Section: Social Complexity
Subsection: Writing Systems

Written Record

Talking about writing systems, written records are more than short and fragmentary inscriptions, such as found on tombs or runic stones. there must be several sentences strung together, at the very minimum. for example, royal proclamations from mesopotamia and egypt qualify as written records  
Contributors: Jenny, Majid, Peter

Variable Definition
Polity The Seshat Polity Name
Year(s) The years for which we have the data. [negative = BCE]
Confidence Inferred : The value is inferred.
Suspected : The value is suspected (Expert Check Needed).
Evidenced : The value is backed up by sufficient evidence.
Disputed? No : No disagreement among scholars.
Yes : There is disagreement among scholars.
Expert? : Not yet Checked by a Seshat Expert.
: Checked and accepted by a Seshat Expert (or RA).

Variable Definition
written_record The absence or presence of written record for a polity.

# Polity   Year(s)   Written Record   Confidence     Disputed?     Expert?   Edit
1
Xianbei Confederation
100 CE 229 CE
absent
Inferred No Edit
2
Xianbei Confederation
230 CE 250 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
3
Kansai - Kofun Period
250 CE 399 CE
absent
Inferred No Edit
4
Rouran Khaganate
300 CE 499 CE
absent
Inferred No Edit
5
Kansai - Kofun Period
399 CE 449 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
6
Kansai - Kofun Period
399 CE 537 CE
present
Confident No Edit
7
Rouran Khaganate
500 CE 555 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
8
Icelandic Commonwealth
930 CE 1100 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
9
Icelandic Commonwealth
1101 CE 1262 CE
present
Confident No Edit
10
Kingdom of Kaffa
1390 CE 1499 CE
unknown
Suspected No Edit
11
Kingdom of Kaffa
1500 CE 1897 CE
present
Confident No Edit
12
Funj Sultanate
1504 CE 1699 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
13
Kaabu
1550 CE 1699 CE
unknown
Suspected No Edit
14
Sakha - Late
1632 CE 1800 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
15
Early Modern Sierra Leone
1650 CE 1832 CE
absent
Inferred No Edit
16
Funj Sultanate
1700 CE 1820 CE
present
Confident No Edit
17
Buganda
1700 CE 1859 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
18
Kaabu
1700 CE 1867 CE
present
Confident No Edit
19
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late
1714 CE 1831 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
20
Spanish Empire II
1716 CE 1814 CE
present
Confident No Edit
21
Nkore
1750 CE 1859 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
22
Sakha - Late
1801 CE 1900 CE
present
Confident No Edit
23
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late
1832 CE 1848 CE
present
Confident No Edit
24
Early Modern Sierra Leone
1833 CE 1896 CE
present
Confident No Edit
25
Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial
1841 CE 1921 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
26
Buganda
1860 CE 1894 CE
present
Confident No Edit
27
Nkore
1860 CE 1901 CE
unknown
Suspected No Edit
28
Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial
1922 CE 1987 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
29
Soviet Union
1923 CE 1991 CE
present
Confident No Edit
30
Carolingian Empire II
* Year Range of Carolingian Empire II is assumed.
[840, 987]
present
Confident No Edit
31
Hallstatt A-B1
* Year Range of Hallstatt A-B1 is assumed.
[-1000, -900]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
32
Hallstatt B2-3
* Year Range of Hallstatt B2-3 is assumed.
[-900, -700]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
33
Hallstatt C
* Year Range of Hallstatt C is assumed.
[-700, -600]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
34
Hallstatt D
* Year Range of Hallstatt D is assumed.
[-600, -475]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
35
British Empire II
* Year Range of British Empire II is assumed.
[1850, 1968]
present
Confident No Edit
36
Classical Crete
* Year Range of Classical Crete is assumed.
[-500, -323]
present
Confident No Edit
37
The Emirate of Crete
* Year Range of The Emirate of Crete is assumed.
[824, 961]
present
Confident No Edit
38
Timurid Empire
* Year Range of Timurid Empire is assumed.
[1370, 1526]
present
Confident No Edit
39
Neo-Assyrian Empire
* Year Range of Neo-Assyrian Empire is assumed.
[-911, -612]
present
Confident No Edit
40
Western Jin
* Year Range of Western Jin is assumed.
[265, 317]
present
Confident No Edit
41
Ak Koyunlu
* Year Range of Ak Koyunlu is assumed.
[1339, 1501]
present
Confident No Edit
42
Hmong - Late Qing
* Year Range of Hmong - Late Qing is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
absent
Confident No Edit
43
Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling
* Year Range of Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling is assumed.
[1055, 1199]
absent
Confident No Edit
44
Cahokia - Moorehead
* Year Range of Cahokia - Moorehead is assumed.
[1200, 1274]
absent
Confident No Edit
45
Kingdom of Norway II
* Year Range of Kingdom of Norway II is assumed.
[1262, 1380]
present
Confident No Edit
46
Egypt - Dynasty II
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty II is assumed.
[-2900, -2687]
present
Confident No Edit
47
Jin
* Year Range of Jin is assumed.
[-780, -404]
present
Confident No Edit
48
Great Ming
* Year Range of Great Ming is assumed.
[1368, 1644]
present
Confident No Edit
49
Napoleonic France
* Year Range of Napoleonic France is assumed.
[1816, 1870]
present
Confident No Edit
50
Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period
* Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period is assumed.
[-1293, -1070]
present
Confident No Edit
51
Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period
* Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period is assumed.
[-1550, -1293]
present
Confident No Edit
52
Chuuk - Early Truk
* Year Range of Chuuk - Early Truk is assumed.
[1775, 1886]
absent
Confident No Edit
53
Atlantic Complex
* Year Range of Atlantic Complex is assumed.
[-2200, -1000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
54
French Kingdom - Late Bourbon
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Bourbon is assumed.
[1660, 1815]
present
Confident No Edit
55
Proto-French Kingdom
* Year Range of Proto-French Kingdom is assumed.
[987, 1150]
present
Confident No Edit
56
Early Merovingian
* Year Range of Early Merovingian is assumed.
[481, 543]
present
Confident No Edit
57
Proto-Carolingian
* Year Range of Proto-Carolingian is assumed.
[687, 751]
present
Confident No Edit
58
Middle Merovingian
* Year Range of Middle Merovingian is assumed.
[543, 687]
present
Confident No Edit
59
French Kingdom - Early Valois
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Valois is assumed.
[1328, 1450]
present
Confident No Edit
60
French Kingdom - Late Valois
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Valois is assumed.
[1450, 1589]
present
Confident No Edit
61
Final Postpalatial Crete
* Year Range of Final Postpalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1200, -1000]
absent
Confident No Edit
62
Hellenistic Crete
* Year Range of Hellenistic Crete is assumed.
[-323, -69]
present
Confident No Edit
63
Neolithic Crete
* Year Range of Neolithic Crete is assumed.
[-7000, -3000]
absent
Confident No Edit
64
New Palace Crete
* Year Range of New Palace Crete is assumed.
[-1700, -1450]
present
Confident No Edit
65
The Old Palace Crete
* Year Range of The Old Palace Crete is assumed.
[-1900, -1700]
present
Confident No Edit
66
Prepalatial Crete
* Year Range of Prepalatial Crete is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
absent
Confident No Edit
67
Iban - Pre-Brooke
* Year Range of Iban - Pre-Brooke is assumed.
[1650, 1841]
absent
Confident No Edit
68
Mataram Sultanate
* Year Range of Mataram Sultanate is assumed.
[1568, 1703]
present
Confident No Edit
69
Deccan - Iron Age
* Year Range of Deccan - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
70
Deccan - Neolithic
* Year Range of Deccan - Neolithic is assumed.
[-2700, -1200]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
71
Gahadavala Dynasty
* Year Range of Gahadavala Dynasty is assumed.
[1085, 1193]
present
Confident No Edit
72
Gurjar
* Year Range of Gurjar is assumed.
[810, 1030]
present
Confident No Edit
73
Hoysala Kingdom
* Year Range of Hoysala Kingdom is assumed.
[1108, 1346]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
74
Kadamba Empire
* Year Range of Kadamba Empire is assumed.
[345, 550]
present
Confident No Edit
75
Kanauj
* Year Range of Kanauj is assumed.
[650, 780]
present
Confident No Edit
76
Magadha
* Year Range of Magadha is assumed.
[450, 605]
present
Confident No Edit
77
Kassite Babylonia
* Year Range of Kassite Babylonia is assumed.
[-1595, -1150]
present
Confident No Edit
78
Neo-Babylonian Empire
* Year Range of Neo-Babylonian Empire is assumed.
[-626, -539]
present
Inferred No Edit
79
Uruk
* Year Range of Uruk is assumed.
[-4000, -2900]
present
Confident No Edit
80
Elam I
* Year Range of Elam I is assumed.
[-900, -744]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
81
Hawaii II
* Year Range of Hawaii II is assumed.
[1200, 1580]
absent
Confident No Edit
82
Java - Buni Culture
* Year Range of Java - Buni Culture is assumed.
[-400, 500]
present
Inferred No Edit
83
Kediri Kingdom
* Year Range of Kediri Kingdom is assumed.
[1049, 1222]
present
Confident No Edit
84
Yehuda
* Year Range of Yehuda is assumed.
[-141, -63]
present
Confident No Edit
85
Yisrael
* Year Range of Yisrael is assumed.
[-1030, -722]
present
Confident No Edit
86
Chalukyas of Badami
* Year Range of Chalukyas of Badami is assumed.
[543, 753]
present
Confident No Edit
87
Delhi Sultanate
* Year Range of Delhi Sultanate is assumed.
[1206, 1526]
present
Confident No Edit
88
Late Garo
* Year Range of Late Garo is assumed.
[1867, 1956]
present
Confident No Edit
89
Kampili Kingdom
* Year Range of Kampili Kingdom is assumed.
[1280, 1327]
present
Inferred No Edit
90
Mughal Empire
* Year Range of Mughal Empire is assumed.
[1526, 1858]
present
Confident No Edit
91
Sunga Empire
* Year Range of Sunga Empire is assumed.
[-187, -65]
present
Confident No Edit
92
Vijayanagara Empire
* Year Range of Vijayanagara Empire is assumed.
[1336, 1646]
present
Confident No Edit
93
Abbasid Caliphate II
* Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate II is assumed.
[1191, 1258]
present
Confident No Edit
94
Early Dynastic
* Year Range of Early Dynastic is assumed.
[-2900, -2500]
present
Confident No Edit
95
Isin-Larsa
* Year Range of Isin-Larsa is assumed.
[-2004, -1763]
present
Confident No Edit
96
Ubaid
* Year Range of Ubaid is assumed.
[-5500, -4201]
absent
Confident No Edit
97
Susiana B
* Year Range of Susiana B is assumed.
[-5700, -5100]
absent
Confident No Edit
98
Susiana - Early Ubaid
* Year Range of Susiana - Early Ubaid is assumed.
[-5100, -4700]
absent
Confident No Edit
99
Elam - Shutrukid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Shutrukid Period is assumed.
[-1199, -1100]
present
Confident No Edit
100
Qajar
* Year Range of Qajar is assumed.
[1794, 1925]
present
Inferred No Edit
101
Anglo-Saxon England II
* Year Range of Anglo-Saxon England II is assumed.
[927, 1065]
present
Confident No Edit
102
Rome - Republic of St Peter II
* Year Range of Rome - Republic of St Peter II is assumed.
[904, 1198]
present
Confident No Edit
103
Papal States - High Medieval Period
* Year Range of Papal States - High Medieval Period is assumed.
[1198, 1309]
present
Confident No Edit
104
Papal States - Medieval Period II
* Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period II is assumed.
[1648, 1809]
present
Confident No Edit
105
Exarchate of Ravenna
* Year Range of Exarchate of Ravenna is assumed.
[568, 751]
present
Confident No Edit
106
Roman Empire - Principate
* Year Range of Roman Empire - Principate is assumed.
[-31, 284]
present
Confident No Edit
107
Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity
* Year Range of Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity is assumed.
[395, 476]
present
Confident No Edit
108
Republic of Venice III
* Year Range of Republic of Venice III is assumed.
[1204, 1563]
present
Confident No Edit
109
Republic of Venice IV
* Year Range of Republic of Venice IV is assumed.
[1564, 1797]
present
Confident No Edit
110
Ashikaga Shogunate
* Year Range of Ashikaga Shogunate is assumed.
[1336, 1467]
present
Confident No Edit
111
Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama
* Year Range of Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama is assumed.
[1568, 1603]
present
Confident No Edit
112
Warring States Japan
* Year Range of Warring States Japan is assumed.
[1467, 1568]
present
Confident No Edit
113
Bamana kingdom
* Year Range of Bamana kingdom is assumed.
[1712, 1861]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
114
Uigur Khaganate
* Year Range of Uigur Khaganate is assumed.
[745, 840]
present
Confident No Edit
115
Tokugawa Shogunate
* Year Range of Tokugawa Shogunate is assumed.
[1603, 1868]
present
Confident No Edit
116
Susa I
* Year Range of Susa I is assumed.
[-4300, -3800]
absent
Confident No Edit
117
Latium - Bronze Age
* Year Range of Latium - Bronze Age is assumed.
[-1800, -900]
absent
Inferred No Edit
118
Ostrogothic Kingdom
* Year Range of Ostrogothic Kingdom is assumed.
[489, 554]
present
Confident No Edit
119
Early Roman Republic
* Year Range of Early Roman Republic is assumed.
[-509, -264]
present
Confident No Edit
120
Middle Roman Republic
* Year Range of Middle Roman Republic is assumed.
[-264, -133]
present
Confident No Edit
121
Heian
* Year Range of Heian is assumed.
[794, 1185]
present
Confident No Edit
122
Japan - Initial Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Initial Jomon is assumed.
[-9200, -5300]
absent
Confident No Edit
123
Japan - Final Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Final Jomon is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
absent
Confident No Edit
124
Kara-Khanids
* Year Range of Kara-Khanids is assumed.
[950, 1212]
present
Confident No Edit
125
Andronovo
* Year Range of Andronovo is assumed.
[-1800, -1200]
absent
Confident No Edit
126
Phoenician Empire
* Year Range of Phoenician Empire is assumed.
[-1200, -332]
present
Confident No Edit
127
Mali Empire
* Year Range of Mali Empire is assumed.
[1230, 1410]
present
Confident No Edit
128
Mongol Empire
* Year Range of Mongol Empire is assumed.
[1206, 1368]
present
Confident No Edit
129
Early Mongols
* Year Range of Early Mongols is assumed.
[1000, 1206]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
130
Second Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Second Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[682, 744]
present
Confident No Edit
131
Zungharian Empire
* Year Range of Zungharian Empire is assumed.
[1670, 1757]
present
Confident No Edit
132
Sakha - Early
* Year Range of Sakha - Early is assumed.
[1400, 1632]
absent
Confident No Edit
133
Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age is assumed.
[-3000, -2000]
absent
Confident No Edit
134
Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-6000, -5500]
absent
Confident No Edit
135
Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -3000]
absent
Inferred No Edit
136
East Roman Empire
* Year Range of East Roman Empire is assumed.
[395, 631]
present
Confident No Edit
137
Lysimachus Kingdom
* Year Range of Lysimachus Kingdom is assumed.
[-323, -281]
present
Confident No Edit
138
Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7000, -6600]
absent
Confident No Edit
139
Konya Plain - Early Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Neolithic is assumed.
[-9600, -7000]
absent
Confident No Edit
140
Konya Plain - Late Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Neolithic is assumed.
[-6600, -6000]
absent
Confident No Edit
141
Ottoman Empire II
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire II is assumed.
[1517, 1683]
present
Confident No Edit
142
Ottoman Empire III
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire III is assumed.
[1683, 1839]
present
Confident No Edit
143
Early Illinois Confederation
* Year Range of Early Illinois Confederation is assumed.
[1640, 1717]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
144
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early
* Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early is assumed.
[1566, 1713]
absent
Confident No Edit
145
Archaic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Archaic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-6000, -2001]
absent
Confident No Edit
146
Aztec Empire
* Year Range of Aztec Empire is assumed.
[1427, 1526]
absent
Confident No Edit
147
Early Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Early Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-1200, -801]
absent
Confident No Edit
148
Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-100, 99]
absent
Confident No Edit
149
Toltecs
* Year Range of Toltecs is assumed.
[900, 1199]
absent
Confident No Edit
150
Cuzco - Early Intermediate I
* Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate I is assumed.
[200, 499]
absent
Confident No Edit
151
Inca Empire
* Year Range of Inca Empire is assumed.
[1375, 1532]
absent
Confident No Edit
152
Wari Empire
* Year Range of Wari Empire is assumed.
[650, 999]
absent
Confident No Edit
153
Orokaiva - Colonial
* Year Range of Orokaiva - Colonial is assumed.
[1884, 1942]
present
Confident No Edit
154
Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -4000]
absent
Confident No Edit
155
Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period is assumed.
[-3200, -2500]
absent
Confident No Edit
156
Sind - Samma Dynasty
* Year Range of Sind - Samma Dynasty is assumed.
[1335, 1521]
present
Confident No Edit
157
Umayyad Caliphate
* Year Range of Umayyad Caliphate is assumed.
[661, 750]
present
Confident No Edit
158
Rattanakosin
* Year Range of Rattanakosin is assumed.
[1782, 1873]
present
Confident No Edit
159
Late Cappadocia
* Year Range of Late Cappadocia is assumed.
[-322, -93]
present
Confident No Edit
160
Hatti - Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Hatti - Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-1650, -1500]
present
Confident No Edit
161
Ottoman Empire I
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire I is assumed.
[1402, 1517]
present
Confident No Edit
162
Roman Empire - Dominate
* Year Range of Roman Empire - Dominate is assumed.
[285, 394]
present
Confident No Edit
163
Cahokia - Early Woodland
* Year Range of Cahokia - Early Woodland is assumed.
[-600, -150]
absent
Confident No Edit
164
Cahokia - Late Woodland II
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland II is assumed.
[450, 600]
absent
Confident No Edit
165
Cahokia - Middle Woodland
* Year Range of Cahokia - Middle Woodland is assumed.
[-150, 300]
absent
Confident No Edit
166
Cahokia - Late Woodland I
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland I is assumed.
[300, 450]
absent
Confident No Edit
167
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I
* Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I is assumed.
[750, 900]
absent
Confident No Edit
168
Khanate of Bukhara
* Year Range of Khanate of Bukhara is assumed.
[1599, 1747]
present
Confident No Edit
169
Sogdiana - City-States Period
* Year Range of Sogdiana - City-States Period is assumed.
[604, 711]
present
Confident No Edit
170
Rasulid Dynasty
* Year Range of Rasulid Dynasty is assumed.
[1229, 1453]
present
Confident No Edit
171
Yemen - Era of Warlords
* Year Range of Yemen - Era of Warlords is assumed.
[1038, 1174]
present
Confident No Edit
172
Futa Jallon
* Year Range of Futa Jallon is assumed.
[1725, 1896]
present
Confident No Edit
173
Anurādhapura IV
* Year Range of Anurādhapura IV is assumed.
[614, 1017]
present
Confident No Edit
174
Polonnaruwa
* Year Range of Polonnaruwa is assumed.
[1070, 1255]
present
Confident No Edit
175
Anurādhapura III
* Year Range of Anurādhapura III is assumed.
[428, 614]
present
Confident No Edit
176
Dutch Empire
* Year Range of Dutch Empire is assumed.
[1648, 1795]
present
Confident No Edit
177
Isaaq Sultanate
* Year Range of Isaaq Sultanate is assumed.
[1300, 1886]
present
Confident No Edit
178
Pandya Empire
* Year Range of Pandya Empire is assumed.
[1250, 1323]
present
Confident No Edit
179
Oneota
* Year Range of Oneota is assumed.
[1400, 1650]
absent
Confident No Edit
180
Chagatai Khanate
* Year Range of Chagatai Khanate is assumed.
[1263, 1402]
present
Confident No Edit
181
Koktepe I
* Year Range of Koktepe I is assumed.
[-1400, -1000]
absent
Confident No Edit
182
Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty
* Year Range of Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty is assumed.
[1637, 1805]
present
Confident No Edit
183
Yemen Ziyad Dynasty
* Year Range of Yemen Ziyad Dynasty is assumed.
[822, 1037]
present
Confident No Edit
184
Anurādhapura I
* Year Range of Anurādhapura I is assumed.
[-300, 70]
present
Confident No Edit
185
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty II
* Year Range of Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty II is assumed.
[1776, 1917]
present
Confident No Edit
186
Adal Sultanate
* Year Range of Adal Sultanate is assumed.
[1375, 1543]
present
Confident No Edit
187
Tunni Sultanate
* Year Range of Tunni Sultanate is assumed.
[800, 1200]
present
Confident No Edit
188
Habr Yunis
* Year Range of Habr Yunis is assumed.
[1300, 1886]
present
Confident No Edit
189
Sultanate of Geledi
* Year Range of Sultanate of Geledi is assumed.
[1750, 1911]
present
Confident No Edit
190
Harla Kingdom
* Year Range of Harla Kingdom is assumed.
[-10000, 2000]
present
Confident No Edit
191
Ifat Sultanate
* Year Range of Ifat Sultanate is assumed.
[1280, 1375]
present
Confident No Edit
192
Medri Bahri
* Year Range of Medri Bahri is assumed.
[1310, 1889]
present
Confident No Edit
193
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
* Year Range of Greco-Bactrian Kingdom is assumed.
[-256, -125]
present
Confident No Edit
194
Emirate of Harar
* Year Range of Emirate of Harar is assumed.
[1650, 1875]
present
Confident No Edit
195
Thanjavur Maratha Kingdom
* Year Range of Thanjavur Maratha Kingdom is assumed.
[1675, 1799]
present
Confident No Edit
196
Proto-Yoruba
* Year Range of Proto-Yoruba is assumed.
[301, 649]
absent
Confident No Edit
197
Classical Ife
* Year Range of Classical Ife is assumed.
[1000, 1400]
absent
Confident No Edit
198
Late Formative Yoruba
* Year Range of Late Formative Yoruba is assumed.
[650, 1049]
absent
Confident No Edit
199
Allada
* Year Range of Allada is assumed.
[1100, 1724]
absent
Confident No Edit
200
Ilú-ọba Ọ̀yọ́
* Year Range of Ilú-ọba Ọ̀yọ́ is assumed.
[1601, 1835]
present
Confident No Edit
201
Oyo
* Year Range of Oyo is assumed.
[1300, 1535]
absent
Confident No Edit
202
Proto-Yoruboid
* Year Range of Proto-Yoruboid is assumed.
[-300, 300]
absent
Confident No Edit
203
Kingdom of Jimma
* Year Range of Kingdom of Jimma is assumed.
[1790, 1932]
present
Inferred No Edit
204
Papal States - Renaissance Period
* Year Range of Papal States - Renaissance Period is assumed.
[1378, 1527]
present
Confident No Edit
205
Sokoto Caliphate
* Year Range of Sokoto Caliphate is assumed.
[1804, 1904]
present
Confident No Edit
206
Igala
* Year Range of Igala is assumed.
[1600, 1900]
present
Confident No Edit
207
Hausa bakwai
* Year Range of Hausa bakwai is assumed.
[900, 1808]
present
Confident No Edit
208
Kanem-Borno
* Year Range of Kanem-Borno is assumed.
[1380, 1893]
present
Confident No Edit
209
Foys
* Year Range of Foys is assumed.
[1600, 1892]
absent
Confident No Edit
210
Imamate of Futa Toro
* Year Range of Imamate of Futa Toro is assumed.
[1776, 1860]
present
Confident No Edit
211
Kingdom of Jolof
* Year Range of Kingdom of Jolof is assumed.
[1549, 1865]
present
Confident No Edit
212
Toro
* Year Range of Toro is assumed.
[1830, 1896]
absent
Confident No Edit
213
Buganda
* Year Range of Buganda is assumed.
[1450, 1699]
absent
Confident No Edit
214
Karagwe
* Year Range of Karagwe is assumed.
[1500, 1916]
absent
Confident No Edit
215
Late Roman Republic
* Year Range of Late Roman Republic is assumed.
[-133, -31]
present
Confident No Edit
216
Kingdom of Niynginya
* Year Range of Kingdom of Niynginya is assumed.
[1650, 1897]
absent
Confident No Edit
217
Nkore
* Year Range of Nkore is assumed.
[1450, 1749]
absent
Confident No Edit
218
Early Pandyas
* Year Range of Early Pandyas is assumed.
[-600, 300]
present
Confident No Edit
219
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I
* Year Range of Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I is assumed.
[1614, 1775]
present
Confident No Edit
220
Ndorwa
* Year Range of Ndorwa is assumed.
[1700, 1800]
absent
Confident No Edit
221
Burundi
* Year Range of Burundi is assumed.
[1680, 1903]
absent
Confident No Edit
222
Mubari
* Year Range of Mubari is assumed.
[-10000, 2000]
absent
Confident No Edit
223
Gisaka
* Year Range of Gisaka is assumed.
[1700, 1867]
absent
Confident No Edit
224
Fipa
* Year Range of Fipa is assumed.
[1600, 1890]
absent
Confident No Edit
225
Bugesera
* Year Range of Bugesera is assumed.
[1700, 1799]
absent
Confident No Edit
226
Buhaya
* Year Range of Buhaya is assumed.
[-10000, 2000]
absent
Confident No Edit
227
Pandya Dynasty
* Year Range of Pandya Dynasty is assumed.
[590, 915]
present
Confident No Edit
228
Early Cholas
* Year Range of Early Cholas is assumed.
[-600, 300]
present
Confident No Edit
229
Carnatic Sultanate
* Year Range of Carnatic Sultanate is assumed.
[1710, 1801]
present
Confident No Edit
230
Late Pallava Empire
* Year Range of Late Pallava Empire is assumed.
[300, 890]
present
Confident No Edit
231
Kalabhra Dynasty
* Year Range of Kalabhra Dynasty is assumed.
[200, 600]
present
Confident No Edit
232
Nayaks of Thanjavur
* Year Range of Nayaks of Thanjavur is assumed.
[1532, 1676]
present
Confident No Edit
233
Nayaks of Madurai
* Year Range of Nayaks of Madurai is assumed.
[1529, 1736]
present
Confident No Edit
234
Kanem
* Year Range of Kanem is assumed.
[800, 1379]
present
Inferred No Edit
235
Ajuran Sultanate
* Year Range of Ajuran Sultanate is assumed.
[1250, 1700]
present
Inferred No Edit
236
Kingdom of Gomma
* Year Range of Kingdom of Gomma is assumed.
[1780, 1886]
present
Inferred No Edit
237
Shoa Sultanate
* Year Range of Shoa Sultanate is assumed.
[1108, 1285]
present
Inferred No Edit
238
Kingdom of Gumma
* Year Range of Kingdom of Gumma is assumed.
[1800, 1897]
present
Inferred No Edit
239
Mane
* Year Range of Mane is assumed.
[1550, 1650]
absent
Inferred No Edit
240
Pre-Sape Sierra Leone
* Year Range of Pre-Sape Sierra Leone is assumed.
[600, 1400]
absent
Inferred No Edit
241
Sape
* Year Range of Sape is assumed.
[1400, 1550]
absent
Inferred No Edit
242
Whydah
* Year Range of Whydah is assumed.
[1671, 1727]
absent
Inferred No Edit
243
Ọ̀ràézè Ǹrì
* Year Range of Ọ̀ràézè Ǹrì is assumed.
[1043, 1911]
absent
Inferred No Edit
244
Benin Empire
* Year Range of Benin Empire is assumed.
[1140, 1897]
absent
Inferred No Edit
245
Kingdom of the Huns
* Year Range of Kingdom of the Huns is assumed.
[376, 469]
absent
Confident No Edit
246
Early United Mexican States
* Year Range of Early United Mexican States is assumed.
[1810, 1920]
present
Confident No Edit
247
Plantagenet England
* Year Range of Plantagenet England is assumed.
[1144, 1485]
present
Confident No Edit
248
Jaffna
* Year Range of Jaffna is assumed.
[1310, 1591]
present
Confident No Edit
249
Durrani Empire
* Year Range of Durrani Empire is assumed.
[1747, 1826]
present
Confident No Edit
250
Canaan
* Year Range of Canaan is assumed.
[-2000, -1175]
present
Confident No Edit
251
Hephthalites
* Year Range of Hephthalites is assumed.
[408, 561]
present
Confident No Edit
252
Kidarite Kingdom
* Year Range of Kidarite Kingdom is assumed.
[388, 477]
present
Inferred No Edit
253
Kushan Empire
* Year Range of Kushan Empire is assumed.
[35, 319]
present
Confident No Edit
254
Tocharians
* Year Range of Tocharians is assumed.
[-129, 29]
present
Inferred No Edit
255
Eastern Han Empire
* Year Range of Eastern Han Empire is assumed.
[25, 220]
present
Confident No Edit
256
Erligang
* Year Range of Erligang is assumed.
[-1650, -1250]
absent
Inferred No Edit
257
Erlitou
* Year Range of Erlitou is assumed.
[-1850, -1600]
present
Inferred Yes Edit
258
Abbasid Caliphate I
* Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate I is assumed.
[750, 946]
present
Confident No Edit
259
Erlitou
* Year Range of Erlitou is assumed.
[-1850, -1600]
absent
Inferred Yes Edit
260
Hmong - Early Chinese
* Year Range of Hmong - Early Chinese is assumed.
[1895, 1941]
absent
Inferred No Edit
261
Longshan
* Year Range of Longshan is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
absent
Inferred No Edit
262
Northern Song
* Year Range of Northern Song is assumed.
[960, 1127]
present
Confident No Edit
263
Early Qing
* Year Range of Early Qing is assumed.
[1644, 1796]
present
Confident No Edit
264
Late Shang
* Year Range of Late Shang is assumed.
[-1250, -1045]
present
Confident No Edit
265
Early Wei Dynasty
* Year Range of Early Wei Dynasty is assumed.
[-445, -225]
present
Confident No Edit
266
Western Zhou
* Year Range of Western Zhou is assumed.
[-1122, -771]
present
Confident No Edit
267
Neguanje
* Year Range of Neguanje is assumed.
[250, 1050]
absent
Confident No Edit
268
Tairona
* Year Range of Tairona is assumed.
[1050, 1524]
absent
Confident No Edit
269
Shuar - Colonial
* Year Range of Shuar - Colonial is assumed.
[1534, 1830]
absent
Confident No Edit
270
Shuar - Ecuadorian
* Year Range of Shuar - Ecuadorian is assumed.
[1831, 1931]
absent
Confident No Edit
271
Egypt - Dynasty I
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty I is assumed.
[-3100, -2900]
present
Confident No Edit
272
Naqada I
* Year Range of Naqada I is assumed.
[-3800, -3550]
absent
Inferred No Edit
273
Naqada II
* Year Range of Naqada II is assumed.
[-3550, -3300]
absent
Confident No Edit
274
Akkadian Empire
* Year Range of Akkadian Empire is assumed.
[-2270, -2083]
present
Confident No Edit
275
Amorite Babylonia
* Year Range of Amorite Babylonia is assumed.
[-2000, -1600]
present
Confident No Edit
276
Egypt - Dynasty 0
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty 0 is assumed.
[-3300, -3100]
present
Confident No Edit
277
Egypt - Saite Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Saite Period is assumed.
[-664, -525]
present
Confident No Edit
278
Spanish Empire I
* Year Range of Spanish Empire I is assumed.
[1516, 1715]
present
Confident No Edit
279
Axum I
* Year Range of Axum I is assumed.
[-149, 349]
present
Inferred No Edit
280
Chuuk - Late Truk
* Year Range of Chuuk - Late Truk is assumed.
[1886, 1948]
present
Confident No Edit
281
French Kingdom - Late Capetian
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Capetian is assumed.
[1150, 1328]
present
Confident No Edit
282
La Tene A-B1
* Year Range of La Tene A-B1 is assumed.
[-475, -325]
absent
Inferred No Edit
283
La Tene B2-C1
* Year Range of La Tene B2-C1 is assumed.
[-325, -175]
present
Inferred No Edit
284
La Tene C2-D
* Year Range of La Tene C2-D is assumed.
[-175, -27]
present
Inferred No Edit
285
Papal States - Medieval Period I
* Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period I is assumed.
[1527, 1648]
present
Confident No Edit
286
Akan - Pre-Ashanti
* Year Range of Akan - Pre-Ashanti is assumed.
[1501, 1701]
absent
Confident No Edit
287
Ashanti Empire
* Year Range of Ashanti Empire is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
present
Confident No Edit
288
Archaic Crete
* Year Range of Archaic Crete is assumed.
[-710, -500]
present
Confident No Edit
289
Geometric Crete
* Year Range of Geometric Crete is assumed.
[-1000, -710]
present
Confident No Edit
290
Monopalatial Crete
* Year Range of Monopalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1450, -1300]
present
Confident No Edit
291
Postpalatial Crete
* Year Range of Postpalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1300, -1200]
present
Confident No Edit
292
Hawaii I
* Year Range of Hawaii I is assumed.
[1000, 1200]
absent
Confident No Edit
293
Hawaii III
* Year Range of Hawaii III is assumed.
[1580, 1778]
absent
Confident No Edit
294
Kalingga Kingdom
* Year Range of Kalingga Kingdom is assumed.
[500, 732]
present
Inferred No Edit
295
Majapahit Kingdom
* Year Range of Majapahit Kingdom is assumed.
[1292, 1518]
present
Confident No Edit
296
Medang Kingdom
* Year Range of Medang Kingdom is assumed.
[732, 1019]
present
Confident No Edit
297
Kingdom of Ayodhya
* Year Range of Kingdom of Ayodhya is assumed.
[-64, 34]
present
Confident No Edit
298
Chalukyas of Kalyani
* Year Range of Chalukyas of Kalyani is assumed.
[973, 1191]
present
Confident No Edit
299
Post-Mauryan Kingdoms
* Year Range of Post-Mauryan Kingdoms is assumed.
[-205, -101]
present
Inferred No Edit
300
Early Garo
* Year Range of Early Garo is assumed.
[1775, 1867]
absent
Confident No Edit
301
Gupta Dynasty
* Year Range of Gupta Dynasty is assumed.
[320, 515]
present
Confident No Edit
302
Mahajanapada era
* Year Range of Mahajanapada era is assumed.
[-600, -324]
absent
Confident No Edit
303
Maurya Empire
* Year Range of Maurya Empire is assumed.
[-324, -187]
present
Confident No Edit
304
Rashtrakuta Empire
* Year Range of Rashtrakuta Empire is assumed.
[753, 973]
present
Confident No Edit
305
Satavahana Empire
* Year Range of Satavahana Empire is assumed.
[-100, 203]
present
Confident No Edit
306
Vakataka Kingdom
* Year Range of Vakataka Kingdom is assumed.
[255, 550]
present
Confident No Edit
307
Bazi Dynasty
* Year Range of Bazi Dynasty is assumed.
[-1005, -986]
present
Confident No Edit
308
Dynasty of E
* Year Range of Dynasty of E is assumed.
[-979, -732]
present
Confident No Edit
309
Second Dynasty of Isin
* Year Range of Second Dynasty of Isin is assumed.
[-1153, -1027]
present
Confident No Edit
310
Ur - Dynasty III
* Year Range of Ur - Dynasty III is assumed.
[-2112, -2004]
present
Confident No Edit
311
Achaemenid Empire
* Year Range of Achaemenid Empire is assumed.
[-550, -331]
present
Confident No Edit
312
Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar
* Year Range of Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar is assumed.
[-7000, -6000]
absent
Confident No Edit
313
Elam - Awan Dynasty I
* Year Range of Elam - Awan Dynasty I is assumed.
[-2675, -2100]
present
Confident No Edit
314
Buyid Confederation
* Year Range of Buyid Confederation is assumed.
[932, 1062]
present
Confident No Edit
315
Elymais II
* Year Range of Elymais II is assumed.
[25, 215]
present
Confident No Edit
316
Formative Period
* Year Range of Formative Period is assumed.
[-7200, -7000]
absent
Confident No Edit
317
Roman Kingdom
* Year Range of Roman Kingdom is assumed.
[-716, -509]
present
Confident No Edit
318
Ilkhanate
* Year Range of Ilkhanate is assumed.
[1256, 1339]
present
Confident No Edit
319
Susiana A
* Year Range of Susiana A is assumed.
[-6000, -5700]
absent
Confident No Edit
320
Susiana - Late Ubaid
* Year Range of Susiana - Late Ubaid is assumed.
[-4700, -4300]
absent
Confident No Edit
321
Elam - Kidinuid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Kidinuid Period is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
present
Confident No Edit
322
Elam - Igihalkid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Igihalkid Period is assumed.
[-1399, -1200]
present
Confident No Edit
323
Elam II
* Year Range of Elam II is assumed.
[-743, -647]
present
Confident No Edit
324
Elam III
* Year Range of Elam III is assumed.
[-612, -539]
present
Confident No Edit
325
Parthian Empire I
* Year Range of Parthian Empire I is assumed.
[-247, 40]
present
Confident No Edit
326
Parthian Empire II
* Year Range of Parthian Empire II is assumed.
[41, 226]
present
Confident No Edit
327
Pre-Ceramic Period
* Year Range of Pre-Ceramic Period is assumed.
[-7800, -7200]
absent
Confident No Edit
328
Cuzco - Late Intermediate II
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate II is assumed.
[1250, 1400]
absent
Confident No Edit
329
Safavid Empire
* Year Range of Safavid Empire is assumed.
[1501, 1722]
present
Confident No Edit
330
Sasanid Empire I
* Year Range of Sasanid Empire I is assumed.
[205, 487]
present
Inferred No Edit
331
Sasanid Empire II
* Year Range of Sasanid Empire II is assumed.
[488, 642]
present
Confident No Edit
332
Seleucids
* Year Range of Seleucids is assumed.
[-312, -63]
present
Confident No Edit
333
Seljuk Sultanate
* Year Range of Seljuk Sultanate is assumed.
[1037, 1157]
present
Confident No Edit
334
Elam - Shimashki Period
* Year Range of Elam - Shimashki Period is assumed.
[-2028, -1940]
present
Confident No Edit
335
Elam - Early Sukkalmah
* Year Range of Elam - Early Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1900, -1701]
present
Confident No Edit
336
Elam - Late Sukkalmah
* Year Range of Elam - Late Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1700, -1500]
present
Confident No Edit
337
Susa II
* Year Range of Susa II is assumed.
[-3800, -3100]
present
Confident No Edit
338
Susa III
* Year Range of Susa III is assumed.
[-3100, -2675]
present
Confident No Edit
339
Latium - Copper Age
* Year Range of Latium - Copper Age is assumed.
[-3600, -1800]
absent
Inferred No Edit
340
Latium - Iron Age
* Year Range of Latium - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1000, -580]
absent
Inferred No Edit
341
Republic of St Peter I
* Year Range of Republic of St Peter I is assumed.
[711, 904]
present
Confident No Edit
342
Asuka
* Year Range of Asuka is assumed.
[538, 710]
present
Confident No Edit
343
Japan - Incipient Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Incipient Jomon is assumed.
[-13600, -9200]
absent
Confident No Edit
344
Japan - Early Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Early Jomon is assumed.
[-5300, -3500]
absent
Confident No Edit
345
Japan - Middle Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Middle Jomon is assumed.
[-3500, -2500]
absent
Confident No Edit
346
Japan - Late Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Late Jomon is assumed.
[-2500, -1200]
absent
Inferred No Edit
347
Kamakura Shogunate
* Year Range of Kamakura Shogunate is assumed.
[1185, 1333]
present
Confident No Edit
348
Nara Kingdom
* Year Range of Nara Kingdom is assumed.
[710, 794]
present
Confident No Edit
349
Kansai - Yayoi Period
* Year Range of Kansai - Yayoi Period is assumed.
[-300, 250]
present
Inferred No Edit
350
Western Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Western Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[582, 630]
present
Confident No Edit
351
Classical Angkor
* Year Range of Classical Angkor is assumed.
[1100, 1220]
present
Confident No Edit
352
Cuzco - Late Formative
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Formative is assumed.
[-500, 200]
absent
Confident No Edit
353
Early Angkor
* Year Range of Early Angkor is assumed.
[802, 1100]
present
Confident No Edit
354
Late Angkor
* Year Range of Late Angkor is assumed.
[1220, 1432]
present
Confident No Edit
355
Khmer Kingdom
* Year Range of Khmer Kingdom is assumed.
[1432, 1594]
present
Confident No Edit
356
Chenla
* Year Range of Chenla is assumed.
[550, 825]
present
Confident No Edit
357
Funan I
* Year Range of Funan I is assumed.
[225, 540]
present
Confident No Edit
358
Funan II
* Year Range of Funan II is assumed.
[540, 640]
present
Confident No Edit
359
Saadi Sultanate
* Year Range of Saadi Sultanate is assumed.
[1554, 1659]
present
Confident No Edit
360
Jenne-jeno I
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno I is assumed.
[-250, 49]
absent
Confident No Edit
361
Jenne-jeno II
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno II is assumed.
[50, 399]
absent
Confident No Edit
362
Jenne-jeno III
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno III is assumed.
[400, 899]
absent
Confident No Edit
363
Jenne-jeno IV
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno IV is assumed.
[900, 1300]
absent
Confident No Edit
364
Segou Kingdom
* Year Range of Segou Kingdom is assumed.
[1650, 1712]
absent
Inferred No Edit
365
Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty
* Year Range of Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty is assumed.
[1493, 1591]
present
Confident No Edit
366
Eastern Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Eastern Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[583, 630]
present
Confident No Edit
367
Khitan I
* Year Range of Khitan I is assumed.
[907, 1125]
present
Confident No Edit
368
Late Mongols
* Year Range of Late Mongols is assumed.
[1368, 1690]
present
Confident No Edit
369
Kachi Plain - Urban Period II
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period II is assumed.
[-2100, 1800]
present
Confident No Edit
370
Early Xiongnu
* Year Range of Early Xiongnu is assumed.
[-1400, -300]
absent
Inferred No Edit
371
Egypt - Kushite Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Kushite Period is assumed.
[-747, -656]
present
Confident No Edit
372
Ayutthaya
* Year Range of Ayutthaya is assumed.
[1593, 1767]
present
Confident No Edit
373
Late Xiongnu
* Year Range of Late Xiongnu is assumed.
[-60, 100]
absent
Inferred No Edit
374
Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial
* Year Range of Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial is assumed.
[1734, 1883]
absent
Confident No Edit
375
Xiongnu Imperial Confederation
* Year Range of Xiongnu Imperial Confederation is assumed.
[-209, -60]
absent
Inferred No Edit
376
Later Wagadu Empire
* Year Range of Later Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[1078, 1203]
present
Confident No Edit
377
Middle Wagadu Empire
* Year Range of Middle Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[700, 1077]
absent
Confident No Edit
378
Early Monte Alban I
* Year Range of Early Monte Alban I is assumed.
[-500, -300]
present
Confident No Edit
379
Monte Alban Late I
* Year Range of Monte Alban Late I is assumed.
[-300, -100]
present
Confident No Edit
380
Monte Alban II
* Year Range of Monte Alban II is assumed.
[-100, 200]
present
Confident No Edit
381
Monte Alban III
* Year Range of Monte Alban III is assumed.
[200, 500]
present
Confident No Edit
382
Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7500, -5500]
absent
Confident No Edit
383
Monte Alban IIIB and IV
* Year Range of Monte Alban IIIB and IV is assumed.
[500, 900]
present
Confident No Edit
384
Monte Alban V
* Year Range of Monte Alban V is assumed.
[900, 1520]
present
Inferred No Edit
385
Epiclassic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Epiclassic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[650, 899]
absent
Confident No Edit
386
Late Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Late Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-400, -101]
absent
Confident No Edit
387
Middle Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Middle Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-800, -401]
absent
Confident No Edit
388
Initial Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Initial Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-2000, -1201]
absent
Confident No Edit
389
Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[1200, 1426]
absent
Confident No Edit
390
Oaxaca - Rosario
* Year Range of Oaxaca - Rosario is assumed.
[-700, -500]
present
Confident No Edit
391
Oaxaca - San Jose
* Year Range of Oaxaca - San Jose is assumed.
[-1150, -700]
absent
Confident No Edit
392
Oaxaca - Tierras Largas
* Year Range of Oaxaca - Tierras Largas is assumed.
[-1400, -1150]
absent
Confident No Edit
393
Sarazm
* Year Range of Sarazm is assumed.
[-3500, -2000]
absent
Confident No Edit
394
Fatimid Caliphate
* Year Range of Fatimid Caliphate is assumed.
[909, 1171]
present
Confident No Edit
395
Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
present
Confident No Edit
396
Cuzco - Early Intermediate II
* Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate II is assumed.
[500, 649]
absent
Confident No Edit
397
Cuzco - Late Intermediate I
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate I is assumed.
[1000, 1250]
absent
Confident No Edit
398
Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-4000, -3200]
absent
Confident No Edit
399
Indo-Greek Kingdom
* Year Range of Indo-Greek Kingdom is assumed.
[-180, -10]
present
Confident No Edit
400
Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period is assumed.
[-1800, -1300]
absent
Confident No Edit
401
Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period
* Year Range of Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period is assumed.
[854, 1193]
present
Confident No Edit
402
Kachi Plain - Urban Period I
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period I is assumed.
[-2500, -2100]
present
Confident No Edit
403
Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia
* Year Range of Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia is assumed.
[-2000, -1700]
present
Confident No Edit
404
Byzantine Empire I
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire I is assumed.
[632, 866]
present
Confident No Edit
405
Byzantine Empire II
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire II is assumed.
[867, 1072]
present
Confident No Edit
406
Byzantine Empire III
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire III is assumed.
[1073, 1204]
present
Confident No Edit
407
Hatti - New Kingdom
* Year Range of Hatti - New Kingdom is assumed.
[-1400, -1180]
present
Confident No Edit
408
Kingdom of Lydia
* Year Range of Kingdom of Lydia is assumed.
[-670, -546]
present
Confident No Edit
409
Ottoman Emirate
* Year Range of Ottoman Emirate is assumed.
[1299, 1402]
present
Confident No Edit
410
Phrygian Kingdom
* Year Range of Phrygian Kingdom is assumed.
[-900, -695]
present
Confident No Edit
411
Rum Sultanate
* Year Range of Rum Sultanate is assumed.
[1077, 1307]
present
Confident No Edit
412
Tabal Kingdoms
* Year Range of Tabal Kingdoms is assumed.
[-900, -730]
present
Confident No Edit
413
Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period
* Year Range of Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period is assumed.
[1778, 1819]
absent
Confident No Edit
414
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II
* Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II is assumed.
[900, 1049]
absent
Confident No Edit
415
Cahokia - Late Woodland III
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland III is assumed.
[600, 750]
absent
Confident No Edit
416
Cahokia - Sand Prairie
* Year Range of Cahokia - Sand Prairie is assumed.
[1275, 1400]
absent
Confident No Edit
417
Ancient Khwarazm
* Year Range of Ancient Khwarazm is assumed.
[-1000, -521]
absent
Confident No Edit
418
Koktepe II
* Year Range of Koktepe II is assumed.
[-750, -550]
absent
Confident No Edit
419
Samanid Empire
* Year Range of Samanid Empire is assumed.
[819, 999]
present
Confident No Edit
420
Himyar I
* Year Range of Himyar I is assumed.
[270, 340]
present
Confident No Edit
421
Himyar II
* Year Range of Himyar II is assumed.
[378, 525]
present
Confident No Edit
422
Qatabanian Commonwealth
* Year Range of Qatabanian Commonwealth is assumed.
[-450, -111]
present
Confident No Edit
423
Sabaean Commonwealth
* Year Range of Sabaean Commonwealth is assumed.
[-800, -451]
present
Confident No Edit
424
Kingdom of Saba and Dhu Raydan
* Year Range of Kingdom of Saba and Dhu Raydan is assumed.
[-110, 149]
present
Confident No Edit
425
Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty
* Year Range of Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty is assumed.
[1454, 1517]
present
Confident No Edit
426
Kingdom of Bohemia - Luxembourgian and Jagiellonian Dynasty
* Year Range of Kingdom of Bohemia - Luxembourgian and Jagiellonian Dynasty is assumed.
[1310, 1526]
present
Confident No Edit
427
Lombard Kingdom
* Year Range of Lombard Kingdom is assumed.
[568, 774]
present
Confident No Edit
428
Us Reconstruction-Progressive
* Year Range of Us Reconstruction-Progressive is assumed.
[1866, 1933]
present
Confident No Edit
429
Chaco Canyon - Late Bonito phase
* Year Range of Chaco Canyon - Late Bonito phase is assumed.
[1101, 1140]
absent
Confident No Edit
430
Antebellum US
* Year Range of Antebellum US is assumed.
[1776, 1865]
present
Confident No Edit
431
Late Classic Tikal
* Year Range of Late Classic Tikal is assumed.
[555, 869]
present
Confident No Edit
432
Tudor and Early Stuart England
* Year Range of Tudor and Early Stuart England is assumed.
[1486, 1689]
present
Confident No Edit
433
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II
* Year Range of Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II is assumed.
[1649, 1918]
present
Confident No Edit
434
Khwarezmid Empire
* Year Range of Khwarezmid Empire is assumed.
[1157, 1231]
present
Confident No Edit
435
Hohokam Culture
* Year Range of Hohokam Culture is assumed.
[300, 1500]
absent
Confident No Edit
436
Alaouite Dynasty I
* Year Range of Alaouite Dynasty I is assumed.
[1631, 1727]
present
Confident No Edit
437
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty I
* Year Range of Austria - Habsburg Dynasty I is assumed.
[1454, 1648]
present
Confident No Edit
438
Armenian Kingdom
* Year Range of Armenian Kingdom is assumed.
[-188, 6]
present
Confident No Edit
439
Golden Horde
* Year Range of Golden Horde is assumed.
[1240, 1440]
present
Confident No Edit
440
Saffarid Caliphate
* Year Range of Saffarid Caliphate is assumed.
[861, 1003]
present
Confident No Edit
441
Holy Roman Empire - Ottonian-Salian Dynasty
* Year Range of Holy Roman Empire - Ottonian-Salian Dynasty is assumed.
[919, 1125]
present
Confident No Edit
442
British Empire I
* Year Range of British Empire I is assumed.
[1690, 1849]
present
Confident No Edit
443
Kingdom of Hawaii - Post-Kamehameha Period
* Year Range of Kingdom of Hawaii - Post-Kamehameha Period is assumed.
[1820, 1898]
present
Confident No Edit
444
Austro-Hungarian Monarchy
* Year Range of Austro-Hungarian Monarchy is assumed.
[1867, 1918]
present
Confident No Edit
445
Anglo-Saxon England I
* Year Range of Anglo-Saxon England I is assumed.
[410, 926]
A~P
Confident No Edit
446
Oirats
* Year Range of Oirats is assumed.
[1368, 1630]
present
Inferred No Edit
447
Ghur Principality
* Year Range of Ghur Principality is assumed.
[1025, 1215]
present
Confident No Edit
448
British Empire IIIIIIIIII
* Year Range of British Empire IIIIIIIIII is assumed.
[1850, 1968]
present
Confident No Edit
449
Jin Dynasty
* Year Range of Jin Dynasty is assumed.
[1115, 1234]
present
Confident No Edit
450
Northern Wei
* Year Range of Northern Wei is assumed.
[386, 534]
present
Confident No Edit
451
Sui Dynasty
* Year Range of Sui Dynasty is assumed.
[581, 618]
present
Confident No Edit
452
Tang Dynasty I
* Year Range of Tang Dynasty I is assumed.
[617, 763]
present
Confident No Edit
453
Late Qing
* Year Range of Late Qing is assumed.
[1796, 1912]
present
Confident No Edit
454
Tang Dynasty II
* Year Range of Tang Dynasty II is assumed.
[763, 907]
present
Confident No Edit
455
Yangshao
* Year Range of Yangshao is assumed.
[-5000, -3000]
absent
Confident No Edit
456
Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period is assumed.
[-1300, -500]
absent
Confident No Edit
457
Western Han Empire
* Year Range of Western Han Empire is assumed.
[-202, 9]
present
Confident No Edit
458
Great Yuan
* Year Range of Great Yuan is assumed.
[1271, 1368]
present
Confident No Edit
459
Ayyubid Sultanate
* Year Range of Ayyubid Sultanate is assumed.
[1171, 1250]
present
Confident No Edit
460
Badarian
* Year Range of Badarian is assumed.
[-4400, -3800]
absent
Inferred No Edit
461
Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period is assumed.
[-404, -342]
present
Confident No Edit
462
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I is assumed.
[1260, 1348]
present
Confident No Edit
463
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III is assumed.
[1412, 1517]
present
Confident No Edit
464
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II is assumed.
[1348, 1412]
present
Confident No Edit
465
Egypt - Middle Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Middle Kingdom is assumed.
[-2016, -1700]
present
Confident No Edit
466
Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2650, -2350]
present
Confident No Edit
467
Egypt - Late Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Late Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2350, -2150]
present
Confident No Edit
468
Ptolemaic Kingdom I
* Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom I is assumed.
[-305, -217]
present
Confident No Edit
469
Ptolemaic Kingdom II
* Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom II is assumed.
[-217, -30]
present
Confident No Edit
470
Egypt - Period of the Regions
* Year Range of Egypt - Period of the Regions is assumed.
[-2150, -2016]
present
Confident No Edit
471
Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period is assumed.
[-1720, -1567]
present
Confident No Edit
472
Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period is assumed.
[-1069, -747]
present
Confident No Edit
473
Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period is assumed.
[868, 969]
present
Confident No Edit
474
Beaker Culture
* Year Range of Beaker Culture is assumed.
[-3200, -2000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
475
French Kingdom - Early Bourbon
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Bourbon is assumed.
[1589, 1660]
present
Confident No Edit
476
Carolingian Empire I
* Year Range of Carolingian Empire I is assumed.
[752, 840]
present
Confident No Edit