Home Region:  Anatolia-Caucasus (Southwest Asia)

Konya Plain - Early Neolithic

G SC WF HS
EQ 2020  tr_konya_enl / TrNeoER

No General Descriptions provided.

General Variables
Identity and Location
Utm Zone:
36 S  
Original Name:
Konya Plain - Early Neolithic  
Alternative Name:
Pre-Pottery Neolithic  
Konya Ovasnda Erken Neolitik Canak Comleksiz Neolitik  
Neolithique inferieur en Anatolie centrale Néolithique pre-ceramique  
Temporal Bounds
Duration:
[9,600 BCE ➜ 7,000 BCE]  
Political and Cultural Relations
Suprapolity Relations:
unknown [---]  
Succeeding Entity:
Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic  
Degree of Centralization:
unknown  
Language
Religion
Social Complexity Variables
Social Scale
Hierarchical Complexity
Settlement Hierarchy:
1  
Religious Level:
1  
Military Level:
1  
Administrative Level:
1  
Professions
Professional Soldier:
unknown  
Professional Priesthood:
unknown  
Professional Military Officer:
unknown  
Bureaucracy Characteristics
Specialized Government Building:
absent  
Merit Promotion:
inferred absent  
Full Time Bureaucrat:
absent  
Examination System:
inferred absent  
Law
Professional Lawyer:
unknown  
Judge:
unknown  
Formal Legal Code:
unknown  
Court:
unknown  
Specialized Buildings: polity owned
Transport Infrastructure
Port:
absent  
Canal:
absent  
Special-purpose Sites
Information / Writing System
Written Record:
absent  
Script:
absent  
Phonetic Alphabetic Writing:
absent  
Mnemonic Device:
absent  
Information / Kinds of Written Documents
Scientific Literature:
absent  
Sacred Text:
absent  
Religious Literature:
absent  
Practical Literature:
absent  
Philosophy:
absent  
Lists Tables and Classification:
absent  
History:
absent  
Fiction:
absent  
Calendar:
absent  
Information / Money
Token:
unknown  
Paper Currency:
absent  
Indigenous Coin:
absent  
Foreign Coin:
absent  
Information / Postal System
Postal Station:
absent  
General Postal Service:
absent  
Information / Measurement System
Warfare Variables (Military Technologies)
Fortifications
  Wooden Palisade:
absent  
  Stone Walls Non Mortared:
unknown  
  Stone Walls Mortared:
absent  
  Settlements in a Defensive Position:
absent  
  Modern Fortification:
absent  
  Moat:
absent  
  Fortified Camp:
absent  
  Earth Rampart:
absent  
  Ditch:
absent  
  Complex Fortification:
absent  
  Long Wall:
absent  
Military use of Metals
  Steel:
absent  
  Iron:
absent  
  Copper:
absent  
  Bronze:
absent  
Projectiles
  Tension Siege Engine:
absent  
  Sling Siege Engine:
absent  
  Sling:
inferred present  
  Self Bow:
unknown  
  Javelin:
inferred present  
  Handheld Firearm:
absent  
  Gunpowder Siege Artillery:
absent  
  Crossbow:
absent  
  Composite Bow:
absent  
  Atlatl:
absent  
Handheld weapons
  War Club:
unknown  
  Sword:
absent  
  Spear:
unknown  
  Polearm:
unknown  
  Dagger:
unknown  
  Battle Axe:
unknown  
Animals used in warfare
  Horse:
absent  
  Elephant:
absent  
  Donkey:
absent  
  Dog:
unknown  
  Camel:
absent  
Armor
  Wood Bark Etc:
unknown  
  Shield:
unknown  
  Scaled Armor:
absent  
  Plate Armor:
absent  
  Limb Protection:
inferred absent  
  Leather Cloth:
unknown  
  Laminar Armor:
absent  
  Helmet:
absent  
  Chainmail:
absent  
  Breastplate:
absent  
Naval technology
  Specialized Military Vessel:
absent  
  Small Vessels Canoes Etc:
unknown  
  Merchant Ships Pressed Into Service:
absent  
Religion Tolerance Nothing coded yet.
Human Sacrifice Nothing coded yet.
Crisis Consequences Nothing coded yet.
Power Transitions Nothing coded yet.

NGA Settlements:

Year Range Konya Plain - Early Neolithic (tr_konya_enl) was in:
 (9600 BCE 7001 BCE)   Konya Plain
Home NGA: Konya Plain

General Variables
Identity and Location

Original Name:
Konya Plain - Early Neolithic

Alternative Name:
Pre-Pottery Neolithic

Pre-Pottery Neolithic; Konya Ovasι’nda Erken Neolitik Çağ/Çanak Çömleksiz Neolitik; Néolithique inférieur en Anatolie centrale/Néolithique pré-céramique ... this is not machine readable.

Alternative Name:
Konya Ovasnda Erken Neolitik Canak Comleksiz Neolitik

Pre-Pottery Neolithic; Konya Ovasι’nda Erken Neolitik Çağ/Çanak Çömleksiz Neolitik; Néolithique inférieur en Anatolie centrale/Néolithique pré-céramique ... this is not machine readable.

Alternative Name:
Neolithique inferieur en Anatolie centrale Néolithique pre-ceramique

Pre-Pottery Neolithic; Konya Ovasι’nda Erken Neolitik Çağ/Çanak Çömleksiz Neolitik; Néolithique inférieur en Anatolie centrale/Néolithique pré-céramique ... this is not machine readable.


Temporal Bounds
Duration:
[9,600 BCE ➜ 7,000 BCE]

{9600 BCE; 9500 BCE}-7000 BCE uncertainty/disagreement cannot be coded for this variable


Political and Cultural Relations

Succeeding Entity:
Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic


Language
Religion

Social Complexity Variables
Social Scale
Bureaucracy Characteristics

Merit Promotion:
absent

inapplicable



Examination System:
absent

inapplicable


Specialized Buildings: polity owned
Special-purpose Sites
Information / Writing System




Information / Kinds of Written Documents









Information / Money




Information / Postal System


Information / Measurement System

Warfare Variables (Military Technologies)
Fortifications
Wooden Palisade:
absent

not yet found in settlements such as Göbekli Tepe


Stone Walls Non Mortared:
unknown

No information in the archaeological evidence for this time, even if stone architecture has been found in Göbekli Tepe, it does not appear to be for military purposes [1]

[1]: https://www.tf.uni-kiel.de/matwis/amat/iss/kap_a/advanced/ta_1_2b.html


Stone Walls Mortared:
absent

Only archaeological evidence for mudbrick walls at this time


Settlements in a Defensive Position:
absent

not yet found in settlements such as Göbekli Tepe


Modern Fortification:
absent

Technology not yet available


not yet found in settlements such as Göbekli Tepe


Fortified Camp:
absent

Technology not yet available


Earth Rampart:
absent

not yet found in settlements such as Göbekli Tepe


not yet found in settlements such as Göbekli Tepe


Complex Fortification:
absent

Technology not yet available



Military use of Metals

Technology not found in archaeological evidence until much later


Technology not found in archaeological evidence until much later


Technology not found in archaeological evidence until much later. Beads and tools carved from copper have been found but no weapons or smelting at this time [1]

[1]: https://www.tf.uni-kiel.de/matwis/amat/iss/kap_a/advanced/ta_1_2c.html


Technology not found in archaeological evidence until much later


Projectiles
Tension Siege Engine:
absent

Not invented yet


Sling Siege Engine:
absent

Not invented yet


Sling:
present

At Çatalhöyük clay balls have been interpreted as sling ammunition."The use of the sling is alos attested in wall art that features a purported slinger." [1]

[1]: (Knüsel: Glencross and Milella 2019: 83) Seshat URL: https://www.zotero.org/groups/1051264/seshat_databank/items/itemKey/WH6NHDHM.



Javelin:
present

Bone harpoons found for this time, but it is unclear if used for warfare or hunting. There is no reason to believe that other humans couldn’t be the target for these though [1]

[1]: (Leverani 2014, 36) Liverani, Mario. Tabatabai, Soraia trans. 2014. The Ancient Near East. History, society and economy. Routledge. London.


Handheld Firearm:
absent

Not invented yet


Gunpowder Siege Artillery:
absent

Not invented yet


Crossbow:
absent

Not invented yet


Composite Bow:
absent

"Composite bows are known from both Mesopotamia and the Great Steppe from the III millennium BCE." [1] "The composite bows spread into Palestine around 1800 BCE and were introduced into Egypt by the Hyksos in 1700 BCE." [2]

[1]: Sergey A Nefedov, RAN Institute of History and Archaeology, Yekaterinburg, Russia. Personal Communication to Peter Turchin. January 2018.

[2]: (Roy 2015, 20) Kaushik Roy. 2015. Warfare in Pre-British India - 1500 BCE to 1740 CE. Routledge. London.


New World weapon


Handheld weapons
War Club:
unknown

No information in the archaeological evidence for this time


No information in the archaeological evidence for this time


No information in the archaeological evidence for this time


Polearm:
unknown

No information in the archaeological evidence for this time


Dagger:
unknown

No information in the archaeological evidence for this time


Battle Axe:
unknown

No information in the archaeological evidence for this time


Animals used in warfare

Technology not found in archaeological evidence until much later


Elephant:
absent

Technology not found in archaeological evidence until much later


"The donkey was probably domesticated from the African wild ass ’in more than one place’ but for the Nubian subspecies 5500-4500 BCE in the Sudan. Only in Africa, presumably, so the donkey would not have been here yet [1]

[1]: (Mitchell 2018, 39) Peter Mitchell 2018. The Donkey in Human History: An Archaeological Perspective. Oxford University Press. Oxford.


No information in the archaeological evidence for this time but there is evidence they were used for hunting and guarding purposes. [1]

[1]: (Leverani 2014, 36) Liverani, Mario. Tabatabai, Soraia trans. 2014. The Ancient Near East. History, society and economy. Routledge. London.


Technology not found in archaeological evidence until much later


Armor
Wood Bark Etc:
unknown

No information in the archaeological evidence for this time


Shield:
unknown

No information in the archaeological evidence for this time


Scaled Armor:
absent

Technology not yet available


Plate Armor:
absent

Technology not yet available


Limb Protection:
absent

Polity earlier than the earliest reference in Anatolia, the Hittite period. [1]

[1]: Bryce T. (2007) Hittite Warrior, Oxford: Osprey Publishing, pp. 15


Leather Cloth:
unknown

No information in the archaeological evidence for this time


Laminar Armor:
absent

Technology not yet available


Earliest reference for present we currently have is for the Hittites. [1] In Egypt helmets were probably first worn by charioteers in the 18th Dynasty c1500 BCE. [2]

[1]: Bryce T. (2007) Hittite Warrior, Oxford: Osprey Publishing, pp. 15-16

[2]: (Hoffmeier 2001) J K Hoffmeier in D B Redford. ed. 2001. The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt. Oxford University Press. Oxford.


Chainmail:
absent

Technology not yet available


Breastplate:
absent

Technology not yet available


Naval technology
Specialized Military Vessel:
absent

Technology not yet available


Small Vessels Canoes Etc:
unknown

No information in the archaeological evidence for this time


Merchant Ships Pressed Into Service:
absent

Technology not yet available



Human Sacrifice Data
Human Sacrifice is the deliberate and ritualized killing of a person to please or placate supernatural entities (including gods, spirits, and ancestors) or gain other supernatural benefits.
- Nothing coded yet.
- Nothing coded yet.
- Nothing coded yet.