Section: Social Complexity
Subsection: Writing Systems

Script

Talking about writing systems, script is as indicated at least by fragmentary inscriptions (note that if written records are present, then so is script)  
Contributors: Jenny, Majid, Peter

Variable Definition
Polity The Seshat Polity Name
Year(s) The years for which we have the data. [negative = BCE]
Confidence Inferred : The value is inferred.
Suspected : The value is suspected (Expert Check Needed).
Evidenced : The value is backed up by sufficient evidence.
Disputed? No : No disagreement among scholars.
Yes : There is disagreement among scholars.
Expert? : Not yet Checked by a Seshat Expert.
: Checked and accepted by a Seshat Expert (or RA).

Variable Definition
script The absence or presence of script for a polity.

# Polity   Year(s)   Script   Confidence     Disputed?     Expert?   Edit
1
Xianbei Confederation
100 CE 229 CE
absent
Inferred No Edit
2
Xianbei Confederation
230 CE 250 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
3
Rouran Khaganate
300 CE 499 CE
absent
Inferred No Edit
4
Hephthalites
408 CE 487 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
5
Hephthalites
488 CE 561 CE
present
Confident No Edit
6
Rouran Khaganate
500 CE 555 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
7
Kingdom of Kaffa
1390 CE 1499 CE
unknown
Suspected No Edit
8
Kingdom of Kaffa
1500 CE 1897 CE
present
Confident No Edit
9
Funj Sultanate
1504 CE 1699 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
10
Kaabu
1550 CE 1699 CE
unknown
Suspected No Edit
11
Sakha - Late
1632 CE 1800 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
12
Early Modern Sierra Leone
1650 CE 1832 CE
absent
Inferred No Edit
13
Funj Sultanate
1700 CE 1820 CE
present
Confident No Edit
14
Buganda
1700 CE 1859 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
15
Kaabu
1700 CE 1867 CE
present
Confident No Edit
16
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late
1714 CE 1831 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
17
Spanish Empire II
1716 CE 1814 CE
present
Confident No Edit
18
Nkore
1750 CE 1859 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
19
Sakha - Late
1801 CE 1900 CE
present
Confident No Edit
20
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late
1832 CE 1848 CE
present
Confident No Edit
21
Early Modern Sierra Leone
1833 CE 1896 CE
present
Confident No Edit
22
Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial
1841 CE 1921 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
23
Buganda
1860 CE 1894 CE
present
Confident No Edit
24
Nkore
1860 CE 1901 CE
unknown
Suspected No Edit
25
Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial
1922 CE 1987 CE
present
Confident No Edit
26
Classical Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit
27
The Emirate of Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit
28
Final Postpalatial Crete
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
29
Hellenistic Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit
30
Neolithic Crete
-
absent
Confident No Edit
31
Prepalatial Crete
-
absent
Confident No Edit
32
Western Jin
-
present
Inferred No Edit
33
Hmong - Early Chinese
-
present
Confident No Edit
34
Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
35
Proto-Carolingian
-
present
Confident No Edit
36
Anurādhapura IV
-
present
Confident No Edit
37
Chuuk - Early Truk
-
absent
Confident No Edit
38
Atlantic Complex
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
39
French Kingdom - Late Bourbon
-
present
Confident No Edit
40
Proto-French Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
41
French Kingdom - Late Capetian
-
present
Confident No Edit
42
Hmong - Late Qing
-
absent
Confident No Edit
43
Great Ming
-
present
Confident No Edit
44
Northern Song
-
present
Confident No Edit
45
Early Qing
-
present
Confident No Edit
46
Late Qing
-
present
Confident No Edit
47
Late Shang
-
present
Confident No Edit
48
Pre-Sape Sierra Leone
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
49
Tang Dynasty I
-
present
Confident No Edit
50
Tang Dynasty II
-
present
Confident No Edit
51
Yangshao
-
absent
Confident No Edit
52
Great Yuan
-
present
Confident No Edit
53
Shuar - Ecuadorian
-
absent
Confident No Edit
54
Ayyubid Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
55
Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
56
Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
57
Ptolemaic Kingdom I
-
present
Confident No Edit
58
Ptolemaic Kingdom II
-
present
Confident No Edit
59
Antebellum US
-
present
Confident No Edit
60
Late Classic Tikal
-
absent
Confident No Edit
61
Tudor and Early Stuart England
-
present
Confident No Edit
62
Anglo-Saxon England II
-
present
Confident No Edit
63
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II
-
present
Confident No Edit
64
Khwarezmid Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
65
Middle Merovingian
-
present
Confident No Edit
66
La Tene C2-D
-
present
Inferred No Edit
67
French Kingdom - Early Valois
-
present
Confident No Edit
68
French Kingdom - Late Valois
-
present
Confident No Edit
69
Geometric Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit
70
Iban - Pre-Brooke
-
absent
Confident No Edit
71
Mataram Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
72
Kingdom of Ayodhya
-
present
Confident No Edit
73
Deccan - Iron Age
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
74
Deccan - Neolithic
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
75
Early A'chik
-
absent
Confident No Edit
76
Gahadavala Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
77
Gurjar-Pratihara Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
78
Hoysala Kingdom
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
79
Kannauj - Varman Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
80
Mahajanapada era
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
81
Vijayanagara Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
82
Abbasid Caliphate II
-
present
Confident No Edit
83
Kassite Babylonia
-
present
Confident No Edit
84
Second Dynasty of Isin
-
present
Confident No Edit
85
Isin-Larsa
-
present
Confident No Edit
86
Elam - Crisis Period
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
87
Elam I
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
88
Qajar
-
present
Confident No Edit
89
Ostrogothic Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
90
Rome - Republic of St Peter II
-
present
Confident No Edit
91
Papal States - High Medieval Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
92
Papal States - Medieval Period I
-
present
Confident No Edit
93
Papal States - Medieval Period II
-
present
Confident No Edit
94
Kalingga Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
95
Kediri Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
96
Majapahit Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
97
Medang Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
98
Yehuda
-
present
Confident No Edit
99
Chalukyas of Kalyani
-
present
Confident No Edit
100
Late A'chik
-
present
Confident No Edit
101
Kampili Kingdom
-
present
Inferred No Edit
102
Magadha
-
present
Confident No Edit
103
Rashtrakuta Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
104
Abbasid Caliphate I
-
present
Confident No Edit
105
Akkadian Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
106
Early Dynastic
-
present
Confident No Edit
107
Neo-Assyrian Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
108
Neo-Babylonian Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
109
Ur - Dynasty III
-
present
Confident No Edit
110
Ak Koyunlu
-
present
Confident No Edit
111
Buyid Confederation
-
present
Confident No Edit
112
Susiana B
-
absent
Confident No Edit
113
Elam III
-
present
Confident No Edit
114
Seleucids
-
present
Confident No Edit
115
Seljuk Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
116
Icelandic Commonwealth
-
present
Confident No Edit
117
Latium - Bronze Age
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
118
Exarchate of Ravenna
-
present
Confident No Edit
119
Roman Empire - Principate
-
present
Confident No Edit
120
Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity
-
present
Confident No Edit
121
Republic of St Peter I
-
present
Confident No Edit
122
Republic of Venice III
-
present
Confident No Edit
123
Republic of Venice IV
-
present
Confident No Edit
124
Warring States Japan
-
present
Confident No Edit
125
Saadi Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
126
Bamana kingdom
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
127
Mali Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
128
Early Mongols
-
present
Confident No Edit
129
Inca Empire
-
absent
Confident No Edit
130
Late Roman Republic
-
present
Confident No Edit
131
Roman Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
132
Japan - Incipient Jomon
-
absent
Confident No Edit
133
Japan - Early Jomon
-
absent
Confident No Edit
134
Kansai - Yayoi Period
-
present
Inferred No Edit
135
Late Angkor
-
present
Confident No Edit
136
Andronovo
-
absent
Confident No Edit
137
Phoenician Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
138
Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
139
Mongol Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
140
Uigur Khaganate
-
present
Confident No Edit
141
Late Xiongnu
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
142
Xiongnu Imperial Confederation
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
143
Later Wagadu Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
144
Monte Alban II
-
present
Confident No Edit
145
Archaic Basin of Mexico
-
absent
Confident No Edit
146
Epiclassic Basin of Mexico
-
present
Confident No Edit
147
Middle Formative Basin of Mexico
-
absent
Confident No Edit
148
Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico
-
present
Confident No Edit
149
Toltecs
-
present
Confident No Edit
150
Cuzco - Early Intermediate II
-
absent
Confident No Edit
151
Wari Empire
-
absent
Confident No Edit
152
Orokaiva - Colonial
-
present
Confident No Edit
153
Timurid Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
154
Himyar I
-
present
Confident No Edit
155
Himyar II
-
present
Confident No Edit
156
Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period
-
absent
Confident No Edit
157
Sind - Samma Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
158
Yemen - Era of Warlords
-
present
Confident No Edit
159
Yemen Ziyad Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
160
Egypt - Kushite Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
161
Umayyad Caliphate
-
present
Confident No Edit
162
Ayutthaya
-
present
Confident No Edit
163
Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age
-
absent
Confident No Edit
164
Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia
-
present
Confident No Edit
165
Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic
-
absent
Confident No Edit
166
Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
167
East Roman Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
168
Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
-
absent
Confident No Edit
169
Konya Plain - Early Neolithic
-
absent
Confident No Edit
170
Konya Plain - Late Neolithic
-
absent
Confident No Edit
171
Roman Empire - Dominate
-
present
Confident No Edit
172
Early Illinois Confederation
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
173
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early
-
absent
Confident No Edit
174
Cahokia - Early Woodland
-
absent
Confident No Edit
175
Cahokia - Late Woodland II
-
absent
Confident No Edit
176
Cahokia - Middle Woodland
-
absent
Confident No Edit
177
Cahokia - Late Woodland III
-
absent
Confident No Edit
178
Cahokia - Late Woodland I
-
absent
Confident No Edit
179
Chagatai Khanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
180
Khanate of Bukhara
-
present
Confident No Edit
181
Rasulid Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
182
Durrani Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
183
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
184
Delhi Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
185
Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
186
Rattanakosin
-
present
Confident No Edit
187
Byzantine Empire I
-
present
Confident No Edit
188
Hatti - Old Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
189
Kingdom of Lydia
-
present
Confident No Edit
190
Ottoman Empire I
-
present
Confident No Edit
191
Phrygian Kingdom
-
present
Inferred No Edit
192
Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling
-
absent
Confident No Edit
193
Cahokia - Moorehead
-
absent
Confident No Edit
194
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II
-
absent
Confident No Edit
195
Oneota
-
absent
Confident No Edit
196
Egypt - Late Old Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
197
Ancient Khwarazm
-
absent
Confident No Edit
198
Samanid Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
199
Kidarite Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
200
Kushan Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
201
Eastern Han Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
202
Erligang
-
present
Inferred No Edit
203
Erlitou
-
present
Inferred No Edit
204
Jin
-
present
Confident No Edit
205
Longshan
-
present
Inferred No Edit
206
Early Wei Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
207
Western Zhou
-
present
Confident No Edit
208
Neguanje
-
absent
Confident No Edit
209
Tairona
-
absent
Confident No Edit
210
Shuar - Colonial
-
absent
Confident No Edit
211
Egypt - Dynasty I
-
present
Confident No Edit
212
Egypt - Dynasty II
-
present
Confident No Edit
213
Naqada I
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
214
Naqada II
-
present
Inferred No Edit
215
Egypt - Dynasty 0
-
present
Confident No Edit
216
Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
217
Egypt - Period of the Regions
-
present
Confident No Edit
218
Egypt - Saite Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
219
Spanish Empire I
-
present
Confident No Edit
220
Axum I
-
present
Confident No Edit
221
Chuuk - Late Truk
-
present
Confident No Edit
222
Early Merovingian
-
present
Confident No Edit
223
La Tene A-B1
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
224
La Tene B2-C1
-
present
Inferred No Edit
225
Akan - Pre-Ashanti
-
absent
Confident No Edit
226
Gupta Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
227
Kadamba Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
228
Magadha - Maurya Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
229
Mughal Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
230
Ashanti Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
231
Monopalatial Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit
232
New Palace Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit
233
The Old Palace Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit
234
Postpalatial Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit
235
Hawaii I
-
absent
Confident No Edit
236
Hawaii II
-
absent
Confident No Edit
237
Hawaii III
-
absent
Confident No Edit
238
Canaan
-
present
Confident No Edit
239
Yisrael
-
present
Confident No Edit
240
Chalukyas of Badami
-
present
Confident No Edit
241
Post-Mauryan Kingdoms
-
present
Inferred No Edit
242
Satavahana Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
243
Magadha - Sunga Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
244
Vakataka Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
245
Amorite Babylonia
-
present
Confident No Edit
246
Bazi Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
247
Dynasty of E
-
present
Confident No Edit
248
Ubaid
-
absent
Confident No Edit
249
Uruk
-
present
Confident No Edit
250
Achaemenid Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
251
Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar
-
absent
Confident No Edit
252
Elam - Awan Dynasty I
-
present
Confident No Edit
253
Elymais II
-
present
Confident No Edit
254
Oaxaca - San Jose
-
absent
Confident No Edit
255
Early Monte Alban I
-
present
Confident No Edit
256
Formative Period
-
absent
Confident No Edit
257
Ilkhanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
258
Susiana A
-
absent
Confident No Edit
259
Susiana - Late Ubaid
-
absent
Confident No Edit
260
Susiana - Early Ubaid
-
absent
Confident No Edit
261
Elam - Kidinuid Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
262
Elam - Igihalkid Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
263
Elam - Shutrukid Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
264
Elam II
-
present
Confident No Edit
265
Parthian Empire I
-
present
Confident No Edit
266
Parthian Empire II
-
present
Confident No Edit
267
Pre-Ceramic Period
-
absent
Confident No Edit
268
Safavid Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
269
Sasanid Empire I
-
present
Inferred No Edit
270
Sasanid Empire II
-
present
Confident No Edit
271
Elam - Shimashki Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
272
Elam - Early Sukkalmah
-
present
Confident No Edit
273
Elam - Late Sukkalmah
-
present
Confident No Edit
274
Susa I
-
absent
Confident No Edit
275
Susa II
-
present
Confident No Edit
276
Oaxaca - Tierras Largas
-
absent
Confident No Edit
277
Susa III
-
present
Confident No Edit
278
Latium - Copper Age
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
279
Latium - Iron Age
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
280
Papal States - Renaissance Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
281
Early Roman Republic
-
present
Confident No Edit
282
Middle Roman Republic
-
present
Confident No Edit
283
Ashikaga Shogunate
-
present
Confident No Edit
284
Asuka
-
present
Confident No Edit
285
Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama
-
present
Confident No Edit
286
Heian
-
present
Confident No Edit
287
Japan - Initial Jomon
-
absent
Confident No Edit
288
Japan - Middle Jomon
-
absent
Confident No Edit
289
Japan - Late Jomon
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
290
Japan - Final Jomon
-
absent
Confident No Edit
291
Monte Alban Late I
-
present
Confident No Edit
292
Kamakura Shogunate
-
present
Confident No Edit
293
Kansai - Kofun Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
294
Nara Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
295
Tokugawa Shogunate
-
present
Confident No Edit
296
Kara-Khanids
-
present
Confident No Edit
297
Western Turk Khaganate
-
present
Confident No Edit
298
Classical Angkor
-
present
Confident No Edit
299
Early Angkor
-
present
Confident No Edit
300
Khmer Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
301
Monte Alban III
-
present
Confident No Edit
302
Jenne-jeno III
-
absent
Confident No Edit
303
Rum Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
304
Chenla
-
present
Confident No Edit
305
Funan I
-
present
Confident No Edit
306
Funan II
-
present
Confident No Edit
307
Jenne-jeno I
-
absent
Confident No Edit
308
Jenne-jeno II
-
absent
Confident No Edit
309
Monte Alban V
-
present
Inferred No Edit
310
Jenne-jeno IV
-
absent
Confident No Edit
311
Segou Kingdom
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
312
Eastern Turk Khaganate
-
present
Confident No Edit
313
Khitan I
-
present
Confident No Edit
314
Late Mongols
-
present
Confident No Edit
315
Second Turk Khaganate
-
present
Confident No Edit
316
Late Formative Basin of Mexico
-
absent
Confident No Edit
317
Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico
-
absent
Confident No Edit
318
Initial Formative Basin of Mexico
-
absent
Confident No Edit
319
Oaxaca - Rosario
-
present
Confident No Edit
320
Early Xiongnu
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
321
Zungharian Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
322
Middle Wagadu Empire
-
absent
Confident No Edit
323
Monte Alban IIIB and IV
-
present
Confident No Edit
324
Aztec Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
325
Early Formative Basin of Mexico
-
absent
Confident No Edit
326
Kingdom of Norway II
-
present
Confident No Edit
327
Cuzco - Early Intermediate I
-
absent
Confident No Edit
328
Cuzco - Late Intermediate I
-
absent
Confident No Edit
329
Cuzco - Late Intermediate II
-
absent
Confident No Edit
330
Cuzco - Late Formative
-
absent
Confident No Edit
331
Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial
-
absent
Confident No Edit
332
Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic
-
absent
Confident No Edit
333
Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
-
absent
Confident No Edit
334
Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic
-
absent
Confident No Edit
335
Indo-Greek Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
336
Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period
-
absent
Confident No Edit
337
Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period
-
absent
Confident No Edit
338
Kachi Plain - Urban Period I
-
present
Confident No Edit
339
Kachi Plain - Urban Period II
-
present
Confident No Edit
340
Sakha - Early
-
absent
Confident No Edit
341
Sarazm
-
absent
Confident No Edit
342
Fatimid Caliphate
-
present
Confident No Edit
343
Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II
-
present
Confident No Edit
344
Byzantine Empire II
-
present
Confident No Edit
345
Byzantine Empire III
-
present
Confident No Edit
346
Late Cappadocia
-
present
Confident No Edit
347
Hatti - New Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
348
Lysimachus Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
349
Ottoman Emirate
-
present
Confident No Edit
350
Emirate of Harar
-
present
Confident No Edit
351
Ottoman Empire II
-
present
Confident No Edit
352
Tabal Kingdoms
-
present
Confident No Edit
353
Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period
-
absent
Confident No Edit
354
Cahokia - Sand Prairie
-
absent
Confident No Edit
355
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I
-
absent
Confident No Edit
356
Koktepe I
-
absent
Confident No Edit
357
Koktepe II
-
absent
Confident No Edit
358
Sogdiana - City-States Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
359
Qatabanian Commonwealth
-
present
Confident No Edit
360
Sabaean Commonwealth
-
present
Confident No Edit
361
Kingdom of Saba and Dhu Raydan
-
present
Confident No Edit
362
Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
363
Ottoman Empire III
-
present
Confident No Edit
364
Majeerteen Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
365
Futa Jallon
-
present
Confident No Edit
366
Thanjavur Maratha Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
367
Pandya Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
368
Polonnaruwa
-
present
Confident No Edit
369
Anurādhapura III
-
present
Confident No Edit
370
Dutch Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
371
Anurādhapura I
-
present
Confident No Edit
372
Kingdom of Gumma
-
present
Confident No Edit
373
Anurādhapura II
-
present
Confident No Edit
374
Kingdom of Jimma
-
present
Confident No Edit
375
Jaffna
-
present
Confident No Edit
376
Adal Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
377
Tunni Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
378
Habr Yunis
-
present
Confident No Edit
379
Kingdom of Gomma
-
present
Confident No Edit
380
Sultanate of Geledi
-
present
Confident No Edit
381
Harla Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
382
Ifat Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
383
Medri Bahri
-
present
Confident No Edit
384
Isaaq Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
385
Proto-Yoruba
-
absent
Confident No Edit
386
Classical Ife
-
absent
Confident No Edit
387
Late Formative Yoruba
-
absent
Confident No Edit
388
Allada
-
absent
Confident No Edit
389
Ilú-ọba Ọ̀yọ́
-
present
Confident No Edit
390
Oyo
-
absent
Confident No Edit
391
Proto-Yoruboid
-
absent
Confident No Edit
392
Sokoto Caliphate
-
present
Confident No Edit
393
Igala
-
present
Confident No Edit
394
Nkore
-
absent
Confident No Edit
395
Hausa bakwai
-
present
Confident No Edit
396
Kanem-Borno
-
present
Confident No Edit
397
Foys
-
absent
Confident No Edit
398
Imamate of Futa Toro
-
present
Confident No Edit
399
Kingdom of Jolof
-
present
Confident No Edit
400
Toro
-
absent
Confident No Edit
401
Buganda
-
absent
Confident No Edit
402
Karagwe
-
absent
Confident No Edit
403
Pandya Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
404
Kingdom of Nyinginya
-
absent
Confident No Edit
405
Ndorwa
-
absent
Confident No Edit
406
Burundi
-
absent
Confident No Edit
407
Mubari
-
absent
Confident No Edit
408
Gisaka
-
absent
Confident No Edit
409
Fipa
-
absent
Confident No Edit
410
Bugesera
-
absent
Confident No Edit
411
Buhaya
-
absent
Confident No Edit
412
Oirats
-
present
Confident No Edit
413
Golden Horde
-
present
Confident No Edit
414
Saffarid Caliphate
-
present
Confident No Edit
415
British Empire I
-
present
Confident No Edit
416
Kingdom of Hawaii - Post-Kamehameha Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
417
Early Cholas
-
present
Confident No Edit
418
Early Pandyas
-
present
Confident No Edit
419
Carnatic Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
420
Late Pallava Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
421
Kalabhra Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
422
Nayaks of Madurai
-
present
Confident No Edit
423
Nayaks of Thanjavur
-
present
Confident No Edit
424
Kanem
-
present
Inferred No Edit
425
Ajuran Sultanate
-
present
Inferred No Edit
426
Shoa Sultanate
-
present
Inferred No Edit
427
Napoleonic France
-
present
Confident No Edit
428
Austro-Hungarian Monarchy
-
present
Confident No Edit
429
Anglo-Saxon England I
-
A~P
Confident No Edit
430
Mane
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
431
Sape
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
432
Whydah
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
433
Ọ̀ràézè Ǹrì
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
434
Benin Empire
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
435
British Empire IIIIIIIIII
-
present
Confident No Edit
436
Early United Mexican States
-
present
Confident No Edit
437
Plantagenet England
-
present
Confident No Edit
438
Kingdom of Bohemia - Luxembourgian and Jagiellonian Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
439
Lombard Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
440
Us Reconstruction-Progressive
-
present
Confident No Edit
441
Chaco Canyon - Late Bonito phase
-
absent
Confident No Edit
442
Hohokam Culture
-
absent
Confident No Edit
443
Alaouite Dynasty I
-
present
Confident No Edit
444
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty I
-
present
Confident No Edit
445
Armenian Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
446
Soviet Union
-
present
Confident No Edit
447
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty II
-
present
Confident No Edit
448
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I
-
present
Confident No Edit
449
Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
450
Holy Roman Empire - Ottonian-Salian Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
451
Ghur Principality
-
present
Confident No Edit
452
Tocharians
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
453
Jin Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
454
Northern Wei
-
present
Confident No Edit
455
Sui Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
456
Western Han Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
457
Badarian
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
458
Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
459
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I
-
present
Confident No Edit
460
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III
-
present
Confident No Edit
461
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II
-
present
Confident No Edit
462
Egypt - Middle Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
463
Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
464
Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
465
Beaker Culture
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
466
French Kingdom - Early Bourbon
-
present
Confident No Edit
467
Carolingian Empire I
-
present
Confident No Edit
468
Carolingian Empire II
-
present
Confident No Edit
469
Hallstatt A-B1
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
470
Hallstatt B2-3
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
471
Hallstatt C
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
472
Hallstatt D
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
473
British Empire II
-
present
Confident No Edit
474
Archaic Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit