Section: Warfare Variables
Subsection: Military Technologies Armor

Breastplate

The absence or presence of breastplates as a military technology used in warfare. armor made from wood, horn, or bone can be very important (as in the spread of the asian war complex into north america). leather and cotton (in the americas) armor was also effective against arrows and warclubs. breastplate refers to any form of torso protection (in fact, we might rename this variable 'torso protection' at a later date). in the vast majority of cases you will probably find that if a culture has wooden armor, leather armor, chainmail armor, or scaled armor that breastplate should be coded as present because this is the most common location for armor. however, in theory, it is possible to have armor that doesn't protect the torso (for example, a culture might use armor that protects the limbs only).  

Kostis Christakis, Veronica Walker, Samantha Holder, Alicja Piślewska, Daniel Mullins, Artur Butkiewicz, Malwina Brachmanska, William Farrell, Edward A L Turner, PT, Kiran Basava, Marika Michalak, Jill Levine, Cesaretti, Aleksandra Neumannn, Alice Williams, Stephen Dean, Robert Harding, Marika Wałęga, Dan Hoyer, Marta Bartkowiak, Sal Witshire, Agathe Dupeyron, Katheriin Liibert, Giulia Nazzaro, Jedrzej Hordecki, PF, Robert Ross, Thomas Cressy, Rosalind Purcell, Agathe Dupreyon, RC, Agnieszka Marta Duda, Emilia Tomicka, Po-Ju Tuan, Katarzyna Harabasz, Eva Brandl, AP, Jenny Reddish, Natalia Szych, Enrico Cioni, Peter Rudiak-Gould, Alec Vulfson, Lottie Field, Hugh Bennett, Kalin Bullman, Gréine Jordan, Katarzyna Mich.

Variable Definition
Polity The Seshat Polity Name
Year(s) The years for which we have the data. [negative = BCE]
Confidence Inferred : The value is inferred.
Suspected : The value is suspected (Expert Check Needed).
Evidenced : The value is backed up by sufficient evidence.
Disputed? No : No disagreement among scholars.
Yes : There is disagreement among scholars.
Expert? : Not yet Checked by a Seshat Expert.
: Checked and accepted by a Seshat Expert (or RA).

Variable Definition Choices
breastplate The absence or presence of breastplate for a polity. - present
- absent
- unknown
- Transitional (Absent -> Present)
- Transitional (Present -> Absent)

# Polity   Home NGA     Year(s)   Breastplate Confidence   Disputed   Expert   Edit
1
Archaic Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Archaic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-6000, -2001]
absent
Inferred No Edit
2
Initial Formative Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Initial Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-2000, -1201]
absent
Inferred No Edit
3
Early Formative Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Early Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-1200, -801]
absent
Inferred No Edit
4
Middle Formative Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Middle Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-800, -401]
absent
Inferred No Edit
5
Late Formative Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Late Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-400, -101]
absent
Inferred No Edit
6
Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-100, 99]
absent
Inferred No Edit
7
Classic Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Classic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[100, 649]
absent
Confident No Edit
8
Epiclassic Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Epiclassic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[650, 899]
present
Confident No Edit
9
Toltecs
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Toltecs is assumed.
[900, 1199]
present
Confident No Edit
10
Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[1200, 1426]
present
Confident No Edit
11
Aztec Empire
Basin of Mexico Full Year Range of Aztec Empire is assumed.
[1427, 1526]
present
Confident No Edit
12
Hawaii I
Big Island Hawaii Full Year Range of Hawaii I is assumed.
[1000, 1200]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
13
Hawaii II
Big Island Hawaii Full Year Range of Hawaii II is assumed.
[1200, 1580]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
14
Hawaii III
Big Island Hawaii Full Year Range of Hawaii III is assumed.
[1580, 1778]
absent
Confident No Edit
15
Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period
Big Island Hawaii Full Year Range of Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period is assumed.
[1778, 1819]
absent
Confident No Edit
16
Cahokia - Early Woodland
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Early Woodland is assumed.
[-600, -150]
absent
Confident No Edit
17
Cahokia - Middle Woodland
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Middle Woodland is assumed.
[-150, 300]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
18
Cahokia - Late Woodland I
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland I is assumed.
[300, 450]
absent
Confident No Edit
19
Cahokia - Late Woodland II
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland II is assumed.
[450, 600]
absent
Confident No Edit
20
Cahokia - Late Woodland III
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland III is assumed.
[600, 750]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
21
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I is assumed.
[750, 900]
absent
Confident No Edit
22
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II is assumed.
[900, 1049]
absent
Confident No Edit
23
Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling is assumed.
[1055, 1199]
absent
Confident No Edit
24
Cahokia - Moorehead
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Moorehead is assumed.
[1200, 1274]
absent
Confident No Edit
25
Cahokia - Sand Prairie
Cahokia Full Year Range of Cahokia - Sand Prairie is assumed.
[1275, 1400]
absent
Confident No Edit
26
Oneota
Cahokia Full Year Range of Oneota is assumed.
[1400, 1650]
absent
Inferred No Edit
27
Early Illinois Confederation
Cahokia Full Year Range of Early Illinois Confederation is assumed.
[1640, 1717]
absent
Inferred No Edit
28
Bronze Age Cambodia
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Bronze Age Cambodia is assumed.
[-1200, -501]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
29
Bronze Age Cambodia
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Bronze Age Cambodia is assumed.
[-500, 224]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
30
Funan I
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Funan I is assumed.
[225, 540]
present
Inferred No Edit
31
Funan II
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Funan II is assumed.
[540, 640]
present
Inferred No Edit
32
Chenla
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Chenla is assumed.
[550, 825]
present
Inferred No Edit
33
Early Angkor
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Early Angkor is assumed.
[802, 1100]
present
Confident No Edit
34
Classical Angkor
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Classical Angkor is assumed.
[1100, 1220]
present
Confident No Edit
35
Late Angkor
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Late Angkor is assumed.
[1220, 1432]
present
Confident No Edit
36
Khmer Kingdom
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Khmer Kingdom is assumed.
[1432, 1594]
present
Confident No Edit
37
Ayutthaya
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Ayutthaya is assumed.
[1593, 1767]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
38
Rattanakosin
Cambodian Basin Full Year Range of Rattanakosin is assumed.
[1782, 1873]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
39
Java - Buni Culture
Central Java Full Year Range of Java - Buni Culture is assumed.
[-400, 500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
40
Kalingga Kingdom
Central Java Full Year Range of Kalingga Kingdom is assumed.
[500, 732]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
41
Medang Kingdom
Central Java Full Year Range of Medang Kingdom is assumed.
[732, 1019]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
42
Kediri Kingdom
Central Java Full Year Range of Kediri Kingdom is assumed.
[1049, 1222]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
43
Majapahit Kingdom
Central Java Full Year Range of Majapahit Kingdom is assumed.
[1292, 1518]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
44
Mataram Sultanate
Central Java Full Year Range of Mataram Sultanate is assumed.
[1568, 1703]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
45
Chuuk - Early Truk
Chuuk Islands Full Year Range of Chuuk - Early Truk is assumed.
[1775, 1886]
absent
Confident No Edit
46
Chuuk - Late Truk
Chuuk Islands Full Year Range of Chuuk - Late Truk is assumed.
[1886, 1948]
absent
Confident No Edit
47
Neolithic Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Neolithic Crete is assumed.
[-7000, -3000]
absent
Confident No Edit
48
Prepalatial Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Prepalatial Crete is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
49
New Palace Crete
Crete Full Year Range of New Palace Crete is assumed.
[-1700, -1450]
absent
Confident No Edit
50
Monopalatial Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Monopalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1450, -1300]
present
Confident No Edit
51
Postpalatial Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Postpalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1300, -1200]
present
Confident No Edit
52
Final Postpalatial Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Final Postpalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1200, -1000]
present
Confident No Edit
53
Geometric Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Geometric Crete is assumed.
[-1000, -710]
present
Confident No Edit
54
Archaic Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Archaic Crete is assumed.
[-710, -500]
present
Confident No Edit
55
Classical Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Classical Crete is assumed.
[-500, -323]
present
Confident No Edit
56
Hellenistic Crete
Crete Full Year Range of Hellenistic Crete is assumed.
[-323, -69]
present
Confident No Edit
57
The Emirate of Crete
Crete Full Year Range of The Emirate of Crete is assumed.
[824, 961]
present
Confident No Edit
58
Byzantine Empire III
Crete Full Year Range of Byzantine Empire III is assumed.
[1073, 1204]
present
Confident No Edit
59
Republic of Venice III
Crete Full Year Range of Republic of Venice III is assumed.
[1204, 1563]
present
Confident No Edit
60
Republic of Venice IV
Crete Full Year Range of Republic of Venice IV is assumed.
[1564, 1797]
present
Confident No Edit
61
Cuzco - Late Formative
Cuzco Full Year Range of Cuzco - Late Formative is assumed.
[-500, 200]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
62
Cuzco - Early Intermediate I
Cuzco Full Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate I is assumed.
[200, 499]
unknown
Confident No Edit
63
Cuzco - Early Intermediate II
Cuzco Full Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate II is assumed.
[500, 649]
unknown
Confident No Edit
64
Wari Empire
Cuzco Full Year Range of Wari Empire is assumed.
[650, 999]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
65
Cuzco - Late Intermediate I
Cuzco Full Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate I is assumed.
[1000, 1250]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
66
Cuzco - Late Intermediate II
Cuzco Full Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate II is assumed.
[1250, 1400]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
67
Inca Empire
Cuzco Full Year Range of Inca Empire is assumed.
[1375, 1532]
present
Confident No Edit
68
Spanish Empire I
Cuzco Full Year Range of Spanish Empire I is assumed.
[1516, 1715]
present
Confident No Edit
69
Deccan - Neolithic
Deccan Full Year Range of Deccan - Neolithic is assumed.
[-2700, -1200]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
70
Deccan - Iron Age
Deccan Full Year Range of Deccan - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
71
Post-Mauryan Kingdoms
Deccan Full Year Range of Post-Mauryan Kingdoms is assumed.
[-205, -101]
present
Inferred No Edit
72
Satavahana Empire
Deccan Full Year Range of Satavahana Empire is assumed.
[-100, 203]
present
Inferred No Edit
73
Vakataka Kingdom
Deccan Full Year Range of Vakataka Kingdom is assumed.
[255, 550]
present
Confident No Edit
74
Kadamba Empire
Deccan Full Year Range of Kadamba Empire is assumed.
[345, 550]
present
Inferred No Edit
75
Chalukyas of Badami
Deccan Full Year Range of Chalukyas of Badami is assumed.
[543, 753]
present
Inferred No Edit
76
Rashtrakuta Empire
Deccan Full Year Range of Rashtrakuta Empire is assumed.
[753, 973]
present
Inferred No Edit
77
Chalukyas of Kalyani
Deccan Full Year Range of Chalukyas of Kalyani is assumed.
[973, 1189]
present
Inferred No Edit
78
Hoysala Kingdom
Deccan Full Year Range of Hoysala Kingdom is assumed.
[1108, 1346]
present
Inferred No Edit
79
Kampili Kingdom
Deccan Full Year Range of Kampili Kingdom is assumed.
[1280, 1327]
present
Inferred No Edit
80
Vijayanagara Empire
Deccan Full Year Range of Vijayanagara Empire is assumed.
[1336, 1646]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
81
British Empire II
Deccan Full Year Range of British Empire II is assumed.
[1850, 1968]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
82
Proto-Haudenosaunee Confederacy
Finger Lakes Full Year Range of Proto-Haudenosaunee Confederacy is assumed.
[1300, 1565]
present
Confident No Edit
83
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early
Finger Lakes 1566 CE 1609 CE
present
Inferred No Edit
84
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early
Finger Lakes 1610 CE 1713 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
85
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late
Finger Lakes Full Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late is assumed.
[1714, 1848]
absent
Confident No Edit
86
Canaan
Galilee Full Year Range of Canaan is assumed.
[-2000, -1175]
unknown
Confident No Edit
87
Phoenician Empire
Galilee Full Year Range of Phoenician Empire is assumed.
[-1200, -332]
unknown
Confident No Edit
88
Yisrael
Galilee Full Year Range of Yisrael is assumed.
[-1030, -722]
present
Confident No Edit
89
Yehuda
Galilee Full Year Range of Yehuda is assumed.
[-141, -63]
present
Inferred No Edit
90
Early A'chik
Garo Hills Full Year Range of Early A'chik is assumed.
[1775, 1867]
absent
Confident No Edit
91
Late A'chik
Garo Hills Full Year Range of Late A'chik is assumed.
[1867, 1956]
absent
Confident No Edit
92
Akan - Pre-Ashanti
Ghanaian Coast Full Year Range of Akan - Pre-Ashanti is assumed.
[1501, 1701]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
93
Ashanti Empire
Ghanaian Coast Full Year Range of Ashanti Empire is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
absent
Confident No Edit
94
Icelandic Commonwealth
Iceland Full Year Range of Icelandic Commonwealth is assumed.
[930, 1262]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
95
Kingdom of Norway II
Iceland Full Year Range of Kingdom of Norway II is assumed.
[1262, 1396]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
96
Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7500, -5500]
absent
Confident No Edit
97
Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -4000]
absent
Confident No Edit
98
Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-4000, -3200]
absent
Confident No Edit
99
Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period is assumed.
[-3200, -2500]
absent
Confident No Edit
100
Kachi Plain - Urban Period I
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period I is assumed.
[-2500, -2100]
absent
Confident No Edit
101
Kachi Plain - Urban Period II
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period II is assumed.
[-2100, 1800]
absent
Confident No Edit
102
Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period is assumed.
[-1800, -1300]
absent
Confident No Edit
103
Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period is assumed.
[-1300, -500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
104
Indo-Greek Kingdom
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Indo-Greek Kingdom is assumed.
[-180, -10]
present
Confident No Edit
105
Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period is assumed.
[854, 1193]
present
Confident No Edit
106
Ghur Principality
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Ghur Principality is assumed.
[1025, 1215]
present
Confident No Edit
107
Delhi Sultanate
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Delhi Sultanate is assumed.
[1206, 1526]
present
Inferred No Edit
108
Sind - Samma Dynasty
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Sind - Samma Dynasty is assumed.
[1335, 1521]
present
Inferred No Edit
109
Mughal Empire
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Mughal Empire is assumed.
[1526, 1858]
present
Confident No Edit
110
Durrani Empire
Kachi Plain Full Year Range of Durrani Empire is assumed.
[1747, 1826]
present
Confident No Edit
111
Japan - Incipient Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Incipient Jomon is assumed.
[-13600, -9200]
absent
Confident No Edit
112
Japan - Initial Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Initial Jomon is assumed.
[-9200, -5300]
absent
Confident No Edit
113
Japan - Early Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Early Jomon is assumed.
[-5300, -3500]
absent
Confident No Edit
114
Japan - Middle Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Middle Jomon is assumed.
[-3500, -2500]
absent
Confident No Edit
115
Japan - Late Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Late Jomon is assumed.
[-2500, -1200]
absent
Confident No Edit
116
Japan - Final Jomon
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Final Jomon is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
absent
Confident No Edit
117
Kansai - Yayoi Period
Kansai Full Year Range of Kansai - Yayoi Period is assumed.
[-300, 250]
absent
Confident No Edit
118
Kansai - Kofun Period
Kansai 250 CE 300 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
119
Kansai - Kofun Period
Kansai 301 CE 538 CE
present
Confident No Edit
120
Asuka
Kansai Full Year Range of Asuka is assumed.
[538, 710]
present
Confident No Edit
121
Heian
Kansai Full Year Range of Heian is assumed.
[794, 1185]
present
Inferred No Edit
122
Kamakura Shogunate
Kansai Full Year Range of Kamakura Shogunate is assumed.
[1185, 1333]
present
Confident No Edit
123
Ashikaga Shogunate
Kansai Full Year Range of Ashikaga Shogunate is assumed.
[1336, 1467]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
124
Warring States Japan
Kansai Full Year Range of Warring States Japan is assumed.
[1467, 1568]
present
Confident No Edit
125
Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama
Kansai Full Year Range of Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama is assumed.
[1568, 1603]
present
Confident No Edit
126
Tokugawa Shogunate
Kansai Full Year Range of Tokugawa Shogunate is assumed.
[1603, 1868]
present
Confident No Edit
127
Iban - Pre-Brooke
Kapuasi Basin Full Year Range of Iban - Pre-Brooke is assumed.
[1650, 1841]
absent
Confident No Edit
128
Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial
Kapuasi Basin Full Year Range of Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial is assumed.
[1841, 1987]
present
Confident No Edit
129
Konya Plain - Early Neolithic
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Neolithic is assumed.
[-9600, -7000]
absent
Confident No Edit
130
Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7000, -6600]
absent
Confident No Edit
131
Konya Plain - Late Neolithic
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Neolithic is assumed.
[-6600, -6000]
absent
Confident No Edit
132
Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-6000, -5500]
absent
Confident No Edit
133
Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -3000]
absent
Confident No Edit
134
Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age is assumed.
[-3000, -2000]
absent
Confident No Edit
135
Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia is assumed.
[-2000, -1700]
absent
Confident No Edit
136
Hatti - Old Kingdom
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Hatti - Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-1650, -1500]
absent
Confident No Edit
137
Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
absent
Confident No Edit
138
Hatti - New Kingdom
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Hatti - New Kingdom is assumed.
[-1400, -1180]
absent
Confident No Edit
139
Neo-Hittite Kingdoms
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Neo-Hittite Kingdoms is assumed.
[-1180, -900]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
140
Tabal Kingdoms
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Tabal Kingdoms is assumed.
[-900, -730]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
141
Phrygian Kingdom
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Phrygian Kingdom is assumed.
[-900, -695]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
142
Kingdom of Lydia
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Kingdom of Lydia is assumed.
[-670, -546]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
143
Lysimachus Kingdom
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Lysimachus Kingdom is assumed.
[-323, -281]
present
Confident No Edit
144
Late Cappadocia
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Late Cappadocia is assumed.
[-322, -93]
present
Confident No Edit
145
Roman Empire - Dominate
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Roman Empire - Dominate is assumed.
[285, 394]
present
Inferred No Edit
146
East Roman Empire
Konya Plain Full Year Range of East Roman Empire is assumed.
[395, 631]
present
Confident No Edit
147
Byzantine Empire I
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Byzantine Empire I is assumed.
[632, 866]
present
Confident No Edit
148
Byzantine Empire II
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Byzantine Empire II is assumed.
[867, 1072]
present
Confident No Edit
149
Rum Sultanate
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Rum Sultanate is assumed.
[1077, 1307]
present
Inferred No Edit
150
Ottoman Empire II
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Ottoman Empire II is assumed.
[1517, 1683]
present
Confident No Edit
151
Ottoman Empire III
Konya Plain Full Year Range of Ottoman Empire III is assumed.
[1683, 1839]
present
Confident No Edit
152
Latium - Copper Age
Latium Full Year Range of Latium - Copper Age is assumed.
[-3600, -1800]
absent
Confident No Edit
153
Latium - Iron Age
Latium Full Year Range of Latium - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1000, -580]
present
Confident No Edit
154
Roman Kingdom
Latium Full Year Range of Roman Kingdom is assumed.
[-716, -509]
present
Confident No Edit
155
Early Roman Republic
Latium Full Year Range of Early Roman Republic is assumed.
[-509, -264]
present
Confident No Edit
156
Middle Roman Republic
Latium Full Year Range of Middle Roman Republic is assumed.
[-264, -133]
present
Confident No Edit
157
Late Roman Republic
Latium Full Year Range of Late Roman Republic is assumed.
[-133, -31]
present
Confident No Edit
158
Roman Empire - Principate
Latium Full Year Range of Roman Empire - Principate is assumed.
[-31, 284]
present
Confident No Edit
159
Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity
Latium Full Year Range of Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity is assumed.
[395, 476]
present
Inferred No Edit
160
Ostrogothic Kingdom
Latium Full Year Range of Ostrogothic Kingdom is assumed.
[489, 554]
present
Confident No Edit
161
Exarchate of Ravenna
Latium Full Year Range of Exarchate of Ravenna is assumed.
[568, 751]
unknown
Confident No Edit
162
Republic of St Peter I
Latium Full Year Range of Republic of St Peter I is assumed.
[711, 904]
unknown
Confident No Edit
163
Rome - Republic of St Peter II
Latium Full Year Range of Rome - Republic of St Peter II is assumed.
[904, 1198]
present
Confident No Edit
164
Papal States - High Medieval Period
Latium Full Year Range of Papal States - High Medieval Period is assumed.
[1198, 1309]
present
Confident No Edit
165
Papal States - Renaissance Period
Latium Full Year Range of Papal States - Renaissance Period is assumed.
[1378, 1527]
present
Confident No Edit
166
Papal States - Medieval Period I
Latium Full Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period I is assumed.
[1527, 1648]
present
Confident No Edit
167
Papal States - Medieval Period II
Latium Full Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period II is assumed.
[1648, 1809]
present
Confident No Edit
168
Sakha - Early
Lena River Valley Full Year Range of Sakha - Early is assumed.
[1400, 1632]
present
Confident No Edit
169
Sakha - Late
Lena River Valley Full Year Range of Sakha - Late is assumed.
[1632, 1900]
present
Confident No Edit
170
Shuar - Colonial
Lowland Andes Full Year Range of Shuar - Colonial is assumed.
[1534, 1830]
absent
Confident No Edit
171
Shuar - Ecuadorian
Lowland Andes Full Year Range of Shuar - Ecuadorian is assumed.
[1831, 1931]
absent
Confident No Edit
172
Neolithic Middle Ganga
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Neolithic Middle Ganga is assumed.
[-7000, -3001]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
173
Chalcolithic Middle Ganga
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Chalcolithic Middle Ganga is assumed.
[-3000, -601]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
174
Mahajanapada era
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Mahajanapada era is assumed.
[-600, -324]
present
Inferred No Edit
175
Magadha - Maurya Empire
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Magadha - Maurya Empire is assumed.
[-324, -187]
present
Inferred No Edit
176
Magadha - Sunga Empire
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Magadha - Sunga Empire is assumed.
[-187, -65]
present
Inferred No Edit
177
Kingdom of Ayodhya
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Kingdom of Ayodhya is assumed.
[-64, 34]
present
Inferred No Edit
178
Gupta Empire
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Gupta Empire is assumed.
[320, 550]
present
Inferred No Edit
179
Magadha
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Magadha is assumed.
[450, 605]
present
Inferred No Edit
180
Kannauj - Varman Dynasty
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Kannauj - Varman Dynasty is assumed.
[650, 780]
present
Confident No Edit
181
Gurjar-Pratihara Dynasty
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Gurjar-Pratihara Dynasty is assumed.
[730, 1030]
present
Inferred No Edit
182
Gahadavala Dynasty
Middle Ganga Full Year Range of Gahadavala Dynasty is assumed.
[1085, 1193]
present
Inferred No Edit
183
Peiligang
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Peiligang is assumed.
[-7000, -5001]
absent
Confident No Edit
184
Yangshao
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Yangshao is assumed.
[-5000, -3000]
absent
Confident No Edit
185
Longshan
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Longshan is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
absent
Confident No Edit
186
Erlitou
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Erlitou is assumed.
[-1850, -1600]
absent
Inferred No Edit
187
Erligang
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Erligang is assumed.
[-1650, -1250]
absent
Inferred No Edit
188
Late Shang
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Late Shang is assumed.
[-1250, -1045]
absent
Inferred No Edit
189
Western Zhou
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Western Zhou is assumed.
[-1122, -771]
present
Inferred No Edit
190
Jin
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Jin is assumed.
[-780, -404]
present
Inferred No Edit
191
Early Wei Dynasty
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Early Wei Dynasty is assumed.
[-445, -225]
present
Confident No Edit
192
Western Han Empire
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Western Han Empire is assumed.
[-202, 9]
present
Inferred No Edit
193
Eastern Han Empire
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Eastern Han Empire is assumed.
[25, 220]
present
Inferred No Edit
194
Western Jin
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Western Jin is assumed.
[265, 317]
present
Inferred No Edit
195
Northern Wei
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Northern Wei is assumed.
[386, 534]
present
Confident No Edit
196
Sui Dynasty
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Sui Dynasty is assumed.
[581, 618]
present
Inferred No Edit
197
Tang Dynasty I
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Tang Dynasty I is assumed.
[617, 763]
present
Inferred No Edit
198
Tang Dynasty II
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Tang Dynasty II is assumed.
[763, 907]
present
Inferred No Edit
199
Northern Song
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Northern Song is assumed.
[960, 1127]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
200
Jin Dynasty
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Jin Dynasty is assumed.
[1115, 1234]
present
Confident No Edit
201
Great Yuan
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Great Yuan is assumed.
[1271, 1368]
present
Confident No Edit
202
Great Ming
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Great Ming is assumed.
[1368, 1644]
present
Confident No Edit
203
Early Qing
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Early Qing is assumed.
[1644, 1796]
present
Inferred No Edit
204
Late Qing
Middle Yellow River Valley Full Year Range of Late Qing is assumed.
[1796, 1912]
present
Confident No Edit
205
Jenne-jeno I
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Jenne-jeno I is assumed.
[-250, 49]
absent
Confident No Edit
206
Jenne-jeno II
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Jenne-jeno II is assumed.
[50, 399]
absent
Confident No Edit
207
Jenne-jeno III
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Jenne-jeno III is assumed.
[400, 899]
absent
Confident No Edit
208
Middle Wagadu Empire
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Middle Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[700, 1077]
absent
Confident No Edit
209
Middle Wagadu Empire
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Middle Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[700, 1077]
present
Confident No Edit
210
Jenne-jeno IV
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Jenne-jeno IV is assumed.
[900, 1300]
present
Confident No Edit
211
Jenne-jeno IV
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Jenne-jeno IV is assumed.
[900, 1300]
absent
Confident No Edit
212
Later Wagadu Empire
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Later Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[1078, 1203]
present
Confident No Edit
213
Later Wagadu Empire
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Later Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[1078, 1203]
absent
Confident No Edit
214
Mali Empire
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Mali Empire is assumed.
[1230, 1410]
present
Inferred No Edit
215
Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty is assumed.
[1493, 1591]
present
Confident No Edit
216
Saadi Sultanate
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Saadi Sultanate is assumed.
[1554, 1659]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
217
Segou Kingdom
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Segou Kingdom is assumed.
[1650, 1712]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
218
Bamana kingdom
Niger Inland Delta Full Year Range of Bamana kingdom is assumed.
[1712, 1861]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
219
Neguanje
North Colombia Full Year Range of Neguanje is assumed.
[250, 1050]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
220
Tairona
North Colombia Full Year Range of Tairona is assumed.
[1050, 1524]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
221
Early Xiongnu
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Early Xiongnu is assumed.
[-1400, -300]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
222
Xiongnu Imperial Confederation
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Xiongnu Imperial Confederation is assumed.
[-209, -60]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
223
Late Xiongnu
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Late Xiongnu is assumed.
[-60, 100]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
224
Xianbei Confederation
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Xianbei Confederation is assumed.
[100, 250]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
225
Rouran Khaganate
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Rouran Khaganate is assumed.
[300, 555]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
226
Eastern Turk Khaganate
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Eastern Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[583, 630]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
227
Shiwei
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Shiwei is assumed.
[600, 1000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
228
Second Turk Khaganate
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Second Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[682, 744]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
229
Uigur Khaganate
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Uigur Khaganate is assumed.
[745, 840]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
230
Khitan I
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Khitan I is assumed.
[907, 1125]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
231
Early Mongols
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Early Mongols is assumed.
[1000, 1206]
present
Confident No Edit
232
Mongol Empire
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Mongol Empire is assumed.
[1206, 1368]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
233
Late Mongols
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Late Mongols is assumed.
[1368, 1690]
present
Inferred No Edit
234
Zungharian Empire
Orkhon Valley Full Year Range of Zungharian Empire is assumed.
[1670, 1757]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
235
Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial
Oro PNG Full Year Range of Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial is assumed.
[1734, 1883]
absent
Confident No Edit
236
Orokaiva - Colonial
Oro PNG Full Year Range of Orokaiva - Colonial is assumed.
[1884, 1942]
absent
Confident No Edit
237
Beaker Culture
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Beaker Culture is assumed.
[-3200, -2000]
absent
Inferred No Edit
238
Atlantic Complex
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Atlantic Complex is assumed.
[-2200, -1000]
absent
Inferred No Edit
239
Hallstatt A-B1
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Hallstatt A-B1 is assumed.
[-1000, -900]
absent
Confident No Edit
240
Hallstatt B2-3
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Hallstatt B2-3 is assumed.
[-900, -700]
present
Inferred No Edit
241
Hallstatt C
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Hallstatt C is assumed.
[-700, -600]
present
Inferred No Edit
242
Hallstatt D
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Hallstatt D is assumed.
[-600, -475]
present
Inferred No Edit
243
La Tene A-B1
Paris Basin Full Year Range of La Tene A-B1 is assumed.
[-475, -325]
present
Confident No Edit
244
La Tene B2-C1
Paris Basin Full Year Range of La Tene B2-C1 is assumed.
[-325, -175]
present
Confident No Edit
245
La Tene C2-D
Paris Basin Full Year Range of La Tene C2-D is assumed.
[-175, -27]
present
Confident No Edit
246
Early Merovingian
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Early Merovingian is assumed.
[481, 543]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
247
Middle Merovingian
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Middle Merovingian is assumed.
[543, 687]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
248
Proto-Carolingian
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Proto-Carolingian is assumed.
[687, 751]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
249
Carolingian Empire I
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Carolingian Empire I is assumed.
[752, 840]
present
Confident No Edit
250
Carolingian Empire II
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Carolingian Empire II is assumed.
[840, 987]
present
Confident No Edit
251
Proto-French Kingdom
Paris Basin Full Year Range of Proto-French Kingdom is assumed.
[987, 1150]
absent
Inferred No Edit
252
French Kingdom - Late Capetian
Paris Basin Full Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Capetian is assumed.
[1150, 1328]
absent
Inferred No Edit
253
French Kingdom - Early Valois
Paris Basin Full Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Valois is assumed.
[1328, 1450]
present
Confident No Edit
254
French Kingdom - Late Valois
Paris Basin Full Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Valois is assumed.
[1450, 1589]
present
Confident No Edit
255
French Kingdom - Early Bourbon
Paris Basin Full Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Bourbon is assumed.
[1589, 1660]
present
Confident No Edit
256
French Kingdom - Late Bourbon
Paris Basin Full Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Bourbon is assumed.
[1660, 1815]
present
Confident No Edit
257
Sarazm
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Sarazm is assumed.
[-3500, -2000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
258
Andronovo
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Andronovo is assumed.
[-1800, -1200]
present
Inferred No Edit
259
Ancient Khwarazm
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Ancient Khwarazm is assumed.
[-1000, -521]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
260
Koktepe II
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Koktepe II is assumed.
[-750, -550]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
261
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Greco-Bactrian Kingdom is assumed.
[-256, -125]
present
Confident No Edit
262
Tocharians
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Tocharians is assumed.
[-129, 29]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
263
Kushan Empire
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Kushan Empire is assumed.
[35, 319]
present
Confident No Edit
264
Kidarite Kingdom
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Kidarite Kingdom is assumed.
[388, 477]
present
Confident No Edit
265
Hephthalites
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Hephthalites is assumed.
[408, 561]
present
Inferred No Edit
266
Western Turk Khaganate
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Western Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[582, 630]
present
Inferred No Edit
267
Sogdiana - City-States Period
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Sogdiana - City-States Period is assumed.
[604, 711]
present
Inferred No Edit
268
Samanid Empire
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Samanid Empire is assumed.
[819, 999]
present
Inferred No Edit
269
Kara-Khanids
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Kara-Khanids is assumed.
[950, 1212]
present
Inferred No Edit
270
Chagatai Khanate
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Chagatai Khanate is assumed.
[1263, 1402]
present
Confident No Edit
271
Timurid Empire
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Timurid Empire is assumed.
[1370, 1526]
present
Confident No Edit
272
Khanate of Bukhara
Sogdiana Full Year Range of Khanate of Bukhara is assumed.
[1599, 1747]
present
Inferred No Edit
273
Hmong - Late Qing
Southern China Hills Full Year Range of Hmong - Late Qing is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
274
Hmong - Early Chinese
Southern China Hills Full Year Range of Hmong - Early Chinese is assumed.
[1895, 1941]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
275
Southern Mesopotamia Neolithic
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Southern Mesopotamia Neolithic is assumed.
[-9000, -5501]
absent
Inferred No Edit
276
Ubaid
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Ubaid is assumed.
[-5500, -4201]
absent
Inferred No Edit
277
Uruk
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Uruk is assumed.
[-4000, -2900]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
278
Early Dynastic
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Early Dynastic is assumed.
[-2900, -2500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
279
Akkadian Empire
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Akkadian Empire is assumed.
[-2270, -2083]
absent
Inferred No Edit
280
Ur - Dynasty III
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Ur - Dynasty III is assumed.
[-2112, -2004]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
281
Neo-Assyrian Empire
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Neo-Assyrian Empire is assumed.
[-911, -612]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
282
Seleucids
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Seleucids is assumed.
[-312, -63]
present
Confident No Edit
283
Parthian Empire II
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Parthian Empire II is assumed.
[41, 226]
present
Confident No Edit
284
Umayyad Caliphate
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Umayyad Caliphate is assumed.
[661, 750]
present
Confident No Edit
285
Abbasid Caliphate I
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate I is assumed.
[750, 946]
present
Confident No Edit
286
Abbasid Caliphate II
Southern Mesopotamia Full Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate II is assumed.
[1191, 1258]
present
Inferred No Edit
287
Pre-Ceramic Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Pre-Ceramic Period is assumed.
[-7800, -7200]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
288
Formative Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Formative Period is assumed.
[-7200, -7000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
289
Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar
Susiana Full Year Range of Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar is assumed.
[-7000, -6000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
290
Susiana A
Susiana Full Year Range of Susiana A is assumed.
[-6000, -5700]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
291
Susiana B
Susiana Full Year Range of Susiana B is assumed.
[-5700, -5100]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
292
Susiana - Early Ubaid
Susiana Full Year Range of Susiana - Early Ubaid is assumed.
[-5100, -4700]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
293
Susiana - Late Ubaid
Susiana Full Year Range of Susiana - Late Ubaid is assumed.
[-4700, -4300]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
294
Susa I
Susiana Full Year Range of Susa I is assumed.
[-4300, -3800]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
295
Susa II
Susiana Full Year Range of Susa II is assumed.
[-3800, -3100]
absent
Confident No Edit
296
Susa III
Susiana Full Year Range of Susa III is assumed.
[-3100, -2675]
absent
Confident No Edit
297
Elam - Awan Dynasty I
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Awan Dynasty I is assumed.
[-2675, -2100]
absent
Confident No Edit
298
Elam - Shimashki Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Shimashki Period is assumed.
[-2028, -1940]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
299
Elam - Early Sukkalmah
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Early Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1900, -1701]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
300
Elam - Late Sukkalmah
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Late Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1700, -1500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
301
Elam - Kidinuid Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Kidinuid Period is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
302
Elam - Igihalkid Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Igihalkid Period is assumed.
[-1399, -1200]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
303
Elam - Shutrukid Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Shutrukid Period is assumed.
[-1199, -1100]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
304
Elam - Crisis Period
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam - Crisis Period is assumed.
[-1100, -900]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
305
Elam I
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam I is assumed.
[-900, -744]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
306
Elam II
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam II is assumed.
[-743, -647]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
307
Elam III
Susiana Full Year Range of Elam III is assumed.
[-612, -539]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
308
Achaemenid Empire
Susiana Full Year Range of Achaemenid Empire is assumed.
[-550, -331]
present
Confident No Edit
309
Parthian Empire I
Susiana Full Year Range of Parthian Empire I is assumed.
[-247, 40]
present
Confident No Edit
310
Elymais II
Susiana Full Year Range of Elymais II is assumed.
[25, 215]
present
Inferred No Edit
311
Sasanid Empire I
Susiana Full Year Range of Sasanid Empire I is assumed.
[205, 487]
present
Confident No Edit
312
Sasanid Empire II
Susiana Full Year Range of Sasanid Empire II is assumed.
[488, 642]
present
Confident No Edit
313
Buyid Confederation
Susiana Full Year Range of Buyid Confederation is assumed.
[932, 1062]
present
Confident No Edit
314
Seljuk Sultanate
Susiana Full Year Range of Seljuk Sultanate is assumed.
[1037, 1157]
present
Inferred No Edit
315
Ilkhanate
Susiana Full Year Range of Ilkhanate is assumed.
[1256, 1339]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
316
Ak Koyunlu
Susiana Full Year Range of Ak Koyunlu is assumed.
[1339, 1501]
present
Confident No Edit
317
Safavid Empire
Susiana Full Year Range of Safavid Empire is assumed.
[1501, 1722]
present
Inferred No Edit
318
Qajar
Susiana Full Year Range of Qajar is assumed.
[1794, 1925]
present
Confident No Edit
319
Badarian
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Badarian is assumed.
[-4400, -3800]
absent
Confident No Edit
320
Naqada I
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Naqada I is assumed.
[-3800, -3550]
absent
Inferred No Edit
321
Naqada II
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Naqada II is assumed.
[-3550, -3300]
absent
Confident No Edit
322
Egypt - Dynasty 0
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty 0 is assumed.
[-3300, -3100]
absent
Confident No Edit
323
Egypt - Dynasty I
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty I is assumed.
[-3100, -2900]
absent
Confident No Edit
324
Egypt - Dynasty II
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty II is assumed.
[-2900, -2687]
absent
Confident No Edit
325
Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2650, -2350]
absent
Confident No Edit
326
Egypt - Late Old Kingdom
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Late Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2350, -2150]
absent
Confident No Edit
327
Egypt - Period of the Regions
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Period of the Regions is assumed.
[-2150, -2016]
absent
Confident No Edit
328
Egypt - Middle Kingdom
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Middle Kingdom is assumed.
[-2016, -1700]
absent
Confident No Edit
329
Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period is assumed.
[-1720, -1567]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
330
Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period is assumed.
[-1550, -1293]
present
Confident No Edit
331
Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period is assumed.
[-1293, -1070]
absent
Confident No Edit
332
Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period is assumed.
[-1069, -747]
present
Inferred No Edit
333
Egypt - Kushite Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Kushite Period is assumed.
[-747, -656]
present
Inferred No Edit
334
Egypt - Saite Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Saite Period is assumed.
[-664, -525]
present
Inferred No Edit
335
Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period is assumed.
[-404, -342]
present
Inferred No Edit
336
Ptolemaic Kingdom I
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom I is assumed.
[-305, -217]
present
Confident No Edit
337
Ptolemaic Kingdom II
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom II is assumed.
[-217, -30]
present
Confident No Edit
338
Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period is assumed.
[868, 969]
present
Inferred No Edit
339
Fatimid Caliphate
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Fatimid Caliphate is assumed.
[909, 1171]
absent
Inferred No Edit
340
Ayyubid Sultanate
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Ayyubid Sultanate is assumed.
[1171, 1250]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
341
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I is assumed.
[1260, 1348]
absent
Inferred No Edit
342
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II is assumed.
[1348, 1412]
absent
Inferred No Edit
343
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III
Upper Egypt Full Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III is assumed.
[1412, 1517]
absent
Inferred No Edit
344
Oaxaca - Tierras Largas
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Oaxaca - Tierras Largas is assumed.
[-1400, -1150]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
345
Oaxaca - San Jose
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Oaxaca - San Jose is assumed.
[-1150, -700]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
346
Oaxaca - Rosario
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Oaxaca - Rosario is assumed.
[-700, -500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
347
Early Monte Alban I
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Early Monte Alban I is assumed.
[-500, -300]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
348
Monte Alban Late I
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Monte Alban Late I is assumed.
[-300, -100]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
349
Monte Alban II
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Monte Alban II is assumed.
[-100, 200]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
350
Monte Alban III
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Monte Alban III is assumed.
[200, 500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
351
Monte Alban IIIB and IV
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Monte Alban IIIB and IV is assumed.
[500, 900]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
352
Monte Alban V
Valley of Oaxaca Full Year Range of Monte Alban V is assumed.
[900, 1520]
absent
Confident No Edit
353
Neolithic Yemen
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Neolithic Yemen is assumed.
[-3500, -1201]
absent
Inferred No Edit
354
Yemen - Late Bronze Age
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Yemen - Late Bronze Age is assumed.
[-1200, -801]
absent
Inferred No Edit
355
Sabaean Commonwealth
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Sabaean Commonwealth is assumed.
[-800, -451]
unknown
Confident No Edit
356
Qatabanian Commonwealth
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Qatabanian Commonwealth is assumed.
[-450, -111]
unknown
Confident No Edit
357
Yemen Ziyad Dynasty
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Yemen Ziyad Dynasty is assumed.
[822, 1037]
present
Inferred No Edit
358
Yemen - Era of Warlords
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Yemen - Era of Warlords is assumed.
[1038, 1174]
present
Inferred No Edit
359
Rasulid Dynasty
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Rasulid Dynasty is assumed.
[1229, 1453]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
360
Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty is assumed.
[1454, 1517]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
361
Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty
Yemeni Coastal Plain Full Year Range of Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty is assumed.
[1637, 1805]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
362
Nara Kingdom
None Full Year Range of Nara Kingdom is assumed.
[710, 794]
present
Inferred No Edit
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