Section: Social Complexity
Subsection: Writing Systems

Script

Talking about writing systems, script is as indicated at least by fragmentary inscriptions (note that if written records are present, then so is script)  
Contributors: Jenny, Majid, Peter

Variable Definition
Polity The Seshat Polity Name
Year(s) The years for which we have the data. [negative = BCE]
Confidence Inferred : The value is inferred.
Suspected : The value is suspected (Expert Check Needed).
Evidenced : The value is backed up by sufficient evidence.
Disputed? No : No disagreement among scholars.
Yes : There is disagreement among scholars.
Expert? : Not yet Checked by a Seshat Expert.
: Checked and accepted by a Seshat Expert (or RA).

Variable Definition
script The absence or presence of script for a polity.

# Polity   Year(s)   Script   Confidence     Disputed?     Expert?   Edit
1
Xianbei Confederation
100 CE 229 CE
absent
Inferred No Edit
2
Xianbei Confederation
230 CE 250 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
3
Rouran Khaganate
300 CE 499 CE
absent
Inferred No Edit
4
Hephthalites
408 CE 487 CE
absent
Evidenced No Edit
5
Hephthalites
488 CE 561 CE
present
Evidenced No Edit
6
Rouran Khaganate
500 CE 555 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
7
Kingdom of Kaffa
1390 CE 1499 CE
unknown
Suspected No Edit
8
Kingdom of Kaffa
1500 CE 1897 CE
present
Evidenced No Edit
9
Funj Sultanate
1504 CE 1699 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
10
Kaabu
1550 CE 1699 CE
unknown
Suspected No Edit
11
Sakha - Late
1632 CE 1800 CE
absent
Evidenced No Edit
12
Early Modern Sierra Leone
1650 CE 1832 CE
absent
Inferred No Edit
13
Funj Sultanate
1700 CE 1820 CE
present
Evidenced No Edit
14
Buganda
1700 CE 1859 CE
absent
Evidenced No Edit
15
Kaabu
1700 CE 1867 CE
present
Evidenced No Edit
16
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late
1714 CE 1831 CE
absent
Evidenced No Edit
17
Spanish Empire II
1716 CE 1814 CE
present
Evidenced No Edit
18
Nkore
1750 CE 1859 CE
absent
Evidenced No Edit
19
Sakha - Late
1801 CE 1900 CE
present
Evidenced No Edit
20
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late
1832 CE 1848 CE
present
Evidenced No Edit
21
Early Modern Sierra Leone
1833 CE 1896 CE
present
Evidenced No Edit
22
Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial
1841 CE 1921 CE
absent
Evidenced No Edit
23
Buganda
1860 CE 1894 CE
present
Evidenced No Edit
24
Nkore
1860 CE 1901 CE
unknown
Suspected No Edit
25
Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial
1922 CE 1987 CE
present
Evidenced No Edit
26
Classical Crete
* Year Range of Classical Crete is assumed.
[-500, -323]
present
Evidenced No Edit
27
The Emirate of Crete
* Year Range of The Emirate of Crete is assumed.
[824, 961]
present
Evidenced No Edit
28
Final Postpalatial Crete
* Year Range of Final Postpalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1200, -1000]
absent
Inferred No Edit
29
Hellenistic Crete
* Year Range of Hellenistic Crete is assumed.
[-323, -69]
present
Evidenced No Edit
30
Neolithic Crete
* Year Range of Neolithic Crete is assumed.
[-7000, -3000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
31
Prepalatial Crete
* Year Range of Prepalatial Crete is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
32
Western Jin
* Year Range of Western Jin is assumed.
[265, 317]
present
Inferred No Edit
33
Hmong - Early Chinese
* Year Range of Hmong - Early Chinese is assumed.
[1895, 1941]
present
Evidenced No Edit
34
Hmong - Late Qing
* Year Range of Hmong - Late Qing is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
35
Great Ming
* Year Range of Great Ming is assumed.
[1368, 1644]
present
Evidenced No Edit
36
Northern Song
* Year Range of Northern Song is assumed.
[960, 1127]
present
Evidenced No Edit
37
Early Qing
* Year Range of Early Qing is assumed.
[1644, 1796]
present
Evidenced No Edit
38
Late Qing
* Year Range of Late Qing is assumed.
[1796, 1912]
present
Evidenced No Edit
39
Late Shang
* Year Range of Late Shang is assumed.
[-1250, -1045]
present
Evidenced No Edit
40
Early Tang Dynasty
* Year Range of Early Tang Dynasty is assumed.
[617, 763]
present
Evidenced No Edit
41
Later Tang Dynasty
* Year Range of Later Tang Dynasty is assumed.
[763, 907]
present
Evidenced No Edit
42
Yangshao
* Year Range of Yangshao is assumed.
[-5000, -3000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
43
Great Yuan
* Year Range of Great Yuan is assumed.
[1271, 1368]
present
Evidenced No Edit
44
Shuar - Ecuadorian
* Year Range of Shuar - Ecuadorian is assumed.
[1831, 1931]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
45
Ayyubid Sultanate
* Year Range of Ayyubid Sultanate is assumed.
[1171, 1250]
present
Evidenced No Edit
46
Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period
* Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period is assumed.
[-1293, -1070]
present
Evidenced No Edit
47
Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2650, -2350]
present
Evidenced No Edit
48
Ptolemaic Kingdom I
* Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom I is assumed.
[-305, -217]
present
Evidenced No Edit
49
Ptolemaic Kingdom II
* Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom II is assumed.
[-217, -30]
present
Evidenced No Edit
50
Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period is assumed.
[-1069, -747]
present
Evidenced No Edit
51
Chuuk - Early Truk
* Year Range of Chuuk - Early Truk is assumed.
[1775, 1886]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
52
Atlantic Complex
* Year Range of Atlantic Complex is assumed.
[-2200, -1000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
53
French Kingdom - Late Bourbon
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Bourbon is assumed.
[1660, 1815]
present
Evidenced No Edit
54
Proto-French Kingdom
* Year Range of Proto-French Kingdom is assumed.
[987, 1150]
present
Evidenced No Edit
55
French Kingdom - Late Capetian
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Capetian is assumed.
[1150, 1328]
present
Evidenced No Edit
56
Proto-Carolingian
* Year Range of Proto-Carolingian is assumed.
[687, 751]
present
Evidenced No Edit
57
Middle Merovingian
* Year Range of Middle Merovingian is assumed.
[543, 687]
present
Evidenced No Edit
58
La Tene C2-D
* Year Range of La Tene C2-D is assumed.
[-175, -27]
present
Inferred No Edit
59
French Kingdom - Early Valois
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Valois is assumed.
[1328, 1450]
present
Evidenced No Edit
60
French Kingdom - Late Valois
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Valois is assumed.
[1450, 1589]
present
Evidenced No Edit
61
Geometric Crete
* Year Range of Geometric Crete is assumed.
[-1000, -710]
present
Evidenced No Edit
62
Iban - Pre-Brooke
* Year Range of Iban - Pre-Brooke is assumed.
[1650, 1841]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
63
Mataram Sultanate
* Year Range of Mataram Sultanate is assumed.
[1568, 1703]
present
Evidenced No Edit
64
Kingdom of Ayodhya
* Year Range of Kingdom of Ayodhya is assumed.
[-64, 34]
present
Evidenced No Edit
65
Deccan - Iron Age
* Year Range of Deccan - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
66
Deccan - Neolithic
* Year Range of Deccan - Neolithic is assumed.
[-2700, -1200]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
67
Early Garo
* Year Range of Early Garo is assumed.
[1775, 1867]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
68
Gahadavala Dynasty
* Year Range of Gahadavala Dynasty is assumed.
[1085, 1193]
present
Evidenced No Edit
69
Gurjar
* Year Range of Gurjar is assumed.
[810, 1030]
present
Evidenced No Edit
70
Hoysala Kingdom
* Year Range of Hoysala Kingdom is assumed.
[1108, 1346]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
71
Kanauj
* Year Range of Kanauj is assumed.
[650, 780]
present
Evidenced No Edit
72
Mahajanapada era
* Year Range of Mahajanapada era is assumed.
[-600, -324]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
73
Vijayanagara Empire
* Year Range of Vijayanagara Empire is assumed.
[1336, 1646]
present
Evidenced No Edit
74
Abbasid Caliphate II
* Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate II is assumed.
[1191, 1258]
present
Evidenced No Edit
75
Kassite Babylonia
* Year Range of Kassite Babylonia is assumed.
[-1595, -1150]
present
Evidenced No Edit
76
Second Dynasty of Isin
* Year Range of Second Dynasty of Isin is assumed.
[-1153, -1027]
present
Evidenced No Edit
77
Isin-Larsa
* Year Range of Isin-Larsa is assumed.
[-2004, -1763]
present
Evidenced No Edit
78
Elam - Crisis Period
* Year Range of Elam - Crisis Period is assumed.
[-1100, -900]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
79
Elam I
* Year Range of Elam I is assumed.
[-900, -744]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
80
Qajar
* Year Range of Qajar is assumed.
[1794, 1925]
present
Evidenced No Edit
81
Ostrogothic Kingdom
* Year Range of Ostrogothic Kingdom is assumed.
[489, 554]
present
Evidenced No Edit
82
Rome - Republic of St Peter II
* Year Range of Rome - Republic of St Peter II is assumed.
[904, 1198]
present
Evidenced No Edit
83
Papal States - High Medieval Period
* Year Range of Papal States - High Medieval Period is assumed.
[1198, 1309]
present
Evidenced No Edit
84
Papal States - Medieval Period I
* Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period I is assumed.
[1527, 1648]
present
Evidenced No Edit
85
Papal States - Medieval Period II
* Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period II is assumed.
[1648, 1809]
present
Evidenced No Edit
86
Kalingga Kingdom
* Year Range of Kalingga Kingdom is assumed.
[500, 732]
present
Evidenced No Edit
87
Kediri Kingdom
* Year Range of Kediri Kingdom is assumed.
[1049, 1222]
present
Evidenced No Edit
88
Majapahit Kingdom
* Year Range of Majapahit Kingdom is assumed.
[1292, 1518]
present
Evidenced No Edit
89
Medang Kingdom
* Year Range of Medang Kingdom is assumed.
[732, 1019]
present
Evidenced No Edit
90
Yehuda
* Year Range of Yehuda is assumed.
[-141, -63]
present
Evidenced No Edit
91
Chalukyas of Kalyani
* Year Range of Chalukyas of Kalyani is assumed.
[973, 1191]
present
Evidenced No Edit
92
Late Garo
* Year Range of Late Garo is assumed.
[1867, 1956]
present
Evidenced No Edit
93
Kampili Kingdom
* Year Range of Kampili Kingdom is assumed.
[1280, 1327]
present
Inferred No Edit
94
Maghada
* Year Range of Maghada is assumed.
[450, 605]
present
Evidenced No Edit
95
Rashtrakuta Empire
* Year Range of Rashtrakuta Empire is assumed.
[753, 973]
present
Evidenced No Edit
96
Abbasid Caliphate I
* Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate I is assumed.
[750, 946]
present
Evidenced No Edit
97
Akkadian Empire
* Year Range of Akkadian Empire is assumed.
[-2270, -2083]
present
Evidenced No Edit
98
Early Dynastic
* Year Range of Early Dynastic is assumed.
[-2900, -2500]
present
Evidenced No Edit
99
Neo-Assyrian Empire
* Year Range of Neo-Assyrian Empire is assumed.
[-911, -612]
present
Evidenced No Edit
100
Neo-Babylonian Empire
* Year Range of Neo-Babylonian Empire is assumed.
[-626, -539]
present
Evidenced No Edit
101
Ur - Dynasty III
* Year Range of Ur - Dynasty III is assumed.
[-2112, -2004]
present
Evidenced No Edit
102
Ak Koyunlu
* Year Range of Ak Koyunlu is assumed.
[1339, 1501]
present
Evidenced No Edit
103
Buyid Confederation
* Year Range of Buyid Confederation is assumed.
[932, 1062]
present
Evidenced No Edit
104
Susiana B
* Year Range of Susiana B is assumed.
[-5700, -5100]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
105
Elam III
* Year Range of Elam III is assumed.
[-612, -539]
present
Evidenced No Edit
106
Seleucids
* Year Range of Seleucids is assumed.
[-312, -63]
present
Evidenced No Edit
107
Seljuk Sultanate
* Year Range of Seljuk Sultanate is assumed.
[1037, 1157]
present
Evidenced No Edit
108
Icelandic Commonwealth
* Year Range of Icelandic Commonwealth is assumed.
[930, 1262]
present
Evidenced No Edit
109
Latium - Bronze Age
* Year Range of Latium - Bronze Age is assumed.
[-1800, -900]
absent
Inferred No Edit
110
Exarchate of Ravenna
* Year Range of Exarchate of Ravenna is assumed.
[568, 751]
present
Evidenced No Edit
111
Roman Empire - Principate
* Year Range of Roman Empire - Principate is assumed.
[-31, 284]
present
Evidenced No Edit
112
Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity
* Year Range of Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity is assumed.
[395, 476]
present
Evidenced No Edit
113
Republic of St Peter I
* Year Range of Republic of St Peter I is assumed.
[711, 904]
present
Evidenced No Edit
114
Republic of Venice III
* Year Range of Republic of Venice III is assumed.
[1204, 1563]
present
Evidenced No Edit
115
Republic of Venice IV
* Year Range of Republic of Venice IV is assumed.
[1564, 1797]
present
Evidenced No Edit
116
Warring States Japan
* Year Range of Warring States Japan is assumed.
[1467, 1568]
present
Evidenced No Edit
117
Saadi Sultanate
* Year Range of Saadi Sultanate is assumed.
[1554, 1659]
present
Evidenced No Edit
118
Bamana kingdom
* Year Range of Bamana kingdom is assumed.
[1712, 1861]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
119
Mali Empire
* Year Range of Mali Empire is assumed.
[1230, 1410]
present
Evidenced No Edit
120
Early Mongols
* Year Range of Early Mongols is assumed.
[1000, 1206]
present
Evidenced No Edit
121
Inca Empire
* Year Range of Inca Empire is assumed.
[1375, 1532]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
122
Late Roman Republic
* Year Range of Late Roman Republic is assumed.
[-133, -31]
present
Evidenced No Edit
123
Roman Kingdom
* Year Range of Roman Kingdom is assumed.
[-716, -509]
present
Evidenced No Edit
124
Japan - Incipient Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Incipient Jomon is assumed.
[-13600, -9200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
125
Japan - Early Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Early Jomon is assumed.
[-5300, -3500]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
126
Kansai - Yayoi Period
* Year Range of Kansai - Yayoi Period is assumed.
[-300, 250]
present
Inferred No Edit
127
Late Angkor
* Year Range of Late Angkor is assumed.
[1220, 1432]
present
Evidenced No Edit
128
Andronovo
* Year Range of Andronovo is assumed.
[-1800, -1200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
129
Phoenician Empire
* Year Range of Phoenician Empire is assumed.
[-1200, -332]
present
Evidenced No Edit
130
Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty
* Year Range of Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty is assumed.
[1493, 1591]
present
Evidenced No Edit
131
Mongol Empire
* Year Range of Mongol Empire is assumed.
[1206, 1368]
present
Evidenced No Edit
132
Uigur Khaganate
* Year Range of Uigur Khaganate is assumed.
[745, 840]
present
Evidenced No Edit
133
Late Xiongnu
* Year Range of Late Xiongnu is assumed.
[-60, 100]
absent
Inferred No Edit
134
Xiongnu Imperial Confederation
* Year Range of Xiongnu Imperial Confederation is assumed.
[-209, -60]
absent
Inferred No Edit
135
Later Wagadu Empire
* Year Range of Later Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[1078, 1203]
present
Evidenced No Edit
136
Monte Alban II
* Year Range of Monte Alban II is assumed.
[-100, 200]
present
Evidenced No Edit
137
Archaic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Archaic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-6000, -2001]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
138
Epiclassic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Epiclassic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[650, 899]
present
Evidenced No Edit
139
Middle Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Middle Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-800, -401]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
140
Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[1200, 1426]
present
Evidenced No Edit
141
Toltecs
* Year Range of Toltecs is assumed.
[900, 1199]
present
Evidenced No Edit
142
Cuzco - Early Intermediate II
* Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate II is assumed.
[500, 649]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
143
Wari Empire
* Year Range of Wari Empire is assumed.
[650, 999]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
144
Orokaiva - Colonial
* Year Range of Orokaiva - Colonial is assumed.
[1884, 1942]
present
Evidenced No Edit
145
Timurid Empire
* Year Range of Timurid Empire is assumed.
[1370, 1526]
present
Evidenced No Edit
146
Himyar I
* Year Range of Himyar I is assumed.
[270, 340]
present
Evidenced No Edit
147
Himyar II
* Year Range of Himyar II is assumed.
[378, 525]
present
Evidenced No Edit
148
Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period is assumed.
[-1300, -500]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
149
Sind - Samma Dynasty
* Year Range of Sind - Samma Dynasty is assumed.
[1335, 1521]
present
Evidenced No Edit
150
Yemen - Era of Warlords
* Year Range of Yemen - Era of Warlords is assumed.
[1038, 1174]
present
Evidenced No Edit
151
Yemen Ziyad Dynasty
* Year Range of Yemen Ziyad Dynasty is assumed.
[822, 1037]
present
Evidenced No Edit
152
Egypt - Kushite Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Kushite Period is assumed.
[-747, -656]
present
Evidenced No Edit
153
Ummayad Caliphate
* Year Range of Ummayad Caliphate is assumed.
[661, 750]
present
Evidenced No Edit
154
Ayutthaya
* Year Range of Ayutthaya is assumed.
[1593, 1767]
present
Evidenced No Edit
155
Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age is assumed.
[-3000, -2000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
156
Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia
* Year Range of Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia is assumed.
[-2000, -1700]
present
Evidenced No Edit
157
Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-6000, -5500]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
158
Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -3000]
absent
Inferred No Edit
159
East Roman Empire
* Year Range of East Roman Empire is assumed.
[395, 631]
present
Evidenced No Edit
160
Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7000, -6600]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
161
Konya Plain - Early Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Neolithic is assumed.
[-9600, -7000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
162
Konya Plain - Late Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Neolithic is assumed.
[-6600, -6000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
163
Roman Empire - Dominate
* Year Range of Roman Empire - Dominate is assumed.
[285, 394]
present
Evidenced No Edit
164
Early Illinois Confederation
* Year Range of Early Illinois Confederation is assumed.
[1640, 1717]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
165
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early
* Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early is assumed.
[1566, 1713]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
166
Cahokia - Early Woodland
* Year Range of Cahokia - Early Woodland is assumed.
[-600, -150]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
167
Cahokia - Late Woodland II
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland II is assumed.
[450, 600]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
168
Cahokia - Middle Woodland
* Year Range of Cahokia - Middle Woodland is assumed.
[-150, 300]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
169
Cahokia - Late Woodland III
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland III is assumed.
[600, 750]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
170
Cahokia - Late Woodland I
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland I is assumed.
[300, 450]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
171
Chagatai Khanate
* Year Range of Chagatai Khanate is assumed.
[1263, 1402]
present
Evidenced No Edit
172
Khanate of Bukhara
* Year Range of Khanate of Bukhara is assumed.
[1599, 1747]
present
Evidenced No Edit
173
Rasulid Dynasty
* Year Range of Rasulid Dynasty is assumed.
[1229, 1453]
present
Evidenced No Edit
174
Durrani Empire
* Year Range of Durrani Empire is assumed.
[1747, 1826]
present
Evidenced No Edit
175
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
* Year Range of Greco-Bactrian Kingdom is assumed.
[-256, -125]
present
Evidenced No Edit
176
Delhi Sultanate
* Year Range of Delhi Sultanate is assumed.
[1206, 1526]
present
Evidenced No Edit
177
Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period
* Year Range of Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period is assumed.
[854, 1193]
present
Evidenced No Edit
178
Rattanakosin
* Year Range of Rattanakosin is assumed.
[1782, 1873]
present
Evidenced No Edit
179
Byzantine Empire I
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire I is assumed.
[632, 866]
present
Evidenced No Edit
180
Hatti - Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Hatti - Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-1650, -1500]
present
Evidenced No Edit
181
Kingdom of Lydia
* Year Range of Kingdom of Lydia is assumed.
[-670, -546]
present
Evidenced No Edit
182
Ottoman Empire I
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire I is assumed.
[1402, 1517]
present
Evidenced No Edit
183
Phrygian Kingdom
* Year Range of Phrygian Kingdom is assumed.
[-900, -695]
present
Inferred No Edit
184
Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling
* Year Range of Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling is assumed.
[1055, 1199]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
185
Cahokia - Moorehead
* Year Range of Cahokia - Moorehead is assumed.
[1200, 1274]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
186
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II
* Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II is assumed.
[900, 1049]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
187
Oneota
* Year Range of Oneota is assumed.
[1400, 1650]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
188
Ancient Khwarazm
* Year Range of Ancient Khwarazm is assumed.
[-1000, -521]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
189
Samanid Empire
* Year Range of Samanid Empire is assumed.
[819, 999]
present
Evidenced No Edit
190
Kidarite Kingdom
* Year Range of Kidarite Kingdom is assumed.
[388, 477]
present
Evidenced No Edit
191
Kushan Empire
* Year Range of Kushan Empire is assumed.
[35, 319]
present
Evidenced No Edit
192
Eastern Han Empire
* Year Range of Eastern Han Empire is assumed.
[25, 220]
present
Evidenced No Edit
193
Erligang
* Year Range of Erligang is assumed.
[-1650, -1250]
present
Inferred No Edit
194
Erlitou
* Year Range of Erlitou is assumed.
[-1850, -1600]
present
Inferred No Edit
195
Jin
* Year Range of Jin is assumed.
[-780, -404]
present
Evidenced No Edit
196
Longshan
* Year Range of Longshan is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
present
Inferred No Edit
197
Early Wei Dynasty
* Year Range of Early Wei Dynasty is assumed.
[-445, -225]
present
Evidenced No Edit
198
Western Zhou
* Year Range of Western Zhou is assumed.
[-1122, -771]
present
Evidenced No Edit
199
Neguanje
* Year Range of Neguanje is assumed.
[250, 1050]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
200
Tairona
* Year Range of Tairona is assumed.
[1050, 1524]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
201
Shuar - Colonial
* Year Range of Shuar - Colonial is assumed.
[1534, 1830]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
202
Egypt - Dynasty I
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty I is assumed.
[-3100, -2900]
present
Evidenced No Edit
203
Egypt - Dynasty II
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty II is assumed.
[-2900, -2687]
present
Evidenced No Edit
204
Naqada I
* Year Range of Naqada I is assumed.
[-3800, -3550]
absent
Inferred No Edit
205
Naqada II
* Year Range of Naqada II is assumed.
[-3550, -3300]
present
Inferred No Edit
206
Egypt - Dynasty 0
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty 0 is assumed.
[-3300, -3100]
present
Evidenced No Edit
207
Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period
* Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period is assumed.
[-1550, -1293]
present
Evidenced No Edit
208
Egypt - Late Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Late Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2350, -2150]
present
Evidenced No Edit
209
Egypt - Period of the Regions
* Year Range of Egypt - Period of the Regions is assumed.
[-2150, -2016]
present
Evidenced No Edit
210
Egypt - Saite Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Saite Period is assumed.
[-664, -525]
present
Evidenced No Edit
211
Spanish Empire I
* Year Range of Spanish Empire I is assumed.
[1469, 1715]
present
Evidenced No Edit
212
Axum I
* Year Range of Axum I is assumed.
[-149, 349]
present
Evidenced No Edit
213
Chuuk - Late Truk
* Year Range of Chuuk - Late Truk is assumed.
[1886, 1948]
present
Evidenced No Edit
214
Early Merovingian
* Year Range of Early Merovingian is assumed.
[481, 543]
present
Evidenced No Edit
215
La Tene A-B1
* Year Range of La Tene A-B1 is assumed.
[-475, -325]
absent
Inferred No Edit
216
La Tene B2-C1
* Year Range of La Tene B2-C1 is assumed.
[-325, -175]
present
Inferred No Edit
217
Akan - Pre-Ashanti
* Year Range of Akan - Pre-Ashanti is assumed.
[1501, 1701]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
218
Gupta Dynasty
* Year Range of Gupta Dynasty is assumed.
[320, 515]
present
Evidenced No Edit
219
Kadamba Empire
* Year Range of Kadamba Empire is assumed.
[345, 550]
present
Evidenced No Edit
220
Ashanti Empire
* Year Range of Ashanti Empire is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
present
Evidenced No Edit
221
Monopalatial Crete
* Year Range of Monopalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1450, -1300]
present
Evidenced No Edit
222
New Palace Crete
* Year Range of New Palace Crete is assumed.
[-1700, -1450]
present
Evidenced No Edit
223
The Old Palace Crete
* Year Range of The Old Palace Crete is assumed.
[-1900, -1700]
present
Evidenced No Edit
224
Postpalatial Crete
* Year Range of Postpalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1300, -1200]
present
Evidenced No Edit
225
Hawaii I
* Year Range of Hawaii I is assumed.
[1000, 1200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
226
Hawaii II
* Year Range of Hawaii II is assumed.
[1200, 1580]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
227
Hawaii III
* Year Range of Hawaii III is assumed.
[1580, 1778]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
228
Canaan
* Year Range of Canaan is assumed.
[-2000, -1175]
present
Evidenced No Edit
229
Yisrael
* Year Range of Yisrael is assumed.
[-1030, -722]
present
Evidenced No Edit
230
Chalukyas of Badami
* Year Range of Chalukyas of Badami is assumed.
[543, 753]
present
Evidenced No Edit
231
Post-Mauryan Kingdoms
* Year Range of Post-Mauryan Kingdoms is assumed.
[-205, -101]
present
Inferred No Edit
232
Maurya Empire
* Year Range of Maurya Empire is assumed.
[-324, -187]
present
Evidenced No Edit
233
Mughal Empire
* Year Range of Mughal Empire is assumed.
[1526, 1858]
present
Evidenced No Edit
234
Satavahana Empire
* Year Range of Satavahana Empire is assumed.
[-100, 203]
present
Evidenced No Edit
235
Sunga Empire
* Year Range of Sunga Empire is assumed.
[-187, -65]
present
Evidenced No Edit
236
Vakataka Kingdom
* Year Range of Vakataka Kingdom is assumed.
[255, 550]
present
Evidenced No Edit
237
Amorite Babylonia
* Year Range of Amorite Babylonia is assumed.
[-2000, -1600]
present
Evidenced No Edit
238
Bazi Dynasty
* Year Range of Bazi Dynasty is assumed.
[-1005, -986]
present
Evidenced No Edit
239
Dynasty of E
* Year Range of Dynasty of E is assumed.
[-979, -732]
present
Evidenced No Edit
240
Ubaid
* Year Range of Ubaid is assumed.
[-5500, -4201]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
241
Uruk
* Year Range of Uruk is assumed.
[-4000, -2900]
present
Evidenced No Edit
242
Achaemenid Empire
* Year Range of Achaemenid Empire is assumed.
[-550, -331]
present
Evidenced No Edit
243
Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar
* Year Range of Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar is assumed.
[-7000, -6000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
244
Elam - Awan Dynasty I
* Year Range of Elam - Awan Dynasty I is assumed.
[-2675, -2100]
present
Evidenced No Edit
245
Elymais II
* Year Range of Elymais II is assumed.
[25, 215]
present
Evidenced No Edit
246
Oaxaca - San Jose
* Year Range of Oaxaca - San Jose is assumed.
[-1150, -700]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
247
Formative Period
* Year Range of Formative Period is assumed.
[-7200, -7000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
248
Ilkhanate
* Year Range of Ilkhanate is assumed.
[1256, 1339]
present
Evidenced No Edit
249
Susiana A
* Year Range of Susiana A is assumed.
[-6000, -5700]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
250
Susiana - Late Ubaid
* Year Range of Susiana - Late Ubaid is assumed.
[-4700, -4300]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
251
Susiana - Early Ubaid
* Year Range of Susiana - Early Ubaid is assumed.
[-5100, -4700]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
252
Elam - Kidinuid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Kidinuid Period is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
present
Evidenced No Edit
253
Elam - Igihalkid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Igihalkid Period is assumed.
[-1399, -1200]
present
Evidenced No Edit
254
Elam - Shutrukid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Shutrukid Period is assumed.
[-1199, -1100]
present
Evidenced No Edit
255
Elam II
* Year Range of Elam II is assumed.
[-743, -647]
present
Evidenced No Edit
256
Parthian Empire I
* Year Range of Parthian Empire I is assumed.
[-247, 40]
present
Evidenced No Edit
257
Parthian Empire II
* Year Range of Parthian Empire II is assumed.
[41, 226]
present
Evidenced No Edit
258
Pre-Ceramic Period
* Year Range of Pre-Ceramic Period is assumed.
[-7800, -7200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
259
Safavid Empire
* Year Range of Safavid Empire is assumed.
[1501, 1722]
present
Evidenced No Edit
260
Sasanid Empire I
* Year Range of Sasanid Empire I is assumed.
[205, 487]
present
Inferred No Edit
261
Sasanid Empire II
* Year Range of Sasanid Empire II is assumed.
[488, 642]
present
Evidenced No Edit
262
Elam - Shimashki Period
* Year Range of Elam - Shimashki Period is assumed.
[-2028, -1940]
present
Evidenced No Edit
263
Elam - Early Sukkalmah
* Year Range of Elam - Early Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1900, -1701]
present
Evidenced No Edit
264
Elam - Late Sukkalmah
* Year Range of Elam - Late Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1700, -1500]
present
Evidenced No Edit
265
Susa I
* Year Range of Susa I is assumed.
[-4300, -3800]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
266
Susa II
* Year Range of Susa II is assumed.
[-3800, -3100]
present
Evidenced No Edit
267
Oaxaca - Tierras Largas
* Year Range of Oaxaca - Tierras Largas is assumed.
[-1400, -1150]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
268
Susa III
* Year Range of Susa III is assumed.
[-3100, -2675]
present
Evidenced No Edit
269
Latium - Copper Age
* Year Range of Latium - Copper Age is assumed.
[-3600, -1800]
absent
Inferred No Edit
270
Latium - Iron Age
* Year Range of Latium - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1000, -580]
absent
Inferred No Edit
271
Papal States - Renaissance Period
* Year Range of Papal States - Renaissance Period is assumed.
[1378, 1527]
present
Evidenced No Edit
272
Early Roman Republic
* Year Range of Early Roman Republic is assumed.
[-509, -264]
present
Evidenced No Edit
273
Middle Roman Republic
* Year Range of Middle Roman Republic is assumed.
[-264, -133]
present
Evidenced No Edit
274
Ashikaga Shogunate
* Year Range of Ashikaga Shogunate is assumed.
[1336, 1467]
present
Evidenced No Edit
275
Asuka
* Year Range of Asuka is assumed.
[538, 710]
present
Evidenced No Edit
276
Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama
* Year Range of Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama is assumed.
[1568, 1603]
present
Evidenced No Edit
277
Heian
* Year Range of Heian is assumed.
[794, 1185]
present
Evidenced No Edit
278
Japan - Initial Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Initial Jomon is assumed.
[-9200, -5300]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
279
Japan - Middle Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Middle Jomon is assumed.
[-3500, -2500]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
280
Japan - Late Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Late Jomon is assumed.
[-2500, -1200]
absent
Inferred No Edit
281
Japan - Final Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Final Jomon is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
282
Kamakura Shogunate
* Year Range of Kamakura Shogunate is assumed.
[1185, 1333]
present
Evidenced No Edit
283
Kansai - Kofun Period
* Year Range of Kansai - Kofun Period is assumed.
[250, 537]
present
Evidenced No Edit
284
Nara Kingdom
* Year Range of Nara Kingdom is assumed.
[710, 794]
present
Evidenced No Edit
285
Tokugawa Shogunate
* Year Range of Tokugawa Shogunate is assumed.
[1603, 1868]
present
Evidenced No Edit
286
Kara-Khanids
* Year Range of Kara-Khanids is assumed.
[950, 1212]
present
Evidenced No Edit
287
Western Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Western Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[582, 630]
present
Evidenced No Edit
288
Classical Angkor
* Year Range of Classical Angkor is assumed.
[1100, 1220]
present
Evidenced No Edit
289
Early Angkor
* Year Range of Early Angkor is assumed.
[802, 1100]
present
Evidenced No Edit
290
Khmer Kingdom
* Year Range of Khmer Kingdom is assumed.
[1432, 1594]
present
Evidenced No Edit
291
Jenne-jeno III
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno III is assumed.
[400, 899]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
292
Rum Sultanate
* Year Range of Rum Sultanate is assumed.
[1077, 1307]
present
Evidenced No Edit
293
Chenla
* Year Range of Chenla is assumed.
[550, 825]
present
Evidenced No Edit
294
Funan I
* Year Range of Funan I is assumed.
[225, 540]
present
Evidenced No Edit
295
Funan II
* Year Range of Funan II is assumed.
[540, 640]
present
Evidenced No Edit
296
Jenne-jeno I
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno I is assumed.
[-250, 49]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
297
Jenne-jeno II
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno II is assumed.
[50, 399]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
298
Monte Alban V
* Year Range of Monte Alban V is assumed.
[900, 1520]
present
Inferred No Edit
299
Jenne-jeno IV
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno IV is assumed.
[900, 1300]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
300
Segou Kingdom
* Year Range of Segou Kingdom is assumed.
[1650, 1712]
absent
Inferred No Edit
301
Eastern Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Eastern Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[583, 630]
present
Evidenced No Edit
302
Khitan I
* Year Range of Khitan I is assumed.
[907, 1125]
present
Evidenced No Edit
303
Late Mongols
* Year Range of Late Mongols is assumed.
[1368, 1690]
present
Evidenced No Edit
304
Second Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Second Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[682, 744]
present
Evidenced No Edit
305
Late Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Late Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-400, -101]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
306
Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-100, 99]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
307
Initial Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Initial Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-2000, -1201]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
308
Oaxaca - Rosario
* Year Range of Oaxaca - Rosario is assumed.
[-700, -500]
present
Evidenced No Edit
309
Early Xiongnu
* Year Range of Early Xiongnu is assumed.
[-1400, -300]
absent
Inferred No Edit
310
Zungharian Empire
* Year Range of Zungharian Empire is assumed.
[1670, 1757]
present
Evidenced No Edit
311
Middle Wagadu Empire
* Year Range of Middle Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[700, 1077]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
312
Early Monte Alban I
* Year Range of Early Monte Alban I is assumed.
[-500, -300]
present
Evidenced No Edit
313
Monte Alban Late I
* Year Range of Monte Alban Late I is assumed.
[-300, -100]
present
Evidenced No Edit
314
Monte Alban III
* Year Range of Monte Alban III is assumed.
[200, 500]
present
Evidenced No Edit
315
Monte Alban IIIB and IV
* Year Range of Monte Alban IIIB and IV is assumed.
[500, 900]
present
Evidenced No Edit
316
Aztec Empire
* Year Range of Aztec Empire is assumed.
[1427, 1526]
present
Evidenced No Edit
317
Early Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Early Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-1200, -801]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
318
Kingdom of Norway II
* Year Range of Kingdom of Norway II is assumed.
[1262, 1380]
present
Evidenced No Edit
319
Cuzco - Early Intermediate I
* Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate I is assumed.
[200, 499]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
320
Cuzco - Late Intermediate I
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate I is assumed.
[1000, 1250]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
321
Cuzco - Late Intermediate II
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate II is assumed.
[1250, 1400]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
322
Cuzco - Late Formative
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Formative is assumed.
[-500, 200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
323
Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial
* Year Range of Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial is assumed.
[1734, 1883]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
324
Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7500, -5500]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
325
Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -4000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
326
Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-4000, -3200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
327
Indo-Greek Kingdom
* Year Range of Indo-Greek Kingdom is assumed.
[-180, -10]
present
Evidenced No Edit
328
Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period is assumed.
[-1800, -1300]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
329
Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period is assumed.
[-3200, -2500]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
330
Kachi Plain - Urban Period I
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period I is assumed.
[-2500, -2100]
present
Evidenced No Edit
331
Kachi Plain - Urban Period II
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period II is assumed.
[-2100, 1800]
present
Evidenced No Edit
332
Sakha - Early
* Year Range of Sakha - Early is assumed.
[1400, 1632]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
333
Sarazm
* Year Range of Sarazm is assumed.
[-3500, -2000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
334
Fatimid Caliphate
* Year Range of Fatimid Caliphate is assumed.
[909, 1171]
present
Evidenced No Edit
335
Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
present
Evidenced No Edit
336
Byzantine Empire II
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire II is assumed.
[867, 1072]
present
Evidenced No Edit
337
Byzantine Empire III
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire III is assumed.
[1073, 1204]
present
Evidenced No Edit
338
Late Cappadocia
* Year Range of Late Cappadocia is assumed.
[-322, -93]
present
Evidenced No Edit
339
Hatti - New Kingdom
* Year Range of Hatti - New Kingdom is assumed.
[-1400, -1180]
present
Evidenced No Edit
340
Lysimachus Kingdom
* Year Range of Lysimachus Kingdom is assumed.
[-323, -281]
present
Evidenced No Edit
341
Ottoman Emirate
* Year Range of Ottoman Emirate is assumed.
[1299, 1402]
present
Evidenced No Edit
342
Ottoman Empire II
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire II is assumed.
[1517, 1683]
present
Evidenced No Edit
343
Tabal Kingdoms
* Year Range of Tabal Kingdoms is assumed.
[-900, -730]
present
Evidenced No Edit
344
Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period
* Year Range of Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period is assumed.
[1778, 1819]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
345
Cahokia - Sand Prairie
* Year Range of Cahokia - Sand Prairie is assumed.
[1275, 1400]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
346
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I
* Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I is assumed.
[750, 900]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
347
Koktepe I
* Year Range of Koktepe I is assumed.
[-1400, -1000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
348
Koktepe II
* Year Range of Koktepe II is assumed.
[-750, -550]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
349
Sogdiana - City-States Period
* Year Range of Sogdiana - City-States Period is assumed.
[604, 711]
present
Evidenced No Edit
350
Qatabanian Commonwealth
* Year Range of Qatabanian Commonwealth is assumed.
[-450, -111]
present
Evidenced No Edit
351
Sabaean Commonwealth
* Year Range of Sabaean Commonwealth is assumed.
[-800, -451]
present
Evidenced No Edit
352
Kingdom of Saba and Dhu Raydan
* Year Range of Kingdom of Saba and Dhu Raydan is assumed.
[-110, 149]
present
Evidenced No Edit
353
Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty
* Year Range of Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty is assumed.
[1454, 1517]
present
Evidenced No Edit
354
Ottoman Empire III
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire III is assumed.
[1683, 1839]
present
Evidenced No Edit
355
Futa Jallon
* Year Range of Futa Jallon is assumed.
[1725, 1896]
present
Evidenced No Edit
356
Anurādhapura IV
* Year Range of Anurādhapura IV is assumed.
[614, 1017]
present
Evidenced No Edit
357
Thanjavur Maratha Kingdom
* Year Range of Thanjavur Maratha Kingdom is assumed.
[1675, 1799]
present
Evidenced No Edit
358
Pandya Empire
* Year Range of Pandya Empire is assumed.
[1250, 1323]
present
Evidenced No Edit
359
Polonnaruwa
* Year Range of Polonnaruwa is assumed.
[1070, 1255]
present
Evidenced No Edit
360
Anurādhapura III
* Year Range of Anurādhapura III is assumed.
[428, 614]
present
Evidenced No Edit
361
Dutch Empire
* Year Range of Dutch Empire is assumed.
[1648, 1795]
present
Evidenced No Edit
362
Anurādhapura I
* Year Range of Anurādhapura I is assumed.
[-300, 70]
present
Evidenced No Edit
363
Anurādhapura II
* Year Range of Anurādhapura II is assumed.
[70, 428]
present
Evidenced No Edit
364
Kingdom of Jimma
* Year Range of Kingdom of Jimma is assumed.
[1790, 1932]
present
Evidenced No Edit
365
Jaffna
* Year Range of Jaffna is assumed.
[1310, 1591]
present
Evidenced No Edit
366
Adal Sultanate
* Year Range of Adal Sultanate is assumed.
[1375, 1543]
present
Evidenced No Edit
367
Tunni Sultanate
* Year Range of Tunni Sultanate is assumed.
[800, 1200]
present
Evidenced No Edit
368
Habr Yunis
* Year Range of Habr Yunis is assumed.
[1300, 1886]
present
Evidenced No Edit
369
Kingdom of Gomma
* Year Range of Kingdom of Gomma is assumed.
[1780, 1886]
present
Evidenced No Edit
370
Sultanate of Geledi
* Year Range of Sultanate of Geledi is assumed.
[1750, 1911]
present
Evidenced No Edit
371
Harla Kingdom
* Year Range of Harla Kingdom is assumed.
[-10000, 2000]
present
Evidenced No Edit
372
Ifat Sultanate
* Year Range of Ifat Sultanate is assumed.
[1280, 1375]
present
Evidenced No Edit
373
Medri Bahri
* Year Range of Medri Bahri is assumed.
[1310, 1889]
present
Evidenced No Edit
374
Majeerteen Sultanate
* Year Range of Majeerteen Sultanate is assumed.
[1750, 1926]
present
Evidenced No Edit
375
Kingdom of Gumma
* Year Range of Kingdom of Gumma is assumed.
[1800, 1897]
present
Evidenced No Edit
376
Emirate of Harar
* Year Range of Emirate of Harar is assumed.
[1650, 1875]
present
Evidenced No Edit
377
Isaaq Sultanate
* Year Range of Isaaq Sultanate is assumed.
[1300, 1886]
present
Evidenced No Edit
378
Proto-Yoruba
* Year Range of Proto-Yoruba is assumed.
[301, 649]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
379
Classical Ife
* Year Range of Classical Ife is assumed.
[1000, 1400]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
380
Late Formative Yoruba
* Year Range of Late Formative Yoruba is assumed.
[650, 1049]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
381
Allada
* Year Range of Allada is assumed.
[1100, 1724]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
382
Ilú-ọba Ọ̀yọ́
* Year Range of Ilú-ọba Ọ̀yọ́ is assumed.
[1601, 1835]
present
Evidenced No Edit
383
Oyo
* Year Range of Oyo is assumed.
[1300, 1535]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
384
Proto-Yoruboid
* Year Range of Proto-Yoruboid is assumed.
[-300, 300]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
385
Sokoto Caliphate
* Year Range of Sokoto Caliphate is assumed.
[1804, 1904]
present
Evidenced No Edit
386
Igala
* Year Range of Igala is assumed.
[1600, 1900]
present
Evidenced No Edit
387
Nkore
* Year Range of Nkore is assumed.
[1450, 1749]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
388
Hausa bakwai
* Year Range of Hausa bakwai is assumed.
[900, 1808]
present
Evidenced No Edit
389
Kanem-Borno
* Year Range of Kanem-Borno is assumed.
[1380, 1893]
present
Evidenced No Edit
390
Foys
* Year Range of Foys is assumed.
[1600, 1892]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
391
Imamate of Futa Toro
* Year Range of Imamate of Futa Toro is assumed.
[1776, 1860]
present
Evidenced No Edit
392
Kingdom of Jolof
* Year Range of Kingdom of Jolof is assumed.
[1549, 1865]
present
Evidenced No Edit
393
Toro
* Year Range of Toro is assumed.
[1830, 1896]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
394
Buganda
* Year Range of Buganda is assumed.
[1450, 1699]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
395
Karagwe
* Year Range of Karagwe is assumed.
[1500, 1916]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
396
Kingdom of Niynginya
* Year Range of Kingdom of Niynginya is assumed.
[1650, 1897]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
397
Ndorwa
* Year Range of Ndorwa is assumed.
[1700, 1800]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
398
Burundi
* Year Range of Burundi is assumed.
[1680, 1903]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
399
Mubari
* Year Range of Mubari is assumed.
[-10000, 2000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
400
Gisaka
* Year Range of Gisaka is assumed.
[1700, 1867]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
401
Fipa
* Year Range of Fipa is assumed.
[1600, 1890]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
402
Bugesera
* Year Range of Bugesera is assumed.
[1700, 1799]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
403
Buhaya
* Year Range of Buhaya is assumed.
[-10000, 2000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
404
Pandya Dynasty
* Year Range of Pandya Dynasty is assumed.
[590, 915]
present
Evidenced No Edit
405
Early Cholas
* Year Range of Early Cholas is assumed.
[-600, 300]
present
Evidenced No Edit
406
Early Pandyas
* Year Range of Early Pandyas is assumed.
[-600, 300]
present
Evidenced No Edit
407
Carnatic Sultanate
* Year Range of Carnatic Sultanate is assumed.
[1710, 1801]
present
Evidenced No Edit
408
Late Pallava Empire
* Year Range of Late Pallava Empire is assumed.
[300, 890]
present
Evidenced No Edit
409
Kalabhra Dynasty
* Year Range of Kalabhra Dynasty is assumed.
[200, 600]
present
Evidenced No Edit
410
Nayaks of Madurai
* Year Range of Nayaks of Madurai is assumed.
[1529, 1736]
present
Evidenced No Edit
411
Nayaks of Thanjavur
* Year Range of Nayaks of Thanjavur is assumed.
[1532, 1676]
present
Evidenced No Edit
412
Kanem
* Year Range of Kanem is assumed.
[800, 1379]
present
Inferred No Edit
413
Ajuran Sultanate
* Year Range of Ajuran Sultanate is assumed.
[1250, 1700]
present
Inferred No Edit
414
Shoa Sultanate
* Year Range of Shoa Sultanate is assumed.
[1108, 1285]
present
Inferred No Edit
415
Mane
* Year Range of Mane is assumed.
[1550, 1650]
absent
Inferred No Edit
416
Pre-Sape Sierra Leone
* Year Range of Pre-Sape Sierra Leone is assumed.
[600, 1400]
absent
Inferred No Edit
417
Sape
* Year Range of Sape is assumed.
[1400, 1550]
absent
Inferred No Edit
418
Whydah
* Year Range of Whydah is assumed.
[1671, 1727]
absent
Inferred No Edit
419
Ọ̀ràézè Ǹrì
* Year Range of Ọ̀ràézè Ǹrì is assumed.
[1043, 1911]
absent
Inferred No Edit
420
Benin Empire
* Year Range of Benin Empire is assumed.
[1140, 1897]
absent
Inferred No Edit
421
Early United Mexican States
* Year Range of Early United Mexican States is assumed.
[1810, 1920]
present
Evidenced No Edit
422
Plantagenet England
* Year Range of Plantagenet England is assumed.
[1144, 1485]
present
Evidenced No Edit
423
Kingdom of Bohemia - Luxembourgian and Jagiellonian Dynasty
* Year Range of Kingdom of Bohemia - Luxembourgian and Jagiellonian Dynasty is assumed.
[1310, 1526]
present
Evidenced No Edit
424
Lombard Kingdom
* Year Range of Lombard Kingdom is assumed.
[489, 554]
present
Evidenced No Edit
425
Us Reconstruction-Progressive
* Year Range of Us Reconstruction-Progressive is assumed.
[1866, 1933]
present
Evidenced No Edit
426
Chaco Canyon - Late Bonito phase
* Year Range of Chaco Canyon - Late Bonito phase is assumed.
[1101, 1140]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
427
Antebellum US
* Year Range of Antebellum US is assumed.
[1776, 1865]
present
Evidenced No Edit
428
Late Classic Tikal
* Year Range of Late Classic Tikal is assumed.
[555, 869]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
429
Tudor and Early Stuart England
* Year Range of Tudor and Early Stuart England is assumed.
[1486, 1689]
present
Evidenced No Edit
430
Anglo-Saxon England II
* Year Range of Anglo-Saxon England II is assumed.
[927, 1065]
present
Evidenced No Edit
431
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II
* Year Range of Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II is assumed.
[1649, 1918]
present
Evidenced No Edit
432
Khwarezmid Empire
* Year Range of Khwarezmid Empire is assumed.
[1157, 1231]
present
Evidenced No Edit
433
Hohokam Culture
* Year Range of Hohokam Culture is assumed.
[300, 1500]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
434
Alaouite Dynasty I
* Year Range of Alaouite Dynasty I is assumed.
[1631, 1727]
present
Evidenced No Edit
435
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty I
* Year Range of Austria - Habsburg Dynasty I is assumed.
[1454, 1648]
present
Evidenced No Edit
436
Armenian Kingdom
* Year Range of Armenian Kingdom is assumed.
[-188, 6]
present
Evidenced No Edit
437
Oirats
* Year Range of Oirats is assumed.
[1368, 1630]
present
Evidenced No Edit
438
Golden Horde
* Year Range of Golden Horde is assumed.
[1240, 1440]
present
Evidenced No Edit
439
Saffarid Caliphate
* Year Range of Saffarid Caliphate is assumed.
[861, 1003]
present
Evidenced No Edit
440
British Empire I
* Year Range of British Empire I is assumed.
[1690, 1849]
present
Evidenced No Edit
441
Kingdom of Hawaii - Post-Kamehameha Period
* Year Range of Kingdom of Hawaii - Post-Kamehameha Period is assumed.
[1820, 1898]
present
Evidenced No Edit
442
Napoleonic France
* Year Range of Napoleonic France is assumed.
[1816, 1870]
present
Evidenced No Edit
443
Austro-Hungarian Monarchy
* Year Range of Austro-Hungarian Monarchy is assumed.
[1867, 1918]
present
Evidenced No Edit
444
Anglo-Saxon England I
* Year Range of Anglo-Saxon England I is assumed.
[410, 926]
A~P
Evidenced No Edit
445
British Empire IIIIIIIIII
* Year Range of British Empire IIIIIIIIII is assumed.
[1850, 1968]
present
Evidenced No Edit
446
Soviet Union
* Year Range of Soviet Union is assumed.
[1918, 1991]
present
Evidenced No Edit
447
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty II
* Year Range of Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty II is assumed.
[1776, 1917]
present
Evidenced No Edit
448
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I
* Year Range of Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I is assumed.
[1614, 1775]
present
Evidenced No Edit
449
Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty
* Year Range of Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty is assumed.
[1637, 1805]
present
Evidenced No Edit
450
Holy Roman Empire - Ottonian-Salian Dynasty
* Year Range of Holy Roman Empire - Ottonian-Salian Dynasty is assumed.
[919, 1125]
present
Evidenced No Edit
451
Ghur Principality
* Year Range of Ghur Principality is assumed.
[1025, 1215]
present
Evidenced No Edit
452
Tocharians
* Year Range of Tocharians is assumed.
[-129, 29]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
453
Later Jin
* Year Range of Later Jin is assumed.
[1115, 1243]
present
Evidenced No Edit
454
Northern Wei
* Year Range of Northern Wei is assumed.
[386, 534]
present
Evidenced No Edit
455
Sui Dynasty
* Year Range of Sui Dynasty is assumed.
[581, 618]
present
Evidenced No Edit
456
Western Han Empire
* Year Range of Western Han Empire is assumed.
[-202, 9]
present
Evidenced No Edit
457
Badarian
* Year Range of Badarian is assumed.
[-4400, -3800]
absent
Inferred No Edit
458
Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period is assumed.
[-404, -342]
present
Evidenced No Edit
459
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I is assumed.
[1260, 1348]
present
Evidenced No Edit
460
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III is assumed.
[1412, 1517]
present
Evidenced No Edit
461
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II is assumed.
[1348, 1412]
present
Evidenced No Edit
462
Egypt - Middle Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Middle Kingdom is assumed.
[-2016, -1700]
present
Evidenced No Edit
463
Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period is assumed.
[-1720, -1567]
present
Evidenced No Edit
464
Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period is assumed.
[868, 969]
present
Evidenced No Edit
465
Beaker Culture
* Year Range of Beaker Culture is assumed.
[-3200, -2000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
466
French Kingdom - Early Bourbon
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Bourbon is assumed.
[1589, 1660]
present
Evidenced No Edit
467
Carolingian Empire I
* Year Range of Carolingian Empire I is assumed.
[752, 840]
present
Evidenced No Edit
468
Carolingian Empire II
* Year Range of Carolingian Empire II is assumed.
[840, 987]
present
Evidenced No Edit
469
Hallstatt A-B1
* Year Range of Hallstatt A-B1 is assumed.
[-1000, -900]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
470
Hallstatt B2-3
* Year Range of Hallstatt B2-3 is assumed.
[-900, -700]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
471
Hallstatt C
* Year Range of Hallstatt C is assumed.
[-700, -600]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
472
Hallstatt D
* Year Range of Hallstatt D is assumed.
[-600, -475]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
473
British Empire II
* Year Range of British Empire II is assumed.
[1850, 1968]
present
Evidenced No Edit
474
Archaic Crete
* Year Range of Archaic Crete is assumed.
[-710, -500]
present
Evidenced No Edit