Section: General Variables
Subsection: General

Polity Linguistic Family

The linguistic family of a polity.  
Contributors: Jenny, Majid, Peter

Variable Definition
Polity The Seshat Polity Name
Year(s) The years for which we have the data. [negative = BCE]
Confidence Inferred : The value is inferred.
Suspected : The value is suspected (Expert Check Needed).
Evidenced : The value is backed up by sufficient evidence.
Disputed? No : No disagreement among scholars.
Yes : There is disagreement among scholars.
Expert? : Not yet Checked by a Seshat Expert.
: Checked and accepted by a Seshat Expert (or RA).

Variable Definition
linguistic_family The linguistic family of a polity.

# Polity   Year(s)   Linguistic Family   Confidence     Disputed?     Expert?   Edit
1
Spanish Empire II
1716 CE 1814 CE
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
2
Chola Empire
* Year Range of Chola Empire is assumed.
[849, 1280]
Dravidian
Confident No Edit
3
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty I
* Year Range of Austria - Habsburg Dynasty I is assumed.
[1454, 1648]
Germanic
Confident No Edit
4
Oyo
* Year Range of Oyo is assumed.
[1300, 1535]
Yoruboid
Confident No Edit
5
Durrani Empire
* Year Range of Durrani Empire is assumed.
[1747, 1826]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
6
Ghur Principality
* Year Range of Ghur Principality is assumed.
[1025, 1215]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
7
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
* Year Range of Greco-Bactrian Kingdom is assumed.
[-256, -125]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
8
Hephthalites
* Year Range of Hephthalites is assumed.
[408, 561]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
9
Kidarite Kingdom
* Year Range of Kidarite Kingdom is assumed.
[388, 477]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
10
Kushan Empire
* Year Range of Kushan Empire is assumed.
[35, 319]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
11
Tocharians
* Year Range of Tocharians is assumed.
[-129, 29]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
12
Eastern Han Empire
* Year Range of Eastern Han Empire is assumed.
[25, 220]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
13
Western Jin
* Year Range of Western Jin is assumed.
[265, 317]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
14
Erligang
* Year Range of Erligang is assumed.
[-1650, -1250]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
15
Erlitou
* Year Range of Erlitou is assumed.
[-1850, -1600]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
16
Hmong - Early Chinese
* Year Range of Hmong - Early Chinese is assumed.
[1895, 1941]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
17
Hmong - Late Qing
* Year Range of Hmong - Late Qing is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
18
Jin
* Year Range of Jin is assumed.
[-780, -404]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
19
Longshan
* Year Range of Longshan is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
20
Jin Dynasty
* Year Range of Jin Dynasty is assumed.
[1115, 1234]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
21
Jin Dynasty
* Year Range of Jin Dynasty is assumed.
[1115, 1234]
Tungusic
Confident No Edit
22
Jin Dynasty
* Year Range of Jin Dynasty is assumed.
[1115, 1234]
Altaic
Confident No Edit
23
Great Ming
* Year Range of Great Ming is assumed.
[1368, 1644]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
24
Northern Song
* Year Range of Northern Song is assumed.
[960, 1127]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
25
Northern Wei
* Year Range of Northern Wei is assumed.
[386, 534]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
26
Early Qing
* Year Range of Early Qing is assumed.
[1644, 1796]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
27
Early Qing
* Year Range of Early Qing is assumed.
[1644, 1796]
Mongolic
Confident No Edit
28
Late Qing
* Year Range of Late Qing is assumed.
[1796, 1912]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
29
Late Shang
* Year Range of Late Shang is assumed.
[-1250, -1045]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
30
Sui Dynasty
* Year Range of Sui Dynasty is assumed.
[581, 618]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
31
Tang Dynasty I
* Year Range of Tang Dynasty I is assumed.
[617, 763]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
32
Tang Dynasty II
* Year Range of Tang Dynasty II is assumed.
[763, 907]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
33
Early Wei Dynasty
* Year Range of Early Wei Dynasty is assumed.
[-445, -225]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
34
Western Han Empire
* Year Range of Western Han Empire is assumed.
[-202, 9]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
35
Western Zhou
* Year Range of Western Zhou is assumed.
[-1122, -771]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
36
Yangshao
* Year Range of Yangshao is assumed.
[-5000, -3000]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
37
Great Yuan
* Year Range of Great Yuan is assumed.
[1271, 1368]
Mongolic
Confident No Edit
38
Great Yuan
* Year Range of Great Yuan is assumed.
[1271, 1368]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
39
Neguanje
* Year Range of Neguanje is assumed.
[250, 1050]
Chibcha
Confident No Edit
40
Tairona
* Year Range of Tairona is assumed.
[1050, 1524]
Chibcha
Confident No Edit
41
Shuar - Colonial
* Year Range of Shuar - Colonial is assumed.
[1534, 1830]
Chicham
Confident No Edit
42
Shuar - Ecuadorian
* Year Range of Shuar - Ecuadorian is assumed.
[1831, 1931]
Chicham
Confident No Edit
43
Ayyubid Sultanate
* Year Range of Ayyubid Sultanate is assumed.
[1171, 1250]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
44
Badarian
* Year Range of Badarian is assumed.
[-4400, -3800]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
45
Egypt - Dynasty I
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty I is assumed.
[-3100, -2900]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
46
Egypt - Dynasty II
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty II is assumed.
[-2900, -2687]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
47
Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period is assumed.
[-404, -342]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
48
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I is assumed.
[1260, 1348]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
49
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III is assumed.
[1412, 1517]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
50
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II is assumed.
[1348, 1412]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
51
Egypt - Middle Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Middle Kingdom is assumed.
[-2016, -1700]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
52
Naqada I
* Year Range of Naqada I is assumed.
[-3800, -3550]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
53
Naqada II
* Year Range of Naqada II is assumed.
[-3550, -3300]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
54
Egypt - Dynasty 0
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty 0 is assumed.
[-3300, -3100]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
55
Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period
* Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period is assumed.
[-1293, -1070]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
56
Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period
* Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period is assumed.
[-1550, -1293]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
57
Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2650, -2350]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
58
Egypt - Late Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Late Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2350, -2150]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
59
Ptolemaic Kingdom I
* Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom I is assumed.
[-305, -217]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
60
Ptolemaic Kingdom I
* Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom I is assumed.
[-305, -217]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
61
Ptolemaic Kingdom II
* Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom II is assumed.
[-217, -30]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
62
Egypt - Period of the Regions
* Year Range of Egypt - Period of the Regions is assumed.
[-2150, -2016]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
63
Egypt - Saite Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Saite Period is assumed.
[-664, -525]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
64
Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period is assumed.
[-1720, -1567]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
65
Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period is assumed.
[-1069, -747]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
66
Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period is assumed.
[868, 969]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
67
Spanish Empire I
* Year Range of Spanish Empire I is assumed.
[1516, 1715]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
68
Chuuk - Early Truk
* Year Range of Chuuk - Early Truk is assumed.
[1775, 1886]
Oceanic-Austronesian
Confident No Edit
69
Chuuk - Late Truk
* Year Range of Chuuk - Late Truk is assumed.
[1886, 1948]
Oceanic-Austronesian
Confident No Edit
70
Atlantic Complex
* Year Range of Atlantic Complex is assumed.
[-2200, -1000]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
71
Beaker Culture
* Year Range of Beaker Culture is assumed.
[-3200, -2000]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
72
French Kingdom - Early Bourbon
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Bourbon is assumed.
[1589, 1660]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
73
French Kingdom - Late Bourbon
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Bourbon is assumed.
[1660, 1815]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
74
Proto-French Kingdom
* Year Range of Proto-French Kingdom is assumed.
[987, 1150]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
75
French Kingdom - Late Capetian
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Capetian is assumed.
[1150, 1328]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
76
Carolingian Empire I
* Year Range of Carolingian Empire I is assumed.
[752, 840]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
77
Carolingian Empire II
* Year Range of Carolingian Empire II is assumed.
[840, 987]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
78
Hallstatt A-B1
* Year Range of Hallstatt A-B1 is assumed.
[-1000, -900]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
79
Hallstatt B2-3
* Year Range of Hallstatt B2-3 is assumed.
[-900, -700]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
80
Hallstatt C
* Year Range of Hallstatt C is assumed.
[-700, -600]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
81
Hallstatt D
* Year Range of Hallstatt D is assumed.
[-600, -475]
Celtic
Confident No Edit
82
Proto-Carolingian
* Year Range of Proto-Carolingian is assumed.
[687, 751]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
83
Middle Merovingian
* Year Range of Middle Merovingian is assumed.
[543, 687]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
84
La Tene A-B1
* Year Range of La Tene A-B1 is assumed.
[-475, -325]
Celtic
Confident No Edit
85
La Tene B2-C1
* Year Range of La Tene B2-C1 is assumed.
[-325, -175]
Celtic
Confident No Edit
86
La Tene C2-D
* Year Range of La Tene C2-D is assumed.
[-175, -27]
Celtic
Confident No Edit
87
French Kingdom - Early Valois
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Valois is assumed.
[1328, 1450]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
88
French Kingdom - Late Valois
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Valois is assumed.
[1450, 1589]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
89
British Empire II
* Year Range of British Empire II is assumed.
[1850, 1968]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
90
Akan - Pre-Ashanti
* Year Range of Akan - Pre-Ashanti is assumed.
[1501, 1701]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
91
Akan - Pre-Ashanti
* Year Range of Akan - Pre-Ashanti is assumed.
[1501, 1701]
Kwa
Confident No Edit
92
Ashanti Empire
* Year Range of Ashanti Empire is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
93
Ashanti Empire
* Year Range of Ashanti Empire is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
Kwa
Confident No Edit
94
Archaic Crete
* Year Range of Archaic Crete is assumed.
[-710, -500]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
95
Classical Crete
* Year Range of Classical Crete is assumed.
[-500, -323]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
96
The Emirate of Crete
* Year Range of The Emirate of Crete is assumed.
[824, 961]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
97
The Emirate of Crete
* Year Range of The Emirate of Crete is assumed.
[824, 961]
Hamito-Semitic
Confident No Edit
98
Final Postpalatial Crete
* Year Range of Final Postpalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1200, -1000]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
99
Geometric Crete
* Year Range of Geometric Crete is assumed.
[-1000, -710]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
100
Hellenistic Crete
* Year Range of Hellenistic Crete is assumed.
[-323, -69]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
101
Monopalatial Crete
* Year Range of Monopalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1450, -1300]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
102
Neolithic Crete
* Year Range of Neolithic Crete is assumed.
[-7000, -3000]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
103
New Palace Crete
* Year Range of New Palace Crete is assumed.
[-1700, -1450]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
104
Postpalatial Crete
* Year Range of Postpalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1300, -1200]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
105
Prepalatial Crete
* Year Range of Prepalatial Crete is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
106
Hawaii I
* Year Range of Hawaii I is assumed.
[1000, 1200]
Austronesian
Confident No Edit
107
Hawaii II
* Year Range of Hawaii II is assumed.
[1200, 1580]
Austronesian
Confident No Edit
108
Hawaii III
* Year Range of Hawaii III is assumed.
[1580, 1778]
Austronesian
Confident No Edit
109
Iban - Pre-Brooke
* Year Range of Iban - Pre-Brooke is assumed.
[1650, 1841]
Malayo-Polynesian
Confident No Edit
110
Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial
* Year Range of Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial is assumed.
[1841, 1987]
Malayo-Polynesian
Confident No Edit
111
Java - Buni Culture
* Year Range of Java - Buni Culture is assumed.
[-400, 500]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
112
Kalingga Kingdom
* Year Range of Kalingga Kingdom is assumed.
[500, 732]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
113
Kediri Kingdom
* Year Range of Kediri Kingdom is assumed.
[1049, 1222]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
114
Kediri Kingdom
* Year Range of Kediri Kingdom is assumed.
[1049, 1222]
Austronesian
Confident No Edit
115
Majapahit Kingdom
* Year Range of Majapahit Kingdom is assumed.
[1292, 1518]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
116
Majapahit Kingdom
* Year Range of Majapahit Kingdom is assumed.
[1292, 1518]
Austronesian
Confident No Edit
117
Mataram Sultanate
* Year Range of Mataram Sultanate is assumed.
[1568, 1703]
Austronesian
Confident No Edit
118
Medang Kingdom
* Year Range of Medang Kingdom is assumed.
[732, 1019]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
119
Medang Kingdom
* Year Range of Medang Kingdom is assumed.
[732, 1019]
Austronesian
Confident No Edit
120
Canaan
* Year Range of Canaan is assumed.
[-2000, -1175]
Semitic
Confident No Edit
121
Yehuda
* Year Range of Yehuda is assumed.
[-141, -63]
Semitic
Confident No Edit
122
Yehuda
* Year Range of Yehuda is assumed.
[-141, -63]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
123
Yisrael
* Year Range of Yisrael is assumed.
[-1030, -722]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
124
Kingdom of Ayodhya
* Year Range of Kingdom of Ayodhya is assumed.
[-64, 34]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
125
Chalukyas of Badami
* Year Range of Chalukyas of Badami is assumed.
[543, 753]
Indo-Iranian
Confident No Edit
126
Chalukyas of Badami
* Year Range of Chalukyas of Badami is assumed.
[543, 753]
Dravidian
Confident No Edit
127
Chalukyas of Kalyani
* Year Range of Chalukyas of Kalyani is assumed.
[973, 1191]
Dravidian
Confident No Edit
128
Chalukyas of Kalyani
* Year Range of Chalukyas of Kalyani is assumed.
[973, 1191]
Indo-Iranian
Confident No Edit
129
Deccan - Iron Age
* Year Range of Deccan - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
130
Post-Mauryan Kingdoms
* Year Range of Post-Mauryan Kingdoms is assumed.
[-205, -101]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
131
Deccan - Neolithic
* Year Range of Deccan - Neolithic is assumed.
[-2700, -1200]
Dravidian
Confident No Edit
132
Delhi Sultanate
* Year Range of Delhi Sultanate is assumed.
[1206, 1526]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
133
Early A'chik
* Year Range of Early A'chik is assumed.
[1775, 1867]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
134
Late A'chik
* Year Range of Late A'chik is assumed.
[1867, 1956]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
135
Gahadavala Dynasty
* Year Range of Gahadavala Dynasty is assumed.
[1085, 1193]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
136
Gurjar
* Year Range of Gurjar is assumed.
[810, 1030]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
137
Hoysala Kingdom
* Year Range of Hoysala Kingdom is assumed.
[1108, 1346]
Dravidian
Confident No Edit
138
Hoysala Kingdom
* Year Range of Hoysala Kingdom is assumed.
[1108, 1346]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
139
Kadamba Empire
* Year Range of Kadamba Empire is assumed.
[345, 550]
Indo-Iranian
Confident No Edit
140
Kadamba Empire
* Year Range of Kadamba Empire is assumed.
[345, 550]
Dravidian
Confident No Edit
141
Kampili Kingdom
* Year Range of Kampili Kingdom is assumed.
[1280, 1327]
Dravidian
Confident No Edit
142
Kampili Kingdom
* Year Range of Kampili Kingdom is assumed.
[1280, 1327]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
143
Kanauj
* Year Range of Kanauj is assumed.
[650, 780]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
144
Mahajanapada era
* Year Range of Mahajanapada era is assumed.
[-600, -324]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
145
Maurya Empire
* Year Range of Maurya Empire is assumed.
[-324, -187]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
146
Mughal Empire
* Year Range of Mughal Empire is assumed.
[1526, 1858]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
147
Rashtrakuta Empire
* Year Range of Rashtrakuta Empire is assumed.
[753, 973]
Indo-Iranian
Confident No Edit
148
Rashtrakuta Empire
* Year Range of Rashtrakuta Empire is assumed.
[753, 973]
Dravidian
Confident No Edit
149
Satavahana Empire
* Year Range of Satavahana Empire is assumed.
[-100, 203]
Indo-Iranian
Confident No Edit
150
Satavahana Empire
* Year Range of Satavahana Empire is assumed.
[-100, 203]
Dravidian
Confident No Edit
151
Vakataka Kingdom
* Year Range of Vakataka Kingdom is assumed.
[255, 550]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
152
Vijayanagara Empire
* Year Range of Vijayanagara Empire is assumed.
[1336, 1646]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
153
Vijayanagara Empire
* Year Range of Vijayanagara Empire is assumed.
[1336, 1646]
Dravidian
Confident No Edit
154
Abbasid Caliphate II
* Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate II is assumed.
[1191, 1258]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
155
Akkadian Empire
* Year Range of Akkadian Empire is assumed.
[-2270, -2083]
Semitic
Confident No Edit
156
Akkadian Empire
* Year Range of Akkadian Empire is assumed.
[-2270, -2083]
isolate language
Confident No Edit
157
Amorite Babylonia
* Year Range of Amorite Babylonia is assumed.
[-2000, -1600]
West Semetic
Confident No Edit
158
Bazi Dynasty
* Year Range of Bazi Dynasty is assumed.
[-1005, -986]
Semitic
Confident No Edit
159
Early Dynastic
* Year Range of Early Dynastic is assumed.
[-2900, -2500]
isolate
Confident No Edit
160
Second Dynasty of Isin
* Year Range of Second Dynasty of Isin is assumed.
[-1153, -1027]
Semitic
Confident No Edit
161
Isin-Larsa
* Year Range of Isin-Larsa is assumed.
[-2004, -1763]
Semitic
Confident No Edit
162
Ubaid
* Year Range of Ubaid is assumed.
[-5500, -4201]
suspected unknown
Confident No Edit
163
Ur - Dynasty III
* Year Range of Ur - Dynasty III is assumed.
[-2112, -2004]
isolate language
Confident No Edit
164
Ur - Dynasty III
* Year Range of Ur - Dynasty III is assumed.
[-2112, -2004]
Semitic
Confident No Edit
165
Uruk
* Year Range of Uruk is assumed.
[-4000, -2900]
suspected unknown
Confident No Edit
166
Achaemenid Empire
* Year Range of Achaemenid Empire is assumed.
[-550, -331]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
167
Achaemenid Empire
* Year Range of Achaemenid Empire is assumed.
[-550, -331]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
168
Achaemenid Empire
* Year Range of Achaemenid Empire is assumed.
[-550, -331]
language isolate
Confident No Edit
169
Ak Koyunlu
* Year Range of Ak Koyunlu is assumed.
[1339, 1501]
Indo-Iranian
Confident No Edit
170
Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar
* Year Range of Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar is assumed.
[-7000, -6000]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
171
Elam - Awan Dynasty I
* Year Range of Elam - Awan Dynasty I is assumed.
[-2675, -2100]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
172
Buyid Confederation
* Year Range of Buyid Confederation is assumed.
[932, 1062]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
173
Buyid Confederation
* Year Range of Buyid Confederation is assumed.
[932, 1062]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
174
Elam - Crisis Period
* Year Range of Elam - Crisis Period is assumed.
[-1100, -900]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
175
Elymais II
* Year Range of Elymais II is assumed.
[25, 215]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
176
Formative Period
* Year Range of Formative Period is assumed.
[-7200, -7000]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
177
Ilkhanate
* Year Range of Ilkhanate is assumed.
[1256, 1339]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
178
Susiana A
* Year Range of Susiana A is assumed.
[-6000, -5700]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
179
Susiana B
* Year Range of Susiana B is assumed.
[-5700, -5100]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
180
Susiana - Late Ubaid
* Year Range of Susiana - Late Ubaid is assumed.
[-4700, -4300]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
181
Susiana - Early Ubaid
* Year Range of Susiana - Early Ubaid is assumed.
[-5100, -4700]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
182
Elam - Kidinuid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Kidinuid Period is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
none
Confident No Edit
183
Elam - Igihalkid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Igihalkid Period is assumed.
[-1399, -1200]
none
Confident No Edit
184
Elam - Shutrukid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Shutrukid Period is assumed.
[-1199, -1100]
none
Confident No Edit
185
Elam I
* Year Range of Elam I is assumed.
[-900, -744]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
186
Elam II
* Year Range of Elam II is assumed.
[-743, -647]
language isolate
Confident No Edit
187
Elam II
* Year Range of Elam II is assumed.
[-743, -647]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
188
Elam III
* Year Range of Elam III is assumed.
[-612, -539]
isolate
Confident No Edit
189
Parthian Empire I
* Year Range of Parthian Empire I is assumed.
[-247, 40]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
190
Parthian Empire II
* Year Range of Parthian Empire II is assumed.
[41, 226]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
191
Pre-Ceramic Period
* Year Range of Pre-Ceramic Period is assumed.
[-7800, -7200]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
192
Qajar
* Year Range of Qajar is assumed.
[1794, 1925]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
193
Safavid Empire
* Year Range of Safavid Empire is assumed.
[1501, 1722]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
194
Safavid Empire
* Year Range of Safavid Empire is assumed.
[1501, 1722]
Semitic
Confident No Edit
195
Safavid Empire
* Year Range of Safavid Empire is assumed.
[1501, 1722]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
196
Sasanid Empire I
* Year Range of Sasanid Empire I is assumed.
[205, 487]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
197
Sasanid Empire II
* Year Range of Sasanid Empire II is assumed.
[488, 642]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
198
Seleucids
* Year Range of Seleucids is assumed.
[-312, -63]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
199
Seljuk Sultanate
* Year Range of Seljuk Sultanate is assumed.
[1037, 1157]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
200
Seljuk Sultanate
* Year Range of Seljuk Sultanate is assumed.
[1037, 1157]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
201
Elam - Shimashki Period
* Year Range of Elam - Shimashki Period is assumed.
[-2028, -1940]
isolate
Confident No Edit
202
Elam - Shimashki Period
* Year Range of Elam - Shimashki Period is assumed.
[-2028, -1940]
Semitic
Confident No Edit
203
Elam - Early Sukkalmah
* Year Range of Elam - Early Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1900, -1701]
isolate
Confident No Edit
204
Elam - Early Sukkalmah
* Year Range of Elam - Early Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1900, -1701]
Semitic
Confident No Edit
205
Elam - Late Sukkalmah
* Year Range of Elam - Late Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1700, -1500]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
206
Susa I
* Year Range of Susa I is assumed.
[-4300, -3800]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
207
Susa II
* Year Range of Susa II is assumed.
[-3800, -3100]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
208
Susa III
* Year Range of Susa III is assumed.
[-3100, -2675]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
209
Icelandic Commonwealth
* Year Range of Icelandic Commonwealth is assumed.
[930, 1262]
Germanic
Confident No Edit
210
Latium - Bronze Age
* Year Range of Latium - Bronze Age is assumed.
[-1800, -900]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
211
Latium - Copper Age
* Year Range of Latium - Copper Age is assumed.
[-3600, -1800]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
212
Latium - Iron Age
* Year Range of Latium - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1000, -580]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
213
Ostrogothic Kingdom
* Year Range of Ostrogothic Kingdom is assumed.
[489, 554]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
214
Rome - Republic of St Peter II
* Year Range of Rome - Republic of St Peter II is assumed.
[904, 1198]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
215
Papal States - High Medieval Period
* Year Range of Papal States - High Medieval Period is assumed.
[1198, 1309]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
216
Papal States - Medieval Period I
* Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period I is assumed.
[1527, 1648]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
217
Papal States - Medieval Period II
* Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period II is assumed.
[1648, 1809]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
218
Papal States - Renaissance Period
* Year Range of Papal States - Renaissance Period is assumed.
[1378, 1527]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
219
Exarchate of Ravenna
* Year Range of Exarchate of Ravenna is assumed.
[568, 751]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
220
Early Roman Republic
* Year Range of Early Roman Republic is assumed.
[-509, -264]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
221
Late Roman Republic
* Year Range of Late Roman Republic is assumed.
[-133, -31]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
222
Middle Roman Republic
* Year Range of Middle Roman Republic is assumed.
[-264, -133]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
223
Roman Empire - Principate
* Year Range of Roman Empire - Principate is assumed.
[-31, 284]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
224
Roman Kingdom
* Year Range of Roman Kingdom is assumed.
[-716, -509]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
225
Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity
* Year Range of Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity is assumed.
[395, 476]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
226
Republic of St Peter I
* Year Range of Republic of St Peter I is assumed.
[711, 904]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
227
Republic of Venice III
* Year Range of Republic of Venice III is assumed.
[1204, 1563]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
228
Republic of Venice IV
* Year Range of Republic of Venice IV is assumed.
[1564, 1797]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
229
Ashikaga Shogunate
* Year Range of Ashikaga Shogunate is assumed.
[1336, 1467]
Japonic
Confident No Edit
230
Asuka
* Year Range of Asuka is assumed.
[538, 710]
Japonic
Confident No Edit
231
Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama
* Year Range of Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama is assumed.
[1568, 1603]
Japonic
Confident No Edit
232
Heian
* Year Range of Heian is assumed.
[794, 1185]
Japonic
Confident No Edit
233
Japan - Incipient Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Incipient Jomon is assumed.
[-13600, -9200]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
234
Japan - Initial Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Initial Jomon is assumed.
[-9200, -5300]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
235
Japan - Early Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Early Jomon is assumed.
[-5300, -3500]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
236
Japan - Middle Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Middle Jomon is assumed.
[-3500, -2500]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
237
Japan - Late Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Late Jomon is assumed.
[-2500, -1200]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
238
Japan - Final Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Final Jomon is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
239
Kamakura Shogunate
* Year Range of Kamakura Shogunate is assumed.
[1185, 1333]
Japonic
Confident No Edit
240
Kansai - Kofun Period
* Year Range of Kansai - Kofun Period is assumed.
[250, 537]
Japonic
Confident No Edit
241
Nara Kingdom
* Year Range of Nara Kingdom is assumed.
[710, 794]
Japonic
Confident No Edit
242
Warring States Japan
* Year Range of Warring States Japan is assumed.
[1467, 1568]
Japonic
Confident No Edit
243
Tokugawa Shogunate
* Year Range of Tokugawa Shogunate is assumed.
[1603, 1868]
Japonic
Confident No Edit
244
Kansai - Yayoi Period
* Year Range of Kansai - Yayoi Period is assumed.
[-300, 250]
Japonic
Confident No Edit
245
Kara-Khanids
* Year Range of Kara-Khanids is assumed.
[950, 1212]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
246
Kara-Khanids
* Year Range of Kara-Khanids is assumed.
[950, 1212]
Turkic
Confident No Edit
247
Classical Angkor
* Year Range of Classical Angkor is assumed.
[1100, 1220]
Austro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
248
Classical Angkor
* Year Range of Classical Angkor is assumed.
[1100, 1220]
Mon-Khmer
Confident No Edit
249
Early Angkor
* Year Range of Early Angkor is assumed.
[802, 1100]
Austro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
250
Early Angkor
* Year Range of Early Angkor is assumed.
[802, 1100]
Mon-Khmer
Confident No Edit
251
Late Angkor
* Year Range of Late Angkor is assumed.
[1220, 1432]
Austro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
252
Late Angkor
* Year Range of Late Angkor is assumed.
[1220, 1432]
Mon-Khmer
Confident No Edit
253
Khmer Kingdom
* Year Range of Khmer Kingdom is assumed.
[1432, 1594]
Austro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
254
Khmer Kingdom
* Year Range of Khmer Kingdom is assumed.
[1432, 1594]
Mon-Khmer
Confident No Edit
255
Chenla
* Year Range of Chenla is assumed.
[550, 825]
Austro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
256
Chenla
* Year Range of Chenla is assumed.
[550, 825]
Mon-Khmer
Confident No Edit
257
Funan I
* Year Range of Funan I is assumed.
[225, 540]
Austro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
258
Funan I
* Year Range of Funan I is assumed.
[225, 540]
unknown
Confident No Edit
259
Funan II
* Year Range of Funan II is assumed.
[540, 640]
Austro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
260
Andronovo
* Year Range of Andronovo is assumed.
[-1800, -1200]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
261
Phoenician Empire
* Year Range of Phoenician Empire is assumed.
[-1200, -332]
Semitic
Confident No Edit
262
Saadi Sultanate
* Year Range of Saadi Sultanate is assumed.
[1554, 1659]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
263
Bamana kingdom
* Year Range of Bamana kingdom is assumed.
[1712, 1861]
Mande
Confident No Edit
264
Jenne-jeno I
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno I is assumed.
[-250, 49]
suspected unknown
Confident No Edit
265
Jenne-jeno II
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno II is assumed.
[50, 399]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
266
Jenne-jeno III
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno III is assumed.
[400, 899]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
267
Jenne-jeno IV
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno IV is assumed.
[900, 1300]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
268
Mali Empire
* Year Range of Mali Empire is assumed.
[1230, 1410]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
269
Segou Kingdom
* Year Range of Segou Kingdom is assumed.
[1650, 1712]
Mande
Confident No Edit
270
Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty
* Year Range of Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty is assumed.
[1493, 1591]
Songhay
Confident No Edit
271
Eastern Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Eastern Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[583, 630]
Oghuz
Confident No Edit
272
Khitan I
* Year Range of Khitan I is assumed.
[907, 1125]
Mongolic
Confident No Edit
273
Mongol Empire
* Year Range of Mongol Empire is assumed.
[1206, 1368]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
274
Mongol Empire
* Year Range of Mongol Empire is assumed.
[1206, 1368]
Sino-Tibetan
Confident No Edit
275
Mongol Empire
* Year Range of Mongol Empire is assumed.
[1206, 1368]
Kartvelian
Confident No Edit
276
Early Mongols
* Year Range of Early Mongols is assumed.
[1000, 1206]
Mongolic
Confident No Edit
277
Early Mongols
* Year Range of Early Mongols is assumed.
[1000, 1206]
Turkic
Confident No Edit
278
Late Mongols
* Year Range of Late Mongols is assumed.
[1368, 1690]
Mongolic
Confident No Edit
279
Late Mongols
* Year Range of Late Mongols is assumed.
[1368, 1690]
Altaic
Confident No Edit
280
Rouran Khaganate
* Year Range of Rouran Khaganate is assumed.
[300, 555]
Mongolic
Confident No Edit
281
Shiwei
* Year Range of Shiwei is assumed.
[600, 1000]
Mongolic
Confident No Edit
282
Shiwei
* Year Range of Shiwei is assumed.
[600, 1000]
Manchu-Tungusic
Confident No Edit
283
Second Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Second Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[682, 744]
Oghuz
Confident No Edit
284
Uigur Khaganate
* Year Range of Uigur Khaganate is assumed.
[745, 840]
Oghuz
Confident No Edit
285
Xianbei Confederation
* Year Range of Xianbei Confederation is assumed.
[100, 250]
Proto-Mongolic
Confident No Edit
286
Early Xiongnu
* Year Range of Early Xiongnu is assumed.
[-1400, -300]
Turkic
Confident No Edit
287
Late Xiongnu
* Year Range of Late Xiongnu is assumed.
[-60, 100]
Turkic
Confident No Edit
288
Xiongnu Imperial Confederation
* Year Range of Xiongnu Imperial Confederation is assumed.
[-209, -60]
Turkic
Confident No Edit
289
Zungharian Empire
* Year Range of Zungharian Empire is assumed.
[1670, 1757]
Mongolic
Confident No Edit
290
Later Wagadu Empire
* Year Range of Later Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[1078, 1203]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
291
Middle Wagadu Empire
* Year Range of Middle Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[700, 1077]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
292
Early Monte Alban I
* Year Range of Early Monte Alban I is assumed.
[-500, -300]
Otomanguean
Confident No Edit
293
Monte Alban Late I
* Year Range of Monte Alban Late I is assumed.
[-300, -100]
Otomanguean
Confident No Edit
294
Monte Alban II
* Year Range of Monte Alban II is assumed.
[-100, 200]
Otomanguean
Confident No Edit
295
Monte Alban III
* Year Range of Monte Alban III is assumed.
[200, 500]
Otomanguean
Confident No Edit
296
Monte Alban IIIB and IV
* Year Range of Monte Alban IIIB and IV is assumed.
[500, 900]
Otomanguean
Confident No Edit
297
Monte Alban V
* Year Range of Monte Alban V is assumed.
[900, 1520]
Otomanguean
Confident No Edit
298
Early Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Early Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-1200, -801]
Proto-Otomanguean
Confident No Edit
299
Late Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Late Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-400, -101]
Otomanguean
Confident No Edit
300
Late Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Late Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-400, -101]
Mixe-Zoquean
Confident No Edit
301
Middle Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Middle Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-800, -401]
Proto-Otomanguean
Confident No Edit
302
Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-100, 99]
Otomanguean
Confident No Edit
303
Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-100, 99]
Mixe-Zoquean
Confident No Edit
304
Oaxaca - Rosario
* Year Range of Oaxaca - Rosario is assumed.
[-700, -500]
Proto-Otomanguean
Confident No Edit
305
Oaxaca - San Jose
* Year Range of Oaxaca - San Jose is assumed.
[-1150, -700]
Proto-Otomanguean
Confident No Edit
306
Oaxaca - Tierras Largas
* Year Range of Oaxaca - Tierras Largas is assumed.
[-1400, -1150]
Proto-Otomanguean
Confident No Edit
307
Kingdom of Norway II
* Year Range of Kingdom of Norway II is assumed.
[1262, 1396]
Germanic
Confident No Edit
308
Cuzco - Early Intermediate I
* Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate I is assumed.
[200, 499]
suspected unknown
Confident No Edit
309
Cuzco - Early Intermediate II
* Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate II is assumed.
[500, 649]
suspected unknown
Confident No Edit
310
Cuzco - Late Intermediate I
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate I is assumed.
[1000, 1250]
Aymaran
Confident No Edit
311
Cuzco - Late Intermediate II
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate II is assumed.
[1250, 1400]
Aymaran
Confident No Edit
312
Cuzco - Late Formative
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Formative is assumed.
[-500, 200]
suspected unknown
Confident No Edit
313
Inca Empire
* Year Range of Inca Empire is assumed.
[1375, 1532]
Quechuan
Confident No Edit
314
Wari Empire
* Year Range of Wari Empire is assumed.
[650, 999]
Quechuan
Confident No Edit
315
Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial
* Year Range of Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial is assumed.
[1734, 1883]
Papuan Languages
Confident No Edit
316
Orokaiva - Colonial
* Year Range of Orokaiva - Colonial is assumed.
[1884, 1942]
Papuan Languages
Confident No Edit
317
Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7500, -5500]
unknown
Confident No Edit
318
Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -4000]
unknown
Confident No Edit
319
Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-4000, -3200]
unknown
Confident No Edit
320
Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period is assumed.
[-1800, -1300]
unknown
Confident No Edit
321
Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period is assumed.
[-3200, -2500]
unknown
Confident No Edit
322
Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period is assumed.
[-1300, -500]
unknown
Confident No Edit
323
Kachi Plain - Urban Period I
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period I is assumed.
[-2500, -2100]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
324
Kachi Plain - Urban Period II
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period II is assumed.
[-2100, 1800]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
325
Sakha - Early
* Year Range of Sakha - Early is assumed.
[1400, 1632]
Altaic
Confident No Edit
326
Sakha - Late
* Year Range of Sakha - Late is assumed.
[1632, 1900]
Altaic
Confident No Edit
327
Egypt - Kushite Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Kushite Period is assumed.
[-747, -656]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
328
Umayyad Caliphate
* Year Range of Umayyad Caliphate is assumed.
[661, 750]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
329
Ayutthaya
* Year Range of Ayutthaya is assumed.
[1593, 1767]
Tai-Kadai
Confident No Edit
330
Rattanakosin
* Year Range of Rattanakosin is assumed.
[1782, 1873]
Tai-Kadai
Confident No Edit
331
Sarazm
* Year Range of Sarazm is assumed.
[-3500, -2000]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
332
Fatimid Caliphate
* Year Range of Fatimid Caliphate is assumed.
[909, 1171]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
333
Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age is assumed.
[-3000, -2000]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
334
Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
335
Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia
* Year Range of Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia is assumed.
[-2000, -1700]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
336
Byzantine Empire I
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire I is assumed.
[632, 866]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
337
Byzantine Empire II
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire II is assumed.
[867, 1072]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
338
Byzantine Empire III
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire III is assumed.
[1073, 1204]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
339
Late Cappadocia
* Year Range of Late Cappadocia is assumed.
[-322, -93]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
340
Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-6000, -5500]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
341
Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -3000]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
342
East Roman Empire
* Year Range of East Roman Empire is assumed.
[395, 631]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
343
Hatti - New Kingdom
* Year Range of Hatti - New Kingdom is assumed.
[-1400, -1180]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
344
Hatti - Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Hatti - Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-1650, -1500]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
345
Kingdom of Lydia
* Year Range of Kingdom of Lydia is assumed.
[-670, -546]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
346
Lysimachus Kingdom
* Year Range of Lysimachus Kingdom is assumed.
[-323, -281]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
347
Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7000, -6600]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
348
Konya Plain - Late Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Neolithic is assumed.
[-6600, -6000]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
349
Neo-Hittite Kingdoms
* Year Range of Neo-Hittite Kingdoms is assumed.
[-1180, -900]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
350
Ottoman Emirate
* Year Range of Ottoman Emirate is assumed.
[1299, 1402]
Turkic
Confident No Edit
351
Ottoman Empire I
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire I is assumed.
[1402, 1517]
Turkic
Confident No Edit
352
Ottoman Empire II
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire II is assumed.
[1517, 1683]
Turkic
Confident No Edit
353
Ottoman Empire III
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire III is assumed.
[1683, 1839]
Turkic
Confident No Edit
354
Phrygian Kingdom
* Year Range of Phrygian Kingdom is assumed.
[-900, -695]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
355
Roman Empire - Dominate
* Year Range of Roman Empire - Dominate is assumed.
[285, 394]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
356
Rum Sultanate
* Year Range of Rum Sultanate is assumed.
[1077, 1307]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
357
Rum Sultanate
* Year Range of Rum Sultanate is assumed.
[1077, 1307]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
358
Tabal Kingdoms
* Year Range of Tabal Kingdoms is assumed.
[-900, -730]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
359
Cahokia - Moorehead
* Year Range of Cahokia - Moorehead is assumed.
[1200, 1274]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
360
Early Illinois Confederation
* Year Range of Early Illinois Confederation is assumed.
[1640, 1717]
Algonquian
Confident No Edit
361
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early
* Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early is assumed.
[1566, 1713]
Iroquois
Confident No Edit
362
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late
* Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late is assumed.
[1714, 1848]
Iroquois
Confident No Edit
363
Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period
* Year Range of Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period is assumed.
[1778, 1819]
Austronesian
Confident No Edit
364
Cahokia - Early Woodland
* Year Range of Cahokia - Early Woodland is assumed.
[-600, -150]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
365
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II
* Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II is assumed.
[900, 1049]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
366
Cahokia - Late Woodland II
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland II is assumed.
[450, 600]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
367
Cahokia - Middle Woodland
* Year Range of Cahokia - Middle Woodland is assumed.
[-150, 300]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
368
Cahokia - Late Woodland I
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland I is assumed.
[300, 450]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
369
Cahokia - Sand Prairie
* Year Range of Cahokia - Sand Prairie is assumed.
[1275, 1400]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
370
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I
* Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I is assumed.
[750, 900]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
371
Oneota
* Year Range of Oneota is assumed.
[1400, 1650]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
372
Chagatai Khanate
* Year Range of Chagatai Khanate is assumed.
[1263, 1402]
Mongolic
Confident No Edit
373
Khanate of Bukhara
* Year Range of Khanate of Bukhara is assumed.
[1599, 1747]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
374
Ancient Khwarazm
* Year Range of Ancient Khwarazm is assumed.
[-1000, -521]
Iranian
Confident No Edit
375
Koktepe I
* Year Range of Koktepe I is assumed.
[-1400, -1000]
NO_VALUE_ON_WIKI
Confident No Edit
376
Koktepe II
* Year Range of Koktepe II is assumed.
[-750, -550]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
377
Samanid Empire
* Year Range of Samanid Empire is assumed.
[819, 999]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
378
Samanid Empire
* Year Range of Samanid Empire is assumed.
[819, 999]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
379
Sogdiana - City-States Period
* Year Range of Sogdiana - City-States Period is assumed.
[604, 711]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
380
Timurid Empire
* Year Range of Timurid Empire is assumed.
[1370, 1526]
Turkic
Confident No Edit
381
Timurid Empire
* Year Range of Timurid Empire is assumed.
[1370, 1526]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
382
Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty
* Year Range of Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty is assumed.
[1637, 1805]
Semitic
Confident No Edit
383
Qatabanian Commonwealth
* Year Range of Qatabanian Commonwealth is assumed.
[-450, -111]
Semitic
Confident No Edit
384
Sabaean Commonwealth
* Year Range of Sabaean Commonwealth is assumed.
[-800, -451]
Semitic
Confident No Edit
385
Kingdom of Saba and Dhu Raydan
* Year Range of Kingdom of Saba and Dhu Raydan is assumed.
[-110, 149]
Semitic
Confident No Edit
386
Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty
* Year Range of Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty is assumed.
[1454, 1517]
Semitic
Confident No Edit
387
Early Modern Sierra Leone
* Year Range of Early Modern Sierra Leone is assumed.
[1650, 1896]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
388
Kaabu
* Year Range of Kaabu is assumed.
[1500, 1867]
Mande
Confident No Edit
389
Freetown
* Year Range of Freetown is assumed.
[1787, 1808]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
390
Freetown
* Year Range of Freetown is assumed.
[1787, 1808]
Creoles and Pidgins
Confident No Edit
391
Futa Jallon
* Year Range of Futa Jallon is assumed.
[1725, 1896]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
392
West Burkina Faso Yellow I
* Year Range of West Burkina Faso Yellow I is assumed.
[100, 500]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
393
Pre-Sape Sierra Leone
* Year Range of Pre-Sape Sierra Leone is assumed.
[600, 1400]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
394
West Burkina Faso Red II and III
* Year Range of West Burkina Faso Red II and III is assumed.
[1100, 1400]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
395
West Burkina Faso Red IV
* Year Range of West Burkina Faso Red IV is assumed.
[1401, 1500]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
396
West Burkina Faso Red I
* Year Range of West Burkina Faso Red I is assumed.
[701, 1100]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
397
Mossi
* Year Range of Mossi is assumed.
[1100, 1897]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
398
Sape
* Year Range of Sape is assumed.
[1400, 1550]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
399
West Burkina Faso Yellow II
* Year Range of West Burkina Faso Yellow II is assumed.
[501, 700]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
400
Toutswe
* Year Range of Toutswe is assumed.
[700, 1250]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
401
Great Zimbabwe
* Year Range of Great Zimbabwe is assumed.
[1270, 1550]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
402
Torwa-Rozvi
* Year Range of Torwa-Rozvi is assumed.
[1494, 1850]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
403
Mutapa
* Year Range of Mutapa is assumed.
[1450, 1880]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
404
Pandya Empire
* Year Range of Pandya Empire is assumed.
[1250, 1323]
Dravidian
Confident No Edit
405
Dambadaneiya
* Year Range of Dambadaneiya is assumed.
[1232, 1293]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
406
Anurādhapura IV
* Year Range of Anurādhapura IV is assumed.
[614, 1017]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
407
Polonnaruwa
* Year Range of Polonnaruwa is assumed.
[1070, 1255]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
408
Polonnaruwa
* Year Range of Polonnaruwa is assumed.
[1070, 1255]
Dravidian
Confident No Edit
409
Anurādhapura III
* Year Range of Anurādhapura III is assumed.
[428, 614]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
410
Dutch Empire
* Year Range of Dutch Empire is assumed.
[1648, 1795]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
411
Anurādhapura I
* Year Range of Anurādhapura I is assumed.
[-300, 70]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
412
Jaffna
* Year Range of Jaffna is assumed.
[1310, 1591]
Dravidian
Confident No Edit
413
Jaffna
* Year Range of Jaffna is assumed.
[1310, 1591]
Indo-Aryan
Confident No Edit
414
Anurādhapura II
* Year Range of Anurādhapura II is assumed.
[70, 428]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
415
Kingdom of Jimma
* Year Range of Kingdom of Jimma is assumed.
[1790, 1932]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
416
Adal Sultanate
* Year Range of Adal Sultanate is assumed.
[1375, 1543]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
417
Tunni Sultanate
* Year Range of Tunni Sultanate is assumed.
[800, 1200]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
418
Ajuran Sultanate
* Year Range of Ajuran Sultanate is assumed.
[1250, 1700]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
419
Habr Yunis
* Year Range of Habr Yunis is assumed.
[1300, 1886]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
420
Kingdom of Gomma
* Year Range of Kingdom of Gomma is assumed.
[1780, 1886]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
421
Sultanate of Geledi
* Year Range of Sultanate of Geledi is assumed.
[1750, 1911]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
422
Shoa Sultanate
* Year Range of Shoa Sultanate is assumed.
[1108, 1285]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
423
Harla Kingdom
* Year Range of Harla Kingdom is assumed.
[-10000, 2000]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
424
Hadiya Sultanate
* Year Range of Hadiya Sultanate is assumed.
[1300, 1680]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
425
Ifat Sultanate
* Year Range of Ifat Sultanate is assumed.
[1280, 1375]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
426
Medri Bahri
* Year Range of Medri Bahri is assumed.
[1310, 1889]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
427
Majeerteen Sultanate
* Year Range of Majeerteen Sultanate is assumed.
[1750, 1926]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
428
Funj Sultanate
* Year Range of Funj Sultanate is assumed.
[1504, 1820]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
429
Kingdom of Kaffa
* Year Range of Kingdom of Kaffa is assumed.
[1390, 1897]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
430
Kingdom of Gumma
* Year Range of Kingdom of Gumma is assumed.
[1800, 1897]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
431
Emirate of Harar
* Year Range of Emirate of Harar is assumed.
[1650, 1875]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
432
Early Sultanate of Aussa
* Year Range of Early Sultanate of Aussa is assumed.
[1734, 1895]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
433
Isaaq Sultanate
* Year Range of Isaaq Sultanate is assumed.
[1300, 1886]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
434
Proto-Yoruba
* Year Range of Proto-Yoruba is assumed.
[301, 649]
Yoruboid
Confident No Edit
435
Classical Ife
* Year Range of Classical Ife is assumed.
[1000, 1400]
Yoruboid
Confident No Edit
436
Classical Ife
* Year Range of Classical Ife is assumed.
[1000, 1400]
Edoid
Confident No Edit
437
Late Formative Yoruba
* Year Range of Late Formative Yoruba is assumed.
[650, 1049]
Yoruboid
Confident No Edit
438
Ọ̀ràézè Ǹrì
* Year Range of Ọ̀ràézè Ǹrì is assumed.
[1043, 1911]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
439
Kingdom of Bohemia - Luxembourgian and Jagiellonian Dynasty
* Year Range of Kingdom of Bohemia - Luxembourgian and Jagiellonian Dynasty is assumed.
[1310, 1526]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
440
Nayaks of Madurai
* Year Range of Nayaks of Madurai is assumed.
[1529, 1736]
Dravidian
Confident No Edit
441
Aro
* Year Range of Aro is assumed.
[1690, 1902]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
442
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty II
* Year Range of Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty II is assumed.
[1776, 1917]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
443
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II
* Year Range of Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II is assumed.
[1649, 1918]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
444
Kwararafa
* Year Range of Kwararafa is assumed.
[596, 1820]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
445
Allada
* Year Range of Allada is assumed.
[1100, 1724]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
446
Ilú-ọba Ọ̀yọ́
* Year Range of Ilú-ọba Ọ̀yọ́ is assumed.
[1601, 1835]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
447
Whydah
* Year Range of Whydah is assumed.
[1671, 1727]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
448
Proto-Yoruboid
* Year Range of Proto-Yoruboid is assumed.
[-300, 300]
Proto-Bene-Kwa
Confident No Edit
449
Sokoto Caliphate
* Year Range of Sokoto Caliphate is assumed.
[1804, 1904]
Chadic
Confident No Edit
450
Sokoto Caliphate
* Year Range of Sokoto Caliphate is assumed.
[1804, 1904]
Semitic
Confident No Edit
451
Igala
* Year Range of Igala is assumed.
[1600, 1900]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
452
Igala
* Year Range of Igala is assumed.
[1600, 1900]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
453
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I
* Year Range of Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I is assumed.
[1614, 1775]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
454
Kingdom of Bohemia - Přemyslid Dynasty
* Year Range of Kingdom of Bohemia - Přemyslid Dynasty is assumed.
[1198, 1309]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
455
Electorate of Brandenburg
* Year Range of Electorate of Brandenburg is assumed.
[1415, 1618]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
456
State of the Teutonic Order
* Year Range of State of the Teutonic Order is assumed.
[1300, 1400]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
457
Hausa bakwai
* Year Range of Hausa bakwai is assumed.
[900, 1808]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
458
Kanem-Borno
* Year Range of Kanem-Borno is assumed.
[1380, 1893]
Saharan
Confident No Edit
459
Kanem-Borno
* Year Range of Kanem-Borno is assumed.
[1380, 1893]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
460
Foys
* Year Range of Foys is assumed.
[1600, 1892]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
461
Benin Empire
* Year Range of Benin Empire is assumed.
[1140, 1897]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
462
Wukari Federation
* Year Range of Wukari Federation is assumed.
[1820, 1899]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
463
Kingdom of Cayor
* Year Range of Kingdom of Cayor is assumed.
[1549, 1864]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
464
Kingdom of Saloum
* Year Range of Kingdom of Saloum is assumed.
[1490, 1863]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
465
Kingdom of Baol
* Year Range of Kingdom of Baol is assumed.
[1550, 1890]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
466
Kingdom of Sine
* Year Range of Kingdom of Sine is assumed.
[1350, 1887]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
467
Kingdom of Waalo
* Year Range of Kingdom of Waalo is assumed.
[1287, 1855]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
468
Jolof Empire
* Year Range of Jolof Empire is assumed.
[1360, 1549]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
469
Imamate of Futa Toro
* Year Range of Imamate of Futa Toro is assumed.
[1776, 1860]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
470
Imamate of Futa Toro
* Year Range of Imamate of Futa Toro is assumed.
[1776, 1860]
Afro-Asiatic
Confident No Edit
471
Denyanke Kingdom
* Year Range of Denyanke Kingdom is assumed.
[1490, 1776]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
472
Kingdom of Jolof
* Year Range of Kingdom of Jolof is assumed.
[1549, 1865]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
473
Buganda
* Year Range of Buganda is assumed.
[1700, 1894]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
474
Toro
* Year Range of Toro is assumed.
[1830, 1896]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
475
Buganda
* Year Range of Buganda is assumed.
[1450, 1699]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
476
Karagwe
* Year Range of Karagwe is assumed.
[1500, 1916]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
477
Kingdom of Niynginya
* Year Range of Kingdom of Niynginya is assumed.
[1650, 1897]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
478
Nkore
* Year Range of Nkore is assumed.
[1450, 1749]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
479
Ndorwa
* Year Range of Ndorwa is assumed.
[1700, 1800]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
480
Burundi
* Year Range of Burundi is assumed.
[1680, 1903]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
481
Mubari
* Year Range of Mubari is assumed.
[-10000, 2000]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
482
Gisaka
* Year Range of Gisaka is assumed.
[1700, 1867]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
483
Fipa
* Year Range of Fipa is assumed.
[1600, 1890]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
484
Bugesera
* Year Range of Bugesera is assumed.
[1700, 1799]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
485
Nkore
* Year Range of Nkore is assumed.
[1750, 1901]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
486
Buhaya
* Year Range of Buhaya is assumed.
[-10000, 2000]
Niger-Congo
Confident No Edit
487
Pandya Dynasty
* Year Range of Pandya Dynasty is assumed.
[590, 915]
Dravidian
Confident No Edit
488
Pandya Dynasty
* Year Range of Pandya Dynasty is assumed.
[590, 915]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
489
Early Cholas
* Year Range of Early Cholas is assumed.
[-600, 300]
Dravidian
Confident No Edit
490
Early Cholas
* Year Range of Early Cholas is assumed.
[-600, 300]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
491
Thanjavur Maratha Kingdom
* Year Range of Thanjavur Maratha Kingdom is assumed.
[1675, 1799]
Dravidian
Confident No Edit
492
Thanjavur Maratha Kingdom
* Year Range of Thanjavur Maratha Kingdom is assumed.
[1675, 1799]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
493
Early Pandyas
* Year Range of Early Pandyas is assumed.
[-600, 300]
Dravidian
Confident No Edit
494
Carnatic Sultanate
* Year Range of Carnatic Sultanate is assumed.
[1710, 1801]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
495
Carnatic Sultanate
* Year Range of Carnatic Sultanate is assumed.
[1710, 1801]
Southern Dravidian
Confident No Edit
496
Late Pallava Empire
* Year Range of Late Pallava Empire is assumed.
[300, 890]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
497
Late Pallava Empire
* Year Range of Late Pallava Empire is assumed.
[300, 890]
Dravidian
Confident No Edit
498
Kalabhra Dynasty
* Year Range of Kalabhra Dynasty is assumed.
[200, 600]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
499
Kalabhra Dynasty
* Year Range of Kalabhra Dynasty is assumed.
[200, 600]
Dravidian
Confident No Edit
500
Nayaks of Thanjavur
* Year Range of Nayaks of Thanjavur is assumed.
[1532, 1676]
Dravidian
Confident No Edit
501
Electorate of Bavaria
* Year Range of Electorate of Bavaria is assumed.
[1623, 1806]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
502
Germany - Hohenzollern Dynasty
* Year Range of Germany - Hohenzollern Dynasty is assumed.
[1871, 1918]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
503
Holy Roman Empire - Hohenstaufen Faction
* Year Range of Holy Roman Empire - Hohenstaufen Faction is assumed.
[1198, 1215]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
504
East Francia
* Year Range of East Francia is assumed.
[842, 919]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
505
Holy Roman Empire - Fragmented Period
* Year Range of Holy Roman Empire - Fragmented Period is assumed.
[1255, 1453]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
506
Early Merovingian
* Year Range of Early Merovingian is assumed.
[481, 543]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit
507
Polish Kingdom - Piast Dynasty
* Year Range of Polish Kingdom - Piast Dynasty is assumed.
[963, 1138]
Indo-European
Confident No Edit