Section: General Variables
Subsection: General

Polity Degree of Centralization

The degree of centralization of a polity.  
Contributors: Jenny, Majid, Peter

Variable Definition
Polity The Seshat Polity Name
Year(s) The years for which we have the data. [negative = BCE]
Confidence Inferred : The value is inferred.
Suspected : The value is suspected (Expert Check Needed).
Evidenced : The value is backed up by sufficient evidence.
Disputed? No : No disagreement among scholars.
Yes : There is disagreement among scholars.
Expert? : Not yet Checked by a Seshat Expert.
: Checked and accepted by a Seshat Expert (or RA).

Variable Definition
degree_of_centralization The details of degree_of_centralization.

# Polity   Year(s)   Degree of Centralization   Confidence     Disputed?     Expert?   Edit
1
East Francia
842 CE 880 CE
loose
Confident No Edit
2
East Francia
880 CE 911 CE
confederated state
Confident No Edit
3
Polish Kingdom - Piast Dynasty
966 CE 1138 CE
unitary state
Confident No Edit
4
Hungary Kingdom - Árpád Dynasty
1000 CE 1150 CE
loose
Confident No Edit
5
Polish Kingdom - Piast Dynasty Fragmented Period
1139 CE 1320 CE
none
Confident No Edit
6
Benin Empire
1180 CE 1428 CE
loose
Confident No Edit
7
Kingdom of Bohemia - Přemyslid Dynasty
1198 CE 1253 CE
confederated state
Confident No Edit
8
Hungary Kingdom - Árpád Dynasty
1222 CE 1301 CE
confederated state
Confident No Edit
9
Polish Kingdom - Piast Dynasty Fragmented Period
1320 CE 1370 CE
unitary state
Confident No Edit
10
Kingdom of Kaffa
1390 CE 1529 CE
unknown
Suspected No Edit
11
Electorate of Brandenburg
1415 CE 1539 CE
loose
Confident No Edit
12
Benin Empire
1428 CE 1897 CE
confederated state
Confident No Edit
13
Kingdom of Kaffa
1530 CE 1897 CE
loose
Confident No Edit
14
Electorate of Brandenburg
1539 CE 1618 CE
confederated state
Confident No Edit
15
Kingdom of Niynginya
1650 CE 1720 CE
nominal
Confident No Edit
16
Kingdom of Niynginya
1736 CE 1796 CE
unitary state
Confident No Edit
17
Kingdom of Niynginya
1736 CE 1796 CE
nominal
Confident No Edit
18
Kingdom of Niynginya
1797 CE 1897 CE
unitary state
Confident No Edit
19
Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty
* Year Range of Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty is assumed.
[1454, 1517]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
20
Rasulid Dynasty
* Year Range of Rasulid Dynasty is assumed.
[1229, 1453]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
21
Egypt - Late Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Late Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2350, -2150]
loose
Confident No Edit
22
Ptolemaic Kingdom I
* Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom I is assumed.
[-305, -217]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
23
Ptolemaic Kingdom II
* Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom II is assumed.
[-217, -30]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
24
Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period is assumed.
[868, 969]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
25
Atlantic Complex
* Year Range of Atlantic Complex is assumed.
[-2200, -1000]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
26
Beaker Culture
* Year Range of Beaker Culture is assumed.
[-3200, -2000]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
27
Eastern Han Empire
* Year Range of Eastern Han Empire is assumed.
[25, 220]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
28
French Kingdom - Late Capetian
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Capetian is assumed.
[1150, 1328]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
29
La Tene A-B1
* Year Range of La Tene A-B1 is assumed.
[-475, -325]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
30
La Tene B2-C1
* Year Range of La Tene B2-C1 is assumed.
[-325, -175]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
31
La Tene C2-D
* Year Range of La Tene C2-D is assumed.
[-175, -27]
nominal
Confident No Edit
32
French Kingdom - Late Valois
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Valois is assumed.
[1450, 1589]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
33
New Palace Crete
* Year Range of New Palace Crete is assumed.
[-1700, -1450]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
34
The Old Palace Crete
* Year Range of The Old Palace Crete is assumed.
[-1900, -1700]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
35
Kampili Kingdom
* Year Range of Kampili Kingdom is assumed.
[1280, 1327]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
36
Eastern Han Empire
* Year Range of Eastern Han Empire is assumed.
[25, 220]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
37
Hmong - Early Chinese
* Year Range of Hmong - Early Chinese is assumed.
[1895, 1941]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
38
Jin
* Year Range of Jin is assumed.
[-780, -404]
loose
Confident No Edit
39
Northern Song
* Year Range of Northern Song is assumed.
[960, 1127]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
40
Tang Dynasty I
* Year Range of Tang Dynasty I is assumed.
[617, 763]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
41
Tairona
* Year Range of Tairona is assumed.
[1050, 1524]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
42
Shuar - Colonial
* Year Range of Shuar - Colonial is assumed.
[1534, 1830]
nominal
Confident No Edit
43
Shuar - Colonial
* Year Range of Shuar - Colonial is assumed.
[1534, 1830]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
44
Shuar - Ecuadorian
* Year Range of Shuar - Ecuadorian is assumed.
[1831, 1931]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
45
Ak Koyunlu
* Year Range of Ak Koyunlu is assumed.
[1339, 1501]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
46
Ak Koyunlu
* Year Range of Ak Koyunlu is assumed.
[1339, 1501]
loose
Confident No Edit
47
Parthian Empire I
* Year Range of Parthian Empire I is assumed.
[-247, 40]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
48
Canaan
* Year Range of Canaan is assumed.
[-2000, -1175]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
49
Yisrael
* Year Range of Yisrael is assumed.
[-1030, -722]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
50
Late Roman Republic
* Year Range of Late Roman Republic is assumed.
[-133, -31]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
51
Phoenician Empire
* Year Range of Phoenician Empire is assumed.
[-1200, -332]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
52
Second Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Second Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[682, 744]
loose
Confident No Edit
53
Zungharian Empire
* Year Range of Zungharian Empire is assumed.
[1670, 1757]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
54
Ayyubid Sultanate
* Year Range of Ayyubid Sultanate is assumed.
[1171, 1250]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
55
Egypt - Dynasty II
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty II is assumed.
[-2900, -2687]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
56
Chalukyas of Kalyani
* Year Range of Chalukyas of Kalyani is assumed.
[973, 1191]
loose
Confident No Edit
57
Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period
* Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period is assumed.
[-1293, -1070]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
58
Egypt - Saite Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Saite Period is assumed.
[-664, -525]
loose
Confident No Edit
59
Egypt - Saite Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Saite Period is assumed.
[-664, -525]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
60
Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period is assumed.
[-1720, -1567]
nominal
Confident No Edit
61
Spanish Empire I
* Year Range of Spanish Empire I is assumed.
[1516, 1715]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
62
Axum I
* Year Range of Axum I is assumed.
[-149, 349]
nominal
Confident No Edit
63
Axum I
* Year Range of Axum I is assumed.
[-149, 349]
loose
Confident No Edit
64
Axum I
* Year Range of Axum I is assumed.
[-149, 349]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
65
Chuuk - Late Truk
* Year Range of Chuuk - Late Truk is assumed.
[1886, 1948]
loose
Confident No Edit
66
French Kingdom - Early Bourbon
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Bourbon is assumed.
[1589, 1660]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
67
French Kingdom - Late Bourbon
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Bourbon is assumed.
[1660, 1815]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
68
Carolingian Empire I
* Year Range of Carolingian Empire I is assumed.
[752, 840]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
69
Hallstatt C
* Year Range of Hallstatt C is assumed.
[-700, -600]
loose
Confident No Edit
70
Archaic Crete
* Year Range of Archaic Crete is assumed.
[-710, -500]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
71
Classical Crete
* Year Range of Classical Crete is assumed.
[-500, -323]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
72
The Emirate of Crete
* Year Range of The Emirate of Crete is assumed.
[824, 961]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
73
Geometric Crete
* Year Range of Geometric Crete is assumed.
[-1000, -710]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
74
Hellenistic Crete
* Year Range of Hellenistic Crete is assumed.
[-323, -69]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
75
Neolithic Crete
* Year Range of Neolithic Crete is assumed.
[-7000, -3000]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
76
Yehuda
* Year Range of Yehuda is assumed.
[-141, -63]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
77
Deccan - Iron Age
* Year Range of Deccan - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
78
Deccan - Neolithic
* Year Range of Deccan - Neolithic is assumed.
[-2700, -1200]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
79
French Kingdom - Late Capetian
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Capetian is assumed.
[1150, 1328]
loose
Confident No Edit
80
Pre-Sape Sierra Leone
* Year Range of Pre-Sape Sierra Leone is assumed.
[600, 1400]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
81
West Burkina Faso Red II and III
* Year Range of West Burkina Faso Red II and III is assumed.
[1100, 1400]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
82
West Burkina Faso Red IV
* Year Range of West Burkina Faso Red IV is assumed.
[1401, 1500]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
83
Early Merovingian
* Year Range of Early Merovingian is assumed.
[481, 543]
nominal
Confident No Edit
84
Middle Merovingian
* Year Range of Middle Merovingian is assumed.
[543, 687]
nominal
Confident No Edit
85
Anurādhapura IV
* Year Range of Anurādhapura IV is assumed.
[614, 1017]
nominal
Confident No Edit
86
Classical Angkor
* Year Range of Classical Angkor is assumed.
[1100, 1220]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
87
Early Angkor
* Year Range of Early Angkor is assumed.
[802, 1100]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
88
Chenla
* Year Range of Chenla is assumed.
[550, 825]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
89
Funan I
* Year Range of Funan I is assumed.
[225, 540]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
90
Funan II
* Year Range of Funan II is assumed.
[540, 640]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
91
Andronovo
* Year Range of Andronovo is assumed.
[-1800, -1200]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
92
Saadi Sultanate
* Year Range of Saadi Sultanate is assumed.
[1554, 1659]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
93
Bamana kingdom
* Year Range of Bamana kingdom is assumed.
[1712, 1861]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
94
Mali Empire
* Year Range of Mali Empire is assumed.
[1230, 1410]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
95
Segou Kingdom
* Year Range of Segou Kingdom is assumed.
[1650, 1712]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
96
Proto-Yoruba
* Year Range of Proto-Yoruba is assumed.
[301, 649]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
97
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II
* Year Range of Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II is assumed.
[1649, 1918]
nominal
Confident No Edit
98
Early Mongols
* Year Range of Early Mongols is assumed.
[1000, 1206]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
99
Rouran Khaganate
* Year Range of Rouran Khaganate is assumed.
[300, 555]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
100
Late Xiongnu
* Year Range of Late Xiongnu is assumed.
[-60, 100]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
101
Kwararafa
* Year Range of Kwararafa is assumed.
[596, 1820]
loose
Confident No Edit
102
Allada
* Year Range of Allada is assumed.
[1100, 1724]
unitary state
Confident Yes Edit
103
Kanem-Borno
* Year Range of Kanem-Borno is assumed.
[1380, 1893]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
104
Wukari Federation
* Year Range of Wukari Federation is assumed.
[1820, 1899]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
105
Neo-Hittite Kingdoms
* Year Range of Neo-Hittite Kingdoms is assumed.
[-1180, -900]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
106
Phrygian Kingdom
* Year Range of Phrygian Kingdom is assumed.
[-900, -695]
loose
Confident No Edit
107
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early
* Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early is assumed.
[1566, 1713]
loose
Confident No Edit
108
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late
* Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late is assumed.
[1714, 1848]
loose
Confident No Edit
109
Buhaya
* Year Range of Buhaya is assumed.
[-10000, 2000]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
110
Toutswe
* Year Range of Toutswe is assumed.
[700, 1250]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
111
Oyo
* Year Range of Oyo is assumed.
[1300, 1535]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
112
Monopalatial Crete
* Year Range of Monopalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1450, -1300]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
113
La Tene B2-C1
* Year Range of La Tene B2-C1 is assumed.
[-325, -175]
loose
Confident No Edit
114
French Kingdom - Early Valois
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Valois is assumed.
[1328, 1450]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
115
French Kingdom - Late Valois
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Valois is assumed.
[1450, 1589]
loose
Confident No Edit
116
Akan - Pre-Ashanti
* Year Range of Akan - Pre-Ashanti is assumed.
[1501, 1701]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
117
Ashanti Empire
* Year Range of Ashanti Empire is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
118
Prepalatial Crete
* Year Range of Prepalatial Crete is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
119
Hawaii II
* Year Range of Hawaii II is assumed.
[1200, 1580]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
120
Iban - Pre-Brooke
* Year Range of Iban - Pre-Brooke is assumed.
[1650, 1841]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
121
Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial
* Year Range of Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial is assumed.
[1841, 1987]
loose
Confident No Edit
122
Kediri Kingdom
* Year Range of Kediri Kingdom is assumed.
[1049, 1222]
nominal
Confident No Edit
123
Medang Kingdom
* Year Range of Medang Kingdom is assumed.
[732, 1019]
nominal
Confident No Edit
124
Chalukyas of Badami
* Year Range of Chalukyas of Badami is assumed.
[543, 753]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
125
Hoysala Kingdom
* Year Range of Hoysala Kingdom is assumed.
[1108, 1346]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
126
Mughal Empire
* Year Range of Mughal Empire is assumed.
[1526, 1858]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
127
Papal States - Medieval Period II
* Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period II is assumed.
[1648, 1809]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
128
Ubaid
* Year Range of Ubaid is assumed.
[-5500, -4201]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
129
Uruk
* Year Range of Uruk is assumed.
[-4000, -2900]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
130
Abbasid Caliphate II
* Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate II is assumed.
[1191, 1258]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
131
Neo-Assyrian Empire
* Year Range of Neo-Assyrian Empire is assumed.
[-911, -612]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
132
Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar
* Year Range of Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar is assumed.
[-7000, -6000]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
133
Formative Period
* Year Range of Formative Period is assumed.
[-7200, -7000]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
134
Susiana - Early Ubaid
* Year Range of Susiana - Early Ubaid is assumed.
[-5100, -4700]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
135
Pre-Ceramic Period
* Year Range of Pre-Ceramic Period is assumed.
[-7800, -7200]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
136
Qajar
* Year Range of Qajar is assumed.
[1794, 1925]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
137
Sasanid Empire II
* Year Range of Sasanid Empire II is assumed.
[488, 642]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
138
Early Roman Republic
* Year Range of Early Roman Republic is assumed.
[-509, -264]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
139
Kassite Babylonia
* Year Range of Kassite Babylonia is assumed.
[-1595, -1150]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
140
Early Dynastic
* Year Range of Early Dynastic is assumed.
[-2900, -2500]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
141
Early Dynastic
* Year Range of Early Dynastic is assumed.
[-2900, -2500]
nominal
Confident No Edit
142
Neo-Babylonian Empire
* Year Range of Neo-Babylonian Empire is assumed.
[-626, -539]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
143
Elam - Crisis Period
* Year Range of Elam - Crisis Period is assumed.
[-1100, -900]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
144
Elam - Shutrukid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Shutrukid Period is assumed.
[-1199, -1100]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
145
Safavid Empire
* Year Range of Safavid Empire is assumed.
[1501, 1722]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
146
Sasanid Empire I
* Year Range of Sasanid Empire I is assumed.
[205, 487]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
147
Elam - Early Sukkalmah
* Year Range of Elam - Early Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1900, -1701]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
148
Elam - Early Sukkalmah
* Year Range of Elam - Early Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1900, -1701]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
149
Susa I
* Year Range of Susa I is assumed.
[-4300, -3800]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
150
Icelandic Commonwealth
* Year Range of Icelandic Commonwealth is assumed.
[930, 1262]
nominal
Confident No Edit
151
Latium - Bronze Age
* Year Range of Latium - Bronze Age is assumed.
[-1800, -900]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
152
Latium - Copper Age
* Year Range of Latium - Copper Age is assumed.
[-3600, -1800]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
153
Exarchate of Ravenna
* Year Range of Exarchate of Ravenna is assumed.
[568, 751]
loose
Confident No Edit
154
Exarchate of Ravenna
* Year Range of Exarchate of Ravenna is assumed.
[568, 751]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
155
Middle Roman Republic
* Year Range of Middle Roman Republic is assumed.
[-264, -133]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
156
Roman Empire - Principate
* Year Range of Roman Empire - Principate is assumed.
[-31, 284]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
157
Roman Kingdom
* Year Range of Roman Kingdom is assumed.
[-716, -509]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
158
Early Monte Alban I
* Year Range of Early Monte Alban I is assumed.
[-500, -300]
uncoded
Confident No Edit
159
Republic of Venice III
* Year Range of Republic of Venice III is assumed.
[1204, 1563]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
160
Republic of Venice IV
* Year Range of Republic of Venice IV is assumed.
[1564, 1797]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
161
Ashikaga Shogunate
* Year Range of Ashikaga Shogunate is assumed.
[1336, 1467]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
162
Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty
* Year Range of Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty is assumed.
[1493, 1591]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
163
Late Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Late Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-400, -101]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
164
Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-100, 99]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
165
Cuzco - Early Intermediate I
* Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate I is assumed.
[200, 499]
none
Confident No Edit
166
Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama
* Year Range of Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama is assumed.
[1568, 1603]
loose
Confident No Edit
167
Japan - Initial Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Initial Jomon is assumed.
[-9200, -5300]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
168
Japan - Final Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Final Jomon is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
169
Warring States Japan
* Year Range of Warring States Japan is assumed.
[1467, 1568]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
170
Kansai - Yayoi Period
* Year Range of Kansai - Yayoi Period is assumed.
[-300, 250]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
171
Monte Alban V
* Year Range of Monte Alban V is assumed.
[900, 1520]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
172
Kingdom of Norway II
* Year Range of Kingdom of Norway II is assumed.
[1262, 1396]
loose
Confident No Edit
173
Oneota
* Year Range of Oneota is assumed.
[1400, 1650]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
174
Samanid Empire
* Year Range of Samanid Empire is assumed.
[819, 999]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
175
Himyar I
* Year Range of Himyar I is assumed.
[270, 340]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
176
Cuzco - Late Formative
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Formative is assumed.
[-500, 200]
none
Confident No Edit
177
Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period is assumed.
[-1300, -500]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
178
Sind - Samma Dynasty
* Year Range of Sind - Samma Dynasty is assumed.
[1335, 1521]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
179
Sarazm
* Year Range of Sarazm is assumed.
[-3500, -2000]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
180
Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age is assumed.
[-3000, -2000]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
181
Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia
* Year Range of Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia is assumed.
[-2000, -1700]
loose
Confident No Edit
182
Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia
* Year Range of Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia is assumed.
[-2000, -1700]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
183
Byzantine Empire I
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire I is assumed.
[632, 866]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
184
Byzantine Empire III
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire III is assumed.
[1073, 1204]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
185
Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-6000, -5500]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
186
Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -3000]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
187
East Roman Empire
* Year Range of East Roman Empire is assumed.
[395, 631]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
188
Hatti - New Kingdom
* Year Range of Hatti - New Kingdom is assumed.
[-1400, -1180]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
189
Hatti - Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Hatti - Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-1650, -1500]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
190
Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7000, -6600]
unknown
Confident No Edit
191
Konya Plain - Early Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Neolithic is assumed.
[-9600, -7000]
unknown
Confident No Edit
192
Ottoman Emirate
* Year Range of Ottoman Emirate is assumed.
[1299, 1402]
loose
Confident No Edit
193
Ottoman Emirate
* Year Range of Ottoman Emirate is assumed.
[1299, 1402]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
194
Ottoman Empire I
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire I is assumed.
[1402, 1517]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
195
Ottoman Empire II
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire II is assumed.
[1517, 1683]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
196
Ottoman Empire III
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire III is assumed.
[1683, 1839]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
197
Roman Empire - Dominate
* Year Range of Roman Empire - Dominate is assumed.
[285, 394]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
198
Rum Sultanate
* Year Range of Rum Sultanate is assumed.
[1077, 1307]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
199
Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling
* Year Range of Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling is assumed.
[1055, 1199]
loose
Confident No Edit
200
Cahokia - Moorehead
* Year Range of Cahokia - Moorehead is assumed.
[1200, 1274]
loose
Confident No Edit
201
Cahokia - Early Woodland
* Year Range of Cahokia - Early Woodland is assumed.
[-600, -150]
none
Confident No Edit
202
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II
* Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II is assumed.
[900, 1049]
loose
Confident No Edit
203
Cahokia - Late Woodland II
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland II is assumed.
[450, 600]
none
Confident No Edit
204
Cahokia - Middle Woodland
* Year Range of Cahokia - Middle Woodland is assumed.
[-150, 300]
none
Confident No Edit
205
Cahokia - Late Woodland III
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland III is assumed.
[600, 750]
none
Confident No Edit
206
Cahokia - Late Woodland I
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland I is assumed.
[300, 450]
none
Confident No Edit
207
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I
* Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I is assumed.
[750, 900]
none
Confident No Edit
208
Koktepe I
* Year Range of Koktepe I is assumed.
[-1400, -1000]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
209
Wari Empire
* Year Range of Wari Empire is assumed.
[650, 999]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
210
Orokaiva - Colonial
* Year Range of Orokaiva - Colonial is assumed.
[1884, 1942]
loose
Confident No Edit
211
Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-4000, -3200]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
212
Sakha - Early
* Year Range of Sakha - Early is assumed.
[1400, 1632]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
213
Sakha - Late
* Year Range of Sakha - Late is assumed.
[1632, 1900]
loose
Confident No Edit
214
Egypt - Kushite Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Kushite Period is assumed.
[-747, -656]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
215
Umayyad Caliphate
* Year Range of Umayyad Caliphate is assumed.
[661, 750]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
216
Fatimid Caliphate
* Year Range of Fatimid Caliphate is assumed.
[909, 1171]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
217
Byzantine Empire II
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire II is assumed.
[867, 1072]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
218
Durrani Empire
* Year Range of Durrani Empire is assumed.
[1747, 1826]
loose
Confident No Edit
219
Ghur Principality
* Year Range of Ghur Principality is assumed.
[1025, 1215]
loose
Confident No Edit
220
Ghur Principality
* Year Range of Ghur Principality is assumed.
[1025, 1215]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
221
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
* Year Range of Greco-Bactrian Kingdom is assumed.
[-256, -125]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
222
Hephthalites
* Year Range of Hephthalites is assumed.
[408, 561]
nominal
Confident No Edit
223
Hephthalites
* Year Range of Hephthalites is assumed.
[408, 561]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
224
Egypt - Late Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Late Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2350, -2150]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
225
Kushan Empire
* Year Range of Kushan Empire is assumed.
[35, 319]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
226
Tocharians
* Year Range of Tocharians is assumed.
[-129, 29]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
227
Erligang
* Year Range of Erligang is assumed.
[-1650, -1250]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
228
Erligang
* Year Range of Erligang is assumed.
[-1650, -1250]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
229
Erlitou
* Year Range of Erlitou is assumed.
[-1850, -1600]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
230
Egypt - Period of the Regions
* Year Range of Egypt - Period of the Regions is assumed.
[-2150, -2016]
loose
Confident No Edit
231
Hmong - Late Qing
* Year Range of Hmong - Late Qing is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
232
Longshan
* Year Range of Longshan is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
233
Late Shang
* Year Range of Late Shang is assumed.
[-1250, -1045]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
234
Tang Dynasty II
* Year Range of Tang Dynasty II is assumed.
[763, 907]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
235
Early Wei Dynasty
* Year Range of Early Wei Dynasty is assumed.
[-445, -225]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
236
Western Zhou
* Year Range of Western Zhou is assumed.
[-1122, -771]
loose
Confident No Edit
237
Western Zhou
* Year Range of Western Zhou is assumed.
[-1122, -771]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
238
Yangshao
* Year Range of Yangshao is assumed.
[-5000, -3000]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
239
Egypt - Period of the Regions
* Year Range of Egypt - Period of the Regions is assumed.
[-2150, -2016]
nominal
Confident No Edit
240
Neguanje
* Year Range of Neguanje is assumed.
[250, 1050]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
241
Ayyubid Sultanate
* Year Range of Ayyubid Sultanate is assumed.
[1171, 1250]
loose
Confident No Edit
242
Ayyubid Sultanate
* Year Range of Ayyubid Sultanate is assumed.
[1171, 1250]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
243
Egypt - Dynasty I
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty I is assumed.
[-3100, -2900]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
244
Naqada I
* Year Range of Naqada I is assumed.
[-3800, -3550]
none
Confident No Edit
245
Naqada II
* Year Range of Naqada II is assumed.
[-3550, -3300]
unknown
Confident No Edit
246
Egypt - Dynasty 0
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty 0 is assumed.
[-3300, -3100]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
247
Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period
* Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period is assumed.
[-1293, -1070]
loose
Confident No Edit
248
Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2650, -2350]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
249
Carolingian Empire II
* Year Range of Carolingian Empire II is assumed.
[840, 987]
nominal
Confident No Edit
250
Egypt - Period of the Regions
* Year Range of Egypt - Period of the Regions is assumed.
[-2150, -2016]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
251
Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period is assumed.
[-1720, -1567]
loose
Confident No Edit
252
Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period is assumed.
[-1720, -1567]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
253
Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period is assumed.
[-1069, -747]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
254
Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period is assumed.
[-1069, -747]
nominal
Confident No Edit
255
Chuuk - Early Truk
* Year Range of Chuuk - Early Truk is assumed.
[1775, 1886]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
256
Proto-French Kingdom
* Year Range of Proto-French Kingdom is assumed.
[987, 1150]
nominal
Confident No Edit
257
Proto-French Kingdom
* Year Range of Proto-French Kingdom is assumed.
[987, 1150]
loose
Confident No Edit
258
Carolingian Empire II
* Year Range of Carolingian Empire II is assumed.
[840, 987]
loose
Confident No Edit
259
Hallstatt A-B1
* Year Range of Hallstatt A-B1 is assumed.
[-1000, -900]
loose
Confident No Edit
260
Hallstatt B2-3
* Year Range of Hallstatt B2-3 is assumed.
[-900, -700]
loose
Confident No Edit
261
Hallstatt D
* Year Range of Hallstatt D is assumed.
[-600, -475]
loose
Confident No Edit
262
Early Merovingian
* Year Range of Early Merovingian is assumed.
[481, 543]
loose
Confident No Edit
263
Early Merovingian
* Year Range of Early Merovingian is assumed.
[481, 543]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
264
Early Merovingian
* Year Range of Early Merovingian is assumed.
[481, 543]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
265
Middle Merovingian
* Year Range of Middle Merovingian is assumed.
[543, 687]
loose
Confident No Edit
266
Middle Merovingian
* Year Range of Middle Merovingian is assumed.
[543, 687]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
267
Middle Merovingian
* Year Range of Middle Merovingian is assumed.
[543, 687]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
268
La Tene A-B1
* Year Range of La Tene A-B1 is assumed.
[-475, -325]
loose
Confident No Edit
269
British Empire II
* Year Range of British Empire II is assumed.
[1850, 1968]
loose
Confident No Edit
270
Final Postpalatial Crete
* Year Range of Final Postpalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1200, -1000]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
271
Satavahana Empire
* Year Range of Satavahana Empire is assumed.
[-100, 203]
loose
Confident No Edit
272
Postpalatial Crete
* Year Range of Postpalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1300, -1200]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
273
Hawaii I
* Year Range of Hawaii I is assumed.
[1000, 1200]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
274
Hawaii III
* Year Range of Hawaii III is assumed.
[1580, 1778]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
275
Hawaii III
* Year Range of Hawaii III is assumed.
[1580, 1778]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
276
Hawaii III
* Year Range of Hawaii III is assumed.
[1580, 1778]
loose
Confident No Edit
277
Hawaii III
* Year Range of Hawaii III is assumed.
[1580, 1778]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
278
Hawaii III
* Year Range of Hawaii III is assumed.
[1580, 1778]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
279
Hawaii III
* Year Range of Hawaii III is assumed.
[1580, 1778]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
280
Shiwei
* Year Range of Shiwei is assumed.
[600, 1000]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
281
Majapahit Kingdom
* Year Range of Majapahit Kingdom is assumed.
[1292, 1518]
loose
Confident No Edit
282
Mataram Sultanate
* Year Range of Mataram Sultanate is assumed.
[1568, 1703]
loose
Confident No Edit
283
Post-Mauryan Kingdoms
* Year Range of Post-Mauryan Kingdoms is assumed.
[-205, -101]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
284
Delhi Sultanate
* Year Range of Delhi Sultanate is assumed.
[1206, 1526]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
285
Early A'chik
* Year Range of Early A'chik is assumed.
[1775, 1867]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
286
Late A'chik
* Year Range of Late A'chik is assumed.
[1867, 1956]
loose
Confident No Edit
287
Gupta Dynasty
* Year Range of Gupta Dynasty is assumed.
[320, 515]
loose
Confident No Edit
288
Kadamba Empire
* Year Range of Kadamba Empire is assumed.
[345, 550]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
289
Maurya Empire
* Year Range of Maurya Empire is assumed.
[-324, -187]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
290
Rashtrakuta Empire
* Year Range of Rashtrakuta Empire is assumed.
[753, 973]
loose
Confident No Edit
291
Susiana - Late Ubaid
* Year Range of Susiana - Late Ubaid is assumed.
[-4700, -4300]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
292
Satavahana Empire
* Year Range of Satavahana Empire is assumed.
[-100, 203]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
293
Vakataka Kingdom
* Year Range of Vakataka Kingdom is assumed.
[255, 550]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
294
Vijayanagara Empire
* Year Range of Vijayanagara Empire is assumed.
[1336, 1646]
loose
Confident No Edit
295
Elam - Igihalkid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Igihalkid Period is assumed.
[-1399, -1200]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
296
Vijayanagara Empire
* Year Range of Vijayanagara Empire is assumed.
[1336, 1646]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
297
Vijayanagara Empire
* Year Range of Vijayanagara Empire is assumed.
[1336, 1646]
nominal
Confident No Edit
298
Abbasid Caliphate I
* Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate I is assumed.
[750, 946]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
299
Abbasid Caliphate I
* Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate I is assumed.
[750, 946]
nominal
Confident No Edit
300
Akkadian Empire
* Year Range of Akkadian Empire is assumed.
[-2270, -2083]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
301
Amorite Babylonia
* Year Range of Amorite Babylonia is assumed.
[-2000, -1600]
nominal
Confident No Edit
302
Amorite Babylonia
* Year Range of Amorite Babylonia is assumed.
[-2000, -1600]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
303
Elymais II
* Year Range of Elymais II is assumed.
[25, 215]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
304
Bazi Dynasty
* Year Range of Bazi Dynasty is assumed.
[-1005, -986]
nominal
Confident No Edit
305
Dynasty of E
* Year Range of Dynasty of E is assumed.
[-979, -732]
nominal
Confident No Edit
306
Second Dynasty of Isin
* Year Range of Second Dynasty of Isin is assumed.
[-1153, -1027]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
307
Isin-Larsa
* Year Range of Isin-Larsa is assumed.
[-2004, -1763]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
308
Ur - Dynasty III
* Year Range of Ur - Dynasty III is assumed.
[-2112, -2004]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
309
Achaemenid Empire
* Year Range of Achaemenid Empire is assumed.
[-550, -331]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
310
Ilkhanate
* Year Range of Ilkhanate is assumed.
[1256, 1339]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
311
Susiana B
* Year Range of Susiana B is assumed.
[-5700, -5100]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
312
Elam - Awan Dynasty I
* Year Range of Elam - Awan Dynasty I is assumed.
[-2675, -2100]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
313
Buyid Confederation
* Year Range of Buyid Confederation is assumed.
[932, 1062]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
314
Elam - Crisis Period
* Year Range of Elam - Crisis Period is assumed.
[-1100, -900]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
315
Elam - Kidinuid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Kidinuid Period is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
316
Elam I
* Year Range of Elam I is assumed.
[-900, -744]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
317
Elam I
* Year Range of Elam I is assumed.
[-900, -744]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
318
Elam II
* Year Range of Elam II is assumed.
[-743, -647]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
319
Elam II
* Year Range of Elam II is assumed.
[-743, -647]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
320
Elam III
* Year Range of Elam III is assumed.
[-612, -539]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
321
Jenne-jeno II
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno II is assumed.
[50, 399]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
322
Elam III
* Year Range of Elam III is assumed.
[-612, -539]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
323
Parthian Empire II
* Year Range of Parthian Empire II is assumed.
[41, 226]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
324
Seleucids
* Year Range of Seleucids is assumed.
[-312, -63]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
325
Papal States - High Medieval Period
* Year Range of Papal States - High Medieval Period is assumed.
[1198, 1309]
loose
Confident No Edit
326
Seljuk Sultanate
* Year Range of Seljuk Sultanate is assumed.
[1037, 1157]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
327
Elam - Shimashki Period
* Year Range of Elam - Shimashki Period is assumed.
[-2028, -1940]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
328
Elam - Late Sukkalmah
* Year Range of Elam - Late Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1700, -1500]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
329
Susa II
* Year Range of Susa II is assumed.
[-3800, -3100]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
330
Susa III
* Year Range of Susa III is assumed.
[-3100, -2675]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
331
Papal States - High Medieval Period
* Year Range of Papal States - High Medieval Period is assumed.
[1198, 1309]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
332
Susa III
* Year Range of Susa III is assumed.
[-3100, -2675]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
333
Ostrogothic Kingdom
* Year Range of Ostrogothic Kingdom is assumed.
[489, 554]
loose
Confident No Edit
334
Ostrogothic Kingdom
* Year Range of Ostrogothic Kingdom is assumed.
[489, 554]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
335
Rome - Republic of St Peter II
* Year Range of Rome - Republic of St Peter II is assumed.
[904, 1198]
loose
Confident No Edit
336
Papal States - High Medieval Period
* Year Range of Papal States - High Medieval Period is assumed.
[1198, 1309]
nominal
Confident No Edit
337
Papal States - High Medieval Period
* Year Range of Papal States - High Medieval Period is assumed.
[1198, 1309]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
338
Jenne-jeno III
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno III is assumed.
[400, 899]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
339
Papal States - Renaissance Period
* Year Range of Papal States - Renaissance Period is assumed.
[1378, 1527]
loose
Confident No Edit
340
Exarchate of Ravenna
* Year Range of Exarchate of Ravenna is assumed.
[568, 751]
nominal
Confident No Edit
341
Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity
* Year Range of Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity is assumed.
[395, 476]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
342
Republic of St Peter I
* Year Range of Republic of St Peter I is assumed.
[711, 904]
nominal
Confident No Edit
343
Asuka
* Year Range of Asuka is assumed.
[538, 710]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
344
Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama
* Year Range of Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama is assumed.
[1568, 1603]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
345
Heian
* Year Range of Heian is assumed.
[794, 1185]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
346
Japan - Incipient Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Incipient Jomon is assumed.
[-13600, -9200]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
347
Japan - Early Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Early Jomon is assumed.
[-5300, -3500]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
348
Japan - Middle Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Middle Jomon is assumed.
[-3500, -2500]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
349
Japan - Late Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Late Jomon is assumed.
[-2500, -1200]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
350
Kamakura Shogunate
* Year Range of Kamakura Shogunate is assumed.
[1185, 1333]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
351
Kansai - Kofun Period
* Year Range of Kansai - Kofun Period is assumed.
[250, 537]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
352
Nara Kingdom
* Year Range of Nara Kingdom is assumed.
[710, 794]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
353
Tokugawa Shogunate
* Year Range of Tokugawa Shogunate is assumed.
[1603, 1868]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
354
Kara-Khanids
* Year Range of Kara-Khanids is assumed.
[950, 1212]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
355
Western Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Western Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[582, 630]
loose
Confident No Edit
356
Western Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Western Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[582, 630]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
357
Late Angkor
* Year Range of Late Angkor is assumed.
[1220, 1432]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
358
Khmer Kingdom
* Year Range of Khmer Kingdom is assumed.
[1432, 1594]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
359
Jenne-jeno I
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno I is assumed.
[-250, 49]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
360
Jenne-jeno IV
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno IV is assumed.
[900, 1300]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
361
Mali Empire
* Year Range of Mali Empire is assumed.
[1230, 1410]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
362
Segou Kingdom
* Year Range of Segou Kingdom is assumed.
[1650, 1712]
loose
Confident No Edit
363
Khitan I
* Year Range of Khitan I is assumed.
[907, 1125]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
364
Late Mongols
* Year Range of Late Mongols is assumed.
[1368, 1690]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
365
Late Mongols
* Year Range of Late Mongols is assumed.
[1368, 1690]
nominal
Confident No Edit
366
Second Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Second Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[682, 744]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
367
Uigur Khaganate
* Year Range of Uigur Khaganate is assumed.
[745, 840]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
368
Xianbei Confederation
* Year Range of Xianbei Confederation is assumed.
[100, 250]
nominal
Confident No Edit
369
Xianbei Confederation
* Year Range of Xianbei Confederation is assumed.
[100, 250]
loose
Confident No Edit
370
Xiongnu Imperial Confederation
* Year Range of Xiongnu Imperial Confederation is assumed.
[-209, -60]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
371
Lysimachus Kingdom
* Year Range of Lysimachus Kingdom is assumed.
[-323, -281]
loose
Confident No Edit
372
Later Wagadu Empire
* Year Range of Later Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[1078, 1203]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
373
Middle Wagadu Empire
* Year Range of Middle Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[700, 1077]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
374
Monte Alban Late I
* Year Range of Monte Alban Late I is assumed.
[-300, -100]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
375
Monte Alban II
* Year Range of Monte Alban II is assumed.
[-100, 200]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
376
Monte Alban III
* Year Range of Monte Alban III is assumed.
[200, 500]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
377
Monte Alban IIIB and IV
* Year Range of Monte Alban IIIB and IV is assumed.
[500, 900]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
378
Early Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Early Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-1200, -801]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
379
Middle Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Middle Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-800, -401]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
380
Oaxaca - Rosario
* Year Range of Oaxaca - Rosario is assumed.
[-700, -500]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
381
Oaxaca - San Jose
* Year Range of Oaxaca - San Jose is assumed.
[-1150, -700]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
382
Oaxaca - Tierras Largas
* Year Range of Oaxaca - Tierras Largas is assumed.
[-1400, -1150]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
383
Cuzco - Early Intermediate II
* Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate II is assumed.
[500, 649]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
384
Cuzco - Late Intermediate I
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate I is assumed.
[1000, 1250]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
385
Cuzco - Late Intermediate II
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate II is assumed.
[1250, 1400]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
386
Inca Empire
* Year Range of Inca Empire is assumed.
[1375, 1532]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
387
Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial
* Year Range of Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial is assumed.
[1734, 1883]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
388
Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7500, -5500]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
389
Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -4000]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
390
Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period
* Year Range of Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period is assumed.
[1778, 1819]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
391
Indo-Greek Kingdom
* Year Range of Indo-Greek Kingdom is assumed.
[-180, -10]
nominal
Confident No Edit
392
Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period is assumed.
[-1800, -1300]
loose
Confident No Edit
393
Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period is assumed.
[-3200, -2500]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
394
Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period
* Year Range of Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period is assumed.
[854, 1193]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
395
Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period
* Year Range of Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period is assumed.
[854, 1193]
loose
Confident No Edit
396
Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period
* Year Range of Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period is assumed.
[854, 1193]
nominal
Confident No Edit
397
Kachi Plain - Urban Period I
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period I is assumed.
[-2500, -2100]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
398
Kachi Plain - Urban Period II
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period II is assumed.
[-2100, 1800]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
399
Rattanakosin
* Year Range of Rattanakosin is assumed.
[1782, 1873]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
400
Late Cappadocia
* Year Range of Late Cappadocia is assumed.
[-322, -93]
nominal
Confident No Edit
401
Late Cappadocia
* Year Range of Late Cappadocia is assumed.
[-322, -93]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
402
Late Cappadocia
* Year Range of Late Cappadocia is assumed.
[-322, -93]
loose
Confident No Edit
403
Kingdom of Lydia
* Year Range of Kingdom of Lydia is assumed.
[-670, -546]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
404
Tabal Kingdoms
* Year Range of Tabal Kingdoms is assumed.
[-900, -730]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
405
Early Illinois Confederation
* Year Range of Early Illinois Confederation is assumed.
[1640, 1717]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
406
Chagatai Khanate
* Year Range of Chagatai Khanate is assumed.
[1263, 1402]
nominal
Confident No Edit
407
Khanate of Bukhara
* Year Range of Khanate of Bukhara is assumed.
[1599, 1747]
nominal
Confident No Edit
408
Ancient Khwarazm
* Year Range of Ancient Khwarazm is assumed.
[-1000, -521]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
409
Koktepe II
* Year Range of Koktepe II is assumed.
[-750, -550]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
410
Sogdiana - City-States Period
* Year Range of Sogdiana - City-States Period is assumed.
[604, 711]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
411
Timurid Empire
* Year Range of Timurid Empire is assumed.
[1370, 1526]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
412
Timurid Empire
* Year Range of Timurid Empire is assumed.
[1370, 1526]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
413
Himyar II
* Year Range of Himyar II is assumed.
[378, 525]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
414
Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty
* Year Range of Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty is assumed.
[1637, 1805]
loose
Confident No Edit
415
Qatabanian Commonwealth
* Year Range of Qatabanian Commonwealth is assumed.
[-450, -111]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
416
Timurid Empire
* Year Range of Timurid Empire is assumed.
[1370, 1526]
nominal
Confident No Edit
417
Sabaean Commonwealth
* Year Range of Sabaean Commonwealth is assumed.
[-800, -451]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
418
Yemen Ziyad Dynasty
* Year Range of Yemen Ziyad Dynasty is assumed.
[822, 1037]
loose
Confident No Edit
419
Early Modern Sierra Leone
* Year Range of Early Modern Sierra Leone is assumed.
[1650, 1896]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
420
Electorate of Bavaria
* Year Range of Electorate of Bavaria is assumed.
[1623, 1806]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
421
Nkore
* Year Range of Nkore is assumed.
[1450, 1749]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
422
Kaabu
* Year Range of Kaabu is assumed.
[1500, 1867]
confederated state
Confident Yes Edit
423
Kaabu
* Year Range of Kaabu is assumed.
[1500, 1867]
quasi-polity
Confident Yes Edit
424
Freetown
* Year Range of Freetown is assumed.
[1787, 1808]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
425
Futa Jallon
* Year Range of Futa Jallon is assumed.
[1725, 1896]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
426
Mane
* Year Range of Mane is assumed.
[1550, 1650]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
427
Middle and Late Nok
* Year Range of Middle and Late Nok is assumed.
[-1500, -901]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
428
Whydah
* Year Range of Whydah is assumed.
[1671, 1727]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
429
West Burkina Faso Yellow I
* Year Range of West Burkina Faso Yellow I is assumed.
[100, 500]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
430
Middle and Late Nok
* Year Range of Middle and Late Nok is assumed.
[-900, 0]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
431
West Burkina Faso Red I
* Year Range of West Burkina Faso Red I is assumed.
[701, 1100]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
432
Mossi
* Year Range of Mossi is assumed.
[1100, 1897]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
433
Sape
* Year Range of Sape is assumed.
[1400, 1550]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
434
West Burkina Faso Yellow II
* Year Range of West Burkina Faso Yellow II is assumed.
[501, 700]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
435
Torwa-Rozvi
* Year Range of Torwa-Rozvi is assumed.
[1494, 1850]
loose
Confident No Edit
436
Ọ̀ràézè Ǹrì
* Year Range of Ọ̀ràézè Ǹrì is assumed.
[1043, 1911]
nominal
Confident No Edit
437
Holy Roman Empire - Hohenstaufen and Welf Dynasties
* Year Range of Holy Roman Empire - Hohenstaufen and Welf Dynasties is assumed.
[1126, 1254]
loose
Confident No Edit
438
Holy Roman Empire - Ottonian-Salian Dynasty
* Year Range of Holy Roman Empire - Ottonian-Salian Dynasty is assumed.
[919, 1125]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
439
Proto-Yoruboid
* Year Range of Proto-Yoruboid is assumed.
[-300, 300]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
440
Aro
* Year Range of Aro is assumed.
[1690, 1902]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
441
Sokoto Caliphate
* Year Range of Sokoto Caliphate is assumed.
[1804, 1904]
loose
Confident No Edit
442
Mutapa
* Year Range of Mutapa is assumed.
[1450, 1880]
loose
Confident No Edit
443
Pandya Empire
* Year Range of Pandya Empire is assumed.
[1250, 1323]
nominal
Confident No Edit
444
Polonnaruwa
* Year Range of Polonnaruwa is assumed.
[1070, 1255]
nominal
Confident No Edit
445
Dutch Empire
* Year Range of Dutch Empire is assumed.
[1648, 1795]
loose
Confident No Edit
446
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty II
* Year Range of Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty II is assumed.
[1776, 1917]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
447
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I
* Year Range of Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I is assumed.
[1614, 1775]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
448
Anurādhapura IV
* Year Range of Anurādhapura IV is assumed.
[614, 1017]
loose
Confident No Edit
449
Anurādhapura I
* Year Range of Anurādhapura I is assumed.
[-300, 70]
nominal
Confident No Edit
450
Kingdom of Jimma
* Year Range of Kingdom of Jimma is assumed.
[1790, 1932]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
451
Adal Sultanate
* Year Range of Adal Sultanate is assumed.
[1375, 1543]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
452
Ajuran Sultanate
* Year Range of Ajuran Sultanate is assumed.
[1250, 1700]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
453
Shoa Sultanate
* Year Range of Shoa Sultanate is assumed.
[1108, 1285]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
454
Late Formative Yoruba
* Year Range of Late Formative Yoruba is assumed.
[650, 1049]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
455
Allada
* Year Range of Allada is assumed.
[1100, 1724]
loose
Confident Yes Edit
456
Ilú-ọba Ọ̀yọ́
* Year Range of Ilú-ọba Ọ̀yọ́ is assumed.
[1601, 1835]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
457
Igala
* Year Range of Igala is assumed.
[1600, 1900]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
458
Hausa bakwai
* Year Range of Hausa bakwai is assumed.
[900, 1808]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
459
Foys
* Year Range of Foys is assumed.
[1600, 1892]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
460
Jolof Empire
* Year Range of Jolof Empire is assumed.
[1360, 1549]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
461
Buganda
* Year Range of Buganda is assumed.
[1700, 1894]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
462
Karagwe
* Year Range of Karagwe is assumed.
[1500, 1916]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
463
Burundi
* Year Range of Burundi is assumed.
[1680, 1903]
loose
Confident No Edit
464
Anurādhapura III
* Year Range of Anurādhapura III is assumed.
[428, 614]
nominal
Confident No Edit
465
Anurādhapura II
* Year Range of Anurādhapura II is assumed.
[70, 428]
nominal
Confident No Edit
466
State of the Teutonic Order
* Year Range of State of the Teutonic Order is assumed.
[1300, 1400]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
467
Papal States - Medieval Period I
* Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period I is assumed.
[1527, 1648]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
468
Kidarite Kingdom
* Year Range of Kidarite Kingdom is assumed.
[388, 477]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
469
Achaemenid Empire
* Year Range of Achaemenid Empire is assumed.
[-550, -331]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
470
Seleucids
* Year Range of Seleucids is assumed.
[-312, -63]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
471
La Tene C2-D
* Year Range of La Tene C2-D is assumed.
[-175, -27]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
472
Naqada I
* Year Range of Naqada I is assumed.
[-3800, -3550]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
473
British Empire II
* Year Range of British Empire II is assumed.
[1850, 1968]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
474
Monte Alban Late I
* Year Range of Monte Alban Late I is assumed.
[-300, -100]
confederated state
Confident No Edit
475
Kampili Kingdom
* Year Range of Kampili Kingdom is assumed.
[1280, 1327]
nominal
Confident No Edit
476
Kalingga Kingdom
* Year Range of Kalingga Kingdom is assumed.
[500, 732]
uncoded
Confident No Edit
477
Sunga Empire
* Year Range of Sunga Empire is assumed.
[-187, -65]
uncoded
Confident No Edit
478
Mongol Empire
* Year Range of Mongol Empire is assumed.
[1206, 1368]
uncoded
Confident No Edit
479
Yemen - Era of Warlords
* Year Range of Yemen - Era of Warlords is assumed.
[1038, 1174]
uncoded
Confident No Edit
480
Badarian
* Year Range of Badarian is assumed.
[-4400, -3800]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
481
Anglo-Saxon England I
* Year Range of Anglo-Saxon England I is assumed.
[410, 926]
quasi-polity
Confident No Edit
482
Western Jin
* Year Range of Western Jin is assumed.
[265, 317]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
483
Jin Dynasty
* Year Range of Jin Dynasty is assumed.
[1115, 1234]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
484
Holy Roman Empire - Fragmented Period
* Year Range of Holy Roman Empire - Fragmented Period is assumed.
[1255, 1453]
loose
Confident No Edit
485
Cahokia - Sand Prairie
* Year Range of Cahokia - Sand Prairie is assumed.
[1275, 1400]
loose
Confident No Edit
486
Great Ming
* Year Range of Great Ming is assumed.
[1368, 1644]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
487
Northern Wei
* Year Range of Northern Wei is assumed.
[386, 534]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
488
Early Qing
* Year Range of Early Qing is assumed.
[1644, 1796]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
489
Late Qing
* Year Range of Late Qing is assumed.
[1796, 1912]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
490
Sui Dynasty
* Year Range of Sui Dynasty is assumed.
[581, 618]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
491
Western Han Empire
* Year Range of Western Han Empire is assumed.
[-202, 9]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
492
Great Yuan
* Year Range of Great Yuan is assumed.
[1271, 1368]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
493
Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period is assumed.
[-404, -342]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
494
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I is assumed.
[1260, 1348]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
495
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III is assumed.
[1412, 1517]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
496
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II is assumed.
[1348, 1412]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
497
Egypt - Middle Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Middle Kingdom is assumed.
[-2016, -1700]
unitary state
Confident No Edit
498
Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period
* Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period is assumed.
[-1550, -1293]
unitary state
Confident No Edit