Section: Social Complexity
Subsection: Professions

Professional Military Officer

Talking about professions, professional military officers refer to full-time professional military officers.  
Contributors: Jenny, Majid, Peter

Variable Definition
Polity The Seshat Polity Name
Year(s) The years for which we have the data. [negative = BCE]
Confidence Inferred : The value is inferred.
Suspected : The value is suspected (Expert Check Needed).
Evidenced : The value is backed up by sufficient evidence.
Disputed? No : No disagreement among scholars.
Yes : There is disagreement among scholars.
Expert? : Not yet Checked by a Seshat Expert.
: Checked and accepted by a Seshat Expert (or RA).

Variable Definition
professional_military_officer The absence or presence of professional military officer for a polity.

# Polity   Year(s)   Professional Military Officer   Confidence     Disputed?     Expert?   Edit
1
Axum I
149 BCE 320 CE
unknown
Suspected No Edit
2
Axum I
320 CE 349 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
3
Sasanid Empire II
488 CE 531 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
4
Sasanid Empire II
531 CE 642 CE
present
Confident No Edit
5
Umayyad Caliphate
661 CE 682 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
6
Umayyad Caliphate
683 CE 750 CE
present
Confident No Edit
7
Jenne-jeno IV
900 CE 1000 CE
absent
Inferred No Edit
8
Icelandic Commonwealth
930 CE 1200 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
9
Early Mongols
1000 CE 1185 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
10
Jenne-jeno IV
1001 CE 1300 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
11
Jenne-jeno IV
1001 CE 1300 CE
present
Confident No Edit
12
Seljuk Sultanate
1037 CE 1054 CE
absent
Inferred No Edit
13
Seljuk Sultanate
1055 CE 1157 CE
present
Confident No Edit
14
Tairona
1100 CE 1300 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
15
Tairona
1100 CE 1300 CE
present
Confident No Edit
16
Early Mongols
1185 CE 1206 CE
present
Confident No Edit
17
Ghur Principality
1200 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
18
Icelandic Commonwealth
1201 CE 1262 CE
present
Confident No Edit
19
Ottoman Emirate
1299 CE 1328 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
20
Ottoman Emirate
1329 CE 1402 CE
present
Confident No Edit
21
Tairona
1400 CE 1524 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
22
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I
1614 CE 1699 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
23
Dutch Empire
1648 CE 1672 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
24
Dutch Empire
1673 CE 1795 CE
present
Confident No Edit
25
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I
1699 CE 1775 CE
present
Confident No Edit
26
Spanish Empire II
1716 CE 1814 CE
present
Confident No Edit
27
Nkore
1750 CE 1838 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
28
Nkore
1839 CE 1901 CE
present
Confident No Edit
29
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II
1867 CE 1918 CE
present
Confident No Edit
30
Soviet Union
1923 CE 1991 CE
present
Confident No Edit
31
Egypt - Late Old Kingdom
-
present
Inferred No Edit
32
Egypt - Period of the Regions
-
present
Confident No Edit
33
Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period
-
present
Inferred No Edit
34
Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period
-
present
Inferred No Edit
35
Atlantic Complex
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
36
French Kingdom - Late Bourbon
-
present
Confident No Edit
37
Proto-French Kingdom
-
present
Inferred No Edit
38
French Kingdom - Late Capetian
-
present
Confident No Edit
39
Carolingian Empire II
-
present
Inferred No Edit
40
Hallstatt A-B1
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
41
Hallstatt C
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
42
Hallstatt D
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
43
La Tene C2-D
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
44
British Empire II
-
present
Confident No Edit
45
Geometric Crete
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
46
Neolithic Crete
-
absent
Confident No Edit
47
Canaan
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
48
Yehuda
-
present
Confident No Edit
49
Yisrael
-
present
Confident No Edit
50
Gupta Empire
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
51
Abbasid Caliphate I
-
present
Confident No Edit
52
Early Dynastic
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
53
Elam - Crisis Period
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
54
Egypt - Dynasty I
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
55
Egypt - Dynasty II
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
56
Egypt - Saite Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
57
Beaker Culture
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
58
Carolingian Empire I
-
present
Inferred No Edit
59
Hephthalites
-
present
Confident No Edit
60
Tocharians
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
61
Hmong - Early Chinese
-
absent
Confident No Edit
62
Jin
-
present
Inferred No Edit
63
Longshan
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
64
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty II
-
present
Confident No Edit
65
Hawaii I
-
absent
Confident No Edit
66
Iban - Pre-Brooke
-
absent
Confident No Edit
67
Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
68
Kediri Kingdom
-
present
Inferred No Edit
69
Majapahit Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
70
Mataram Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
71
Chalukyas of Badami
-
present
Confident No Edit
72
Deccan - Iron Age
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
73
Deccan - Neolithic
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
74
Late A'chik
-
absent
Confident No Edit
75
Kadamba Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
76
Kannauj - Varman Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
77
Mughal Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
78
Satavahana Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
79
Vijayanagara Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
80
Neo-Assyrian Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
81
Neo-Babylonian Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
82
Ubaid
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
83
Uruk
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
84
Susiana A
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
85
Elam I
-
present
Inferred No Edit
86
Elam II
-
present
Confident No Edit
87
Timurid Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
88
Papal States - Medieval Period I
-
present
Confident No Edit
89
Tokugawa Shogunate
-
present
Confident No Edit
90
Phoenician Empire
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
91
Eastern Turk Khaganate
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
92
Parthian Empire II
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
93
Pre-Ceramic Period
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
94
Safavid Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
95
Seleucids
-
present
Confident No Edit
96
Latium - Bronze Age
-
absent
Confident No Edit
97
Latium - Iron Age
-
absent
Confident No Edit
98
Papal States - High Medieval Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
99
Papal States - Medieval Period II
-
present
Confident No Edit
100
Exarchate of Ravenna
-
absent
Confident No Edit
101
Roman Kingdom
-
absent
Confident No Edit
102
Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity
-
present
Confident No Edit
103
Republic of St Peter I
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
104
Republic of Venice III
-
present
Confident No Edit
105
Asuka
-
present
Inferred No Edit
106
Japan - Incipient Jomon
-
absent
Confident No Edit
107
Japan - Initial Jomon
-
absent
Confident No Edit
108
Japan - Early Jomon
-
absent
Confident No Edit
109
Japan - Late Jomon
-
absent
Confident No Edit
110
Japan - Final Jomon
-
absent
Confident No Edit
111
Nara Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
112
Kansai - Yayoi Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
113
Western Turk Khaganate
-
present
Inferred No Edit
114
Chenla
-
present
Confident No Edit
115
Saadi Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
116
Bamana kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
117
Jenne-jeno I
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
118
Jenne-jeno II
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
119
Jenne-jeno III
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
120
Segou Kingdom
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
121
Uigur Khaganate
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
122
Xianbei Confederation
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
123
Cuzco - Early Intermediate I
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
124
Cuzco - Early Intermediate II
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
125
Cuzco - Late Intermediate I
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
126
Cuzco - Late Formative
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
127
Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period
-
absent
Confident No Edit
128
Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
129
East Roman Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
130
Late Mongols
-
present
Inferred No Edit
131
Second Turk Khaganate
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
132
Early Xiongnu
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
133
Zungharian Empire
-
present
Inferred No Edit
134
Early Monte Alban I
-
absent
Confident No Edit
135
Archaic Basin of Mexico
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
136
Aztec Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
137
Late Formative Basin of Mexico
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
138
Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
139
Initial Formative Basin of Mexico
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
140
Oaxaca - Tierras Largas
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
141
Kingdom of Norway II
-
present
Confident No Edit
142
Wari Empire
-
present
Inferred No Edit
143
Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial
-
absent
Confident No Edit
144
Orokaiva - Colonial
-
present
Confident No Edit
145
Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
146
Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
147
Sakha - Early
-
absent
Confident No Edit
148
Sakha - Late
-
absent
Confident No Edit
149
Egypt - Kushite Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
150
Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
151
Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
152
Late Cappadocia
-
present
Confident No Edit
153
Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic
-
present
Inferred No Edit
154
Sogdiana - City-States Period
-
present
Inferred No Edit
155
Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
156
Konya Plain - Early Neolithic
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
157
Konya Plain - Late Neolithic
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
158
Yemen - Era of Warlords
-
present
Inferred No Edit
159
Cahokia - Early Woodland
-
absent
Confident No Edit
160
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II
-
absent
Confident No Edit
161
Cahokia - Late Woodland II
-
absent
Confident No Edit
162
Cahokia - Middle Woodland
-
absent
Confident No Edit
163
Cahokia - Late Woodland III
-
absent
Confident No Edit
164
Cahokia - Late Woodland I
-
absent
Confident No Edit
165
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I
-
absent
Confident No Edit
166
Khanate of Bukhara
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
167
Koktepe I
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
168
Durrani Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
169
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
170
Kidarite Kingdom
-
present
Inferred No Edit
171
Kushan Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
172
Eastern Han Empire
-
present
Inferred No Edit
173
Western Jin
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
174
Erligang
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
175
Rum Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
176
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early
-
absent
Confident No Edit
177
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late
-
absent
Confident No Edit
178
Chagatai Khanate
-
present
Inferred No Edit
179
Erlitou
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
180
Jin Dynasty
-
present
Inferred No Edit
181
Isin-Larsa
-
present
Confident No Edit
182
Great Ming
-
absent
Confident No Edit
183
Northern Song
-
present
Confident No Edit
184
Late Shang
-
present
Inferred No Edit
185
Sui Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
186
Tang Dynasty I
-
present
Confident No Edit
187
Western Zhou
-
unknown
Confident No Edit
188
Great Yuan
-
present
Confident No Edit
189
Egypt - Dynasty 0
-
absent
Confident No Edit
190
Ptolemaic Kingdom I
-
present
Confident No Edit
191
Achaemenid Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
192
Toltecs
-
present
Inferred No Edit
193
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I
-
present
Confident No Edit
194
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III
-
present
Confident No Edit
195
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II
-
present
Confident No Edit
196
Naqada II
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
197
Spanish Empire I
-
present
Confident No Edit
198
Susa I
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
199
Chuuk - Early Truk
-
absent
Confident No Edit
200
Chuuk - Late Truk
-
absent
Confident No Edit
201
French Kingdom - Early Bourbon
-
present
Confident No Edit
202
French Kingdom - Early Bourbon
-
absent
Confident No Edit
203
Early Merovingian
-
present
Confident No Edit
204
Proto-Carolingian
-
present
Inferred No Edit
205
Middle Merovingian
-
present
Inferred No Edit
206
Ashanti Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
207
Archaic Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit
208
Classical Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit
209
Rome - Republic of St Peter II
-
present
Confident No Edit
210
Hellenistic Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit
211
Monopalatial Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit
212
Hawaii II
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
213
Hawaii III
-
absent
Confident No Edit
214
Medang Kingdom
-
present
Inferred No Edit
215
Chalukyas of Kalyani
-
present
Confident No Edit
216
Delhi Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
217
Rouran Khaganate
-
present
Inferred No Edit
218
Early A'chik
-
absent
Confident No Edit
219
Hoysala Kingdom
-
present
Confident Yes Edit
220
Hoysala Kingdom
-
absent
Confident Yes Edit
221
Kampili Kingdom
-
present
Confident Yes Edit
222
Kampili Kingdom
-
absent
Confident Yes Edit
223
Mahajanapada era
-
present
Confident No Edit
224
Magadha - Maurya Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
225
Rashtrakuta Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
226
Vakataka Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
227
Abbasid Caliphate II
-
present
Confident No Edit
228
Akkadian Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
229
Kassite Babylonia
-
present
Confident No Edit
230
Late Xiongnu
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
231
Ak Koyunlu
-
present
Inferred No Edit
232
Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
233
Buyid Confederation
-
present
Confident No Edit
234
Hmong - Late Qing
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
235
Susiana B
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
236
Susiana - Late Ubaid
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
237
Susiana - Early Ubaid
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
238
Elam - Shutrukid Period
-
present
Inferred No Edit
239
Parthian Empire I
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
240
Qajar
-
present
Inferred No Edit
241
Sasanid Empire I
-
absent
Confident No Edit
242
Papal States - Renaissance Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
243
Susa II
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
244
Latium - Copper Age
-
absent
Confident No Edit
245
Ostrogothic Kingdom
-
absent
Confident No Edit
246
Early Roman Republic
-
absent
Confident No Edit
247
Late Roman Republic
-
present
Confident Yes Edit
248
Late Roman Republic
-
absent
Confident Yes Edit
249
Middle Roman Republic
-
absent
Confident No Edit
250
Xiongnu Imperial Confederation
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
251
Cuzco - Late Intermediate II
-
present
Inferred No Edit
252
Roman Empire - Principate
-
present
Confident No Edit
253
Republic of Venice IV
-
present
Confident No Edit
254
Ashikaga Shogunate
-
present
Confident No Edit
255
Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama
-
present
Confident No Edit
256
Heian
-
present
Inferred No Edit
257
Japan - Middle Jomon
-
absent
Confident No Edit
258
Kamakura Shogunate
-
present
Confident No Edit
259
Kansai - Kofun Period
-
present
Inferred No Edit
260
Warring States Japan
-
absent
Confident No Edit
261
Kansai - Yayoi Period
-
absent
Confident No Edit
262
Kara-Khanids
-
present
Confident No Edit
263
Classical Angkor
-
present
Confident No Edit
264
Later Wagadu Empire
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
265
Early Angkor
-
present
Confident No Edit
266
Late Angkor
-
present
Confident No Edit
267
Khmer Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
268
Funan I
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
269
Funan II
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
270
Middle Wagadu Empire
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
271
Mali Empire
-
present
Inferred No Edit
272
Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
273
Khitan I
-
present
Confident No Edit
274
Mongol Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
275
Monte Alban Late I
-
present
Confident No Edit
276
Monte Alban II
-
present
Confident No Edit
277
Monte Alban III
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
278
Monte Alban IIIB and IV
-
present
Inferred No Edit
279
Monte Alban V
-
present
Confident No Edit
280
Epiclassic Basin of Mexico
-
present
Inferred No Edit
281
Early Formative Basin of Mexico
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
282
Middle Formative Basin of Mexico
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
283
Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico
-
present
Inferred No Edit
284
Oaxaca - Rosario
-
absent
Confident No Edit
285
Oaxaca - San Jose
-
absent
Confident No Edit
286
Inca Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
287
Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
288
Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
289
Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
290
Indo-Greek Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
291
Sind - Samma Dynasty
-
absent
Confident No Edit
292
Kachi Plain - Urban Period I
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
293
Kachi Plain - Urban Period II
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
294
Ayutthaya
-
absent
Confident No Edit
295
Rattanakosin
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
296
Fatimid Caliphate
-
present
Confident No Edit
297
Byzantine Empire I
-
present
Confident No Edit
298
Byzantine Empire II
-
present
Confident No Edit
299
Byzantine Empire III
-
present
Confident No Edit
300
Hatti - New Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
301
Hatti - Old Kingdom
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
302
Kingdom of Lydia
-
present
Confident Yes Edit
303
Kingdom of Lydia
-
absent
Confident Yes Edit
304
Lysimachus Kingdom
-
present
Inferred No Edit
305
Neo-Hittite Kingdoms
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
306
Ottoman Empire I
-
present
Confident No Edit
307
Ottoman Empire II
-
present
Confident No Edit
308
Ottoman Empire III
-
present
Confident No Edit
309
Roman Empire - Dominate
-
present
Confident No Edit
310
Tabal Kingdoms
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
311
Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period
-
absent
Confident No Edit
312
Samanid Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
313
Himyar I
-
present
Confident No Edit
314
Himyar II
-
present
Confident No Edit
315
Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
316
Adal Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
317
Ajuran Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
318
Igodomingodo
-
present
Confident No Edit
319
Ilú-ọba Ọ̀yọ́
-
present
Confident No Edit
320
Foys
-
present
Confident No Edit
321
Benin Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
322
Buganda
-
absent
Confident No Edit
323
Buganda
-
absent
Confident No Edit
324
Nkore
-
absent
Confident No Edit
325
Early Pandyas
-
present
Confident No Edit
326
Kaabu
-
present
Inferred No Edit
327
Mossi
-
present
Inferred No Edit
328
Mutapa
-
present
Inferred No Edit
329
Hausa bakwai
-
present
Inferred No Edit
330
Kingdom of Nyinginya
-
present
Inferred No Edit
331
Mane
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
332
Middle and Late Nok
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
333
West Burkina Faso Yellow I
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
334
Middle and Late Nok
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
335
Great Zimbabwe
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
336
Proto-Yoruba
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
337
Sokoto Caliphate
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
338
Igala
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
339
Ọ̀ràézè Ǹrì
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
340
West Burkina Faso Yellow II
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
341
Oyo
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
342
Plantagenet England
-
present
Confident No Edit
343
Us Reconstruction-Progressive
-
present
Confident No Edit
344
Antebellum US
-
present
Confident No Edit
345
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II
-
present
Confident No Edit
346
Khwarezmid Empire
-
present
Confident No Edit
347
Saffarid Caliphate
-
present
Confident No Edit
348
British Empire I
-
present
Confident No Edit
349
Napoleonic France
-
present
Confident No Edit
350
Lombard Kingdom
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
351
Hohokam Culture
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
352
Golden Horde
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
353
British Empire IIIIIIIIII
-
present
Confident No Edit
354
Holy Roman Empire - Ottonian-Salian Dynasty
-
present
Inferred No Edit
355
Ilkhanate
-
present
Inferred No Edit
356
Badarian
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
357
Western Han Empire
-
present
Inferred No Edit
358
Gurjar-Pratihara Dynasty
-
present
Inferred No Edit
359
La Tene A-B1
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
360
La Tene B2-C1
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
361
Shiwei
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
362
Northern Wei
-
present
Confident No Edit
363
Formative Period
-
unknown
Suspected No Edit
364
Ayyubid Sultanate
-
present
Confident No Edit
365
Naqada I
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
366
Ptolemaic Kingdom II
-
present
Confident No Edit
367
Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
368
Early Qing
-
present
Confident No Edit
369
Late Qing
-
present
Confident No Edit
370
French Kingdom - Late Valois
-
present
Confident No Edit
371
Tang Dynasty II
-
present
Confident No Edit
372
Akan - Pre-Ashanti
-
absent
Confident No Edit
373
Early Wei Dynasty
-
present
Confident No Edit
374
Yangshao
-
absent
Inferred No Edit
375
Shuar - Colonial
-
absent
Confident No Edit
376
Shuar - Ecuadorian
-
absent
Confident No Edit
377
Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period
-
present
Inferred No Edit
378
The Emirate of Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit
379
Postpalatial Crete
-
present
Confident No Edit
380
French Kingdom - Early Valois
-
present
Confident No Edit
381
Egypt - Middle Kingdom
-
present
Confident No Edit
382
Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
383
Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period
-
present
Confident No Edit
384
Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom
-
present
Inferred No Edit