Section: Social Complexity
Subsection: Bureaucracy characteristics

Full Time Bureaucrat

Talking about bureaucracy characteristics, full-time bureaucrats refer to full-time administrative specialists. code this absent if administrative duties are performed by generalists such as chiefs and subchiefs. also code it absent if state officials perform multiple functions, e.g. combining administrative tasks with military duties. note that this variable shouldn't be coded 'present' only on the basis of the presence of specialized government buildings; there must be some additional evidence of functional specialization in government.  
Contributors: Jenny, Majid, Peter

Variable Definition
Polity The Seshat Polity Name
Year(s) The years for which we have the data. [negative = BCE]
Confidence Inferred : The value is inferred.
Suspected : The value is suspected (Expert Check Needed).
Evidenced : The value is backed up by sufficient evidence.
Disputed? No : No disagreement among scholars.
Yes : There is disagreement among scholars.
Expert? : Not yet Checked by a Seshat Expert.
: Checked and accepted by a Seshat Expert (or RA).

Variable Definition
full_time_bureaucrat The absence or presence of full time bureaucrat for a polity.

# Polity   Year(s)   Full Time Bureaucrat   Confidence     Disputed?     Expert?   Edit
1
Naqada II
3550 BCE 3401 BCE
absent
Confident No Edit
2
Naqada II
3400 BCE 3300 BCE
present
Confident Yes Edit
3
Naqada II
3400 BCE 3300 BCE
absent
Confident Yes Edit
4
Umayyad Caliphate
661 CE 685 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
5
Umayyad Caliphate
685 CE 750 CE
present
Confident No Edit
6
Ghur Principality
1200 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
7
Ottoman Emirate
1299 CE 1388 CE
absent
Inferred No Edit
8
Ak Koyunlu
1339 CE 1397 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
9
Ottoman Emirate
1389 CE 1402 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
10
Ak Koyunlu
1398 CE 1501 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
11
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I
1614 CE 1645 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
12
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I
1645 CE 1682 CE
A~P
Confident No Edit
13
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I
1682 CE 1775 CE
present
Confident No Edit
14
Spanish Empire II
1716 CE 1814 CE
present
Confident No Edit
15
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II
1867 CE 1918 CE
present
Confident No Edit
16
Soviet Union
1923 CE 1991 CE
present
Confident No Edit
17
Tocharians
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
18
Eastern Han Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
19
Hmong - Early Chinese
-
absent
Confident No Edit
20
Longshan
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
21
Great Ming
-
present
Confident No Edit
22
Initial Formative Basin of Mexico
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
23
Hatti - Old Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
24
Neo-Hittite Kingdoms
-
present
Confident No Edit
25
Koktepe II
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
26
Northern Wei
-
present
Confident No Edit
27
Late Qing
-
present
Confident No Edit
28
Great Yuan
-
present
Confident No Edit
29
Shuar - Colonial
-
absent
Confident No Edit
30
Shuar - Ecuadorian
-
absent
Confident No Edit
31
Ayyubid Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
32
Egypt - Dynasty I
-
present
Confident No Edit
33
Buhaya
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
34
Kaabu
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
35
Egypt - Dynasty II
-
present
Confident No Edit
36
Egypt - Dynasty 0
-
present
Inferred No Edit
37
Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
38
Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
39
Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
40
Egypt - Period of the Regions
-
present
Inferred No Edit
41
Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
42
Spanish Empire I
-
present
Confident No Edit
43
Atlantic Complex
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
44
French Kingdom - Early Bourbon
-
present
Confident No Edit
45
Us Reconstruction-Progressive
-
present
Confident No Edit
46
French Kingdom - Late Bourbon
-
present
Confident No Edit
47
Carolingian Empire II
-
present
Inferred No Edit
48
Hallstatt A-B1
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
49
Hallstatt B2-3
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
50
Hallstatt C
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
51
Hallstatt D
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
52
Middle Merovingian
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
53
Neolithic Crete
-
absent
Confident No Edit
54
Hawaii II
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
55
Yisrael
-
present
Confident No Edit
56
Abbasid Caliphate II
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
57
Isin-Larsa
-
present
Confident No Edit
58
Neo-Assyrian Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
59
Akan - Pre-Ashanti
-
absent
Confident No Edit
60
Ashanti Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
61
Archaic Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit
62
The Emirate of Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit
63
Prepalatial Crete
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
64
Hawaii I
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
65
Iban - Pre-Brooke
-
absent
Confident No Edit
66
Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial
-
absent
Confident No Edit
67
Kediri Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
68
Majapahit Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
69
Mataram Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
70
Chalukyas of Badami
-
present
Confident No Edit
71
Chalukyas of Kalyani
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
72
Deccan - Iron Age
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
73
Deccan - Neolithic
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
74
Early A'chik
-
absent
Confident No Edit
75
Late A'chik
-
absent
Confident No Edit
76
Kadamba Empire
-
present
Inferred No Edit
77
Mughal Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
78
Rashtrakuta Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
79
Akkadian Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
80
Early Dynastic
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
81
Neo-Babylonian Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
82
Ubaid
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
83
Uruk
-
absent
Confident No Edit
84
Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
85
Formative Period
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
86
Susiana B
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
87
Elam - Shutrukid Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
88
Parthian Empire II
-
present
Confident No Edit
89
Safavid Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
90
Chagatai Khanate
-
present
Inferred No Edit
91
Papal States - Medieval Period I
-
present
Confident No Edit
92
Papal States - Medieval Period II
-
present
Confident No Edit
93
Exarchate of Ravenna
-
present
Confident No Edit
94
Phoenician Empire
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
95
Bamana kingdom
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
96
Khitan I
-
present
Confident No Edit
97
Susa II
-
present
Inferred No Edit
98
Icelandic Commonwealth
-
absent
Confident No Edit
99
Latium - Bronze Age
-
absent
Confident No Edit
100
Latium - Copper Age
-
absent
Confident No Edit
101
Papal States - High Medieval Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
102
Republic of St Peter I
-
present
Confident No Edit
103
Republic of Venice III
-
present
Confident No Edit
104
Japan - Incipient Jomon
-
absent
Confident No Edit
105
Japan - Initial Jomon
-
absent
Confident No Edit
106
Japan - Early Jomon
-
absent
Confident No Edit
107
Japan - Late Jomon
-
absent
Confident No Edit
108
Nara Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
109
Warring States Japan
-
present
Confident No Edit
110
Kara-Khanids
-
present
Confident No Edit
111
Chenla
-
present
Confident No Edit
112
Funan I
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
113
Jenne-jeno I
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
114
Segou Kingdom
-
absent
Confident No Edit
115
Mongol Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
116
Early Mongols
-
absent
Confident No Edit
117
Second Turk Khaganate
-
present
Inferred No Edit
118
Early Xiongnu
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
119
Zungharian Empire
-
present
Inferred No Edit
120
Cuzco - Early Intermediate I
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
121
Cuzco - Early Intermediate II
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
122
Cuzco - Late Formative
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
123
Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period
-
absent
Confident No Edit
124
Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
125
Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
126
Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
-
absent
Confident No Edit
127
Konya Plain - Early Neolithic
-
absent
Confident No Edit
128
Konya Plain - Late Neolithic
-
absent
Confident No Edit
129
Cahokia - Early Woodland
-
absent
Confident No Edit
130
Archaic Basin of Mexico
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
131
Aztec Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
132
Late Formative Basin of Mexico
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
133
Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
134
Oaxaca - San Jose
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
135
Kingdom of Norway II
-
present
Confident No Edit
136
Inca Empire
-
present
Inferred No Edit
137
Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial
-
absent
Confident No Edit
138
Orokaiva - Colonial
-
present
Confident No Edit
139
Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
-
absent
Confident No Edit
140
Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
141
Sakha - Early
-
absent
Confident No Edit
142
Sakha - Late
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
143
Egypt - Kushite Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
144
Sarazm
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
145
Fatimid Caliphate
-
present
Confident No Edit
146
Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia
-
present
Inferred No Edit
147
Byzantine Empire II
-
present
Confident No Edit
148
Lysimachus Kingdom
-
present
Inferred No Edit
149
Ottoman Empire II
-
present
Confident No Edit
150
Ottoman Empire III
-
present
Confident No Edit
151
Tabal Kingdoms
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
152
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early
-
absent
Confident No Edit
153
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late
-
absent
Confident No Edit
154
Cahokia - Late Woodland III
-
absent
Confident No Edit
155
Cahokia - Late Woodland I
-
absent
Confident No Edit
156
Koktepe I
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
157
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I
-
absent
Confident No Edit
158
Khanate of Bukhara
-
present
Confident No Edit
159
Durrani Empire
-
absent
Confident No Edit
160
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
-
present
Inferred No Edit
161
Hephthalites
-
present
Confident Yes Edit
162
Hephthalites
-
absent
Confident Yes Edit
163
Kidarite Kingdom
-
present
Inferred No Edit
164
Kushan Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
165
Western Jin
-
present
Confident No Edit
166
Proto-Carolingian
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
167
Achaemenid Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
168
Timurid Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
169
Himyar I
-
present
Confident No Edit
170
Himyar II
-
present
Confident No Edit
171
Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
172
Yemen - Era of Warlords
-
present
Confident No Edit
173
Erlitou
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
174
Hmong - Late Qing
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
175
Jin
-
present
Confident No Edit
176
Northern Song
-
present
Confident No Edit
177
Early Qing
-
present
Confident No Edit
178
Late Shang
-
present
Inferred No Edit
179
Sui Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
180
Tang Dynasty I
-
present
Confident No Edit
181
Tang Dynasty II
-
present
Confident No Edit
182
French Kingdom - Early Valois
-
present
Confident No Edit
183
Early Wei Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
184
Western Han Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
185
Western Zhou
-
present
Confident No Edit
186
Tairona
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
187
Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period
-
present
Inferred No Edit
188
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I
-
present
Confident No Edit
189
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III
-
present
Confident No Edit
190
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II
-
present
Confident No Edit
191
Toltecs
-
present
Inferred No Edit
192
Kannauj - Varman Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
193
Egypt - Late Old Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
194
Egypt - Saite Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
195
Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
196
Axum I
-
present
Confident No Edit
197
Chuuk - Early Truk
-
absent
Confident No Edit
198
Canaan
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
199
Chuuk - Late Truk
-
present
Inferred No Edit
200
Proto-French Kingdom
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
201
French Kingdom - Late Capetian
-
present
Confident No Edit
202
Carolingian Empire I
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
203
Early Merovingian
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
204
French Kingdom - Late Valois
-
present
Confident No Edit
205
British Empire II
-
present
Confident No Edit
206
Hoysala Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
207
Kampili Kingdom
-
present
Inferred No Edit
208
Classical Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit
209
Hellenistic Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit
210
Monopalatial Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit
211
New Palace Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit
212
The Old Palace Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit
213
Postpalatial Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit
214
Hawaii III
-
absent
Confident No Edit
215
Medang Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
216
Post-Mauryan Kingdoms
-
present
Inferred No Edit
217
Delhi Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
218
Mahajanapada era
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
219
Magadha - Maurya Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
220
Satavahana Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
221
Vakataka Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
222
Vijayanagara Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
223
Abbasid Caliphate I
-
present
Confident No Edit
224
Kassite Babylonia
-
present
Confident No Edit
225
Dynasty of E
-
present
Inferred No Edit
226
Second Dynasty of Isin
-
present
Confident No Edit
227
Ur - Dynasty III
-
present
Confident No Edit
228
Elam - Awan Dynasty I
-
present
Confident No Edit
229
Buyid Confederation
-
present
Inferred No Edit
230
Elam - Crisis Period
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
231
Ilkhanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
232
Susiana A
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
233
Susiana - Late Ubaid
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
234
Seljuk Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
235
Susiana - Early Ubaid
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
236
Elam - Kidinuid Period
-
present
Inferred No Edit
237
Elam - Igihalkid Period
-
present
Inferred No Edit
238
Elam II
-
present
Inferred No Edit
239
Elam III
-
present
Inferred No Edit
240
Hatti - New Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
241
Parthian Empire I
-
present
Confident No Edit
242
Pre-Ceramic Period
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
243
Qajar
-
present
Confident No Edit
244
Sasanid Empire I
-
present
Confident No Edit
245
Sasanid Empire II
-
present
Confident No Edit
246
Seleucids
-
present
Confident No Edit
247
Elam - Shimashki Period
-
present
Inferred No Edit
248
Elam - Early Sukkalmah
-
present
Inferred No Edit
249
Late Roman Republic
-
absent
Confident No Edit
250
Elam - Late Sukkalmah
-
present
Inferred No Edit
251
Susa I
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
252
Susa III
-
present
Inferred No Edit
253
Latium - Iron Age
-
absent
Confident No Edit
254
Ostrogothic Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
255
Rome - Republic of St Peter II
-
present
Confident No Edit
256
Papal States - Renaissance Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
257
Early Roman Republic
-
absent
Confident No Edit
258
Xianbei Confederation
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
259
Middle Roman Republic
-
absent
Confident No Edit
260
Roman Empire - Principate
-
present
Confident No Edit
261
Roman Kingdom
-
absent
Confident No Edit
262
Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity
-
present
Confident No Edit
263
Republic of Venice IV
-
present
Confident No Edit
264
Middle Wagadu Empire
-
absent
Confident No Edit
265
Ashikaga Shogunate
-
present
Confident No Edit
266
Asuka
-
present
Confident No Edit
267
Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama
-
present
Confident No Edit
268
Jenne-jeno III
-
absent
Confident No Edit
269
Heian
-
present
Confident No Edit
270
Japan - Middle Jomon
-
absent
Confident No Edit
271
Japan - Final Jomon
-
absent
Confident No Edit
272
Kamakura Shogunate
-
present
Confident No Edit
273
Kansai - Kofun Period
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
274
Tokugawa Shogunate
-
present
Confident No Edit
275
Kansai - Yayoi Period
-
absent
Confident No Edit
276
Western Turk Khaganate
-
present
Inferred No Edit
277
Classical Angkor
-
present
Confident No Edit
278
Jenne-jeno IV
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
279
Early Angkor
-
present
Confident No Edit
280
Late Angkor
-
present
Confident No Edit
281
Khmer Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
282
Early Monte Alban I
-
absent
Confident No Edit
283
Funan II
-
present
Confident No Edit
284
Saadi Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
285
Jenne-jeno II
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
286
Mali Empire
-
present
Inferred No Edit
287
Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
288
Eastern Turk Khaganate
-
present
Inferred No Edit
289
Late Mongols
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
290
Rouran Khaganate
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
291
Uigur Khaganate
-
absent
Confident No Edit
292
Late Xiongnu
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
293
Monte Alban IIIB and IV
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
294
Xiongnu Imperial Confederation
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
295
Later Wagadu Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
296
Later Wagadu Empire
-
absent
Confident No Edit
297
Middle Wagadu Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
298
Monte Alban Late I
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
299
Monte Alban II
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
300
Monte Alban III
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
301
Monte Alban V
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
302
Epiclassic Basin of Mexico
-
present
Inferred No Edit
303
Early Formative Basin of Mexico
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
304
Indo-Greek Kingdom
-
present
Inferred No Edit
305
Middle Formative Basin of Mexico
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
306
Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico
-
present
Inferred No Edit
307
Oaxaca - Rosario
-
absent
Confident No Edit
308
Oaxaca - Tierras Largas
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
309
Cuzco - Late Intermediate I
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
310
Cuzco - Late Intermediate II
-
present
Inferred No Edit
311
Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic
-
absent
Confident No Edit
312
Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic
-
absent
Confident No Edit
313
East Roman Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
314
Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
315
Kachi Plain - Urban Period I
-
present
Inferred No Edit
316
Kachi Plain - Urban Period II
-
present
Confident No Edit
317
Yemen Ziyad Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
318
Ayutthaya
-
present
Confident No Edit
319
Rattanakosin
-
present
Confident No Edit
320
Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II
-
present
Confident No Edit
321
Byzantine Empire I
-
present
Confident No Edit
322
Byzantine Empire III
-
present
Confident No Edit
323
Late Cappadocia
-
present
Confident No Edit
324
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty II
-
present
Confident No Edit
325
Kingdom of Lydia
-
present
Inferred No Edit
326
Ottoman Empire I
-
present
Confident No Edit
327
Phrygian Kingdom
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
328
Roman Empire - Dominate
-
present
Confident No Edit
329
Rum Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
330
Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
331
Cahokia - Moorehead
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
332
Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
333
Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period
-
absent
Confident No Edit
334
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
335
Cahokia - Sand Prairie
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
336
Samanid Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
337
Sogdiana - City-States Period
-
present
Inferred No Edit
338
Rasulid Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
339
Burundi
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
340
Ilú-ọba Ọ̀yọ́
-
present
Confident No Edit
341
Benin Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
342
Kingdom of Nyinginya
-
absent
Confident No Edit
343
Nkore
-
absent
Confident No Edit
344
Anurādhapura IV
-
present
Inferred No Edit
345
Emirate of Harar
-
present
Inferred No Edit
346
Sokoto Caliphate
-
present
Inferred No Edit
347
Hausa bakwai
-
present
Inferred No Edit
348
British Empire IIIIIIIIII
-
present
Confident No Edit
349
Kanem-Borno
-
present
Inferred No Edit
350
Foys
-
present
Inferred No Edit
351
Early Modern Sierra Leone
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
352
Middle and Late Nok
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
353
West Burkina Faso Yellow I
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
354
Middle and Late Nok
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
355
Great Zimbabwe
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
356
Ndorwa
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
357
Buganda
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
358
Toro
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
359
Karagwe
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
360
Nkore
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
361
Plantagenet England
-
present
Confident No Edit
362
West Burkina Faso Yellow II
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
363
Mubari
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
364
Gisaka
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
365
Fipa
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
366
Bugesera
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
367
Anglo-Saxon England I
-
present
Inferred No Edit
368
Hohokam Culture
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
369
Oyo
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
370
Kingdom of Bohemia - Luxembourgian and Jagiellonian Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
371
Lombard Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
372
Antebellum US
-
present
Confident No Edit
373
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II
-
present
Confident No Edit
374
Khwarezmid Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
375
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty I
-
present
Confident No Edit
376
Armenian Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
377
Golden Horde
-
present
Confident No Edit
378
Saffarid Caliphate
-
present
Confident No Edit
379
British Empire I
-
present
Confident No Edit
380
Napoleonic France
-
present
Confident No Edit
381
Alaouite Dynasty I
-
present
Inferred No Edit
382
Tudor and Early Stuart England
-
present
Confident No Edit
383
Holy Roman Empire - Ottonian-Salian Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
384
Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty
-
present
Inferred No Edit
385
Jin Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
386
Yangshao
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
387
Cahokia - Late Woodland II
-
absent
Confident No Edit
388
Cahokia - Middle Woodland
-
absent
Confident No Edit
389
Neguanje
-
absent
Confident No Edit
390
Badarian
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
391
Egypt - Middle Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
392
Naqada I
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
393
Ptolemaic Kingdom I
-
present
Confident No Edit
394
Ptolemaic Kingdom II
-
present
Confident No Edit
395
Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
396
Beaker Culture
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
397
La Tene A-B1
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
398
La Tene B2-C1
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
399
La Tene C2-D
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit