Section: Warfare Variables
Subsection: Military Technologies Armor

Chainmail

The absence or presence of chainmail as a military technology used in warfare. we’re using a broad definition of chainmail. habergeon was the word used to describe the chinese version and that would qualify as chainmail. armor that is made of small metal rings linked together in a pattern to form a mesh.  

Kostis Christakis, Veronica Walker, Samantha Holder, Alicja Piślewska, Daniel Mullins, Artur Butkiewicz, Malwina Brachmanska, William Farrell, Edward A L Turner, PT, Kiran Basava, Marika Michalak, Jill Levine, Cesaretti, Aleksandra Neumannn, Alice Williams, Stephen Dean, Robert Harding, Marika Wałęga, Dan Hoyer, Marta Bartkowiak, Sal Witshire, Agathe Dupeyron, Katheriin Liibert, Giulia Nazzaro, Jedrzej Hordecki, PF, Robert Ross, Thomas Cressy, Rosalind Purcell, Agathe Dupreyon, RC, Agnieszka Marta Duda, Emilia Tomicka, Po-Ju Tuan, Katarzyna Harabasz, Eva Brandl, AP, Jenny Reddish, Natalia Szych, Enrico Cioni, Peter Rudiak-Gould, Alec Vulfson, Lottie Field, Hugh Bennett, Kalin Bullman, Gréine Jordan, Katarzyna Mich.

Variable Definition
Polity The Seshat Polity Name
Year(s) The years for which we have the data. [negative = BCE]
Confidence Inferred : The value is inferred.
Suspected : The value is suspected (Expert Check Needed).
Evidenced : The value is backed up by sufficient evidence.
Disputed? No : No disagreement among scholars.
Yes : There is disagreement among scholars.
Expert? : Not yet Checked by a Seshat Expert.
: Checked and accepted by a Seshat Expert (or RA).

Variable Definition Choices
chainmail The absence or presence of chainmail for a polity. - present
- absent
- unknown
- Transitional (Absent -> Present)
- Transitional (Present -> Absent)

# Polity   Home NGA     Year(s)   Chainmail Confidence   Disputed   Expert   Edit
1
Late Formative Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Late Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-400, -101]
absent
Confident No Edit
2
Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-100, 99]
absent
Confident No Edit
3
Classic Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Classic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[100, 649]
absent
Confident No Edit
4
Toltecs
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Toltecs is assumed.
[900, 1199]
absent
Confident No Edit
5
Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[1200, 1426]
absent
Confident No Edit
6
Hawaii I
Big Island Hawaii Full Year Range of Hawaii I is assumed.
[1000, 1200]
absent
Confident No Edit
7
Hawaii II
Big Island Hawaii Full Year Range of Hawaii II is assumed.
[1200, 1580]
absent
Confident No Edit
8
Hawaii III
Big Island Hawaii Full Year Range of Hawaii III is assumed.
[1580, 1778]
absent
Confident No Edit
9
Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period
Big Island Hawaii Full Year Range of Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period is assumed.
[1778, 1819]
absent
Confident No Edit
10
Cahokia - Early Woodland
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Early Woodland is assumed.
[-600, -150]
absent
Confident No Edit
11
Cahokia - Middle Woodland
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Middle Woodland is assumed.
[-150, 300]
absent
Confident No Edit
12
Cahokia - Late Woodland I
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland I is assumed.
[300, 450]
absent
Confident No Edit
13
Cahokia - Late Woodland II
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland II is assumed.
[450, 600]
absent
Confident No Edit
14
Cahokia - Late Woodland III
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland III is assumed.
[600, 750]
absent
Confident No Edit
15
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I is assumed.
[750, 900]
absent
Confident No Edit
16
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II is assumed.
[900, 1049]
absent
Confident No Edit
17
Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling is assumed.
[1055, 1199]
absent
Confident No Edit
18
Cahokia - Moorehead
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Moorehead is assumed.
[1200, 1274]
absent
Confident No Edit
19
Cahokia - Sand Prairie
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Sand Prairie is assumed.
[1275, 1400]
absent
Confident No Edit
20
Early Illinois Confederation
Cahokia Full Year Range of Early Illinois Confederation is assumed.
[1640, 1717]
absent
Confident No Edit
21
Funan I
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Funan I is assumed.
[225, 540]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
22
Funan II
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Funan II is assumed.
[540, 640]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
23
Chenla
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Chenla is assumed.
[550, 825]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
24
Early Angkor
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Early Angkor is assumed.
[802, 1100]
present
Confident No Edit
25
Classical Angkor
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Classical Angkor is assumed.
[1100, 1220]
present
Confident No Edit
26
Late Angkor
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Late Angkor is assumed.
[1220, 1432]
present
Confident No Edit
27
Khmer Kingdom
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Khmer Kingdom is assumed.
[1432, 1594]
present
Confident No Edit
28
Ayutthaya
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Ayutthaya is assumed.
[1593, 1767]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
29
Rattanakosin
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Rattanakosin is assumed.
[1782, 1873]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
30
Java - Buni Culture
Central Java Full Year Range of Java - Buni Culture is assumed.
[-400, 500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
31
Kalingga Kingdom
Central Java Full Year Range of Kalingga Kingdom is assumed.
[500, 732]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
32
Medang Kingdom
Central Java Full Year Range of Medang Kingdom is assumed.
[732, 1019]
present
Inferred No Edit
33
Kediri Kingdom
Central Java Full Year Range of Kediri Kingdom is assumed.
[1049, 1222]
present
Inferred No Edit
34
Majapahit Kingdom
Central Java Full Year Range of Majapahit Kingdom is assumed.
[1292, 1518]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
35
Mataram Sultanate
Central Java Full Year Range of Mataram Sultanate is assumed.
[1568, 1703]
present
Confident No Edit
36
Chuuk - Early Truk
Chuuk Islands Full Year Range of Chuuk - Early Truk is assumed.
[1775, 1886]
absent
Confident No Edit
37
Chuuk - Late Truk
Chuuk Islands Full Year Range of Chuuk - Late Truk is assumed.
[1886, 1948]
absent
Confident No Edit
38
Neolithic Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Neolithic Crete is assumed.
[-7000, -3000]
absent
Confident No Edit
39
Prepalatial Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Prepalatial Crete is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
absent
Confident No Edit
40
The Old Palace Crete
Crete Full Year Range of The Old Palace Crete is assumed.
[-1900, -1700]
absent
Confident No Edit
41
New Palace Crete
Crete Full Year Range of New Palace Crete is assumed.
[-1700, -1450]
absent
Confident No Edit
42
Monopalatial Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Monopalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1450, -1300]
absent
Confident No Edit
43
Postpalatial Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Postpalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1300, -1200]
absent
Confident No Edit
44
Final Postpalatial Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Final Postpalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1200, -1000]
absent
Confident No Edit
45
Geometric Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Geometric Crete is assumed.
[-1000, -710]
absent
Confident No Edit
46
Archaic Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Archaic Crete is assumed.
[-710, -500]
absent
Confident No Edit
47
Classical Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Classical Crete is assumed.
[-500, -323]
absent
Confident No Edit
48
Hellenistic Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Hellenistic Crete is assumed.
[-323, -69]
present
Confident No Edit
49
The Emirate of Crete
Crete Full Year Range of The Emirate of Crete is assumed.
[824, 961]
present
Confident No Edit
50
Byzantine Empire III
Crete Full Year Range of Byzantine Empire III is assumed.
[1073, 1204]
present
Confident No Edit
51
Republic of Venice III
Crete Full Year Range of Republic of Venice III is assumed.
[1204, 1563]
present
Confident No Edit
52
Republic of Venice IV
Crete Full Year Range of Republic of Venice IV is assumed.
[1564, 1797]
present
Confident No Edit
53
Cuzco - Late Formative
Cuzco Full Year Range of Cuzco - Late Formative is assumed.
[-500, 200]
absent
Confident No Edit
54
Cuzco - Early Intermediate I
Cuzco Full Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate I is assumed.
[200, 499]
absent
Confident No Edit
55
Cuzco - Early Intermediate II
Cuzco Full Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate II is assumed.
[500, 649]
absent
Confident No Edit
56
Wari Empire
Cuzco Full Year Range of Wari Empire is assumed.
[650, 999]
absent
Confident No Edit
57
Cuzco - Late Intermediate I
Cuzco Full Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate I is assumed.
[1000, 1250]
absent
Confident No Edit
58
Cuzco - Late Intermediate II
Cuzco Full Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate II is assumed.
[1250, 1400]
absent
Confident No Edit
59
Inca Empire
Cuzco Full Year Range of Inca Empire is assumed.
[1375, 1532]
absent
Confident No Edit
60
Spanish Empire I
Cuzco Full Year Range of Spanish Empire I is assumed.
[1516, 1715]
absent
Inferred No Edit
61
Deccan - Neolithic
Deccan Full Year Range of Deccan - Neolithic is assumed.
[-2700, -1200]
absent
Inferred No Edit
62
Deccan - Iron Age
Deccan Full Year Range of Deccan - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
absent
Inferred No Edit
63
Post-Mauryan Kingdoms
Deccan Full Year Range of Post-Mauryan Kingdoms is assumed.
[-205, -101]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
64
Satavahana Empire
Deccan Full Year Range of Satavahana Empire is assumed.
[-100, 203]
present
Inferred No Edit
65
Vakataka Kingdom
Deccan Full Year Range of Vakataka Kingdom is assumed.
[255, 550]
present
Inferred No Edit
66
Kadamba Empire
Deccan Full Year Range of Kadamba Empire is assumed.
[345, 550]
present
Inferred No Edit
67
Chalukyas of Badami
Deccan Full Year Range of Chalukyas of Badami is assumed.
[543, 753]
present
Inferred No Edit
68
Rashtrakuta Empire
Deccan Full Year Range of Rashtrakuta Empire is assumed.
[753, 973]
present
Inferred No Edit
69
Chalukyas of Kalyani
Deccan Full Year Range of Chalukyas of Kalyani is assumed.
[973, 1191]
present
Inferred No Edit
70
Hoysala Kingdom
Deccan Full Year Range of Hoysala Kingdom is assumed.
[1108, 1346]
present
Inferred No Edit
71
Kampili Kingdom
Deccan Full Year Range of Kampili Kingdom is assumed.
[1280, 1327]
present
Inferred No Edit
72
Vijayanagara Empire
Deccan Full Year Range of Vijayanagara Empire is assumed.
[1336, 1646]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
73
British Empire II
Deccan Full Year Range of British Empire II is assumed.
[1850, 1968]
absent
Confident No Edit
74
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early
Finger Lakes Full Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early is assumed.
[1566, 1713]
absent
Confident No Edit
75
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late
Finger Lakes Full Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late is assumed.
[1714, 1848]
absent
Confident No Edit
76
Canaan
Galilee Full Year Range of Canaan is assumed.
[-2000, -1175]
absent
Confident No Edit
77
Phoenician Empire
Galilee Full Year Range of Phoenician Empire is assumed.
[-1200, -332]
absent
Confident No Edit
78
Yisrael
Galilee Full Year Range of Yisrael is assumed.
[-1030, -722]
absent
Confident No Edit
79
Yehuda
Galilee Full Year Range of Yehuda is assumed.
[-141, -63]
absent
Inferred No Edit
80
Yehuda
Galilee Full Year Range of Yehuda is assumed.
[-141, -63]
present
Inferred No Edit
81
Early Garo
Garo Hills Full Year Range of Early Garo is assumed.
[1775, 1867]
absent
Confident No Edit
82
Late Garo
Garo Hills Full Year Range of Late Garo is assumed.
[1867, 1956]
absent
Confident No Edit
83
Akan - Pre-Ashanti
Ghanaian Coast Full Year Range of Akan - Pre-Ashanti is assumed.
[1501, 1701]
absent
Confident No Edit
84
Ashanti Empire
Ghanaian Coast Full Year Range of Ashanti Empire is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
absent
Confident No Edit
85
Icelandic Commonwealth
Iceland 930 CE 1200 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
86
Icelandic Commonwealth
Iceland 1201 CE 1262 CE
present
Confident No Edit
87
Kingdom of Norway II
Iceland Full Year Range of Kingdom of Norway II is assumed.
[1262, 1380]
present
Confident No Edit
88
Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7500, -5500]
absent
Confident No Edit
89
Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -4000]
absent
Confident No Edit
90
Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-4000, -3200]
absent
Confident No Edit
91
Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period is assumed.
[-3200, -2500]
absent
Confident No Edit
92
Kachi Plain - Urban Period I
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period I is assumed.
[-2500, -2100]
absent
Confident No Edit
93
Kachi Plain - Urban Period II
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period II is assumed.
[-2100, 1800]
absent
Confident No Edit
94
Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period is assumed.
[-1800, -1300]
absent
Confident No Edit
95
Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period is assumed.
[-1300, -500]
absent
Confident No Edit
96
Indo-Greek Kingdom
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Indo-Greek Kingdom is assumed.
[-180, -10]
present
Inferred No Edit
97
Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period is assumed.
[854, 1193]
present
Confident No Edit
98
Ghur Principality
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Ghur Principality is assumed.
[1025, 1215]
present
Confident No Edit
99
Delhi Sultanate
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Delhi Sultanate is assumed.
[1206, 1526]
present
Confident No Edit
100
Sind - Samma Dynasty
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Sind - Samma Dynasty is assumed.
[1335, 1521]
present
Confident No Edit
101
Mughal Empire
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Mughal Empire is assumed.
[1526, 1858]
present
Confident No Edit
102
Japan - Incipient Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Incipient Jomon is assumed.
[-13600, -9200]
absent
Confident No Edit
103
Japan - Initial Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Initial Jomon is assumed.
[-9200, -5300]
absent
Confident No Edit
104
Japan - Early Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Early Jomon is assumed.
[-5300, -3500]
absent
Confident No Edit
105
Japan - Middle Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Middle Jomon is assumed.
[-3500, -2500]
absent
Confident No Edit
106
Japan - Late Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Late Jomon is assumed.
[-2500, -1200]
absent
Confident No Edit
107
Japan - Final Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Final Jomon is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
absent
Confident No Edit
108
Kansai - Yayoi Period
Kansai Full Year Range of Kansai - Yayoi Period is assumed.
[-300, 250]
absent
Inferred No Edit
109
Kansai - Kofun Period
Kansai Full Year Range of Kansai - Kofun Period is assumed.
[250, 537]
absent
Inferred No Edit
110
Asuka
Kansai Full Year Range of Asuka is assumed.
[538, 710]
absent
Inferred No Edit
111
Heian
Kansai Full Year Range of Heian is assumed.
[794, 1185]
present
Confident No Edit
112
Kamakura Shogunate
Kansai Full Year Range of Kamakura Shogunate is assumed.
[1185, 1333]
present
Confident No Edit
113
Ashikaga Shogunate
Kansai Full Year Range of Ashikaga Shogunate is assumed.
[1336, 1467]
present
Confident No Edit
114
Warring States Japan
Kansai Full Year Range of Warring States Japan is assumed.
[1467, 1568]
present
Confident No Edit
115
Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama is assumed.
[1568, 1603]
present
Confident No Edit
116
Tokugawa Shogunate
Kansai Full Year Range of Tokugawa Shogunate is assumed.
[1603, 1868]
present
Confident No Edit
117
Iban - Pre-Brooke
Kapuasi Basin Full Year Range of Iban - Pre-Brooke is assumed.
[1650, 1841]
absent
Confident No Edit
118
Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial
Kapuasi Basin Full Year Range of Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial is assumed.
[1841, 1987]
absent
Confident No Edit
119
Konya Plain - Early Neolithic
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Neolithic is assumed.
[-9600, -7000]
absent
Confident No Edit
120
Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7000, -6600]
absent
Confident No Edit
121
Konya Plain - Late Neolithic
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Neolithic is assumed.
[-6600, -6000]
absent
Confident No Edit
122
Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-6000, -5500]
absent
Confident No Edit
123
Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -3000]
absent
Confident No Edit
124
Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age is assumed.
[-3000, -2000]
absent
Confident No Edit
125
Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia is assumed.
[-2000, -1700]
absent
Confident No Edit
126
Hatti - Old Kingdom
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Hatti - Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-1650, -1500]
absent
Confident No Edit
127
Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
absent
Confident No Edit
128
Hatti - New Kingdom
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Hatti - New Kingdom is assumed.
[-1400, -1180]
absent
Confident No Edit
129
Neo-Hittite Kingdoms
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Neo-Hittite Kingdoms is assumed.
[-1180, -900]
absent
Confident No Edit
130
Tabal Kingdoms
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Tabal Kingdoms is assumed.
[-900, -730]
absent
Confident No Edit
131
Phrygian Kingdom
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Phrygian Kingdom is assumed.
[-900, -695]
absent
Confident No Edit
132
Kingdom of Lydia
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Kingdom of Lydia is assumed.
[-670, -546]
absent
Confident No Edit
133
Lysimachus Kingdom
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Lysimachus Kingdom is assumed.
[-323, -281]
present
Inferred No Edit
134
Late Cappadocia
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Late Cappadocia is assumed.
[-322, -93]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
135
Roman Empire - Dominate
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Roman Empire - Dominate is assumed.
[285, 394]
present
Confident No Edit
136
East Roman Empire
Konya Plain Full Year Range of East Roman Empire is assumed.
[395, 631]
present
Confident No Edit
137
Byzantine Empire I
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Byzantine Empire I is assumed.
[632, 866]
present
Confident No Edit
138
Byzantine Empire II
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Byzantine Empire II is assumed.
[867, 1072]
present
Confident No Edit
139
Rum Sultanate
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Rum Sultanate is assumed.
[1077, 1307]
present
Confident No Edit
140
Ottoman Emirate
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Ottoman Emirate is assumed.
[1299, 1402]
present
Confident No Edit
141
Ottoman Empire I
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Ottoman Empire I is assumed.
[1402, 1517]
present
Confident No Edit
142
Ottoman Empire II
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Ottoman Empire II is assumed.
[1517, 1683]
present
Confident No Edit
143
Ottoman Empire III
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Ottoman Empire III is assumed.
[1683, 1839]
present
Confident No Edit
144
Latium - Copper Age
Latium Full Year Range of Latium - Copper Age is assumed.
[-3600, -1800]
absent
Confident No Edit
145
Latium - Bronze Age
Latium Full Year Range of Latium - Bronze Age is assumed.
[-1800, -900]
absent
Confident No Edit
146
Latium - Iron Age
Latium Full Year Range of Latium - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1000, -580]
absent
Confident No Edit
147
Roman Kingdom
Latium Full Year Range of Roman Kingdom is assumed.
[-716, -509]
absent
Confident No Edit
148
Early Roman Republic
Latium 509 BCE 300 BCE
absent
Confident No Edit
149
Early Roman Republic
Latium 299 BCE 264 BCE
unknown
Suspected No Edit
150
Middle Roman Republic
Latium Full Year Range of Middle Roman Republic is assumed.
[-264, -133]
present
Confident No Edit
151
Late Roman Republic
Latium Full Year Range of Late Roman Republic is assumed.
[-133, -31]
present
Confident No Edit
152
Roman Empire - Principate
Latium Full Year Range of Roman Empire - Principate is assumed.
[-31, 284]
present
Confident No Edit
153
Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity
Latium Full Year Range of Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity is assumed.
[395, 476]
present
Confident No Edit
154
Ostrogothic Kingdom
Latium Full Year Range of Ostrogothic Kingdom is assumed.
[489, 554]
present
Confident No Edit
155
Exarchate of Ravenna
Latium Full Year Range of Exarchate of Ravenna is assumed.
[568, 751]
present
Confident No Edit
156
Republic of St Peter I
Latium Full Year Range of Republic of St Peter I is assumed.
[711, 904]
present
Confident No Edit
157
Rome - Republic of St Peter II
Latium Full Year Range of Rome - Republic of St Peter II is assumed.
[904, 1198]
present
Confident No Edit
158
Papal States - High Medieval Period
Latium Full Year Range of Papal States - High Medieval Period is assumed.
[1198, 1309]
present
Confident No Edit
159
Papal States - Renaissance Period
Latium Full Year Range of Papal States - Renaissance Period is assumed.
[1378, 1527]
present
Confident No Edit
160
Papal States - Medieval Period I
Latium Full Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period I is assumed.
[1527, 1648]
absent
Confident No Edit
161
Papal States - Medieval Period II
Latium Full Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period II is assumed.
[1648, 1809]
absent
Confident No Edit
162
Sakha - Early
Lena River Valley Full Year Range of Sakha - Early is assumed.
[1400, 1632]
present
Inferred No Edit
163
Sakha - Late
Lena River Valley Full Year Range of Sakha - Late is assumed.
[1632, 1900]
absent
Confident No Edit
164
Shuar - Colonial
Lowland Andes Full Year Range of Shuar - Colonial is assumed.
[1534, 1830]
absent
Confident No Edit
165
Shuar - Ecuadorian
Lowland Andes Full Year Range of Shuar - Ecuadorian is assumed.
[1831, 1931]
absent
Confident No Edit
166
Mahajanapada era
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Mahajanapada era is assumed.
[-600, -324]
absent
Confident No Edit
167
Maurya Empire
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Maurya Empire is assumed.
[-324, -187]
present
Confident No Edit
168
Kingdom of Ayodhya
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Kingdom of Ayodhya is assumed.
[-64, 34]
present
Inferred No Edit
169
Gupta Dynasty
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Gupta Dynasty is assumed.
[320, 515]
present
Inferred No Edit
170
Magadha
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Magadha is assumed.
[450, 605]
present
Inferred No Edit
171
Kanauj
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Kanauj is assumed.
[650, 780]
present
Confident No Edit
172
Gurjar
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Gurjar is assumed.
[810, 1030]
present
Inferred No Edit
173
Gahadavala Dynasty
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Gahadavala Dynasty is assumed.
[1085, 1193]
present
Inferred No Edit
174
Peiligang
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Peiligang is assumed.
[-7000, -5001]
absent
Confident No Edit
175
Yangshao
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Yangshao is assumed.
[-5000, -3000]
absent
Confident No Edit
176
Longshan
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Longshan is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
absent
Confident No Edit
177
Erlitou
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Erlitou is assumed.
[-1850, -1600]
absent
Confident No Edit
178
Erligang
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Erligang is assumed.
[-1650, -1250]
absent
Confident No Edit
179
Late Shang
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Late Shang is assumed.
[-1250, -1045]
absent
Inferred No Edit
180
Western Zhou
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Western Zhou is assumed.
[-1122, -771]
absent
Inferred No Edit
181
Jin
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Jin is assumed.
[-780, -404]
absent
Inferred No Edit
182
Early Wei Dynasty
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Early Wei Dynasty is assumed.
[-445, -225]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
183
Western Han Empire
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Western Han Empire is assumed.
[-202, 9]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
184
Eastern Han Empire
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Eastern Han Empire is assumed.
[25, 220]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
185
Western Jin
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Western Jin is assumed.
[265, 317]
present
Confident No Edit
186
Northern Wei
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Northern Wei is assumed.
[386, 534]
present
Confident No Edit
187
Sui Dynasty
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Sui Dynasty is assumed.
[581, 618]
absent
Inferred No Edit
188
Tang Dynasty I
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Tang Dynasty I is assumed.
[617, 763]
absent
Inferred No Edit
189
Tang Dynasty II
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Tang Dynasty II is assumed.
[763, 907]
absent
Inferred No Edit
190
Northern Song
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Northern Song is assumed.
[960, 1127]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
191
Jin Dynasty
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Jin Dynasty is assumed.
[1115, 1234]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
192
Great Yuan
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Great Yuan is assumed.
[1271, 1368]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
193
Great Ming
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Great Ming is assumed.
[1368, 1644]
present
Inferred No Edit
194
Early Qing
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Early Qing is assumed.
[1644, 1796]
absent
Confident No Edit
195
Late Qing
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Late Qing is assumed.
[1796, 1912]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
196
Jenne-jeno I
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Jenne-jeno I is assumed.
[-250, 49]
absent
Confident No Edit
197
Jenne-jeno II
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Jenne-jeno II is assumed.
[50, 399]
absent
Confident No Edit
198
Jenne-jeno III
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Jenne-jeno III is assumed.
[400, 899]
absent
Confident No Edit
199
Middle Wagadu Empire
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Middle Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[700, 1077]
absent
Confident No Edit
200
Middle Wagadu Empire
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Middle Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[700, 1077]
present
Confident No Edit
201
Jenne-jeno IV
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Jenne-jeno IV is assumed.
[900, 1300]
present
Confident No Edit
202
Jenne-jeno IV
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Jenne-jeno IV is assumed.
[900, 1300]
absent
Confident No Edit
203
Later Wagadu Empire
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Later Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[1078, 1203]
present
Confident No Edit
204
Later Wagadu Empire
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Later Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[1078, 1203]
absent
Confident No Edit
205
Mali Empire
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Mali Empire is assumed.
[1230, 1410]
present
Inferred No Edit
206
Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty is assumed.
[1493, 1591]
present
Confident No Edit
207
Saadi Sultanate
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Saadi Sultanate is assumed.
[1554, 1659]
present
Confident No Edit
208
Segou Kingdom
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Segou Kingdom is assumed.
[1650, 1712]
present
Inferred No Edit
209
Bamana kingdom
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Bamana kingdom is assumed.
[1712, 1861]
present
Inferred No Edit
210
Neguanje
North Colombia Full Year Range of Neguanje is assumed.
[250, 1050]
absent
Confident No Edit
211
Tairona
North Colombia Full Year Range of Tairona is assumed.
[1050, 1524]
absent
Confident No Edit
212
Early Xiongnu
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Early Xiongnu is assumed.
[-1400, -300]
present
Inferred No Edit
213
Xiongnu Imperial Confederation
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Xiongnu Imperial Confederation is assumed.
[-209, -60]
present
Inferred No Edit
214
Late Xiongnu
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Late Xiongnu is assumed.
[-60, 100]
present
Inferred No Edit
215
Xianbei Confederation
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Xianbei Confederation is assumed.
[100, 250]
present
Inferred No Edit
216
Rouran Khaganate
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Rouran Khaganate is assumed.
[300, 555]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
217
Eastern Turk Khaganate
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Eastern Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[583, 630]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
218
Shiwei
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Shiwei is assumed.
[600, 1000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
219
Second Turk Khaganate
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Second Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[682, 744]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
220
Uigur Khaganate
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Uigur Khaganate is assumed.
[745, 840]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
221
Khitan I
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Khitan I is assumed.
[907, 1125]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
222
Early Mongols
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Early Mongols is assumed.
[1000, 1206]
present
Confident No Edit
223
Mongol Empire
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Mongol Empire is assumed.
[1206, 1368]
present
Confident No Edit
224
Late Mongols
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Late Mongols is assumed.
[1368, 1690]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
225
Zungharian Empire
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Zungharian Empire is assumed.
[1670, 1757]
present
Confident No Edit
226
Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial
Oro PNG Full Year Range of Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial is assumed.
[1734, 1883]
absent
Confident No Edit
227
Orokaiva - Colonial
Oro PNG Full Year Range of Orokaiva - Colonial is assumed.
[1884, 1942]
absent
Confident No Edit
228
Beaker Culture
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Beaker Culture is assumed.
[-3200, -2000]
absent
Confident No Edit
229
Atlantic Complex
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Atlantic Complex is assumed.
[-2200, -1000]
absent
Confident No Edit
230
Hallstatt A-B1
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Hallstatt A-B1 is assumed.
[-1000, -900]
absent
Confident No Edit
231
Hallstatt B2-3
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Hallstatt B2-3 is assumed.
[-900, -700]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
232
Hallstatt C
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Hallstatt C is assumed.
[-700, -600]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
233
Hallstatt D
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Hallstatt D is assumed.
[-600, -475]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
234
La Tene A-B1
Paris Basin Full Year Range of La Tene A-B1 is assumed.
[-475, -325]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
235
La Tene B2-C1
Paris Basin Full Year Range of La Tene B2-C1 is assumed.
[-325, -175]
present
Confident No Edit
236
La Tene C2-D
Paris Basin Full Year Range of La Tene C2-D is assumed.
[-175, -27]
present
Confident No Edit
237
Early Merovingian
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Early Merovingian is assumed.
[481, 543]
present
Confident No Edit
238
Middle Merovingian
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Middle Merovingian is assumed.
[543, 687]
present
Confident No Edit
239
Proto-Carolingian
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Proto-Carolingian is assumed.
[687, 751]
present
Confident No Edit
240
Carolingian Empire I
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Carolingian Empire I is assumed.
[752, 840]
present
Confident No Edit
241
Carolingian Empire II
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Carolingian Empire II is assumed.
[840, 987]
present
Confident No Edit
242
Proto-French Kingdom
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Proto-French Kingdom is assumed.
[987, 1150]
present
Confident No Edit
243
French Kingdom - Late Capetian
Paris Basin Full Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Capetian is assumed.
[1150, 1328]
present
Confident No Edit
244
French Kingdom - Early Valois
Paris Basin Full Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Valois is assumed.
[1328, 1450]
present
Confident No Edit
245
French Kingdom - Late Valois
Paris Basin Full Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Valois is assumed.
[1450, 1589]
present
Confident No Edit
246
French Kingdom - Early Bourbon
Paris Basin Full Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Bourbon is assumed.
[1589, 1660]
absent
Confident No Edit
247
French Kingdom - Late Bourbon
Paris Basin Full Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Bourbon is assumed.
[1660, 1815]
absent
Confident No Edit
248
Sarazm
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Sarazm is assumed.
[-3500, -2000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
249
Andronovo
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Andronovo is assumed.
[-1800, -1200]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
250
Koktepe I
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Koktepe I is assumed.
[-1400, -1000]
present
Inferred No Edit
251
Ancient Khwarazm
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Ancient Khwarazm is assumed.
[-1000, -521]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
252
Koktepe II
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Koktepe II is assumed.
[-750, -550]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
253
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Greco-Bactrian Kingdom is assumed.
[-256, -125]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
254
Tocharians
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Tocharians is assumed.
[-129, 29]
present
Inferred No Edit
255
Kushan Empire
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Kushan Empire is assumed.
[35, 319]
present
Confident No Edit
256
Kidarite Kingdom
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Kidarite Kingdom is assumed.
[388, 477]
present
Confident No Edit
257
Hephthalites
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Hephthalites is assumed.
[408, 561]
present
Confident No Edit
258
Western Turk Khaganate
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Western Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[582, 630]
present
Inferred No Edit
259
Sogdiana - City-States Period
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Sogdiana - City-States Period is assumed.
[604, 711]
present
Confident No Edit
260
Samanid Empire
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Samanid Empire is assumed.
[819, 999]
present
Inferred No Edit
261
Kara-Khanids
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Kara-Khanids is assumed.
[950, 1212]
present
Inferred No Edit
262
Chagatai Khanate
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Chagatai Khanate is assumed.
[1263, 1402]
present
Confident No Edit
263
Timurid Empire
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Timurid Empire is assumed.
[1370, 1526]
present
Confident No Edit
264
Khanate of Bukhara
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Khanate of Bukhara is assumed.
[1599, 1747]
present
Inferred No Edit
265
Hmong - Late Qing
Southern China Hills Full Year Range of Hmong - Late Qing is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
266
Hmong - Early Chinese
Southern China Hills Full Year Range of Hmong - Early Chinese is assumed.
[1895, 1941]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
267
Ubaid
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Ubaid is assumed.
[-5500, -4201]
absent
Confident No Edit
268
Uruk
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Uruk is assumed.
[-4000, -2900]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
269
Early Dynastic
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Early Dynastic is assumed.
[-2900, -2500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
270
Akkadian Empire
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Akkadian Empire is assumed.
[-2270, -2083]
absent
Confident No Edit
271
Ur - Dynasty III
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Ur - Dynasty III is assumed.
[-2112, -2004]
absent
Confident No Edit
272
Isin-Larsa
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Isin-Larsa is assumed.
[-2004, -1763]
absent
Confident No Edit
273
Second Dynasty of Isin
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Second Dynasty of Isin is assumed.
[-1153, -1027]
absent
Confident No Edit
274
Bazi Dynasty
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Bazi Dynasty is assumed.
[-1005, -986]
absent
Confident No Edit
275
Dynasty of E
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Dynasty of E is assumed.
[-979, -732]
absent
Confident No Edit
276
Neo-Assyrian Empire
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Neo-Assyrian Empire is assumed.
[-911, -612]
absent
Confident No Edit
277
Seleucids
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Seleucids is assumed.
[-312, -63]
present
Confident No Edit
278
Parthian Empire II
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Parthian Empire II is assumed.
[41, 226]
present
Confident No Edit
279
Umayyad Caliphate
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Umayyad Caliphate is assumed.
[661, 750]
present
Confident No Edit
280
Abbasid Caliphate I
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate I is assumed.
[750, 946]
present
Confident No Edit
281
Abbasid Caliphate II
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate II is assumed.
[1191, 1258]
present
Confident No Edit
282
Pre-Ceramic Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Pre-Ceramic Period is assumed.
[-7800, -7200]
absent
Confident No Edit
283
Formative Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Formative Period is assumed.
[-7200, -7000]
absent
Confident No Edit
284
Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar
Susiana Full Year Range of Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar is assumed.
[-7000, -6000]
absent
Confident No Edit
285
Susiana A
Susiana Full Year Range of Susiana A is assumed.
[-6000, -5700]
absent
Confident No Edit
286
Susiana B
Susiana Full Year Range of Susiana B is assumed.
[-5700, -5100]
absent
Confident No Edit
287
Susiana - Early Ubaid
Susiana Full Year Range of Susiana - Early Ubaid is assumed.
[-5100, -4700]
absent
Confident No Edit
288
Susiana - Late Ubaid
Susiana Full Year Range of Susiana - Late Ubaid is assumed.
[-4700, -4300]
absent
Confident No Edit
289
Susa I
Susiana Full Year Range of Susa I is assumed.
[-4300, -3800]
absent
Confident No Edit
290
Susa II
Susiana Full Year Range of Susa II is assumed.
[-3800, -3100]
absent
Inferred No Edit
291
Susa III
Susiana Full Year Range of Susa III is assumed.
[-3100, -2675]
absent
Confident No Edit
292
Elam - Awan Dynasty I
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Awan Dynasty I is assumed.
[-2675, -2100]
absent
Inferred No Edit
293
Elam - Shimashki Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Shimashki Period is assumed.
[-2028, -1940]
absent
Confident No Edit
294
Elam - Early Sukkalmah
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Early Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1900, -1701]
absent
Confident No Edit
295
Elam - Late Sukkalmah
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Late Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1700, -1500]
absent
Confident No Edit
296
Elam - Kidinuid Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Kidinuid Period is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
absent
Confident No Edit
297
Elam - Igihalkid Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Igihalkid Period is assumed.
[-1399, -1200]
absent
Confident No Edit
298
Elam - Shutrukid Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Shutrukid Period is assumed.
[-1199, -1100]
absent
Confident No Edit
299
Elam - Crisis Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Crisis Period is assumed.
[-1100, -900]
absent
Confident No Edit
300
Elam I
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam I is assumed.
[-900, -744]
absent
Confident No Edit
301
Elam II
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam II is assumed.
[-743, -647]
absent
Confident No Edit
302
Elam III
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam III is assumed.
[-612, -539]
absent
Confident No Edit
303
Achaemenid Empire
Susiana Full Year Range of Achaemenid Empire is assumed.
[-550, -331]
absent
Confident No Edit
304
Parthian Empire I
Susiana Full Year Range of Parthian Empire I is assumed.
[-247, 40]
present
Confident No Edit
305
Elymais II
Susiana Full Year Range of Elymais II is assumed.
[25, 215]
present
Inferred No Edit
306
Sasanid Empire I
Susiana Full Year Range of Sasanid Empire I is assumed.
[205, 487]
present
Confident No Edit
307
Sasanid Empire II
Susiana Full Year Range of Sasanid Empire II is assumed.
[488, 642]
present
Confident No Edit
308
Buyid Confederation
Susiana Full Year Range of Buyid Confederation is assumed.
[932, 1062]
present
Confident No Edit
309
Seljuk Sultanate
Susiana Full Year Range of Seljuk Sultanate is assumed.
[1037, 1157]
present
Confident No Edit
310
Ilkhanate
Susiana Full Year Range of Ilkhanate is assumed.
[1256, 1339]
present
Confident No Edit
311
Ak Koyunlu
Susiana Full Year Range of Ak Koyunlu is assumed.
[1339, 1501]
present
Confident No Edit
312
Safavid Empire
Susiana Full Year Range of Safavid Empire is assumed.
[1501, 1722]
present
Confident No Edit
313
Qajar
Susiana Full Year Range of Qajar is assumed.
[1794, 1925]
present
Inferred No Edit
314
Badarian
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Badarian is assumed.
[-4400, -3800]
absent
Confident No Edit
315
Naqada I
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Naqada I is assumed.
[-3800, -3550]
absent
Confident No Edit
316
Naqada II
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Naqada II is assumed.
[-3550, -3300]
absent
Confident No Edit
317
Egypt - Dynasty 0
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty 0 is assumed.
[-3300, -3100]
absent
Confident No Edit
318
Egypt - Dynasty I
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty I is assumed.
[-3100, -2900]
absent
Confident No Edit
319
Egypt - Dynasty II
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty II is assumed.
[-2900, -2687]
absent
Confident No Edit
320
Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2650, -2350]
absent
Confident No Edit
321
Egypt - Late Old Kingdom
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Late Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2350, -2150]
absent
Confident No Edit
322
Egypt - Period of the Regions
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Period of the Regions is assumed.
[-2150, -2016]
absent
Confident No Edit
323
Egypt - Middle Kingdom
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Middle Kingdom is assumed.
[-2016, -1700]
absent
Confident No Edit
324
Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period is assumed.
[-1720, -1567]
absent
Confident No Edit
325
Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period is assumed.
[-1550, -1293]
absent
Inferred No Edit
326
Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period is assumed.
[-1293, -1070]
absent
Confident No Edit
327
Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period is assumed.
[-1069, -747]
absent
Inferred No Edit
328
Egypt - Kushite Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Kushite Period is assumed.
[-747, -656]
absent
Inferred No Edit
329
Egypt - Saite Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Saite Period is assumed.
[-664, -525]
absent
Inferred No Edit
330
Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period is assumed.
[-404, -342]
absent
Inferred No Edit
331
Ptolemaic Kingdom I
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom I is assumed.
[-305, -217]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
332
Ptolemaic Kingdom II
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom II is assumed.
[-217, -30]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
333
Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period is assumed.
[868, 969]
present
Inferred No Edit
334
Fatimid Caliphate
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Fatimid Caliphate is assumed.
[909, 1171]
present
Confident No Edit
335
Ayyubid Sultanate
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Ayyubid Sultanate is assumed.
[1171, 1250]
present
Confident No Edit
336
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I is assumed.
[1260, 1348]
present
Confident No Edit
337
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II is assumed.
[1348, 1412]
present
Confident No Edit
338
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III is assumed.
[1412, 1517]
present
Confident No Edit
339
Oaxaca - Tierras Largas
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Oaxaca - Tierras Largas is assumed.
[-1400, -1150]
absent
Confident No Edit
340
Oaxaca - San Jose
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Oaxaca - San Jose is assumed.
[-1150, -700]
absent
Confident No Edit
341
Oaxaca - Rosario
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Oaxaca - Rosario is assumed.
[-700, -500]
absent
Confident No Edit
342
Early Monte Alban I
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Early Monte Alban I is assumed.
[-500, -300]
absent
Confident No Edit
343
Monte Alban Late I
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Monte Alban Late I is assumed.
[-300, -100]
absent
Confident No Edit
344
Monte Alban II
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Monte Alban II is assumed.
[-100, 200]
absent
Confident No Edit
345
Monte Alban III
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Monte Alban III is assumed.
[200, 500]
absent
Confident No Edit
346
Monte Alban IIIB and IV
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Monte Alban IIIB and IV is assumed.
[500, 900]
absent
Confident No Edit
347
Monte Alban V
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Monte Alban V is assumed.
[900, 1520]
absent
Confident No Edit
348
Himyar I
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Himyar I is assumed.
[270, 340]
present
Confident No Edit
349
Himyar II
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Himyar II is assumed.
[378, 525]
present
Confident No Edit
350
Yemen Ziyad Dynasty
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Yemen Ziyad Dynasty is assumed.
[822, 1037]
present
Inferred No Edit
351
Yemen - Era of Warlords
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Yemen - Era of Warlords is assumed.
[1038, 1174]
present
Inferred No Edit
352
Rasulid Dynasty
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Rasulid Dynasty is assumed.
[1229, 1453]
present
Inferred No Edit
353
Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty is assumed.
[1454, 1517]
present
Confident No Edit
354
Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty is assumed.
[1637, 1805]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
355
Nara Kingdom
None Full Year Range of Nara Kingdom is assumed.
[710, 794]
absent
Inferred No Edit
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