Section: Warfare Variables
Subsection: Military Technologies Handheld weapons

Battle Axe

The absence or presence of battle axes as a military technology used in warfare. axes designed for military use.  

Kostis Christakis, Veronica Walker, Samantha Holder, Alicja Piślewska, Daniel Mullins, Artur Butkiewicz, Malwina Brachmanska, William Farrell, Edward A L Turner, PT, Kiran Basava, Marika Michalak, Jill Levine, Cesaretti, Aleksandra Neumannn, Alice Williams, Stephen Dean, Robert Harding, Marika Wałęga, Dan Hoyer, Marta Bartkowiak, Sal Witshire, Agathe Dupeyron, Katheriin Liibert, Giulia Nazzaro, Jedrzej Hordecki, PF, Robert Ross, Thomas Cressy, Rosalind Purcell, Agathe Dupreyon, RC, Agnieszka Marta Duda, Emilia Tomicka, Po-Ju Tuan, Katarzyna Harabasz, Eva Brandl, AP, Jenny Reddish, Natalia Szych, Enrico Cioni, Peter Rudiak-Gould, Alec Vulfson, Lottie Field, Hugh Bennett, Kalin Bullman, Gréine Jordan, Katarzyna Mich.

Variable Definition
Polity The Seshat Polity Name
Year(s) The years for which we have the data. [negative = BCE]
Confidence Inferred : The value is inferred.
Suspected : The value is suspected (Expert Check Needed).
Evidenced : The value is backed up by sufficient evidence.
Disputed? No : No disagreement among scholars.
Yes : There is disagreement among scholars.
Expert? : Not yet Checked by a Seshat Expert.
: Checked and accepted by a Seshat Expert (or RA).

Variable Definition Choices
battle_axe The absence or presence of battle axe for a polity. - present
- absent
- unknown
- Transitional (Absent -> Present)
- Transitional (Present -> Absent)

# Polity   Home NGA     Year(s)   Battle Axe Confidence   Disputed   Expert   Edit
1
Archaic Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Archaic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-6000, -2001]
absent
Inferred No Edit
2
Initial Formative Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Initial Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-2000, -1201]
absent
Inferred No Edit
3
Early Formative Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Early Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-1200, -801]
absent
Inferred No Edit
4
Middle Formative Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Middle Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-800, -401]
absent
Inferred No Edit
5
Late Formative Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Late Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-400, -101]
absent
Inferred No Edit
6
Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-100, 99]
absent
Inferred No Edit
7
Classic Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Classic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[100, 649]
present
Confident No Edit
8
Epiclassic Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Epiclassic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[650, 899]
present
Inferred No Edit
9
Toltecs
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Toltecs is assumed.
[900, 1199]
absent
Inferred No Edit
10
Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[1200, 1426]
absent
Inferred No Edit
11
Aztec Empire
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Aztec Empire is assumed.
[1427, 1526]
present
Confident No Edit
12
Hawaii I
Big Island Hawaii Full Year Range of Hawaii I is assumed.
[1000, 1200]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
13
Hawaii II
Big Island Hawaii Full Year Range of Hawaii II is assumed.
[1200, 1580]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
14
Hawaii III
Big Island Hawaii Full Year Range of Hawaii III is assumed.
[1580, 1778]
absent
Inferred No Edit
15
Cahokia - Early Woodland
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Early Woodland is assumed.
[-600, -150]
absent
Inferred No Edit
16
Cahokia - Middle Woodland
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Middle Woodland is assumed.
[-150, 300]
absent
Inferred No Edit
17
Cahokia - Late Woodland I
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland I is assumed.
[300, 450]
absent
Inferred No Edit
18
Cahokia - Late Woodland II
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland II is assumed.
[450, 600]
absent
Inferred No Edit
19
Cahokia - Late Woodland III
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland III is assumed.
[600, 750]
absent
Inferred No Edit
20
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I is assumed.
[750, 900]
present
Inferred No Edit
21
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II is assumed.
[900, 1049]
present
Inferred No Edit
22
Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling is assumed.
[1055, 1199]
present
Inferred No Edit
23
Cahokia - Moorehead
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Moorehead is assumed.
[1200, 1274]
present
Inferred No Edit
24
Cahokia - Sand Prairie
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Sand Prairie is assumed.
[1275, 1400]
present
Confident No Edit
25
Oneota
Cahokia Full Year Range of Oneota is assumed.
[1400, 1650]
present
Inferred No Edit
26
Early Illinois Confederation
Cahokia Full Year Range of Early Illinois Confederation is assumed.
[1640, 1717]
present
Confident No Edit
27
Bronze Age Cambodia
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Bronze Age Cambodia is assumed.
[-1200, -501]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
28
Bronze Age Cambodia
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Bronze Age Cambodia is assumed.
[-500, 224]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
29
Funan I
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Funan I is assumed.
[225, 540]
present
Inferred No Edit
30
Funan II
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Funan II is assumed.
[540, 640]
present
Inferred No Edit
31
Chenla
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Chenla is assumed.
[550, 825]
present
Inferred No Edit
32
Early Angkor
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Early Angkor is assumed.
[802, 1100]
present
Confident No Edit
33
Classical Angkor
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Classical Angkor is assumed.
[1100, 1220]
present
Confident No Edit
34
Late Angkor
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Late Angkor is assumed.
[1220, 1432]
present
Confident No Edit
35
Khmer Kingdom
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Khmer Kingdom is assumed.
[1432, 1594]
present
Confident No Edit
36
Ayutthaya
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Ayutthaya is assumed.
[1593, 1767]
absent
Inferred No Edit
37
Rattanakosin
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Rattanakosin is assumed.
[1782, 1873]
absent
Inferred No Edit
38
Java - Buni Culture
Central Java 500 BCE 149 CE
unknown
Suspected No Edit
39
Java - Buni Culture
Central Java 150 CE 500 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
40
Kalingga Kingdom
Central Java Full Year Range of Kalingga Kingdom is assumed.
[500, 732]
present
Inferred No Edit
41
Medang Kingdom
Central Java Full Year Range of Medang Kingdom is assumed.
[732, 1019]
present
Inferred No Edit
42
Kediri Kingdom
Central Java Full Year Range of Kediri Kingdom is assumed.
[1049, 1222]
present
Inferred No Edit
43
Majapahit Kingdom
Central Java Full Year Range of Majapahit Kingdom is assumed.
[1292, 1518]
present
Confident No Edit
44
Mataram Sultanate
Central Java Full Year Range of Mataram Sultanate is assumed.
[1568, 1703]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
45
Chuuk - Early Truk
Chuuk Islands Full Year Range of Chuuk - Early Truk is assumed.
[1775, 1886]
absent
Inferred No Edit
46
Chuuk - Late Truk
Chuuk Islands Full Year Range of Chuuk - Late Truk is assumed.
[1886, 1948]
absent
Inferred No Edit
47
Prepalatial Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Prepalatial Crete is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
present
Confident No Edit
48
The Old Palace Crete
Crete Full Year Range of The Old Palace Crete is assumed.
[-1900, -1700]
present
Confident No Edit
49
New Palace Crete
Crete Full Year Range of New Palace Crete is assumed.
[-1700, -1450]
present
Confident No Edit
50
Geometric Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Geometric Crete is assumed.
[-1000, -710]
absent
Confident No Edit
51
Archaic Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Archaic Crete is assumed.
[-710, -500]
absent
Confident No Edit
52
Classical Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Classical Crete is assumed.
[-500, -323]
absent
Confident No Edit
53
Hellenistic Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Hellenistic Crete is assumed.
[-323, -69]
absent
Confident No Edit
54
The Emirate of Crete
Crete Full Year Range of The Emirate of Crete is assumed.
[824, 961]
present
Confident No Edit
55
Byzantine Empire III
Crete Full Year Range of Byzantine Empire III is assumed.
[1073, 1204]
present
Confident No Edit
56
Republic of Venice III
Crete Full Year Range of Republic of Venice III is assumed.
[1204, 1563]
present
Confident No Edit
57
Republic of Venice IV
Crete Full Year Range of Republic of Venice IV is assumed.
[1564, 1797]
present
Confident No Edit
58
Cuzco - Late Formative
Cuzco Full Year Range of Cuzco - Late Formative is assumed.
[-500, 200]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
59
Cuzco - Early Intermediate I
Cuzco Full Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate I is assumed.
[200, 499]
unknown
Confident No Edit
60
Cuzco - Early Intermediate II
Cuzco Full Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate II is assumed.
[500, 649]
unknown
Confident No Edit
61
Wari Empire
Cuzco Full Year Range of Wari Empire is assumed.
[650, 999]
present
Confident No Edit
62
Cuzco - Late Intermediate I
Cuzco Full Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate I is assumed.
[1000, 1250]
present
Confident No Edit
63
Cuzco - Late Intermediate II
Cuzco Full Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate II is assumed.
[1250, 1400]
present
Confident No Edit
64
Inca Empire
Cuzco Full Year Range of Inca Empire is assumed.
[1375, 1532]
present
Confident No Edit
65
Spanish Empire I
Cuzco Full Year Range of Spanish Empire I is assumed.
[1516, 1715]
present
Inferred No Edit
66
Deccan - Neolithic
Deccan Full Year Range of Deccan - Neolithic is assumed.
[-2700, -1200]
present
Inferred No Edit
67
Deccan - Iron Age
Deccan Full Year Range of Deccan - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
present
Confident No Edit
68
Post-Mauryan Kingdoms
Deccan Full Year Range of Post-Mauryan Kingdoms is assumed.
[-205, -101]
present
Confident No Edit
69
Satavahana Empire
Deccan Full Year Range of Satavahana Empire is assumed.
[-100, 203]
present
Confident No Edit
70
Vakataka Kingdom
Deccan Full Year Range of Vakataka Kingdom is assumed.
[255, 550]
present
Confident No Edit
71
Kadamba Empire
Deccan Full Year Range of Kadamba Empire is assumed.
[345, 550]
present
Inferred No Edit
72
Chalukyas of Badami
Deccan Full Year Range of Chalukyas of Badami is assumed.
[543, 753]
present
Inferred No Edit
73
Rashtrakuta Empire
Deccan Full Year Range of Rashtrakuta Empire is assumed.
[753, 973]
present
Confident No Edit
74
Chalukyas of Kalyani
Deccan Full Year Range of Chalukyas of Kalyani is assumed.
[973, 1191]
present
Inferred No Edit
75
Hoysala Kingdom
Deccan Full Year Range of Hoysala Kingdom is assumed.
[1108, 1346]
present
Inferred No Edit
76
Kampili Kingdom
Deccan Full Year Range of Kampili Kingdom is assumed.
[1280, 1327]
present
Inferred No Edit
77
Vijayanagara Empire
Deccan Full Year Range of Vijayanagara Empire is assumed.
[1336, 1646]
present
Confident No Edit
78
British Empire II
Deccan Full Year Range of British Empire II is assumed.
[1850, 1968]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
79
Proto-Haudenosaunee Confederacy
Finger Lakes Full Year Range of Proto-Haudenosaunee Confederacy is assumed.
[1300, 1565]
present
Confident No Edit
80
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early
Finger Lakes Full Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early is assumed.
[1566, 1713]
present
Confident No Edit
81
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late
Finger Lakes Full Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late is assumed.
[1714, 1848]
present
Confident No Edit
82
Canaan
Galilee Full Year Range of Canaan is assumed.
[-2000, -1175]
present
Confident No Edit
83
Phoenician Empire
Galilee Full Year Range of Phoenician Empire is assumed.
[-1200, -332]
present
Confident No Edit
84
Yisrael
Galilee Full Year Range of Yisrael is assumed.
[-1030, -722]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
85
Yehuda
Galilee Full Year Range of Yehuda is assumed.
[-141, -63]
present
Inferred No Edit
86
Early A'chik
Garo Hills Full Year Range of Early A'chik is assumed.
[1775, 1867]
present
Confident No Edit
87
Late A'chik
Garo Hills Full Year Range of Late A'chik is assumed.
[1867, 1956]
present
Confident No Edit
88
Akan - Pre-Ashanti
Ghanaian Coast Full Year Range of Akan - Pre-Ashanti is assumed.
[1501, 1701]
absent
Inferred No Edit
89
Ashanti Empire
Ghanaian Coast Full Year Range of Ashanti Empire is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
absent
Confident No Edit
90
Icelandic Commonwealth
Iceland Full Year Range of Icelandic Commonwealth is assumed.
[930, 1262]
present
Confident No Edit
91
Kingdom of Norway II
Iceland Full Year Range of Kingdom of Norway II is assumed.
[1262, 1396]
present
Confident No Edit
92
Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7500, -5500]
absent
Confident No Edit
93
Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -4000]
absent
Confident No Edit
94
Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-4000, -3200]
absent
Confident No Edit
95
Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period is assumed.
[-3200, -2500]
absent
Confident No Edit
96
Kachi Plain - Urban Period I
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period I is assumed.
[-2500, -2100]
present
Confident No Edit
97
Kachi Plain - Urban Period I
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period I is assumed.
[-2500, -2100]
absent
Confident No Edit
98
Kachi Plain - Urban Period II
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period II is assumed.
[-2100, 1800]
present
Confident No Edit
99
Kachi Plain - Urban Period II
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period II is assumed.
[-2100, 1800]
absent
Confident No Edit
100
Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period is assumed.
[-1800, -1300]
present
Confident No Edit
101
Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period is assumed.
[-1300, -500]
present
Confident No Edit
102
Indo-Greek Kingdom
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Indo-Greek Kingdom is assumed.
[-180, -10]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
103
Ghur Principality
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Ghur Principality is assumed.
[1025, 1215]
present
Inferred No Edit
104
Delhi Sultanate
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Delhi Sultanate is assumed.
[1206, 1526]
present
Confident No Edit
105
Sind - Samma Dynasty
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Sind - Samma Dynasty is assumed.
[1335, 1521]
present
Confident No Edit
106
Mughal Empire
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Mughal Empire is assumed.
[1526, 1858]
present
Confident No Edit
107
Durrani Empire
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Durrani Empire is assumed.
[1747, 1826]
present
Confident No Edit
108
Japan - Incipient Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Incipient Jomon is assumed.
[-13600, -9200]
present
Inferred No Edit
109
Japan - Initial Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Initial Jomon is assumed.
[-9200, -5300]
present
Inferred No Edit
110
Japan - Early Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Early Jomon is assumed.
[-5300, -3500]
present
Inferred No Edit
111
Japan - Middle Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Middle Jomon is assumed.
[-3500, -2500]
present
Inferred No Edit
112
Japan - Late Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Late Jomon is assumed.
[-2500, -1200]
absent
Confident No Edit
113
Japan - Final Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Final Jomon is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
absent
Confident No Edit
114
Kansai - Yayoi Period
Kansai Full Year Range of Kansai - Yayoi Period is assumed.
[-300, 250]
present
Confident No Edit
115
Kansai - Kofun Period
Kansai Full Year Range of Kansai - Kofun Period is assumed.
[250, 537]
present
Inferred No Edit
116
Asuka
Kansai Full Year Range of Asuka is assumed.
[538, 710]
present
Confident No Edit
117
Heian
Kansai Full Year Range of Heian is assumed.
[794, 1185]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
118
Kamakura Shogunate
Kansai Full Year Range of Kamakura Shogunate is assumed.
[1185, 1333]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
119
Ashikaga Shogunate
Kansai Full Year Range of Ashikaga Shogunate is assumed.
[1336, 1467]
present
Confident No Edit
120
Warring States Japan
Kansai Full Year Range of Warring States Japan is assumed.
[1467, 1568]
present
Inferred No Edit
121
Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama is assumed.
[1568, 1603]
present
Inferred No Edit
122
Tokugawa Shogunate
Kansai Full Year Range of Tokugawa Shogunate is assumed.
[1603, 1868]
present
Inferred No Edit
123
Iban - Pre-Brooke
Kapuasi Basin Full Year Range of Iban - Pre-Brooke is assumed.
[1650, 1841]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
124
Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial
Kapuasi Basin Full Year Range of Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial is assumed.
[1841, 1987]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
125
Konya Plain - Early Neolithic
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Neolithic is assumed.
[-9600, -7000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
126
Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7000, -6600]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
127
Konya Plain - Late Neolithic
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Neolithic is assumed.
[-6600, -6000]
present
Inferred No Edit
128
Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-6000, -5500]
present
Inferred No Edit
129
Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -3000]
present
Confident No Edit
130
Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age is assumed.
[-3000, -2000]
present
Confident No Edit
131
Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia is assumed.
[-2000, -1700]
present
Confident No Edit
132
Hatti - Old Kingdom
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Hatti - Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-1650, -1500]
present
Confident No Edit
133
Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
present
Confident No Edit
134
Hatti - New Kingdom
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Hatti - New Kingdom is assumed.
[-1400, -1180]
present
Confident No Edit
135
Neo-Hittite Kingdoms
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Neo-Hittite Kingdoms is assumed.
[-1180, -900]
present
Inferred No Edit
136
Tabal Kingdoms
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Tabal Kingdoms is assumed.
[-900, -730]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
137
Phrygian Kingdom
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Phrygian Kingdom is assumed.
[-900, -695]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
138
Kingdom of Lydia
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Kingdom of Lydia is assumed.
[-670, -546]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
139
Roman Empire - Dominate
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Roman Empire - Dominate is assumed.
[285, 394]
absent
Confident No Edit
140
East Roman Empire
Konya Plain Full Year Range of East Roman Empire is assumed.
[395, 631]
present
Confident No Edit
141
Byzantine Empire I
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Byzantine Empire I is assumed.
[632, 866]
present
Confident No Edit
142
Byzantine Empire II
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Byzantine Empire II is assumed.
[867, 1072]
present
Confident No Edit
143
Rum Sultanate
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Rum Sultanate is assumed.
[1077, 1307]
present
Confident No Edit
144
Ottoman Emirate
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Ottoman Emirate is assumed.
[1299, 1402]
present
Confident No Edit
145
Ottoman Empire I
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Ottoman Empire I is assumed.
[1402, 1517]
present
Confident No Edit
146
Ottoman Empire II
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Ottoman Empire II is assumed.
[1517, 1683]
present
Confident No Edit
147
Ottoman Empire III
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Ottoman Empire III is assumed.
[1683, 1839]
present
Inferred No Edit
148
Latium - Copper Age
Latium Full Year Range of Latium - Copper Age is assumed.
[-3600, -1800]
present
Confident No Edit
149
Latium - Bronze Age
Latium Full Year Range of Latium - Bronze Age is assumed.
[-1800, -900]
present
Inferred No Edit
150
Latium - Iron Age
Latium Full Year Range of Latium - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1000, -580]
present
Confident No Edit
151
Roman Kingdom
Latium Full Year Range of Roman Kingdom is assumed.
[-716, -509]
present
Confident No Edit
152
Early Roman Republic
Latium Full Year Range of Early Roman Republic is assumed.
[-509, -264]
unknown
Confident No Edit
153
Middle Roman Republic
Latium Full Year Range of Middle Roman Republic is assumed.
[-264, -133]
absent
Inferred No Edit
154
Late Roman Republic
Latium Full Year Range of Late Roman Republic is assumed.
[-133, -31]
absent
Inferred No Edit
155
Roman Empire - Principate
Latium Full Year Range of Roman Empire - Principate is assumed.
[-31, 284]
absent
Confident No Edit
156
Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity
Latium Full Year Range of Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity is assumed.
[395, 476]
absent
Confident No Edit
157
Ostrogothic Kingdom
Latium Full Year Range of Ostrogothic Kingdom is assumed.
[489, 554]
unknown
Confident No Edit
158
Exarchate of Ravenna
Latium Full Year Range of Exarchate of Ravenna is assumed.
[568, 751]
absent
Confident No Edit
159
Republic of St Peter I
Latium Full Year Range of Republic of St Peter I is assumed.
[711, 904]
absent
Confident No Edit
160
Rome - Republic of St Peter II
Latium Full Year Range of Rome - Republic of St Peter II is assumed.
[904, 1198]
present
Confident No Edit
161
Papal States - High Medieval Period
Latium Full Year Range of Papal States - High Medieval Period is assumed.
[1198, 1309]
present
Confident No Edit
162
Papal States - Renaissance Period
Latium Full Year Range of Papal States - Renaissance Period is assumed.
[1378, 1527]
present
Confident No Edit
163
Papal States - Medieval Period I
Latium Full Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period I is assumed.
[1527, 1648]
present
Confident No Edit
164
Papal States - Medieval Period II
Latium Full Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period II is assumed.
[1648, 1809]
absent
Confident No Edit
165
Sakha - Early
Lena River Valley Full Year Range of Sakha - Early is assumed.
[1400, 1632]
present
Confident No Edit
166
Sakha - Late
Lena River Valley Full Year Range of Sakha - Late is assumed.
[1632, 1900]
present
Confident No Edit
167
Shuar - Colonial
Lowland Andes Full Year Range of Shuar - Colonial is assumed.
[1534, 1830]
present
Confident No Edit
168
Shuar - Ecuadorian
Lowland Andes Full Year Range of Shuar - Ecuadorian is assumed.
[1831, 1931]
present
Confident No Edit
169
Neolithic Middle Ganga
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Neolithic Middle Ganga is assumed.
[-7000, -3001]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
170
Chalcolithic Middle Ganga
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Chalcolithic Middle Ganga is assumed.
[-3000, -601]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
171
Mahajanapada era
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Mahajanapada era is assumed.
[-600, -324]
present
Confident No Edit
172
Maurya Empire
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Maurya Empire is assumed.
[-324, -187]
present
Inferred No Edit
173
Sunga Empire
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Sunga Empire is assumed.
[-187, -65]
present
Inferred No Edit
174
Kingdom of Ayodhya
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Kingdom of Ayodhya is assumed.
[-64, 34]
present
Inferred No Edit
175
Gupta Dynasty
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Gupta Dynasty is assumed.
[320, 515]
present
Inferred No Edit
176
Magadha
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Magadha is assumed.
[450, 605]
present
Inferred No Edit
177
Kanauj
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Kanauj is assumed.
[650, 780]
present
Confident No Edit
178
Gurjar
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Gurjar is assumed.
[810, 1030]
present
Inferred No Edit
179
Gahadavala Dynasty
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Gahadavala Dynasty is assumed.
[1085, 1193]
present
Inferred No Edit
180
Peiligang
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Peiligang is assumed.
[-7000, -5001]
absent
Inferred No Edit
181
Yangshao
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Yangshao is assumed.
[-5000, -3000]
present
Confident No Edit
182
Longshan
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Longshan is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
present
Inferred No Edit
183
Erlitou
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Erlitou is assumed.
[-1850, -1600]
present
Confident No Edit
184
Erligang
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Erligang is assumed.
[-1650, -1250]
present
Confident No Edit
185
Late Shang
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Late Shang is assumed.
[-1250, -1045]
present
Confident No Edit
186
Western Zhou
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Western Zhou is assumed.
[-1122, -771]
present
Confident No Edit
187
Jin
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Jin is assumed.
[-780, -404]
present
Confident No Edit
188
Early Wei Dynasty
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Early Wei Dynasty is assumed.
[-445, -225]
present
Inferred No Edit
189
Western Han Empire
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Western Han Empire is assumed.
[-202, 9]
present
Confident No Edit
190
Eastern Han Empire
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Eastern Han Empire is assumed.
[25, 220]
present
Confident No Edit
191
Western Jin
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Western Jin is assumed.
[265, 317]
present
Inferred No Edit
192
Northern Wei
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Northern Wei is assumed.
[386, 534]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
193
Sui Dynasty
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Sui Dynasty is assumed.
[581, 618]
present
Inferred No Edit
194
Tang Dynasty I
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Tang Dynasty I is assumed.
[617, 763]
present
Inferred No Edit
195
Tang Dynasty II
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Tang Dynasty II is assumed.
[763, 907]
present
Inferred No Edit
196
Northern Song
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Northern Song is assumed.
[960, 1127]
present
Confident No Edit
197
Jin Dynasty
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Jin Dynasty is assumed.
[1115, 1234]
present
Confident No Edit
198
Great Yuan
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Great Yuan is assumed.
[1271, 1368]
present
Confident No Edit
199
Great Ming
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Great Ming is assumed.
[1368, 1644]
present
Confident No Edit
200
Early Qing
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Early Qing is assumed.
[1644, 1796]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
201
Late Qing
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Late Qing is assumed.
[1796, 1912]
present
Confident No Edit
202
Jenne-jeno I
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Jenne-jeno I is assumed.
[-250, 49]
absent
Confident No Edit
203
Jenne-jeno II
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Jenne-jeno II is assumed.
[50, 399]
absent
Confident No Edit
204
Jenne-jeno III
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Jenne-jeno III is assumed.
[400, 899]
absent
Confident No Edit
205
Middle Wagadu Empire
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Middle Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[700, 1077]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
206
Jenne-jeno IV
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Jenne-jeno IV is assumed.
[900, 1300]
absent
Confident No Edit
207
Later Wagadu Empire
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Later Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[1078, 1203]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
208
Mali Empire
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Mali Empire is assumed.
[1230, 1410]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
209
Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty is assumed.
[1493, 1591]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
210
Saadi Sultanate
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Saadi Sultanate is assumed.
[1554, 1659]
present
Inferred No Edit
211
Segou Kingdom
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Segou Kingdom is assumed.
[1650, 1712]
present
Inferred No Edit
212
Bamana kingdom
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Bamana kingdom is assumed.
[1712, 1861]
present
Inferred No Edit
213
Neguanje
North Colombia Full Year Range of Neguanje is assumed.
[250, 1050]
absent
Inferred No Edit
214
Tairona
North Colombia Full Year Range of Tairona is assumed.
[1050, 1524]
absent
Confident No Edit
215
Early Xiongnu
Orkhon Valley 1300 BCE 701 BCE
unknown
Suspected No Edit
216
Early Xiongnu
Orkhon Valley 700 BCE 300 BCE
present
Confident No Edit
217
Xiongnu Imperial Confederation
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Xiongnu Imperial Confederation is assumed.
[-209, -60]
present
Confident No Edit
218
Late Xiongnu
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Late Xiongnu is assumed.
[-60, 100]
present
Confident No Edit
219
Xianbei Confederation
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Xianbei Confederation is assumed.
[100, 250]
present
Confident No Edit
220
Rouran Khaganate
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Rouran Khaganate is assumed.
[300, 555]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
221
Eastern Turk Khaganate
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Eastern Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[583, 630]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
222
Shiwei
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Shiwei is assumed.
[600, 1000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
223
Second Turk Khaganate
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Second Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[682, 744]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
224
Uigur Khaganate
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Uigur Khaganate is assumed.
[745, 840]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
225
Khitan I
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Khitan I is assumed.
[907, 1125]
present
Confident No Edit
226
Early Mongols
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Early Mongols is assumed.
[1000, 1206]
present
Confident No Edit
227
Mongol Empire
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Mongol Empire is assumed.
[1206, 1368]
present
Confident No Edit
228
Late Mongols
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Late Mongols is assumed.
[1368, 1690]
present
Inferred No Edit
229
Zungharian Empire
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Zungharian Empire is assumed.
[1670, 1757]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
230
Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial
Oro PNG Full Year Range of Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial is assumed.
[1734, 1883]
present
Confident No Edit
231
Orokaiva - Colonial
Oro PNG Full Year Range of Orokaiva - Colonial is assumed.
[1884, 1942]
present
Confident No Edit
232
Beaker Culture
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Beaker Culture is assumed.
[-3200, -2000]
present
Confident No Edit
233
Atlantic Complex
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Atlantic Complex is assumed.
[-2200, -1000]
present
Confident No Edit
234
Hallstatt A-B1
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Hallstatt A-B1 is assumed.
[-1000, -900]
present
Inferred No Edit
235
Hallstatt B2-3
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Hallstatt B2-3 is assumed.
[-900, -700]
present
Confident No Edit
236
Hallstatt C
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Hallstatt C is assumed.
[-700, -600]
present
Confident No Edit
237
Hallstatt D
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Hallstatt D is assumed.
[-600, -475]
present
Inferred No Edit
238
La Tene A-B1
Paris Basin Full Year Range of La Tene A-B1 is assumed.
[-475, -325]
present
Confident No Edit
239
La Tene B2-C1
Paris Basin Full Year Range of La Tene B2-C1 is assumed.
[-325, -175]
present
Confident No Edit
240
La Tene C2-D
Paris Basin Full Year Range of La Tene C2-D is assumed.
[-175, -27]
present
Confident No Edit
241
Early Merovingian
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Early Merovingian is assumed.
[481, 543]
present
Confident No Edit
242
Middle Merovingian
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Middle Merovingian is assumed.
[543, 687]
present
Confident No Edit
243
Proto-Carolingian
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Proto-Carolingian is assumed.
[687, 751]
present
Confident No Edit
244
Carolingian Empire I
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Carolingian Empire I is assumed.
[752, 840]
present
Confident No Edit
245
Carolingian Empire II
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Carolingian Empire II is assumed.
[840, 987]
present
Confident No Edit
246
Proto-French Kingdom
Paris Basin 987 CE 1049 CE
unknown
Suspected No Edit
247
Proto-French Kingdom
Paris Basin 1050 CE 1150 CE
present
Confident No Edit
248
French Kingdom - Late Capetian
Paris Basin Full Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Capetian is assumed.
[1150, 1328]
present
Confident No Edit
249
French Kingdom - Early Valois
Paris Basin Full Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Valois is assumed.
[1328, 1450]
present
Confident No Edit
250
French Kingdom - Late Valois
Paris Basin Full Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Valois is assumed.
[1450, 1589]
present
Inferred No Edit
251
French Kingdom - Early Bourbon
Paris Basin Full Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Bourbon is assumed.
[1589, 1660]
absent
Inferred No Edit
252
French Kingdom - Late Bourbon
Paris Basin Full Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Bourbon is assumed.
[1660, 1815]
absent
Confident No Edit
253
Sarazm
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Sarazm is assumed.
[-3500, -2000]
present
Inferred No Edit
254
Andronovo
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Andronovo is assumed.
[-1800, -1200]
present
Confident No Edit
255
Koktepe I
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Koktepe I is assumed.
[-1400, -1000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
256
Ancient Khwarazm
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Ancient Khwarazm is assumed.
[-1000, -521]
present
Inferred No Edit
257
Koktepe II
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Koktepe II is assumed.
[-750, -550]
present
Confident No Edit
258
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Greco-Bactrian Kingdom is assumed.
[-256, -125]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
259
Tocharians
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Tocharians is assumed.
[-129, 29]
present
Confident No Edit
260
Kushan Empire
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Kushan Empire is assumed.
[35, 319]
present
Confident No Edit
261
Kidarite Kingdom
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Kidarite Kingdom is assumed.
[388, 477]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
262
Hephthalites
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Hephthalites is assumed.
[408, 561]
present
Inferred No Edit
263
Western Turk Khaganate
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Western Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[582, 630]
present
Inferred No Edit
264
Sogdiana - City-States Period
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Sogdiana - City-States Period is assumed.
[604, 711]
present
Inferred No Edit
265
Samanid Empire
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Samanid Empire is assumed.
[819, 999]
present
Inferred No Edit
266
Kara-Khanids
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Kara-Khanids is assumed.
[950, 1212]
present
Inferred No Edit
267
Chagatai Khanate
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Chagatai Khanate is assumed.
[1263, 1402]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
268
Timurid Empire
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Timurid Empire is assumed.
[1370, 1526]
present
Confident No Edit
269
Khanate of Bukhara
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Khanate of Bukhara is assumed.
[1599, 1747]
present
Inferred No Edit
270
Hmong - Late Qing
Southern China Hills Full Year Range of Hmong - Late Qing is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
271
Hmong - Early Chinese
Southern China Hills Full Year Range of Hmong - Early Chinese is assumed.
[1895, 1941]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
272
Southern Mesopotamia Neolithic
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Southern Mesopotamia Neolithic is assumed.
[-9000, -5501]
absent
Inferred No Edit
273
Ubaid
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Ubaid is assumed.
[-5500, -4201]
absent
Inferred No Edit
274
Uruk
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Uruk is assumed.
[-4000, -2900]
present
Confident No Edit
275
Early Dynastic
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Early Dynastic is assumed.
[-2900, -2500]
present
Inferred No Edit
276
Akkadian Empire
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Akkadian Empire is assumed.
[-2270, -2083]
present
Confident No Edit
277
Ur - Dynasty III
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Ur - Dynasty III is assumed.
[-2112, -2004]
present
Confident No Edit
278
Isin-Larsa
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Isin-Larsa is assumed.
[-2004, -1763]
present
Confident No Edit
279
Amorite Babylonia
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Amorite Babylonia is assumed.
[-2000, -1600]
present
Confident No Edit
280
Kassite Babylonia
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Kassite Babylonia is assumed.
[-1595, -1150]
present
Confident No Edit
281
Second Dynasty of Isin
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Second Dynasty of Isin is assumed.
[-1153, -1027]
present
Confident No Edit
282
Bazi Dynasty
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Bazi Dynasty is assumed.
[-1005, -986]
present
Confident No Edit
283
Dynasty of E
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Dynasty of E is assumed.
[-979, -732]
present
Confident No Edit
284
Neo-Assyrian Empire
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Neo-Assyrian Empire is assumed.
[-911, -612]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
285
Seleucids
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Seleucids is assumed.
[-312, -63]
present
Inferred No Edit
286
Parthian Empire II
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Parthian Empire II is assumed.
[41, 226]
present
Confident No Edit
287
Abbasid Caliphate II
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate II is assumed.
[1191, 1258]
present
Confident No Edit
288
Pre-Ceramic Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Pre-Ceramic Period is assumed.
[-7800, -7200]
absent
Confident No Edit
289
Formative Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Formative Period is assumed.
[-7200, -7000]
absent
Confident No Edit
290
Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar
Susiana Full Year Range of Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar is assumed.
[-7000, -6000]
absent
Confident No Edit
291
Susiana A
Susiana Full Year Range of Susiana A is assumed.
[-6000, -5700]
absent
Confident No Edit
292
Susiana B
Susiana Full Year Range of Susiana B is assumed.
[-5700, -5100]
absent
Confident No Edit
293
Susiana - Early Ubaid
Susiana Full Year Range of Susiana - Early Ubaid is assumed.
[-5100, -4700]
absent
Confident No Edit
294
Susiana - Late Ubaid
Susiana Full Year Range of Susiana - Late Ubaid is assumed.
[-4700, -4300]
absent
Confident No Edit
295
Susa I
Susiana Full Year Range of Susa I is assumed.
[-4300, -3800]
present
Confident No Edit
296
Susa II
Susiana Full Year Range of Susa II is assumed.
[-3800, -3100]
present
Confident No Edit
297
Susa III
Susiana Full Year Range of Susa III is assumed.
[-3100, -2675]
present
Confident No Edit
298
Elam - Awan Dynasty I
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Awan Dynasty I is assumed.
[-2675, -2100]
present
Confident No Edit
299
Elam - Shimashki Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Shimashki Period is assumed.
[-2028, -1940]
present
Confident No Edit
300
Elam - Early Sukkalmah
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Early Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1900, -1701]
present
Confident No Edit
301
Elam - Late Sukkalmah
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Late Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1700, -1500]
present
Confident No Edit
302
Elam - Kidinuid Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Kidinuid Period is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
present
Confident No Edit
303
Elam - Igihalkid Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Igihalkid Period is assumed.
[-1399, -1200]
present
Confident No Edit
304
Elam - Shutrukid Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Shutrukid Period is assumed.
[-1199, -1100]
present
Confident No Edit
305
Elam - Crisis Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Crisis Period is assumed.
[-1100, -900]
present
Inferred No Edit
306
Elam I
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam I is assumed.
[-900, -744]
present
Confident No Edit
307
Elam II
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam II is assumed.
[-743, -647]
present
Confident No Edit
308
Elam III
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam III is assumed.
[-612, -539]
present
Inferred No Edit
309
Achaemenid Empire
Susiana Full Year Range of Achaemenid Empire is assumed.
[-550, -331]
present
Confident No Edit
310
Parthian Empire I
Susiana Full Year Range of Parthian Empire I is assumed.
[-247, 40]
present
Confident No Edit
311
Elymais II
Susiana Full Year Range of Elymais II is assumed.
[25, 215]
present
Inferred No Edit
312
Sasanid Empire I
Susiana Full Year Range of Sasanid Empire I is assumed.
[205, 487]
present
Confident No Edit
313
Sasanid Empire II
Susiana Full Year Range of Sasanid Empire II is assumed.
[488, 642]
present
Confident No Edit
314
Buyid Confederation
Susiana Full Year Range of Buyid Confederation is assumed.
[932, 1062]
present
Confident No Edit
315
Seljuk Sultanate
Susiana Full Year Range of Seljuk Sultanate is assumed.
[1037, 1157]
present
Confident No Edit
316
Ilkhanate
Susiana Full Year Range of Ilkhanate is assumed.
[1256, 1339]
present
Confident No Edit
317
Ak Koyunlu
Susiana Full Year Range of Ak Koyunlu is assumed.
[1339, 1501]
present
Inferred No Edit
318
Safavid Empire
Susiana Full Year Range of Safavid Empire is assumed.
[1501, 1722]
present
Confident No Edit
319
Qajar
Susiana Full Year Range of Qajar is assumed.
[1794, 1925]
present
Confident No Edit
320
Badarian
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Badarian is assumed.
[-4400, -3800]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
321
Naqada I
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Naqada I is assumed.
[-3800, -3550]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
322
Naqada II
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Naqada II is assumed.
[-3550, -3300]
present
Confident No Edit
323
Egypt - Dynasty 0
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty 0 is assumed.
[-3300, -3100]
present
Confident No Edit
324
Egypt - Dynasty I
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty I is assumed.
[-3100, -2900]
present
Confident No Edit
325
Egypt - Dynasty II
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty II is assumed.
[-2900, -2687]
present
Confident No Edit
326
Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2650, -2350]
present
Confident No Edit
327
Egypt - Late Old Kingdom
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Late Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2350, -2150]
present
Confident No Edit
328
Egypt - Period of the Regions
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Period of the Regions is assumed.
[-2150, -2016]
present
Confident No Edit
329
Egypt - Middle Kingdom
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Middle Kingdom is assumed.
[-2016, -1700]
present
Confident No Edit
330
Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period is assumed.
[-1720, -1567]
present
Confident No Edit
331
Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period is assumed.
[-1550, -1293]
present
Confident No Edit
332
Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period is assumed.
[-1293, -1070]
present
Confident No Edit
333
Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period is assumed.
[-1069, -747]
absent
Inferred No Edit
334
Egypt - Kushite Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Kushite Period is assumed.
[-747, -656]
absent
Inferred No Edit
335
Egypt - Saite Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Saite Period is assumed.
[-664, -525]
present
Inferred No Edit
336
Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period is assumed.
[-404, -342]
absent
Inferred No Edit
337
Ptolemaic Kingdom I
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom I is assumed.
[-305, -217]
absent
Inferred No Edit
338
Ptolemaic Kingdom II
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom II is assumed.
[-217, -30]
absent
Inferred No Edit
339
Fatimid Caliphate
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Fatimid Caliphate is assumed.
[909, 1171]
present
Inferred No Edit
340
Ayyubid Sultanate
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Ayyubid Sultanate is assumed.
[1171, 1250]
present
Confident No Edit
341
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I is assumed.
[1260, 1348]
present
Confident No Edit
342
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II is assumed.
[1348, 1412]
present
Confident No Edit
343
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III is assumed.
[1412, 1517]
present
Confident No Edit
344
Oaxaca - Tierras Largas
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Oaxaca - Tierras Largas is assumed.
[-1400, -1150]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
345
Oaxaca - San Jose
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Oaxaca - San Jose is assumed.
[-1150, -700]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
346
Oaxaca - Rosario
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Oaxaca - Rosario is assumed.
[-700, -500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
347
Early Monte Alban I
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Early Monte Alban I is assumed.
[-500, -300]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
348
Monte Alban Late I
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Monte Alban Late I is assumed.
[-300, -100]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
349
Monte Alban II
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Monte Alban II is assumed.
[-100, 200]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
350
Monte Alban III
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Monte Alban III is assumed.
[200, 500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
351
Monte Alban IIIB and IV
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Monte Alban IIIB and IV is assumed.
[500, 900]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
352
Monte Alban V
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Monte Alban V is assumed.
[900, 1520]
absent
Confident No Edit
353
Neolithic Yemen
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Neolithic Yemen is assumed.
[-3500, -1201]
absent
Inferred No Edit
354
Yemen - Late Bronze Age
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Yemen - Late Bronze Age is assumed.
[-1200, -801]
absent
Inferred No Edit
355
Sabaean Commonwealth
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Sabaean Commonwealth is assumed.
[-800, -451]
unknown
Confident No Edit
356
Qatabanian Commonwealth
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Qatabanian Commonwealth is assumed.
[-450, -111]
unknown
Confident No Edit
357
Himyar I
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Himyar I is assumed.
[270, 340]
present
Confident No Edit
358
Himyar II
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Himyar II is assumed.
[378, 525]
present
Confident No Edit
359
Yemen Ziyad Dynasty
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Yemen Ziyad Dynasty is assumed.
[822, 1037]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
360
Yemen - Era of Warlords
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Yemen - Era of Warlords is assumed.
[1038, 1174]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
361
Rasulid Dynasty
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Rasulid Dynasty is assumed.
[1229, 1453]
present
Inferred No Edit
362
Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty is assumed.
[1454, 1517]
present
Inferred No Edit
363
Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty is assumed.
[1637, 1805]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
364
Nara Kingdom
None Full Year Range of Nara Kingdom is assumed.
[710, 794]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
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