Section: Warfare Variables
Subsection: Military Technologies Fortifications

Complex Fortification

The absence or presence of complex fortifications as a military technology used in warfare. when there are two or more concentric walls. so simply a wall and a donjon, for example, is not enough.  

Kostis Christakis, Veronica Walker, Samantha Holder, Alicja Piślewska, Daniel Mullins, Artur Butkiewicz, Malwina Brachmanska, William Farrell, Edward A L Turner, PT, Kiran Basava, Marika Michalak, Jill Levine, Cesaretti, Aleksandra Neumannn, Alice Williams, Stephen Dean, Robert Harding, Marika Wałęga, Dan Hoyer, Marta Bartkowiak, Sal Witshire, Agathe Dupeyron, Katheriin Liibert, Giulia Nazzaro, Jedrzej Hordecki, PF, Robert Ross, Thomas Cressy, Rosalind Purcell, Agathe Dupreyon, RC, Agnieszka Marta Duda, Emilia Tomicka, Po-Ju Tuan, Katarzyna Harabasz, Eva Brandl, AP, Jenny Reddish, Natalia Szych, Enrico Cioni, Peter Rudiak-Gould, Alec Vulfson, Lottie Field, Hugh Bennett, Kalin Bullman, Gréine Jordan, Katarzyna Mich.

Variable Definition
Polity The Seshat Polity Name
Year(s) The years for which we have the data. [negative = BCE]
Confidence Inferred : The value is inferred.
Suspected : The value is suspected (Expert Check Needed).
Evidenced : The value is backed up by sufficient evidence.
Disputed? No : No disagreement among scholars.
Yes : There is disagreement among scholars.
Expert? : Not yet Checked by a Seshat Expert.
: Checked and accepted by a Seshat Expert (or RA).

Variable Definition Choices
complex_fortification The absence or presence of complex fortification for a polity. - present
- absent
- unknown
- Transitional (Absent -> Present)
- Transitional (Present -> Absent)

# Polity   Home NGA     Year(s)   Complex Fortification Confidence   Disputed   Expert   Edit
1
Archaic Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Archaic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-6000, -2001]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
2
Initial Formative Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Initial Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-2000, -1201]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
3
Late Formative Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Late Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-400, -101]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
4
Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-100, 99]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
5
Classic Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Classic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[100, 649]
absent
Inferred No Edit
6
Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[1200, 1426]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
7
Aztec Empire
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Aztec Empire is assumed.
[1427, 1526]
present
Evidenced No Edit
8
Hawaii I
Big Island Hawaii Full Year Range of Hawaii I is assumed.
[1000, 1200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
9
Hawaii II
Big Island Hawaii Full Year Range of Hawaii II is assumed.
[1200, 1580]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
10
Hawaii III
Big Island Hawaii Full Year Range of Hawaii III is assumed.
[1580, 1778]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
11
Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period
Big Island Hawaii Full Year Range of Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period is assumed.
[1778, 1819]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
12
Cahokia - Early Woodland
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Early Woodland is assumed.
[-600, -150]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
13
Cahokia - Middle Woodland
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Middle Woodland is assumed.
[-150, 300]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
14
Cahokia - Late Woodland I
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland I is assumed.
[300, 450]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
15
Cahokia - Late Woodland II
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland II is assumed.
[450, 600]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
16
Cahokia - Late Woodland III
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland III is assumed.
[600, 750]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
17
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I is assumed.
[750, 900]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
18
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II is assumed.
[900, 1049]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
19
Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling is assumed.
[1055, 1199]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
20
Cahokia - Moorehead
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Moorehead is assumed.
[1200, 1274]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
21
Cahokia - Sand Prairie
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Sand Prairie is assumed.
[1275, 1400]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
22
Oneota
Cahokia Full Year Range of Oneota is assumed.
[1400, 1650]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
23
Early Illinois Confederation
Cahokia Full Year Range of Early Illinois Confederation is assumed.
[1640, 1717]
absent
Inferred No Edit
24
Bronze Age Cambodia
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Bronze Age Cambodia is assumed.
[-1200, -501]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
25
Bronze Age Cambodia
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Bronze Age Cambodia is assumed.
[-500, 224]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
26
Funan I
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Funan I is assumed.
[225, 540]
absent
Inferred No Edit
27
Funan II
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Funan II is assumed.
[540, 640]
absent
Inferred No Edit
28
Chenla
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Chenla is assumed.
[550, 825]
absent
Inferred No Edit
29
Early Angkor
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Early Angkor is assumed.
[802, 1100]
present
Evidenced No Edit
30
Classical Angkor
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Classical Angkor is assumed.
[1100, 1220]
present
Evidenced No Edit
31
Late Angkor
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Late Angkor is assumed.
[1220, 1432]
present
Evidenced No Edit
32
Khmer Kingdom
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Khmer Kingdom is assumed.
[1432, 1594]
present
Evidenced No Edit
33
Ayutthaya
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Ayutthaya is assumed.
[1593, 1767]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
34
Rattanakosin
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Rattanakosin is assumed.
[1782, 1873]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
35
Kalingga Kingdom
Central Java Full Year Range of Kalingga Kingdom is assumed.
[500, 732]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
36
Medang Kingdom
Central Java Full Year Range of Medang Kingdom is assumed.
[732, 1019]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
37
Kediri Kingdom
Central Java Full Year Range of Kediri Kingdom is assumed.
[1049, 1222]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
38
Majapahit Kingdom
Central Java Full Year Range of Majapahit Kingdom is assumed.
[1292, 1518]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
39
Mataram Sultanate
Central Java Full Year Range of Mataram Sultanate is assumed.
[1568, 1703]
present
Evidenced No Edit
40
Chuuk - Early Truk
Chuuk Islands Full Year Range of Chuuk - Early Truk is assumed.
[1775, 1886]
absent
Inferred No Edit
41
Chuuk - Late Truk
Chuuk Islands Full Year Range of Chuuk - Late Truk is assumed.
[1886, 1948]
absent
Inferred No Edit
42
Neolithic Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Neolithic Crete is assumed.
[-7000, -3000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
43
Prepalatial Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Prepalatial Crete is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
44
The Old Palace Crete
Crete Full Year Range of The Old Palace Crete is assumed.
[-1900, -1700]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
45
New Palace Crete
Crete Full Year Range of New Palace Crete is assumed.
[-1700, -1450]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
46
Monopalatial Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Monopalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1450, -1300]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
47
Postpalatial Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Postpalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1300, -1200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
48
Final Postpalatial Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Final Postpalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1200, -1000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
49
Geometric Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Geometric Crete is assumed.
[-1000, -710]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
50
Archaic Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Archaic Crete is assumed.
[-710, -500]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
51
Classical Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Classical Crete is assumed.
[-500, -323]
present
Evidenced No Edit
52
Hellenistic Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Hellenistic Crete is assumed.
[-323, -69]
present
Evidenced No Edit
53
The Emirate of Crete
Crete Full Year Range of The Emirate of Crete is assumed.
[824, 961]
present
Evidenced No Edit
54
Byzantine Empire III
Crete Full Year Range of Byzantine Empire III is assumed.
[1073, 1204]
present
Evidenced No Edit
55
Republic of Venice III
Crete Full Year Range of Republic of Venice III is assumed.
[1204, 1563]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
56
Republic of Venice IV
Crete Full Year Range of Republic of Venice IV is assumed.
[1564, 1797]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
57
Cuzco - Late Formative
Cuzco Full Year Range of Cuzco - Late Formative is assumed.
[-500, 200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
58
Cuzco - Early Intermediate I
Cuzco Full Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate I is assumed.
[200, 499]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
59
Cuzco - Early Intermediate II
Cuzco Full Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate II is assumed.
[500, 649]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
60
Wari Empire
Cuzco Full Year Range of Wari Empire is assumed.
[650, 999]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
61
Cuzco - Late Intermediate I
Cuzco Full Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate I is assumed.
[1000, 1250]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
62
Cuzco - Late Intermediate II
Cuzco Full Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate II is assumed.
[1250, 1400]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
63
Cuzco - Late Intermediate II
Cuzco Full Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate II is assumed.
[1250, 1400]
present
Evidenced No Edit
64
Inca Empire
Cuzco Full Year Range of Inca Empire is assumed.
[1375, 1532]
absent
Inferred No Edit
65
Spanish Empire I
Cuzco Full Year Range of Spanish Empire I is assumed.
[1469, 1715]
absent
Inferred No Edit
66
Deccan - Neolithic
Deccan Full Year Range of Deccan - Neolithic is assumed.
[-2700, -1200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
67
Deccan - Iron Age
Deccan Full Year Range of Deccan - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
68
Post-Mauryan Kingdoms
Deccan Full Year Range of Post-Mauryan Kingdoms is assumed.
[-205, -101]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
69
Satavahana Empire
Deccan Full Year Range of Satavahana Empire is assumed.
[-100, 203]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
70
Vakataka Kingdom
Deccan Full Year Range of Vakataka Kingdom is assumed.
[255, 550]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
71
Kadamba Empire
Deccan Full Year Range of Kadamba Empire is assumed.
[345, 550]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
72
Chalukyas of Badami
Deccan Full Year Range of Chalukyas of Badami is assumed.
[543, 753]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
73
Rashtrakuta Empire
Deccan Full Year Range of Rashtrakuta Empire is assumed.
[753, 973]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
74
Hoysala Kingdom
Deccan Full Year Range of Hoysala Kingdom is assumed.
[1108, 1346]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
75
Kampili Kingdom
Deccan Full Year Range of Kampili Kingdom is assumed.
[1280, 1327]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
76
Vijayanagara Empire
Deccan Full Year Range of Vijayanagara Empire is assumed.
[1336, 1646]
present
Evidenced No Edit
77
British Empire II
Deccan Full Year Range of British Empire II is assumed.
[1850, 1968]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
78
Proto-Haudenosaunee Confederacy
Finger Lakes Full Year Range of Proto-Haudenosaunee Confederacy is assumed.
[1300, 1565]
present
Evidenced No Edit
79
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early
Finger Lakes 1566 CE 1700 CE
present
Evidenced No Edit
80
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early
Finger Lakes 1701 CE 1713 CE
absent
Inferred No Edit
81
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late
Finger Lakes Full Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late is assumed.
[1714, 1848]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
82
Canaan
Galilee Full Year Range of Canaan is assumed.
[-2000, -1175]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
83
Phoenician Empire
Galilee Full Year Range of Phoenician Empire is assumed.
[-1200, -332]
unknown
Evidenced No Edit
84
Yisrael
Galilee Full Year Range of Yisrael is assumed.
[-1030, -722]
present
Evidenced No Edit
85
Yehuda
Galilee Full Year Range of Yehuda is assumed.
[-141, -63]
present
Evidenced No Edit
86
Early Garo
Garo Hills Full Year Range of Early Garo is assumed.
[1775, 1867]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
87
Late Garo
Garo Hills Full Year Range of Late Garo is assumed.
[1867, 1956]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
88
Akan - Pre-Ashanti
Ghanaian Coast Full Year Range of Akan - Pre-Ashanti is assumed.
[1501, 1701]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
89
Ashanti Empire
Ghanaian Coast Full Year Range of Ashanti Empire is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
90
Icelandic Commonwealth
Iceland Full Year Range of Icelandic Commonwealth is assumed.
[930, 1262]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
91
Kingdom of Norway II
Iceland Full Year Range of Kingdom of Norway II is assumed.
[1262, 1380]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
92
Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7500, -5500]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
93
Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -4000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
94
Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-4000, -3200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
95
Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period is assumed.
[-3200, -2500]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
96
Kachi Plain - Urban Period I
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period I is assumed.
[-2500, -2100]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
97
Kachi Plain - Urban Period II
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period II is assumed.
[-2100, 1800]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
98
Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period is assumed.
[-1800, -1300]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
99
Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period is assumed.
[-1300, -500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
100
Indo-Greek Kingdom
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Indo-Greek Kingdom is assumed.
[-180, -10]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
101
Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period is assumed.
[854, 1193]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
102
Ghur Principality
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Ghur Principality is assumed.
[1025, 1215]
present
Inferred No Edit
103
Delhi Sultanate
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Delhi Sultanate is assumed.
[1206, 1526]
present
Evidenced No Edit
104
Sind - Samma Dynasty
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Sind - Samma Dynasty is assumed.
[1335, 1521]
present
Inferred No Edit
105
Mughal Empire
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Mughal Empire is assumed.
[1526, 1858]
present
Inferred No Edit
106
Durrani Empire
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Durrani Empire is assumed.
[1747, 1826]
present
Evidenced No Edit
107
Japan - Incipient Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Incipient Jomon is assumed.
[-13600, -9200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
108
Japan - Initial Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Initial Jomon is assumed.
[-9200, -5300]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
109
Japan - Early Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Early Jomon is assumed.
[-5300, -3500]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
110
Japan - Middle Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Middle Jomon is assumed.
[-3500, -2500]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
111
Japan - Late Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Late Jomon is assumed.
[-2500, -1200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
112
Japan - Final Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Final Jomon is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
113
Kansai - Yayoi Period
Kansai Full Year Range of Kansai - Yayoi Period is assumed.
[-300, 250]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
114
Kansai - Kofun Period
Kansai Full Year Range of Kansai - Kofun Period is assumed.
[250, 537]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
115
Asuka
Kansai Full Year Range of Asuka is assumed.
[538, 710]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
116
Heian
Kansai Full Year Range of Heian is assumed.
[794, 1185]
present
Evidenced No Edit
117
Kamakura Shogunate
Kansai Full Year Range of Kamakura Shogunate is assumed.
[1185, 1333]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
118
Ashikaga Shogunate
Kansai Full Year Range of Ashikaga Shogunate is assumed.
[1336, 1467]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
119
Warring States Japan
Kansai Full Year Range of Warring States Japan is assumed.
[1467, 1568]
present
Evidenced No Edit
120
Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama is assumed.
[1568, 1603]
present
Inferred No Edit
121
Tokugawa Shogunate
Kansai Full Year Range of Tokugawa Shogunate is assumed.
[1603, 1868]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
122
Iban - Pre-Brooke
Kapuasi Basin Full Year Range of Iban - Pre-Brooke is assumed.
[1650, 1841]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
123
Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial
Kapuasi Basin Full Year Range of Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial is assumed.
[1841, 1987]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
124
Konya Plain - Early Neolithic
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Neolithic is assumed.
[-9600, -7000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
125
Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7000, -6600]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
126
Konya Plain - Late Neolithic
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Neolithic is assumed.
[-6600, -6000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
127
Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-6000, -5500]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
128
Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -3000]
present
Evidenced No Edit
129
Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age is assumed.
[-3000, -2000]
present
Evidenced No Edit
130
Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia is assumed.
[-2000, -1700]
present
Evidenced No Edit
131
Hatti - Old Kingdom
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Hatti - Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-1650, -1500]
present
Evidenced No Edit
132
Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
present
Evidenced No Edit
133
Hatti - New Kingdom
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Hatti - New Kingdom is assumed.
[-1400, -1180]
present
Evidenced No Edit
134
Neo-Hittite Kingdoms
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Neo-Hittite Kingdoms is assumed.
[-1180, -900]
present
Evidenced No Edit
135
Tabal Kingdoms
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Tabal Kingdoms is assumed.
[-900, -730]
present
Evidenced No Edit
136
Phrygian Kingdom
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Phrygian Kingdom is assumed.
[-900, -695]
present
Evidenced No Edit
137
Kingdom of Lydia
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Kingdom of Lydia is assumed.
[-670, -546]
present
Evidenced No Edit
138
Lysimachus Kingdom
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Lysimachus Kingdom is assumed.
[-323, -281]
present
Inferred No Edit
139
Late Cappadocia
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Late Cappadocia is assumed.
[-322, -93]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
140
Roman Empire - Dominate
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Roman Empire - Dominate is assumed.
[285, 394]
present
Evidenced No Edit
141
East Roman Empire
Konya Plain Full Year Range of East Roman Empire is assumed.
[395, 631]
present
Evidenced No Edit
142
Byzantine Empire I
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Byzantine Empire I is assumed.
[632, 866]
present
Evidenced No Edit
143
Byzantine Empire II
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Byzantine Empire II is assumed.
[867, 1072]
present
Evidenced No Edit
144
Rum Sultanate
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Rum Sultanate is assumed.
[1077, 1307]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
145
Ottoman Emirate
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Ottoman Emirate is assumed.
[1299, 1402]
present
Evidenced No Edit
146
Ottoman Empire I
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Ottoman Empire I is assumed.
[1402, 1517]
present
Evidenced No Edit
147
Ottoman Empire II
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Ottoman Empire II is assumed.
[1517, 1683]
present
Evidenced No Edit
148
Ottoman Empire III
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Ottoman Empire III is assumed.
[1683, 1839]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
149
Latium - Copper Age
Latium Full Year Range of Latium - Copper Age is assumed.
[-3600, -1800]
absent
Inferred No Edit
150
Latium - Bronze Age
Latium Full Year Range of Latium - Bronze Age is assumed.
[-1800, -900]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
151
Latium - Iron Age
Latium Full Year Range of Latium - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1000, -580]
absent
Inferred No Edit
152
Roman Kingdom
Latium Full Year Range of Roman Kingdom is assumed.
[-716, -509]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
153
Early Roman Republic
Latium Full Year Range of Early Roman Republic is assumed.
[-509, -264]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
154
Middle Roman Republic
Latium Full Year Range of Middle Roman Republic is assumed.
[-264, -133]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
155
Late Roman Republic
Latium Full Year Range of Late Roman Republic is assumed.
[-133, -31]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
156
Roman Empire - Principate
Latium Full Year Range of Roman Empire - Principate is assumed.
[-31, 284]
present
Evidenced No Edit
157
Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity
Latium Full Year Range of Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity is assumed.
[395, 476]
present
Evidenced No Edit
158
Ostrogothic Kingdom
Latium Full Year Range of Ostrogothic Kingdom is assumed.
[489, 554]
unknown
Evidenced No Edit
159
Exarchate of Ravenna
Latium Full Year Range of Exarchate of Ravenna is assumed.
[568, 751]
unknown
Evidenced No Edit
160
Republic of St Peter I
Latium Full Year Range of Republic of St Peter I is assumed.
[711, 904]
unknown
Evidenced No Edit
161
Rome - Republic of St Peter II
Latium Full Year Range of Rome - Republic of St Peter II is assumed.
[904, 1198]
present
Inferred No Edit
162
Papal States - High Medieval Period
Latium Full Year Range of Papal States - High Medieval Period is assumed.
[1198, 1309]
present
Evidenced No Edit
163
Papal States - Renaissance Period
Latium Full Year Range of Papal States - Renaissance Period is assumed.
[1378, 1527]
present
Evidenced No Edit
164
Papal States - Medieval Period I
Latium Full Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period I is assumed.
[1527, 1648]
present
Evidenced No Edit
165
Papal States - Medieval Period II
Latium Full Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period II is assumed.
[1648, 1809]
present
Evidenced No Edit
166
Sakha - Early
Lena River Valley Full Year Range of Sakha - Early is assumed.
[1400, 1632]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
167
Sakha - Late
Lena River Valley Full Year Range of Sakha - Late is assumed.
[1632, 1900]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
168
Shuar - Colonial
Lowland Andes Full Year Range of Shuar - Colonial is assumed.
[1534, 1830]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
169
Shuar - Ecuadorian
Lowland Andes Full Year Range of Shuar - Ecuadorian is assumed.
[1831, 1931]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
170
Neolithic Middle Ganga
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Neolithic Middle Ganga is assumed.
[-7000, -3001]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
171
Mahajanapada era
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Mahajanapada era is assumed.
[-600, -324]
present
Evidenced No Edit
172
Maurya Empire
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Maurya Empire is assumed.
[-324, -187]
absent
Inferred No Edit
173
Sunga Empire
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Sunga Empire is assumed.
[-187, -65]
absent
Inferred No Edit
174
Kingdom of Ayodhya
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Kingdom of Ayodhya is assumed.
[-64, 34]
present
Inferred No Edit
175
Gupta Dynasty
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Gupta Dynasty is assumed.
[320, 515]
absent
Inferred No Edit
176
Maghada
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Maghada is assumed.
[450, 605]
absent
Inferred No Edit
177
Kanauj
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Kanauj is assumed.
[650, 780]
absent
Inferred No Edit
178
Gurjar
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Gurjar is assumed.
[810, 1030]
absent
Inferred No Edit
179
Gahadavala Dynasty
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Gahadavala Dynasty is assumed.
[1085, 1193]
absent
Inferred No Edit
180
Peiligang
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Peiligang is assumed.
[-7000, -5001]
absent
Inferred No Edit
181
Yangshao
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Yangshao is assumed.
[-5000, -3000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
182
Longshan
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Longshan is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
present
Evidenced No Edit
183
Erlitou
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Erlitou is assumed.
[-1850, -1600]
absent
Inferred No Edit
184
Erligang
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Erligang is assumed.
[-1650, -1250]
present
Evidenced No Edit
185
Late Shang
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Late Shang is assumed.
[-1250, -1045]
present
Inferred No Edit
186
Western Zhou
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Western Zhou is assumed.
[-1122, -771]
present
Evidenced No Edit
187
Jin
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Jin is assumed.
[-780, -404]
present
Evidenced No Edit
188
Early Wei Dynasty
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Early Wei Dynasty is assumed.
[-445, -225]
present
Evidenced No Edit
189
Western Han Empire
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Western Han Empire is assumed.
[-202, 9]
present
Evidenced No Edit
190
Eastern Han Empire
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Eastern Han Empire is assumed.
[25, 220]
present
Inferred No Edit
191
Western Jin
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Western Jin is assumed.
[265, 317]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
192
Northern Wei
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Northern Wei is assumed.
[386, 534]
present
Evidenced No Edit
193
Sui Dynasty
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Sui Dynasty is assumed.
[581, 618]
present
Evidenced No Edit
194
Early Tang Dynasty
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Early Tang Dynasty is assumed.
[617, 763]
present
Evidenced No Edit
195
Later Tang Dynasty
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Later Tang Dynasty is assumed.
[763, 907]
present
Evidenced No Edit
196
Northern Song
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Northern Song is assumed.
[960, 1127]
present
Evidenced No Edit
197
Later Jin
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Later Jin is assumed.
[1115, 1243]
present
Evidenced No Edit
198
Great Yuan
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Great Yuan is assumed.
[1271, 1368]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
199
Great Ming
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Great Ming is assumed.
[1368, 1644]
present
Evidenced No Edit
200
Early Qing
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Early Qing is assumed.
[1644, 1796]
present
Evidenced No Edit
201
Late Qing
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Late Qing is assumed.
[1796, 1912]
present
Evidenced No Edit
202
Jenne-jeno I
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Jenne-jeno I is assumed.
[-250, 49]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
203
Jenne-jeno II
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Jenne-jeno II is assumed.
[50, 399]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
204
Jenne-jeno III
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Jenne-jeno III is assumed.
[400, 899]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
205
Middle Wagadu Empire
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Middle Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[700, 1077]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
206
Jenne-jeno IV
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Jenne-jeno IV is assumed.
[900, 1300]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
207
Later Wagadu Empire
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Later Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[1078, 1203]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
208
Mali Empire
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Mali Empire is assumed.
[1230, 1410]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
209
Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty is assumed.
[1493, 1591]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
210
Saadi Sultanate
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Saadi Sultanate is assumed.
[1554, 1659]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
211
Segou Kingdom
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Segou Kingdom is assumed.
[1650, 1712]
present
Evidenced No Edit
212
Bamana kingdom
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Bamana kingdom is assumed.
[1712, 1861]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
213
Neguanje
North Colombia Full Year Range of Neguanje is assumed.
[250, 1050]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
214
Tairona
North Colombia Full Year Range of Tairona is assumed.
[1050, 1524]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
215
Early Xiongnu
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Early Xiongnu is assumed.
[-1400, -300]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
216
Xiongnu Imperial Confederation
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Xiongnu Imperial Confederation is assumed.
[-209, -60]
present
Inferred No Edit
217
Late Xiongnu
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Late Xiongnu is assumed.
[-60, 100]
present
Inferred No Edit
218
Xianbei Confederation
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Xianbei Confederation is assumed.
[100, 250]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
219
Rouran Khaganate
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Rouran Khaganate is assumed.
[300, 555]
present
Evidenced No Edit
220
Eastern Turk Khaganate
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Eastern Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[583, 630]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
221
Shiwei
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Shiwei is assumed.
[600, 1000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
222
Second Turk Khaganate
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Second Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[682, 744]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
223
Uigur Khaganate
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Uigur Khaganate is assumed.
[745, 840]
present
Evidenced No Edit
224
Khitan I
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Khitan I is assumed.
[907, 1125]
present
Inferred No Edit
225
Early Mongols
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Early Mongols is assumed.
[1000, 1206]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
226
Mongol Empire
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Mongol Empire is assumed.
[1206, 1368]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
227
Late Mongols
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Late Mongols is assumed.
[1368, 1690]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
228
Zungharian Empire
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Zungharian Empire is assumed.
[1670, 1757]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
229
Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial
Oro PNG Full Year Range of Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial is assumed.
[1734, 1883]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
230
Orokaiva - Colonial
Oro PNG Full Year Range of Orokaiva - Colonial is assumed.
[1884, 1942]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
231
Beaker Culture
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Beaker Culture is assumed.
[-3200, -2000]
present
Evidenced No Edit
232
Atlantic Complex
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Atlantic Complex is assumed.
[-2200, -1000]
present
Inferred No Edit
233
Hallstatt A-B1
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Hallstatt A-B1 is assumed.
[-1000, -900]
absent
Inferred No Edit
234
Hallstatt B2-3
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Hallstatt B2-3 is assumed.
[-900, -700]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
235
Hallstatt C
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Hallstatt C is assumed.
[-700, -600]
absent
Inferred No Edit
236
Hallstatt D
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Hallstatt D is assumed.
[-600, -475]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
237
La Tene A-B1
Paris Basin Full Year Range of La Tene A-B1 is assumed.
[-475, -325]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
238
La Tene B2-C1
Paris Basin Full Year Range of La Tene B2-C1 is assumed.
[-325, -175]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
239
La Tene C2-D
Paris Basin Full Year Range of La Tene C2-D is assumed.
[-175, -27]
present
Evidenced No Edit
240
Early Merovingian
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Early Merovingian is assumed.
[481, 543]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
241
Middle Merovingian
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Middle Merovingian is assumed.
[543, 687]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
242
Proto-Carolingian
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Proto-Carolingian is assumed.
[687, 751]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
243
Carolingian Empire I
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Carolingian Empire I is assumed.
[752, 840]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
244
Carolingian Empire II
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Carolingian Empire II is assumed.
[840, 987]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
245
Proto-French Kingdom
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Proto-French Kingdom is assumed.
[987, 1150]
present
Inferred No Edit
246
French Kingdom - Late Capetian
Paris Basin Full Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Capetian is assumed.
[1150, 1328]
present
Evidenced No Edit
247
French Kingdom - Early Valois
Paris Basin Full Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Valois is assumed.
[1328, 1450]
present
Inferred No Edit
248
French Kingdom - Late Valois
Paris Basin Full Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Valois is assumed.
[1450, 1589]
present
Inferred No Edit
249
French Kingdom - Early Bourbon
Paris Basin Full Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Bourbon is assumed.
[1589, 1660]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
250
Sarazm
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Sarazm is assumed.
[-3500, -2000]
absent
Inferred No Edit
251
Andronovo
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Andronovo is assumed.
[-1800, -1200]
present
Inferred No Edit
252
Koktepe I
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Koktepe I is assumed.
[-1400, -1000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
253
Ancient Khwarazm
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Ancient Khwarazm is assumed.
[-1000, -521]
present
Evidenced No Edit
254
Koktepe II
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Koktepe II is assumed.
[-750, -550]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
255
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Greco-Bactrian Kingdom is assumed.
[-256, -125]
present
Evidenced No Edit
256
Tocharians
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Tocharians is assumed.
[-129, 29]
present
Inferred No Edit
257
Kushan Empire
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Kushan Empire is assumed.
[35, 319]
present
Evidenced No Edit
258
Hephthalites
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Hephthalites is assumed.
[408, 561]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
259
Western Turk Khaganate
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Western Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[582, 630]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
260
Sogdiana - City-States Period
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Sogdiana - City-States Period is assumed.
[604, 711]
present
Inferred No Edit
261
Samanid Empire
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Samanid Empire is assumed.
[819, 999]
present
Evidenced No Edit
262
Kara-Khanids
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Kara-Khanids is assumed.
[950, 1212]
present
Evidenced No Edit
263
Chagatai Khanate
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Chagatai Khanate is assumed.
[1263, 1402]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
264
Timurid Empire
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Timurid Empire is assumed.
[1370, 1526]
present
Inferred No Edit
265
Khanate of Bukhara
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Khanate of Bukhara is assumed.
[1599, 1747]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
266
Hmong - Late Qing
Southern China Hills Full Year Range of Hmong - Late Qing is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
267
Hmong - Early Chinese
Southern China Hills Full Year Range of Hmong - Early Chinese is assumed.
[1895, 1941]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
268
Southern Mesopotamia Neolithic
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Southern Mesopotamia Neolithic is assumed.
[-9000, -5501]
absent
Inferred No Edit
269
Ubaid
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Ubaid is assumed.
[-5500, -4201]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
270
Uruk
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Uruk is assumed.
[-4000, -2900]
present
Evidenced No Edit
271
Early Dynastic
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Early Dynastic is assumed.
[-2900, -2500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
272
Akkadian Empire
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Akkadian Empire is assumed.
[-2270, -2083]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
273
Ur - Dynasty III
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Ur - Dynasty III is assumed.
[-2112, -2004]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
274
Isin-Larsa
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Isin-Larsa is assumed.
[-2004, -1763]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
275
Amorite Babylonia
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Amorite Babylonia is assumed.
[-2000, -1600]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
276
Kassite Babylonia
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Kassite Babylonia is assumed.
[-1595, -1150]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
277
Second Dynasty of Isin
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Second Dynasty of Isin is assumed.
[-1153, -1027]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
278
Bazi Dynasty
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Bazi Dynasty is assumed.
[-1005, -986]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
279
Dynasty of E
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Dynasty of E is assumed.
[-979, -732]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
280
Neo-Assyrian Empire
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Neo-Assyrian Empire is assumed.
[-911, -612]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
281
Neo-Babylonian Empire
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Neo-Babylonian Empire is assumed.
[-626, -539]
present
Evidenced No Edit
282
Seleucids
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Seleucids is assumed.
[-312, -63]
present
Evidenced No Edit
283
Parthian Empire II
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Parthian Empire II is assumed.
[41, 226]
present
Evidenced No Edit
284
Ummayad Caliphate
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Ummayad Caliphate is assumed.
[661, 750]
present
Evidenced No Edit
285
Abbasid Caliphate I
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate I is assumed.
[750, 946]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
286
Abbasid Caliphate II
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate II is assumed.
[1191, 1258]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
287
Pre-Ceramic Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Pre-Ceramic Period is assumed.
[-7800, -7200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
288
Formative Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Formative Period is assumed.
[-7200, -7000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
289
Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar
Susiana Full Year Range of Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar is assumed.
[-7000, -6000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
290
Susiana A
Susiana Full Year Range of Susiana A is assumed.
[-6000, -5700]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
291
Susiana B
Susiana Full Year Range of Susiana B is assumed.
[-5700, -5100]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
292
Susiana - Early Ubaid
Susiana Full Year Range of Susiana - Early Ubaid is assumed.
[-5100, -4700]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
293
Susiana - Late Ubaid
Susiana Full Year Range of Susiana - Late Ubaid is assumed.
[-4700, -4300]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
294
Susa I
Susiana Full Year Range of Susa I is assumed.
[-4300, -3800]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
295
Susa II
Susiana Full Year Range of Susa II is assumed.
[-3800, -3100]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
296
Susa III
Susiana Full Year Range of Susa III is assumed.
[-3100, -2675]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
297
Elam - Awan Dynasty I
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Awan Dynasty I is assumed.
[-2675, -2100]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
298
Elam - Shimashki Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Shimashki Period is assumed.
[-2028, -1940]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
299
Elam - Early Sukkalmah
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Early Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1900, -1701]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
300
Elam - Late Sukkalmah
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Late Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1700, -1500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
301
Elam - Kidinuid Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Kidinuid Period is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
302
Elam - Igihalkid Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Igihalkid Period is assumed.
[-1399, -1200]
present
Inferred No Edit
303
Elam - Shutrukid Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Shutrukid Period is assumed.
[-1199, -1100]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
304
Elam - Crisis Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Crisis Period is assumed.
[-1100, -900]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
305
Elam I
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam I is assumed.
[-900, -744]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
306
Elam II
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam II is assumed.
[-743, -647]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
307
Elam III
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam III is assumed.
[-612, -539]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
308
Achaemenid Empire
Susiana Full Year Range of Achaemenid Empire is assumed.
[-550, -331]
present
Evidenced No Edit
309
Parthian Empire I
Susiana Full Year Range of Parthian Empire I is assumed.
[-247, 40]
present
Evidenced No Edit
310
Elymais II
Susiana Full Year Range of Elymais II is assumed.
[25, 215]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
311
Sasanid Empire I
Susiana Full Year Range of Sasanid Empire I is assumed.
[205, 487]
present
Evidenced No Edit
312
Sasanid Empire II
Susiana Full Year Range of Sasanid Empire II is assumed.
[488, 642]
present
Evidenced No Edit
313
Buyid Confederation
Susiana Full Year Range of Buyid Confederation is assumed.
[932, 1062]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
314
Seljuk Sultanate
Susiana Full Year Range of Seljuk Sultanate is assumed.
[1037, 1157]
present
Evidenced Yes Edit
315
Seljuk Sultanate
Susiana Full Year Range of Seljuk Sultanate is assumed.
[1037, 1157]
absent
Evidenced Yes Edit
316
Ilkhanate
Susiana Full Year Range of Ilkhanate is assumed.
[1256, 1339]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
317
Ak Koyunlu
Susiana Full Year Range of Ak Koyunlu is assumed.
[1339, 1501]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
318
Safavid Empire
Susiana Full Year Range of Safavid Empire is assumed.
[1501, 1722]
present
Evidenced No Edit
319
Qajar
Susiana Full Year Range of Qajar is assumed.
[1794, 1925]
present
Inferred No Edit
320
Badarian
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Badarian is assumed.
[-4400, -3800]
absent
Inferred No Edit
321
Naqada I
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Naqada I is assumed.
[-3800, -3550]
absent
Inferred No Edit
322
Naqada II
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Naqada II is assumed.
[-3550, -3300]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
323
Egypt - Dynasty 0
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty 0 is assumed.
[-3300, -3100]
absent
Inferred No Edit
324
Egypt - Dynasty I
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty I is assumed.
[-3100, -2900]
absent
Inferred No Edit
325
Egypt - Dynasty II
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty II is assumed.
[-2900, -2687]
present
Evidenced No Edit
326
Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2650, -2350]
absent
Inferred No Edit
327
Egypt - Late Old Kingdom
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Late Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2350, -2150]
absent
Inferred No Edit
328
Egypt - Period of the Regions
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Period of the Regions is assumed.
[-2150, -2016]
present
Evidenced No Edit
329
Egypt - Middle Kingdom
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Middle Kingdom is assumed.
[-2016, -1700]
present
Evidenced No Edit
330
Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period is assumed.
[-1720, -1567]
absent
Inferred No Edit
331
Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period is assumed.
[-1550, -1293]
absent
Inferred No Edit
332
Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period is assumed.
[-1293, -1070]
present
Evidenced No Edit
333
Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period is assumed.
[-1069, -747]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
334
Egypt - Kushite Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Kushite Period is assumed.
[-747, -656]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
335
Egypt - Saite Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Saite Period is assumed.
[-664, -525]
present
Inferred No Edit
336
Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period is assumed.
[-404, -342]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
337
Ptolemaic Kingdom I
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom I is assumed.
[-305, -217]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
338
Ptolemaic Kingdom II
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom II is assumed.
[-217, -30]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
339
Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period is assumed.
[868, 969]
present
Evidenced No Edit
340
Fatimid Caliphate
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Fatimid Caliphate is assumed.
[909, 1171]
present
Evidenced No Edit
341
Ayyubid Sultanate
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Ayyubid Sultanate is assumed.
[1171, 1250]
present
Evidenced No Edit
342
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I is assumed.
[1260, 1348]
present
Evidenced No Edit
343
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II is assumed.
[1348, 1412]
present
Evidenced No Edit
344
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III is assumed.
[1412, 1517]
present
Evidenced No Edit
345
Oaxaca - Tierras Largas
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Oaxaca - Tierras Largas is assumed.
[-1400, -1150]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
346
Oaxaca - San Jose
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Oaxaca - San Jose is assumed.
[-1150, -700]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
347
Oaxaca - Rosario
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Oaxaca - Rosario is assumed.
[-700, -500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
348
Early Monte Alban I
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Early Monte Alban I is assumed.
[-500, -300]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
349
Monte Alban Late I
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Monte Alban Late I is assumed.
[-300, -100]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
350
Monte Alban II
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Monte Alban II is assumed.
[-100, 200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
351
Monte Alban III
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Monte Alban III is assumed.
[200, 500]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
352
Monte Alban IIIB and IV
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Monte Alban IIIB and IV is assumed.
[500, 900]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
353
Monte Alban V
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Monte Alban V is assumed.
[900, 1520]
present
Inferred No Edit
354
Neolithic Yemen
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Neolithic Yemen is assumed.
[-3500, -1201]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
355
Yemen - Late Bronze Age
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Yemen - Late Bronze Age is assumed.
[-1200, -801]
absent
Inferred No Edit
356
Sabaean Commonwealth
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Sabaean Commonwealth is assumed.
[-800, -451]
absent
Inferred No Edit
357
Qatabanian Commonwealth
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Qatabanian Commonwealth is assumed.
[-450, -111]
absent
Inferred No Edit
358
Axum I
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Axum I is assumed.
[-149, 349]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
359
Kingdom of Saba and Dhu Raydan
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Kingdom of Saba and Dhu Raydan is assumed.
[-110, 149]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
360
Himyar I
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Himyar I is assumed.
[270, 340]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
361
Himyar II
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Himyar II is assumed.
[378, 525]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
362
Yemen Ziyad Dynasty
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Yemen Ziyad Dynasty is assumed.
[822, 1037]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
363
Yemen - Era of Warlords
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Yemen - Era of Warlords is assumed.
[1038, 1174]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
364
Rasulid Dynasty
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Rasulid Dynasty is assumed.
[1229, 1453]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
365
Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty is assumed.
[1454, 1517]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
366
Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty is assumed.
[1637, 1805]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
367
Nara Kingdom
None Full Year Range of Nara Kingdom is assumed.
[710, 794]
present
Evidenced No Edit
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