böhmen. Zotero link: LVNSK3MW

[5]: Hirschbiegel, Höfe und Residenzen im spätmittelalterlichen Reich. Zotero link: R4DMTD9L

General Variables
Identity and Location
Utm Zone:
33 U  
Original Name:
Kingdom of Bohemia - Přemyslid Dynasty  
Capital:
Prague  
Alternative Name:
České království  
Regnum Bohemiae  
Königreich Böhmen  
Temporal Bounds
Peak Years:
[1,253 CE ➜ 1,278 CE] 1253 CE 1278 CE
Duration:
[1,198 CE ➜ 1,309 CE] 1198 CE 1309 CE
Political and Cultural Relations
Suprapolity Relations:
cz_bohemian_k_1 personal union with pl_piast_dyn_2 1296 CE 1306 CE
cz_bohemian_k_1 vassalage to de_empire_2  
Supracultural Entity:
Latin Christendom  
Succeeding Entity:
Kingdom of Bohemia - Luxembourgian and Jagiellonian Dynasty  
Preceding Entity:
Succeeding: Kingdom of Bohemia - Luxembourgian and Jagiellonian Dynasty (cz_bohemian_k_2)    [continuation]  
Degree of Centralization:
confederated state 1198 CE 1253 CE
Language
Linguistic Family:
Indo-European  
Language:
Czech  
Religion
Religion Genus:
Christianity  
Religion Family:
Catholicism  
Social Complexity Variables
Social Scale
Hierarchical Complexity
Professions
Bureaucracy Characteristics
Law
Specialized Buildings: polity owned
Transport Infrastructure
Special-purpose Sites
Information / Writing System
Information / Kinds of Written Documents
Information / Money
Information / Postal System
Information / Measurement System
Warfare Variables (Military Technologies)
Fortifications
Military use of Metals
Projectiles
Handheld weapons
Animals used in warfare
Armor
Naval technology
Religion Tolerance Nothing coded yet.
Human Sacrifice Nothing coded yet.
Crisis Consequences Nothing coded yet.
Power Transitions Nothing coded yet.

NGA Settlements:

Year Range Kingdom of Bohemia - Přemyslid Dynasty (cz_bohemian_k_1) was in:
Home NGA: None

General Variables
Identity and Location

Original Name:
Kingdom of Bohemia - Přemyslid Dynasty


Alternative Name:
České království
Alternative Name:
Regnum Bohemiae
Alternative Name:
Königreich Böhmen

Temporal Bounds
Peak Years:
[1,253 CE ➜ 1,278 CE]
1253 CE 1278 CE

The peak years of the Přemyslid Dynasty in the Kingdom of Bohemia are generally considered to be during the reign of Ottokar II, who ruled from 1253 to 1278. Ottokar II, also known as Ottokar II the Iron and Golden King, is often regarded as one of the most powerful Czech monarchs. His reign is marked by significant territorial expansion, economic development, and the strengthening of royal authority. [1]

[1]: Hoensch, Přemysl Otakar II. von Böhmen. Zotero link: LVNSK3MW


Duration:
[1,198 CE ➜ 1,309 CE]
1198 CE 1309 CE

Political and Cultural Relations
Suprapolity Relations:
cz_bohemian_k_1 personal union with pl_piast_dyn_2
1296 CE 1306 CE

Wenceslaus II and his son Wenceslaus III ruled Poland in personal union. [1]

[1]: Rosamond McKitterick, ed., The New Cambridge Medieval History (Cambridge [England] ; New York, NY, USA: Cambridge University Press, 1995). Zotero link: SQR4J7RI

Suprapolity Relations:
cz_bohemian_k_1 vassalage to de_empire_2

Bohemia acknowledged the Emperor’s suzerainty and participated actively in the affairs of the Empire, fulfilling duties that are typical of a vassal state, while also maintaining a significant degree of autonomy in internal governance. [1]

[1]: Jörg K. Hoensch, Geschichte Böhmens: von der slavischen Landnahme bis zur Gegenwart. Zotero link: APL977ZI


Supracultural Entity:
Latin Christendom

Succeeding Entity:
Kingdom of Bohemia - Luxembourgian and Jagiellonian Dynasty

Preceding Entity:
Kingdom of Bohemia - Přemyslid Dynasty [cz_bohemian_k_1] ---> Kingdom of Bohemia - Luxembourgian and Jagiellonian Dynasty [cz_bohemian_k_2]

Degree of Centralization:
confederated state
1198 CE 1253 CE

The Přemyslid rulers worked to centralize authority but faced challenges from the powerful nobility and the fragmented nature of medieval governance up until the rule of Ottokar II who significantly increased efforts of centralisation. [1]

[1]: Jörg K. Hoensch, Geschichte Böhmens: von der slavischen Landnahme bis zur Gegenwart. Zotero link: APL977ZI


Language
Linguistic Family:
Indo-European


Religion
Religion Genus:
Christianity

Religion Family:
Catholicism


Social Complexity Variables
Social Scale
Hierarchical Complexity
Professions
Bureaucracy Characteristics
Law
Specialized Buildings: polity owned
Transport Infrastructure
Special-purpose Sites
Information / Writing System
Information / Kinds of Written Documents
Information / Money
Information / Postal System
Information / Measurement System

Warfare Variables (Military Technologies)
Fortifications
Military use of Metals
Projectiles
Handheld weapons
Animals used in warfare
Armor
Naval technology

Human Sacrifice Data
Human Sacrifice is the deliberate and ritualized killing of a person to please or placate supernatural entities (including gods, spirits, and ancestors) or gain other supernatural benefits.
- Nothing coded yet.
- Nothing coded yet.
Power Transitions