Section: Social Complexity
Subsection: Professions

Professional Military Officer

Talking about professions, professional military officers refer to full-time professional military officers.  
Contributors: Jenny, Majid, Peter

Variable Definition
Polity The Seshat Polity Name
Year(s) The years for which we have the data. [negative = BCE]
Confidence Inferred : The value is inferred.
Suspected : The value is suspected (Expert Check Needed).
Evidenced : The value is backed up by sufficient evidence.
Disputed? No : No disagreement among scholars.
Yes : There is disagreement among scholars.
Expert? : Not yet Checked by a Seshat Expert.
: Checked and accepted by a Seshat Expert (or RA).

Variable Definition
professional_military_officer The absence or presence of professional military officer for a polity.

# Polity   Year(s)   Professional Military Officer   Confidence     Disputed?     Expert?   Edit
1
Axum I
149 BCE 320 CE
unknown
Suspected No Edit
2
Axum I
320 CE 349 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
3
Sasanid Empire II
488 CE 531 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
4
Sasanid Empire II
531 CE 642 CE
present
Confident No Edit
5
Umayyad Caliphate
661 CE 682 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
6
Umayyad Caliphate
683 CE 750 CE
present
Confident No Edit
7
Jenne-jeno IV
900 CE 1000 CE
absent
Inferred No Edit
8
Icelandic Commonwealth
930 CE 1200 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
9
Early Mongols
1000 CE 1185 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
10
Jenne-jeno IV
1001 CE 1300 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
11
Jenne-jeno IV
1001 CE 1300 CE
present
Confident No Edit
12
Seljuk Sultanate
1037 CE 1054 CE
absent
Inferred No Edit
13
Seljuk Sultanate
1055 CE 1157 CE
present
Confident No Edit
14
Tairona
1100 CE 1300 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
15
Tairona
1100 CE 1300 CE
present
Confident No Edit
16
Early Mongols
1185 CE 1206 CE
present
Confident No Edit
17
Ghur Principality
1200 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
18
Icelandic Commonwealth
1201 CE 1262 CE
present
Confident No Edit
19
Ottoman Emirate
1299 CE 1328 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
20
Ottoman Emirate
1329 CE 1402 CE
present
Confident No Edit
21
Tairona
1400 CE 1524 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
22
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I
1614 CE 1699 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
23
Dutch Empire
1648 CE 1672 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
24
Dutch Empire
1673 CE 1795 CE
present
Confident No Edit
25
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I
1699 CE 1775 CE
present
Confident No Edit
26
Spanish Empire II
1716 CE 1814 CE
present
Confident No Edit
27
Nkore
1750 CE 1838 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
28
Nkore
1839 CE 1901 CE
present
Confident No Edit
29
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II
1867 CE 1918 CE
present
Confident No Edit
30
Soviet Union
1923 CE 1991 CE
present
Confident No Edit
31
Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period is assumed.
[868, 969]
present
Inferred No Edit
32
Atlantic Complex
* Year Range of Atlantic Complex is assumed.
[-2200, -1000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
33
French Kingdom - Late Bourbon
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Bourbon is assumed.
[1660, 1815]
present
Confident No Edit
34
Proto-French Kingdom
* Year Range of Proto-French Kingdom is assumed.
[987, 1150]
present
Inferred No Edit
35
French Kingdom - Late Capetian
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Capetian is assumed.
[1150, 1328]
present
Confident No Edit
36
Carolingian Empire II
* Year Range of Carolingian Empire II is assumed.
[840, 987]
present
Inferred No Edit
37
Hallstatt A-B1
* Year Range of Hallstatt A-B1 is assumed.
[-1000, -900]
absent
Inferred No Edit
38
Hallstatt C
* Year Range of Hallstatt C is assumed.
[-700, -600]
absent
Inferred No Edit
39
Hallstatt D
* Year Range of Hallstatt D is assumed.
[-600, -475]
absent
Inferred No Edit
40
La Tene C2-D
* Year Range of La Tene C2-D is assumed.
[-175, -27]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
41
British Empire II
* Year Range of British Empire II is assumed.
[1850, 1968]
present
Confident No Edit
42
Geometric Crete
* Year Range of Geometric Crete is assumed.
[-1000, -710]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
43
Neolithic Crete
* Year Range of Neolithic Crete is assumed.
[-7000, -3000]
absent
Confident No Edit
44
Canaan
* Year Range of Canaan is assumed.
[-2000, -1175]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
45
Yehuda
* Year Range of Yehuda is assumed.
[-141, -63]
present
Confident No Edit
46
Yisrael
* Year Range of Yisrael is assumed.
[-1030, -722]
present
Confident No Edit
47
Gupta Dynasty
* Year Range of Gupta Dynasty is assumed.
[320, 515]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
48
Abbasid Caliphate I
* Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate I is assumed.
[750, 946]
present
Confident No Edit
49
Early Dynastic
* Year Range of Early Dynastic is assumed.
[-2900, -2500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
50
Elam - Crisis Period
* Year Range of Elam - Crisis Period is assumed.
[-1100, -900]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
51
Egypt - Dynasty I
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty I is assumed.
[-3100, -2900]
absent
Inferred No Edit
52
Egypt - Dynasty II
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty II is assumed.
[-2900, -2687]
absent
Inferred No Edit
53
Egypt - Saite Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Saite Period is assumed.
[-664, -525]
present
Confident No Edit
54
Beaker Culture
* Year Range of Beaker Culture is assumed.
[-3200, -2000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
55
Carolingian Empire I
* Year Range of Carolingian Empire I is assumed.
[752, 840]
present
Inferred No Edit
56
Hephthalites
* Year Range of Hephthalites is assumed.
[408, 561]
present
Confident No Edit
57
Tocharians
* Year Range of Tocharians is assumed.
[-129, 29]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
58
Hmong - Early Chinese
* Year Range of Hmong - Early Chinese is assumed.
[1895, 1941]
absent
Confident No Edit
59
Jin
* Year Range of Jin is assumed.
[-780, -404]
present
Inferred No Edit
60
Longshan
* Year Range of Longshan is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
61
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty II
* Year Range of Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty II is assumed.
[1776, 1917]
present
Confident No Edit
62
Hawaii I
* Year Range of Hawaii I is assumed.
[1000, 1200]
absent
Confident No Edit
63
Iban - Pre-Brooke
* Year Range of Iban - Pre-Brooke is assumed.
[1650, 1841]
absent
Confident No Edit
64
Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial
* Year Range of Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial is assumed.
[1841, 1987]
absent
Inferred No Edit
65
Kediri Kingdom
* Year Range of Kediri Kingdom is assumed.
[1049, 1222]
present
Inferred No Edit
66
Majapahit Kingdom
* Year Range of Majapahit Kingdom is assumed.
[1292, 1518]
present
Confident No Edit
67
Mataram Sultanate
* Year Range of Mataram Sultanate is assumed.
[1568, 1703]
present
Confident No Edit
68
Chalukyas of Badami
* Year Range of Chalukyas of Badami is assumed.
[543, 753]
present
Confident No Edit
69
Deccan - Iron Age
* Year Range of Deccan - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
70
Deccan - Neolithic
* Year Range of Deccan - Neolithic is assumed.
[-2700, -1200]
absent
Inferred No Edit
71
Late Garo
* Year Range of Late Garo is assumed.
[1867, 1956]
absent
Confident No Edit
72
Kadamba Empire
* Year Range of Kadamba Empire is assumed.
[345, 550]
present
Confident No Edit
73
Kanauj
* Year Range of Kanauj is assumed.
[650, 780]
present
Confident No Edit
74
Mughal Empire
* Year Range of Mughal Empire is assumed.
[1526, 1858]
present
Confident No Edit
75
Satavahana Empire
* Year Range of Satavahana Empire is assumed.
[-100, 203]
present
Confident No Edit
76
Vijayanagara Empire
* Year Range of Vijayanagara Empire is assumed.
[1336, 1646]
present
Confident No Edit
77
Neo-Assyrian Empire
* Year Range of Neo-Assyrian Empire is assumed.
[-911, -612]
present
Confident No Edit
78
Neo-Babylonian Empire
* Year Range of Neo-Babylonian Empire is assumed.
[-626, -539]
present
Confident No Edit
79
Ubaid
* Year Range of Ubaid is assumed.
[-5500, -4201]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
80
Uruk
* Year Range of Uruk is assumed.
[-4000, -2900]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
81
Susiana A
* Year Range of Susiana A is assumed.
[-6000, -5700]
absent
Inferred No Edit
82
Elam I
* Year Range of Elam I is assumed.
[-900, -744]
present
Inferred No Edit
83
Elam II
* Year Range of Elam II is assumed.
[-743, -647]
present
Confident No Edit
84
Timurid Empire
* Year Range of Timurid Empire is assumed.
[1370, 1526]
present
Confident No Edit
85
Papal States - Medieval Period I
* Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period I is assumed.
[1527, 1648]
present
Confident No Edit
86
Tokugawa Shogunate
* Year Range of Tokugawa Shogunate is assumed.
[1603, 1868]
present
Confident No Edit
87
Phoenician Empire
* Year Range of Phoenician Empire is assumed.
[-1200, -332]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
88
Eastern Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Eastern Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[583, 630]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
89
Parthian Empire II
* Year Range of Parthian Empire II is assumed.
[41, 226]
absent
Inferred No Edit
90
Pre-Ceramic Period
* Year Range of Pre-Ceramic Period is assumed.
[-7800, -7200]
absent
Inferred No Edit
91
Safavid Empire
* Year Range of Safavid Empire is assumed.
[1501, 1722]
present
Confident No Edit
92
Seleucids
* Year Range of Seleucids is assumed.
[-312, -63]
present
Confident No Edit
93
Latium - Bronze Age
* Year Range of Latium - Bronze Age is assumed.
[-1800, -900]
absent
Confident No Edit
94
Latium - Iron Age
* Year Range of Latium - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1000, -580]
absent
Confident No Edit
95
Papal States - High Medieval Period
* Year Range of Papal States - High Medieval Period is assumed.
[1198, 1309]
present
Confident No Edit
96
Papal States - Medieval Period II
* Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period II is assumed.
[1648, 1809]
present
Confident No Edit
97
Exarchate of Ravenna
* Year Range of Exarchate of Ravenna is assumed.
[568, 751]
absent
Confident No Edit
98
Roman Kingdom
* Year Range of Roman Kingdom is assumed.
[-716, -509]
absent
Confident No Edit
99
Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity
* Year Range of Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity is assumed.
[395, 476]
present
Confident No Edit
100
Republic of St Peter I
* Year Range of Republic of St Peter I is assumed.
[711, 904]
absent
Inferred No Edit
101
Republic of Venice III
* Year Range of Republic of Venice III is assumed.
[1204, 1563]
present
Confident No Edit
102
Asuka
* Year Range of Asuka is assumed.
[538, 710]
present
Inferred No Edit
103
Japan - Incipient Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Incipient Jomon is assumed.
[-13600, -9200]
absent
Confident No Edit
104
Japan - Initial Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Initial Jomon is assumed.
[-9200, -5300]
absent
Confident No Edit
105
Japan - Early Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Early Jomon is assumed.
[-5300, -3500]
absent
Confident No Edit
106
Japan - Late Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Late Jomon is assumed.
[-2500, -1200]
absent
Confident No Edit
107
Japan - Final Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Final Jomon is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
absent
Confident No Edit
108
Nara Kingdom
* Year Range of Nara Kingdom is assumed.
[710, 794]
present
Confident No Edit
109
Kansai - Yayoi Period
* Year Range of Kansai - Yayoi Period is assumed.
[-300, 250]
present
Confident No Edit
110
Western Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Western Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[582, 630]
present
Inferred No Edit
111
Chenla
* Year Range of Chenla is assumed.
[550, 825]
present
Confident No Edit
112
Saadi Sultanate
* Year Range of Saadi Sultanate is assumed.
[1554, 1659]
present
Confident No Edit
113
Bamana kingdom
* Year Range of Bamana kingdom is assumed.
[1712, 1861]
present
Confident No Edit
114
Jenne-jeno I
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno I is assumed.
[-250, 49]
absent
Inferred No Edit
115
Jenne-jeno II
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno II is assumed.
[50, 399]
absent
Inferred No Edit
116
Jenne-jeno III
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno III is assumed.
[400, 899]
absent
Inferred No Edit
117
Segou Kingdom
* Year Range of Segou Kingdom is assumed.
[1650, 1712]
absent
Inferred No Edit
118
Uigur Khaganate
* Year Range of Uigur Khaganate is assumed.
[745, 840]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
119
Xianbei Confederation
* Year Range of Xianbei Confederation is assumed.
[100, 250]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
120
Cuzco - Early Intermediate I
* Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate I is assumed.
[200, 499]
absent
Inferred No Edit
121
Cuzco - Early Intermediate II
* Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate II is assumed.
[500, 649]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
122
Cuzco - Late Intermediate I
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate I is assumed.
[1000, 1250]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
123
Cuzco - Late Formative
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Formative is assumed.
[-500, 200]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
124
Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period
* Year Range of Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period is assumed.
[854, 1193]
absent
Confident No Edit
125
Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-6000, -5500]
absent
Inferred No Edit
126
East Roman Empire
* Year Range of East Roman Empire is assumed.
[395, 631]
present
Confident No Edit
127
Late Mongols
* Year Range of Late Mongols is assumed.
[1368, 1690]
present
Inferred No Edit
128
Second Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Second Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[682, 744]
absent
Inferred No Edit
129
Early Xiongnu
* Year Range of Early Xiongnu is assumed.
[-1400, -300]
absent
Inferred No Edit
130
Zungharian Empire
* Year Range of Zungharian Empire is assumed.
[1670, 1757]
present
Inferred No Edit
131
Early Monte Alban I
* Year Range of Early Monte Alban I is assumed.
[-500, -300]
absent
Confident No Edit
132
Archaic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Archaic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-6000, -2001]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
133
Aztec Empire
* Year Range of Aztec Empire is assumed.
[1427, 1526]
present
Confident No Edit
134
Late Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Late Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-400, -101]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
135
Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-100, 99]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
136
Initial Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Initial Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-2000, -1201]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
137
Oaxaca - Tierras Largas
* Year Range of Oaxaca - Tierras Largas is assumed.
[-1400, -1150]
absent
Inferred No Edit
138
Kingdom of Norway II
* Year Range of Kingdom of Norway II is assumed.
[1262, 1380]
present
Confident No Edit
139
Wari Empire
* Year Range of Wari Empire is assumed.
[650, 999]
present
Inferred No Edit
140
Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial
* Year Range of Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial is assumed.
[1734, 1883]
absent
Confident No Edit
141
Orokaiva - Colonial
* Year Range of Orokaiva - Colonial is assumed.
[1884, 1942]
present
Confident No Edit
142
Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period is assumed.
[-1800, -1300]
absent
Inferred No Edit
143
Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period is assumed.
[-3200, -2500]
absent
Inferred No Edit
144
Sakha - Early
* Year Range of Sakha - Early is assumed.
[1400, 1632]
absent
Confident No Edit
145
Sakha - Late
* Year Range of Sakha - Late is assumed.
[1632, 1900]
absent
Confident No Edit
146
Egypt - Kushite Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Kushite Period is assumed.
[-747, -656]
present
Confident No Edit
147
Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
148
Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia
* Year Range of Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia is assumed.
[-2000, -1700]
absent
Inferred No Edit
149
Late Cappadocia
* Year Range of Late Cappadocia is assumed.
[-322, -93]
present
Confident No Edit
150
Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -3000]
present
Inferred No Edit
151
Sogdiana - City-States Period
* Year Range of Sogdiana - City-States Period is assumed.
[604, 711]
present
Inferred No Edit
152
Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7000, -6600]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
153
Konya Plain - Early Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Neolithic is assumed.
[-9600, -7000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
154
Konya Plain - Late Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Neolithic is assumed.
[-6600, -6000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
155
Yemen - Era of Warlords
* Year Range of Yemen - Era of Warlords is assumed.
[1038, 1174]
present
Inferred No Edit
156
Cahokia - Early Woodland
* Year Range of Cahokia - Early Woodland is assumed.
[-600, -150]
absent
Confident No Edit
157
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II
* Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II is assumed.
[900, 1049]
absent
Confident No Edit
158
Cahokia - Late Woodland II
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland II is assumed.
[450, 600]
absent
Confident No Edit
159
Cahokia - Middle Woodland
* Year Range of Cahokia - Middle Woodland is assumed.
[-150, 300]
absent
Confident No Edit
160
Cahokia - Late Woodland III
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland III is assumed.
[600, 750]
absent
Confident No Edit
161
Cahokia - Late Woodland I
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland I is assumed.
[300, 450]
absent
Confident No Edit
162
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I
* Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I is assumed.
[750, 900]
absent
Confident No Edit
163
Khanate of Bukhara
* Year Range of Khanate of Bukhara is assumed.
[1599, 1747]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
164
Koktepe I
* Year Range of Koktepe I is assumed.
[-1400, -1000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
165
Durrani Empire
* Year Range of Durrani Empire is assumed.
[1747, 1826]
present
Confident No Edit
166
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
* Year Range of Greco-Bactrian Kingdom is assumed.
[-256, -125]
present
Confident No Edit
167
Kidarite Kingdom
* Year Range of Kidarite Kingdom is assumed.
[388, 477]
present
Inferred No Edit
168
Kushan Empire
* Year Range of Kushan Empire is assumed.
[35, 319]
present
Confident No Edit
169
Eastern Han Empire
* Year Range of Eastern Han Empire is assumed.
[25, 220]
present
Inferred No Edit
170
Western Jin
* Year Range of Western Jin is assumed.
[265, 317]
absent
Inferred No Edit
171
Erligang
* Year Range of Erligang is assumed.
[-1650, -1250]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
172
Rum Sultanate
* Year Range of Rum Sultanate is assumed.
[1077, 1307]
present
Confident No Edit
173
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early
* Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early is assumed.
[1566, 1713]
absent
Confident No Edit
174
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late
* Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late is assumed.
[1714, 1848]
absent
Confident No Edit
175
Chagatai Khanate
* Year Range of Chagatai Khanate is assumed.
[1263, 1402]
present
Inferred No Edit
176
Erlitou
* Year Range of Erlitou is assumed.
[-1850, -1600]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
177
Jin Dynasty
* Year Range of Jin Dynasty is assumed.
[1115, 1234]
present
Inferred No Edit
178
Isin-Larsa
* Year Range of Isin-Larsa is assumed.
[-2004, -1763]
present
Confident No Edit
179
Great Ming
* Year Range of Great Ming is assumed.
[1368, 1644]
absent
Confident No Edit
180
Northern Song
* Year Range of Northern Song is assumed.
[960, 1127]
present
Confident No Edit
181
Late Shang
* Year Range of Late Shang is assumed.
[-1250, -1045]
present
Inferred No Edit
182
Sui Dynasty
* Year Range of Sui Dynasty is assumed.
[581, 618]
present
Confident No Edit
183
Tang Dynasty I
* Year Range of Tang Dynasty I is assumed.
[617, 763]
present
Confident No Edit
184
Western Zhou
* Year Range of Western Zhou is assumed.
[-1122, -771]
unknown
Confident No Edit
185
Great Yuan
* Year Range of Great Yuan is assumed.
[1271, 1368]
present
Confident No Edit
186
Egypt - Dynasty 0
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty 0 is assumed.
[-3300, -3100]
absent
Confident No Edit
187
Ptolemaic Kingdom I
* Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom I is assumed.
[-305, -217]
present
Confident No Edit
188
Achaemenid Empire
* Year Range of Achaemenid Empire is assumed.
[-550, -331]
present
Confident No Edit
189
Toltecs
* Year Range of Toltecs is assumed.
[900, 1199]
present
Inferred No Edit
190
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I is assumed.
[1260, 1348]
present
Confident No Edit
191
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III is assumed.
[1412, 1517]
present
Confident No Edit
192
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II is assumed.
[1348, 1412]
present
Confident No Edit
193
Naqada II
* Year Range of Naqada II is assumed.
[-3550, -3300]
absent
Inferred No Edit
194
Spanish Empire I
* Year Range of Spanish Empire I is assumed.
[1516, 1715]
present
Confident No Edit
195
Susa I
* Year Range of Susa I is assumed.
[-4300, -3800]
absent
Inferred No Edit
196
Chuuk - Early Truk
* Year Range of Chuuk - Early Truk is assumed.
[1775, 1886]
absent
Confident No Edit
197
Chuuk - Late Truk
* Year Range of Chuuk - Late Truk is assumed.
[1886, 1948]
absent
Confident No Edit
198
French Kingdom - Early Bourbon
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Bourbon is assumed.
[1589, 1660]
present
Confident No Edit
199
French Kingdom - Early Bourbon
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Bourbon is assumed.
[1589, 1660]
absent
Confident No Edit
200
Early Merovingian
* Year Range of Early Merovingian is assumed.
[481, 543]
present
Confident No Edit
201
Proto-Carolingian
* Year Range of Proto-Carolingian is assumed.
[687, 751]
present
Inferred No Edit
202
Middle Merovingian
* Year Range of Middle Merovingian is assumed.
[543, 687]
present
Inferred No Edit
203
Ashanti Empire
* Year Range of Ashanti Empire is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
present
Confident No Edit
204
Archaic Crete
* Year Range of Archaic Crete is assumed.
[-710, -500]
present
Confident No Edit
205
Classical Crete
* Year Range of Classical Crete is assumed.
[-500, -323]
present
Confident No Edit
206
Rome - Republic of St Peter II
* Year Range of Rome - Republic of St Peter II is assumed.
[904, 1198]
present
Confident No Edit
207
Hellenistic Crete
* Year Range of Hellenistic Crete is assumed.
[-323, -69]
present
Confident No Edit
208
Monopalatial Crete
* Year Range of Monopalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1450, -1300]
present
Confident No Edit
209
Hawaii II
* Year Range of Hawaii II is assumed.
[1200, 1580]
absent
Inferred No Edit
210
Hawaii III
* Year Range of Hawaii III is assumed.
[1580, 1778]
absent
Confident No Edit
211
Medang Kingdom
* Year Range of Medang Kingdom is assumed.
[732, 1019]
present
Inferred No Edit
212
Chalukyas of Kalyani
* Year Range of Chalukyas of Kalyani is assumed.
[973, 1191]
present
Confident No Edit
213
Delhi Sultanate
* Year Range of Delhi Sultanate is assumed.
[1206, 1526]
present
Confident No Edit
214
Rouran Khaganate
* Year Range of Rouran Khaganate is assumed.
[300, 555]
present
Inferred No Edit
215
Early Garo
* Year Range of Early Garo is assumed.
[1775, 1867]
absent
Confident No Edit
216
Hoysala Kingdom
* Year Range of Hoysala Kingdom is assumed.
[1108, 1346]
present
Confident Yes Edit
217
Hoysala Kingdom
* Year Range of Hoysala Kingdom is assumed.
[1108, 1346]
absent
Confident Yes Edit
218
Kampili Kingdom
* Year Range of Kampili Kingdom is assumed.
[1280, 1327]
present
Confident Yes Edit
219
Kampili Kingdom
* Year Range of Kampili Kingdom is assumed.
[1280, 1327]
absent
Confident Yes Edit
220
Mahajanapada era
* Year Range of Mahajanapada era is assumed.
[-600, -324]
present
Confident No Edit
221
Maurya Empire
* Year Range of Maurya Empire is assumed.
[-324, -187]
present
Confident No Edit
222
Rashtrakuta Empire
* Year Range of Rashtrakuta Empire is assumed.
[753, 973]
present
Confident No Edit
223
Vakataka Kingdom
* Year Range of Vakataka Kingdom is assumed.
[255, 550]
present
Confident No Edit
224
Abbasid Caliphate II
* Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate II is assumed.
[1191, 1258]
present
Confident No Edit
225
Akkadian Empire
* Year Range of Akkadian Empire is assumed.
[-2270, -2083]
present
Confident No Edit
226
Kassite Babylonia
* Year Range of Kassite Babylonia is assumed.
[-1595, -1150]
present
Confident No Edit
227
Late Xiongnu
* Year Range of Late Xiongnu is assumed.
[-60, 100]
absent
Inferred No Edit
228
Ak Koyunlu
* Year Range of Ak Koyunlu is assumed.
[1339, 1501]
present
Inferred No Edit
229
Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar
* Year Range of Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar is assumed.
[-7000, -6000]
absent
Inferred No Edit
230
Buyid Confederation
* Year Range of Buyid Confederation is assumed.
[932, 1062]
present
Confident No Edit
231
Hmong - Late Qing
* Year Range of Hmong - Late Qing is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
232
Susiana B
* Year Range of Susiana B is assumed.
[-5700, -5100]
absent
Inferred No Edit
233
Susiana - Late Ubaid
* Year Range of Susiana - Late Ubaid is assumed.
[-4700, -4300]
absent
Inferred No Edit
234
Susiana - Early Ubaid
* Year Range of Susiana - Early Ubaid is assumed.
[-5100, -4700]
absent
Inferred No Edit
235
Elam - Shutrukid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Shutrukid Period is assumed.
[-1199, -1100]
present
Inferred No Edit
236
Parthian Empire I
* Year Range of Parthian Empire I is assumed.
[-247, 40]
absent
Inferred No Edit
237
Qajar
* Year Range of Qajar is assumed.
[1794, 1925]
present
Inferred No Edit
238
Sasanid Empire I
* Year Range of Sasanid Empire I is assumed.
[205, 487]
absent
Confident No Edit
239
Papal States - Renaissance Period
* Year Range of Papal States - Renaissance Period is assumed.
[1378, 1527]
present
Confident No Edit
240
Susa II
* Year Range of Susa II is assumed.
[-3800, -3100]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
241
Latium - Copper Age
* Year Range of Latium - Copper Age is assumed.
[-3600, -1800]
absent
Confident No Edit
242
Ostrogothic Kingdom
* Year Range of Ostrogothic Kingdom is assumed.
[489, 554]
absent
Confident No Edit
243
Early Roman Republic
* Year Range of Early Roman Republic is assumed.
[-509, -264]
absent
Confident No Edit
244
Late Roman Republic
* Year Range of Late Roman Republic is assumed.
[-133, -31]
present
Confident Yes Edit
245
Late Roman Republic
* Year Range of Late Roman Republic is assumed.
[-133, -31]
absent
Confident Yes Edit
246
Middle Roman Republic
* Year Range of Middle Roman Republic is assumed.
[-264, -133]
absent
Confident No Edit
247
Xiongnu Imperial Confederation
* Year Range of Xiongnu Imperial Confederation is assumed.
[-209, -60]
absent
Inferred No Edit
248
Cuzco - Late Intermediate II
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate II is assumed.
[1250, 1400]
present
Inferred No Edit
249
Roman Empire - Principate
* Year Range of Roman Empire - Principate is assumed.
[-31, 284]
present
Confident No Edit
250
Republic of Venice IV
* Year Range of Republic of Venice IV is assumed.
[1564, 1797]
present
Confident No Edit
251
Ashikaga Shogunate
* Year Range of Ashikaga Shogunate is assumed.
[1336, 1467]
present
Confident No Edit
252
Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama
* Year Range of Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama is assumed.
[1568, 1603]
present
Confident No Edit
253
Heian
* Year Range of Heian is assumed.
[794, 1185]
present
Inferred No Edit
254
Japan - Middle Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Middle Jomon is assumed.
[-3500, -2500]
absent
Confident No Edit
255
Kamakura Shogunate
* Year Range of Kamakura Shogunate is assumed.
[1185, 1333]
present
Confident No Edit
256
Kansai - Kofun Period
* Year Range of Kansai - Kofun Period is assumed.
[250, 537]
present
Inferred No Edit
257
Warring States Japan
* Year Range of Warring States Japan is assumed.
[1467, 1568]
absent
Confident No Edit
258
Kansai - Yayoi Period
* Year Range of Kansai - Yayoi Period is assumed.
[-300, 250]
absent
Confident No Edit
259
Kara-Khanids
* Year Range of Kara-Khanids is assumed.
[950, 1212]
present
Confident No Edit
260
Classical Angkor
* Year Range of Classical Angkor is assumed.
[1100, 1220]
present
Confident No Edit
261
Later Wagadu Empire
* Year Range of Later Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[1078, 1203]
absent
Inferred No Edit
262
Early Angkor
* Year Range of Early Angkor is assumed.
[802, 1100]
present
Confident No Edit
263
Late Angkor
* Year Range of Late Angkor is assumed.
[1220, 1432]
present
Confident No Edit
264
Khmer Kingdom
* Year Range of Khmer Kingdom is assumed.
[1432, 1594]
present
Confident No Edit
265
Funan I
* Year Range of Funan I is assumed.
[225, 540]
absent
Inferred No Edit
266
Funan II
* Year Range of Funan II is assumed.
[540, 640]
absent
Inferred No Edit
267
Middle Wagadu Empire
* Year Range of Middle Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[700, 1077]
absent
Inferred No Edit
268
Mali Empire
* Year Range of Mali Empire is assumed.
[1230, 1410]
present
Inferred No Edit
269
Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty
* Year Range of Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty is assumed.
[1493, 1591]
present
Confident No Edit
270
Khitan I
* Year Range of Khitan I is assumed.
[907, 1125]
present
Confident No Edit
271
Mongol Empire
* Year Range of Mongol Empire is assumed.
[1206, 1368]
present
Confident No Edit
272
Monte Alban Late I
* Year Range of Monte Alban Late I is assumed.
[-300, -100]
present
Confident No Edit
273
Monte Alban II
* Year Range of Monte Alban II is assumed.
[-100, 200]
present
Confident No Edit
274
Monte Alban III
* Year Range of Monte Alban III is assumed.
[200, 500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
275
Monte Alban IIIB and IV
* Year Range of Monte Alban IIIB and IV is assumed.
[500, 900]
present
Inferred No Edit
276
Monte Alban V
* Year Range of Monte Alban V is assumed.
[900, 1520]
present
Confident No Edit
277
Epiclassic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Epiclassic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[650, 899]
present
Inferred No Edit
278
Early Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Early Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-1200, -801]
absent
Inferred No Edit
279
Middle Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Middle Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-800, -401]
absent
Inferred No Edit
280
Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[1200, 1426]
present
Inferred No Edit
281
Oaxaca - Rosario
* Year Range of Oaxaca - Rosario is assumed.
[-700, -500]
absent
Confident No Edit
282
Oaxaca - San Jose
* Year Range of Oaxaca - San Jose is assumed.
[-1150, -700]
absent
Confident No Edit
283
Inca Empire
* Year Range of Inca Empire is assumed.
[1375, 1532]
present
Confident No Edit
284
Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7500, -5500]
absent
Inferred No Edit
285
Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -4000]
absent
Inferred No Edit
286
Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-4000, -3200]
absent
Inferred No Edit
287
Indo-Greek Kingdom
* Year Range of Indo-Greek Kingdom is assumed.
[-180, -10]
present
Confident No Edit
288
Sind - Samma Dynasty
* Year Range of Sind - Samma Dynasty is assumed.
[1335, 1521]
absent
Confident No Edit
289
Kachi Plain - Urban Period I
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period I is assumed.
[-2500, -2100]
absent
Inferred No Edit
290
Kachi Plain - Urban Period II
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period II is assumed.
[-2100, 1800]
absent
Inferred No Edit
291
Ayutthaya
* Year Range of Ayutthaya is assumed.
[1593, 1767]
absent
Confident No Edit
292
Rattanakosin
* Year Range of Rattanakosin is assumed.
[1782, 1873]
absent
Inferred No Edit
293
Fatimid Caliphate
* Year Range of Fatimid Caliphate is assumed.
[909, 1171]
present
Confident No Edit
294
Byzantine Empire I
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire I is assumed.
[632, 866]
present
Confident No Edit
295
Byzantine Empire II
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire II is assumed.
[867, 1072]
present
Confident No Edit
296
Byzantine Empire III
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire III is assumed.
[1073, 1204]
present
Confident No Edit
297
Hatti - New Kingdom
* Year Range of Hatti - New Kingdom is assumed.
[-1400, -1180]
present
Confident No Edit
298
Hatti - Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Hatti - Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-1650, -1500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
299
Kingdom of Lydia
* Year Range of Kingdom of Lydia is assumed.
[-670, -546]
present
Confident Yes Edit
300
Kingdom of Lydia
* Year Range of Kingdom of Lydia is assumed.
[-670, -546]
absent
Confident Yes Edit
301
Lysimachus Kingdom
* Year Range of Lysimachus Kingdom is assumed.
[-323, -281]
present
Inferred No Edit
302
Neo-Hittite Kingdoms
* Year Range of Neo-Hittite Kingdoms is assumed.
[-1180, -900]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
303
Ottoman Empire I
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire I is assumed.
[1402, 1517]
present
Confident No Edit
304
Ottoman Empire II
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire II is assumed.
[1517, 1683]
present
Confident No Edit
305
Ottoman Empire III
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire III is assumed.
[1683, 1839]
present
Confident No Edit
306
Roman Empire - Dominate
* Year Range of Roman Empire - Dominate is assumed.
[285, 394]
present
Confident No Edit
307
Tabal Kingdoms
* Year Range of Tabal Kingdoms is assumed.
[-900, -730]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
308
Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period
* Year Range of Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period is assumed.
[1778, 1819]
absent
Confident No Edit
309
Samanid Empire
* Year Range of Samanid Empire is assumed.
[819, 999]
present
Confident No Edit
310
Himyar I
* Year Range of Himyar I is assumed.
[270, 340]
present
Confident No Edit
311
Himyar II
* Year Range of Himyar II is assumed.
[378, 525]
present
Confident No Edit
312
Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty
* Year Range of Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty is assumed.
[1637, 1805]
present
Confident No Edit
313
Adal Sultanate
* Year Range of Adal Sultanate is assumed.
[1375, 1543]
present
Confident No Edit
314
Ajuran Sultanate
* Year Range of Ajuran Sultanate is assumed.
[1250, 1700]
present
Confident No Edit
315
Igodomingodo
* Year Range of Igodomingodo is assumed.
[900, 1450]
present
Confident No Edit
316
Ilú-ọba Ọ̀yọ́
* Year Range of Ilú-ọba Ọ̀yọ́ is assumed.
[1601, 1835]
present
Confident No Edit
317
Foys
* Year Range of Foys is assumed.
[1600, 1892]
present
Confident No Edit
318
Benin Empire
* Year Range of Benin Empire is assumed.
[1140, 1897]
present
Confident No Edit
319
Buganda
* Year Range of Buganda is assumed.
[1700, 1894]
absent
Confident No Edit
320
Buganda
* Year Range of Buganda is assumed.
[1450, 1699]
absent
Confident No Edit
321
Nkore
* Year Range of Nkore is assumed.
[1450, 1749]
absent
Confident No Edit
322
Early Pandyas
* Year Range of Early Pandyas is assumed.
[-600, 300]
present
Confident No Edit
323
Kaabu
* Year Range of Kaabu is assumed.
[1500, 1867]
present
Inferred No Edit
324
Mossi
* Year Range of Mossi is assumed.
[1100, 1897]
present
Inferred No Edit
325
Mutapa
* Year Range of Mutapa is assumed.
[1450, 1880]
present
Inferred No Edit
326
Hausa bakwai
* Year Range of Hausa bakwai is assumed.
[900, 1808]
present
Inferred No Edit
327
Kingdom of Niynginya
* Year Range of Kingdom of Niynginya is assumed.
[1650, 1897]
present
Inferred No Edit
328
Mane
* Year Range of Mane is assumed.
[1550, 1650]
absent
Inferred No Edit
329
Middle and Late Nok
* Year Range of Middle and Late Nok is assumed.
[-1500, -901]
absent
Inferred No Edit
330
West Burkina Faso Yellow I
* Year Range of West Burkina Faso Yellow I is assumed.
[100, 500]
absent
Inferred No Edit
331
Middle and Late Nok
* Year Range of Middle and Late Nok is assumed.
[-900, 0]
absent
Inferred No Edit
332
Great Zimbabwe
* Year Range of Great Zimbabwe is assumed.
[1270, 1550]
absent
Inferred No Edit
333
Proto-Yoruba
* Year Range of Proto-Yoruba is assumed.
[301, 649]
absent
Inferred No Edit
334
Sokoto Caliphate
* Year Range of Sokoto Caliphate is assumed.
[1804, 1904]
absent
Inferred No Edit
335
Igala
* Year Range of Igala is assumed.
[1600, 1900]
absent
Inferred No Edit
336
Ọ̀ràézè Ǹrì
* Year Range of Ọ̀ràézè Ǹrì is assumed.
[1043, 1911]
absent
Inferred No Edit
337
West Burkina Faso Yellow II
* Year Range of West Burkina Faso Yellow II is assumed.
[501, 700]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
338
Oyo
* Year Range of Oyo is assumed.
[1300, 1535]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
339
Plantagenet England
* Year Range of Plantagenet England is assumed.
[1144, 1485]
present
Confident No Edit
340
Us Reconstruction-Progressive
* Year Range of Us Reconstruction-Progressive is assumed.
[1866, 1933]
present
Confident No Edit
341
Antebellum US
* Year Range of Antebellum US is assumed.
[1776, 1865]
present
Confident No Edit
342
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II
* Year Range of Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II is assumed.
[1649, 1918]
present
Confident No Edit
343
Khwarezmid Empire
* Year Range of Khwarezmid Empire is assumed.
[1157, 1231]
present
Confident No Edit
344
Saffarid Caliphate
* Year Range of Saffarid Caliphate is assumed.
[861, 1003]
present
Confident No Edit
345
British Empire I
* Year Range of British Empire I is assumed.
[1690, 1849]
present
Confident No Edit
346
Napoleonic France
* Year Range of Napoleonic France is assumed.
[1816, 1870]
present
Confident No Edit
347
Lombard Kingdom
* Year Range of Lombard Kingdom is assumed.
[568, 774]
absent
Inferred No Edit
348
Hohokam Culture
* Year Range of Hohokam Culture is assumed.
[300, 1500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
349
Golden Horde
* Year Range of Golden Horde is assumed.
[1240, 1440]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
350
British Empire IIIIIIIIII
* Year Range of British Empire IIIIIIIIII is assumed.
[1850, 1968]
present
Confident No Edit
351
Holy Roman Empire - Ottonian-Salian Dynasty
* Year Range of Holy Roman Empire - Ottonian-Salian Dynasty is assumed.
[919, 1125]
present
Inferred No Edit
352
Ilkhanate
* Year Range of Ilkhanate is assumed.
[1256, 1339]
present
Inferred No Edit
353
Badarian
* Year Range of Badarian is assumed.
[-4400, -3800]
absent
Inferred No Edit
354
La Tene A-B1
* Year Range of La Tene A-B1 is assumed.
[-475, -325]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
355
La Tene B2-C1
* Year Range of La Tene B2-C1 is assumed.
[-325, -175]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
356
Northern Wei
* Year Range of Northern Wei is assumed.
[386, 534]
present
Confident No Edit
357
Formative Period
* Year Range of Formative Period is assumed.
[-7200, -7000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
358
Ayyubid Sultanate
* Year Range of Ayyubid Sultanate is assumed.
[1171, 1250]
present
Confident No Edit
359
Naqada I
* Year Range of Naqada I is assumed.
[-3800, -3550]
absent
Inferred No Edit
360
Ptolemaic Kingdom II
* Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom II is assumed.
[-217, -30]
present
Confident No Edit
361
Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period is assumed.
[-1720, -1567]
present
Confident No Edit
362
Early Qing
* Year Range of Early Qing is assumed.
[1644, 1796]
present
Confident No Edit
363
Late Qing
* Year Range of Late Qing is assumed.
[1796, 1912]
present
Confident No Edit
364
French Kingdom - Late Valois
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Valois is assumed.
[1450, 1589]
present
Confident No Edit
365
Tang Dynasty II
* Year Range of Tang Dynasty II is assumed.
[763, 907]
present
Confident No Edit
366
Akan - Pre-Ashanti
* Year Range of Akan - Pre-Ashanti is assumed.
[1501, 1701]
absent
Confident No Edit
367
Early Wei Dynasty
* Year Range of Early Wei Dynasty is assumed.
[-445, -225]
present
Confident No Edit
368
Yangshao
* Year Range of Yangshao is assumed.
[-5000, -3000]
absent
Inferred No Edit
369
Shuar - Colonial
* Year Range of Shuar - Colonial is assumed.
[1534, 1830]
absent
Confident No Edit
370
Shuar - Ecuadorian
* Year Range of Shuar - Ecuadorian is assumed.
[1831, 1931]
absent
Confident No Edit
371
Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period is assumed.
[-404, -342]
present
Inferred No Edit
372
The Emirate of Crete
* Year Range of The Emirate of Crete is assumed.
[824, 961]
present
Confident No Edit
373
Postpalatial Crete
* Year Range of Postpalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1300, -1200]
present
Confident No Edit
374
French Kingdom - Early Valois
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Valois is assumed.
[1328, 1450]
present
Confident No Edit
375
Egypt - Middle Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Middle Kingdom is assumed.
[-2016, -1700]
present
Confident No Edit
376
Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period
* Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period is assumed.
[-1293, -1070]
present
Confident No Edit
377
Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period
* Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period is assumed.
[-1550, -1293]
present
Confident No Edit
378
Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2650, -2350]
present
Inferred No Edit
379
Egypt - Late Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Late Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2350, -2150]
present
Inferred No Edit
380
Egypt - Period of the Regions
* Year Range of Egypt - Period of the Regions is assumed.
[-2150, -2016]
present
Confident No Edit
381
Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period is assumed.
[-1069, -747]
present
Inferred No Edit