Section: Social Complexity
Subsection: Bureaucracy characteristics

Merit Promotion

Talking about bureaucracy characteristics, merit promotion is coded present if there are regular, institutionalized procedures for promotion based on performance. when exceptional individuals are promoted to the top ranks, in the absence of institutionalized procedures, we code it under institution and equity variables  
Contributors: Jenny, Majid, Peter

Variable Definition
Polity The Seshat Polity Name
Year(s) The years for which we have the data. [negative = BCE]
Confidence Inferred : The value is inferred.
Suspected : The value is suspected (Expert Check Needed).
Evidenced : The value is backed up by sufficient evidence.
Disputed? No : No disagreement among scholars.
Yes : There is disagreement among scholars.
Expert? : Not yet Checked by a Seshat Expert.
: Checked and accepted by a Seshat Expert (or RA).

Variable Definition
merit_promotion The absence or presence of merit promotion for a polity.

# Polity   Year(s)   Merit Promotion   Confidence     Disputed?     Expert?   Edit
1
Egypt - Saite Period
664 BCE 571 BCE
present
Inferred No Edit
2
Egypt - Saite Period
570 BCE 525 BCE
absent
Inferred No Edit
3
Eastern Han Empire
25 CE 150 CE
present
Confident No Edit
4
Eastern Han Empire
151 CE 199 CE
unknown
Confident No Edit
5
Eastern Han Empire
200 CE 220 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
6
Samanid Empire
819 CE 942 CE
present
Confident No Edit
7
Samanid Empire
943 CE 999 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
8
Khanate of Bukhara
1599 CE 1702 CE
absent
Confident No Edit
9
Khanate of Bukhara
1702 CE 1747 CE
absent
Inferred No Edit
10
Spanish Empire II
1716 CE 1814 CE
present
Confident No Edit
11
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II
1867 CE 1918 CE
present
Confident No Edit
12
Akan - Pre-Ashanti
* Year Range of Akan - Pre-Ashanti is assumed.
[1501, 1701]
absent
Confident No Edit
13
Hawaii I
* Year Range of Hawaii I is assumed.
[1000, 1200]
absent
Inferred No Edit
14
Yangshao
* Year Range of Yangshao is assumed.
[-5000, -3000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
15
Neguanje
* Year Range of Neguanje is assumed.
[250, 1050]
absent
Confident No Edit
16
Shuar - Colonial
* Year Range of Shuar - Colonial is assumed.
[1534, 1830]
absent
Confident No Edit
17
Shuar - Ecuadorian
* Year Range of Shuar - Ecuadorian is assumed.
[1831, 1931]
absent
Confident No Edit
18
Hawaii III
* Year Range of Hawaii III is assumed.
[1580, 1778]
absent
Inferred No Edit
19
Badarian
* Year Range of Badarian is assumed.
[-4400, -3800]
absent
Inferred No Edit
20
Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial
* Year Range of Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial is assumed.
[1841, 1987]
absent
Confident No Edit
21
Early Garo
* Year Range of Early Garo is assumed.
[1775, 1867]
absent
Confident No Edit
22
Rashtrakuta Empire
* Year Range of Rashtrakuta Empire is assumed.
[753, 973]
absent
Confident No Edit
23
Egypt - Middle Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Middle Kingdom is assumed.
[-2016, -1700]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
24
Naqada I
* Year Range of Naqada I is assumed.
[-3800, -3550]
absent
Inferred No Edit
25
Naqada II
* Year Range of Naqada II is assumed.
[-3550, -3300]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
26
Egypt - Dynasty 0
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty 0 is assumed.
[-3300, -3100]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
27
Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period is assumed.
[-1069, -747]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
28
Beaker Culture
* Year Range of Beaker Culture is assumed.
[-3200, -2000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
29
Hallstatt A-B1
* Year Range of Hallstatt A-B1 is assumed.
[-1000, -900]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
30
Hallstatt B2-3
* Year Range of Hallstatt B2-3 is assumed.
[-900, -700]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
31
Hallstatt C
* Year Range of Hallstatt C is assumed.
[-700, -600]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
32
Hallstatt D
* Year Range of Hallstatt D is assumed.
[-600, -475]
absent
Inferred No Edit
33
Early Merovingian
* Year Range of Early Merovingian is assumed.
[481, 543]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
34
La Tene A-B1
* Year Range of La Tene A-B1 is assumed.
[-475, -325]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
35
La Tene B2-C1
* Year Range of La Tene B2-C1 is assumed.
[-325, -175]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
36
La Tene C2-D
* Year Range of La Tene C2-D is assumed.
[-175, -27]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
37
The Emirate of Crete
* Year Range of The Emirate of Crete is assumed.
[824, 961]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
38
Koktepe II
* Year Range of Koktepe II is assumed.
[-750, -550]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
39
Himyar I
* Year Range of Himyar I is assumed.
[270, 340]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
40
Himyar II
* Year Range of Himyar II is assumed.
[378, 525]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
41
Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty
* Year Range of Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty is assumed.
[1637, 1805]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
42
Durrani Empire
* Year Range of Durrani Empire is assumed.
[1747, 1826]
absent
Inferred No Edit
43
Kushan Empire
* Year Range of Kushan Empire is assumed.
[35, 319]
absent
Confident No Edit
44
Early Qing
* Year Range of Early Qing is assumed.
[1644, 1796]
present
Confident No Edit
45
Great Yuan
* Year Range of Great Yuan is assumed.
[1271, 1368]
present
Confident No Edit
46
Tairona
* Year Range of Tairona is assumed.
[1050, 1524]
absent
Confident No Edit
47
Egypt - Dynasty I
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty I is assumed.
[-3100, -2900]
absent
Inferred No Edit
48
Northern Wei
* Year Range of Northern Wei is assumed.
[386, 534]
absent
Inferred No Edit
49
Late Qing
* Year Range of Late Qing is assumed.
[1796, 1912]
present
Confident No Edit
50
Late Shang
* Year Range of Late Shang is assumed.
[-1250, -1045]
absent
Inferred No Edit
51
Neolithic Crete
* Year Range of Neolithic Crete is assumed.
[-7000, -3000]
absent
Confident No Edit
52
Prepalatial Crete
* Year Range of Prepalatial Crete is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
absent
Confident No Edit
53
Hawaii II
* Year Range of Hawaii II is assumed.
[1200, 1580]
absent
Inferred No Edit
54
Iban - Pre-Brooke
* Year Range of Iban - Pre-Brooke is assumed.
[1650, 1841]
absent
Confident No Edit
55
Majapahit Kingdom
* Year Range of Majapahit Kingdom is assumed.
[1292, 1518]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
56
Canaan
* Year Range of Canaan is assumed.
[-2000, -1175]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
57
Yisrael
* Year Range of Yisrael is assumed.
[-1030, -722]
unknown
Confident No Edit
58
Deccan - Iron Age
* Year Range of Deccan - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
59
Deccan - Neolithic
* Year Range of Deccan - Neolithic is assumed.
[-2700, -1200]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
60
Bazi Dynasty
* Year Range of Bazi Dynasty is assumed.
[-1005, -986]
absent
Inferred No Edit
61
Dynasty of E
* Year Range of Dynasty of E is assumed.
[-979, -732]
absent
Inferred No Edit
62
Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar
* Year Range of Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar is assumed.
[-7000, -6000]
absent
Inferred No Edit
63
Satavahana Empire
* Year Range of Satavahana Empire is assumed.
[-100, 203]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
64
Elam - Crisis Period
* Year Range of Elam - Crisis Period is assumed.
[-1100, -900]
absent
Inferred No Edit
65
Susiana A
* Year Range of Susiana A is assumed.
[-6000, -5700]
absent
Inferred No Edit
66
Abbasid Caliphate II
* Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate II is assumed.
[1191, 1258]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
67
Susa I
* Year Range of Susa I is assumed.
[-4300, -3800]
absent
Inferred No Edit
68
Early Dynastic
* Year Range of Early Dynastic is assumed.
[-2900, -2500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
69
Latium - Copper Age
* Year Range of Latium - Copper Age is assumed.
[-3600, -1800]
absent
Confident No Edit
70
Papal States - Medieval Period I
* Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period I is assumed.
[1527, 1648]
absent
Inferred No Edit
71
Ayyubid Sultanate
* Year Range of Ayyubid Sultanate is assumed.
[1171, 1250]
absent
Confident No Edit
72
Egypt - Dynasty II
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty II is assumed.
[-2900, -2687]
absent
Inferred No Edit
73
Ptolemaic Kingdom I
* Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom I is assumed.
[-305, -217]
present
Confident No Edit
74
Ptolemaic Kingdom II
* Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom II is assumed.
[-217, -30]
present
Confident No Edit
75
Delhi Sultanate
* Year Range of Delhi Sultanate is assumed.
[1206, 1526]
present
Inferred No Edit
76
Late Garo
* Year Range of Late Garo is assumed.
[1867, 1956]
absent
Confident No Edit
77
Isin-Larsa
* Year Range of Isin-Larsa is assumed.
[-2004, -1763]
absent
Confident No Edit
78
Achaemenid Empire
* Year Range of Achaemenid Empire is assumed.
[-550, -331]
present
Confident No Edit
79
Ak Koyunlu
* Year Range of Ak Koyunlu is assumed.
[1339, 1501]
absent
Inferred No Edit
80
Neo-Assyrian Empire
* Year Range of Neo-Assyrian Empire is assumed.
[-911, -612]
absent
Inferred No Edit
81
Ubaid
* Year Range of Ubaid is assumed.
[-5500, -4201]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
82
Uruk
* Year Range of Uruk is assumed.
[-4000, -2900]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
83
Papal States - Medieval Period II
* Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period II is assumed.
[1648, 1809]
absent
Inferred No Edit
84
Middle Roman Republic
* Year Range of Middle Roman Republic is assumed.
[-264, -133]
absent
Confident No Edit
85
Ashikaga Shogunate
* Year Range of Ashikaga Shogunate is assumed.
[1336, 1467]
absent
Confident No Edit
86
Japan - Incipient Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Incipient Jomon is assumed.
[-13600, -9200]
absent
Confident No Edit
87
Japan - Middle Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Middle Jomon is assumed.
[-3500, -2500]
absent
Confident No Edit
88
Latium - Bronze Age
* Year Range of Latium - Bronze Age is assumed.
[-1800, -900]
absent
Confident No Edit
89
Japan - Final Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Final Jomon is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
absent
Confident No Edit
90
Kara-Khanids
* Year Range of Kara-Khanids is assumed.
[950, 1212]
present
Inferred No Edit
91
Chenla
* Year Range of Chenla is assumed.
[550, 825]
absent
Confident No Edit
92
Funan I
* Year Range of Funan I is assumed.
[225, 540]
absent
Confident No Edit
93
Funan II
* Year Range of Funan II is assumed.
[540, 640]
absent
Confident No Edit
94
Early Angkor
* Year Range of Early Angkor is assumed.
[802, 1100]
absent
Inferred No Edit
95
Early Monte Alban I
* Year Range of Early Monte Alban I is assumed.
[-500, -300]
absent
Confident No Edit
96
Archaic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Archaic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-6000, -2001]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
97
Epiclassic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Epiclassic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[650, 899]
present
Confident No Edit
98
Qajar
* Year Range of Qajar is assumed.
[1794, 1925]
absent
Confident No Edit
99
Sasanid Empire I
* Year Range of Sasanid Empire I is assumed.
[205, 487]
absent
Inferred No Edit
100
Sasanid Empire II
* Year Range of Sasanid Empire II is assumed.
[488, 642]
absent
Confident No Edit
101
Elam - Shimashki Period
* Year Range of Elam - Shimashki Period is assumed.
[-2028, -1940]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
102
Elam - Early Sukkalmah
* Year Range of Elam - Early Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1900, -1701]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
103
Ostrogothic Kingdom
* Year Range of Ostrogothic Kingdom is assumed.
[489, 554]
absent
Inferred No Edit
104
Exarchate of Ravenna
* Year Range of Exarchate of Ravenna is assumed.
[568, 751]
absent
Inferred No Edit
105
Western Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Western Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[582, 630]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
106
Andronovo
* Year Range of Andronovo is assumed.
[-1800, -1200]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
107
Phoenician Empire
* Year Range of Phoenician Empire is assumed.
[-1200, -332]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
108
Jenne-jeno I
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno I is assumed.
[-250, 49]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
109
Jenne-jeno II
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno II is assumed.
[50, 399]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
110
Jenne-jeno III
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno III is assumed.
[400, 899]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
111
Jenne-jeno IV
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno IV is assumed.
[900, 1300]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
112
Mali Empire
* Year Range of Mali Empire is assumed.
[1230, 1410]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
113
Late Mongols
* Year Range of Late Mongols is assumed.
[1368, 1690]
absent
Inferred No Edit
114
Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty
* Year Range of Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty is assumed.
[1493, 1591]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
115
Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7500, -5500]
absent
Confident No Edit
116
Egypt - Kushite Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Kushite Period is assumed.
[-747, -656]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
117
Eastern Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Eastern Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[583, 630]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
118
Early Xiongnu
* Year Range of Early Xiongnu is assumed.
[-1400, -300]
absent
Inferred No Edit
119
Rouran Khaganate
* Year Range of Rouran Khaganate is assumed.
[300, 555]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
120
Second Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Second Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[682, 744]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
121
Later Wagadu Empire
* Year Range of Later Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[1078, 1203]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
122
Xianbei Confederation
* Year Range of Xianbei Confederation is assumed.
[100, 250]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
123
Aztec Empire
* Year Range of Aztec Empire is assumed.
[1427, 1526]
present
Confident No Edit
124
Hatti - Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Hatti - Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-1650, -1500]
present
Confident No Edit
125
Neo-Hittite Kingdoms
* Year Range of Neo-Hittite Kingdoms is assumed.
[-1180, -900]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
126
Ottoman Empire III
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire III is assumed.
[1683, 1839]
present
Confident No Edit
127
Roman Empire - Dominate
* Year Range of Roman Empire - Dominate is assumed.
[285, 394]
absent
Inferred No Edit
128
Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period
* Year Range of Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period is assumed.
[1778, 1819]
present
Confident No Edit
129
Early Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Early Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-1200, -801]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
130
Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-100, 99]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
131
Oaxaca - San Jose
* Year Range of Oaxaca - San Jose is assumed.
[-1150, -700]
absent
Inferred No Edit
132
Cuzco - Late Intermediate II
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate II is assumed.
[1250, 1400]
absent
Confident No Edit
133
Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial
* Year Range of Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial is assumed.
[1734, 1883]
absent
Confident No Edit
134
Orokaiva - Colonial
* Year Range of Orokaiva - Colonial is assumed.
[1884, 1942]
absent
Confident No Edit
135
Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period is assumed.
[-1300, -500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
136
Ayutthaya
* Year Range of Ayutthaya is assumed.
[1593, 1767]
absent
Confident No Edit
137
Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
present
Inferred No Edit
138
Hatti - New Kingdom
* Year Range of Hatti - New Kingdom is assumed.
[-1400, -1180]
present
Confident No Edit
139
Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7000, -6600]
absent
Inferred No Edit
140
Konya Plain - Early Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Neolithic is assumed.
[-9600, -7000]
absent
Inferred No Edit
141
Konya Plain - Late Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Neolithic is assumed.
[-6600, -6000]
absent
Inferred No Edit
142
Burundi
* Year Range of Burundi is assumed.
[1680, 1903]
absent
Inferred No Edit
143
Bugesera
* Year Range of Bugesera is assumed.
[1700, 1799]
absent
Inferred No Edit
144
Kaabu
* Year Range of Kaabu is assumed.
[1500, 1867]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
145
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III is assumed.
[1412, 1517]
present
Confident No Edit
146
Rum Sultanate
* Year Range of Rum Sultanate is assumed.
[1077, 1307]
absent
Inferred No Edit
147
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late
* Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late is assumed.
[1714, 1848]
absent
Confident No Edit
148
Egypt - Late Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Late Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2350, -2150]
present
Inferred No Edit
149
Atlantic Complex
* Year Range of Atlantic Complex is assumed.
[-2200, -1000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
150
Byzantine Empire I
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire I is assumed.
[632, 866]
present
Confident No Edit
151
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II
* Year Range of Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II is assumed.
[1649, 1918]
present
Confident No Edit
152
British Empire I
* Year Range of British Empire I is assumed.
[1690, 1849]
present
Confident No Edit
153
Napoleonic France
* Year Range of Napoleonic France is assumed.
[1816, 1870]
present
Inferred No Edit
154
Lombard Kingdom
* Year Range of Lombard Kingdom is assumed.
[568, 774]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
155
Khwarezmid Empire
* Year Range of Khwarezmid Empire is assumed.
[1157, 1231]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
156
Hohokam Culture
* Year Range of Hohokam Culture is assumed.
[300, 1500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
157
Golden Horde
* Year Range of Golden Horde is assumed.
[1240, 1440]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
158
Saffarid Caliphate
* Year Range of Saffarid Caliphate is assumed.
[861, 1003]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
159
British Empire IIIIIIIIII
* Year Range of British Empire IIIIIIIIII is assumed.
[1850, 1968]
present
Confident No Edit
160
Holy Roman Empire - Ottonian-Salian Dynasty
* Year Range of Holy Roman Empire - Ottonian-Salian Dynasty is assumed.
[919, 1125]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
161
Plantagenet England
* Year Range of Plantagenet England is assumed.
[1144, 1485]
present
Confident No Edit
162
Us Reconstruction-Progressive
* Year Range of Us Reconstruction-Progressive is assumed.
[1866, 1933]
present
Confident No Edit
163
Cuzco - Early Intermediate I
* Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate I is assumed.
[200, 499]
absent
Inferred No Edit
164
Cuzco - Early Intermediate II
* Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate II is assumed.
[500, 649]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
165
Cuzco - Late Intermediate I
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate I is assumed.
[1000, 1250]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
166
Cuzco - Late Formative
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Formative is assumed.
[-500, 200]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
167
Tudor and Early Stuart England
* Year Range of Tudor and Early Stuart England is assumed.
[1486, 1689]
present
Confident No Edit
168
Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period is assumed.
[-3200, -2500]
absent
Confident No Edit
169
Sakha - Early
* Year Range of Sakha - Early is assumed.
[1400, 1632]
absent
Confident No Edit
170
Sarazm
* Year Range of Sarazm is assumed.
[-3500, -2000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
171
Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age is assumed.
[-3000, -2000]
absent
Inferred No Edit
172
Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia
* Year Range of Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia is assumed.
[-2000, -1700]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
173
Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-6000, -5500]
absent
Inferred No Edit
174
Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -3000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
175
East Roman Empire
* Year Range of East Roman Empire is assumed.
[395, 631]
present
Confident No Edit
176
Lysimachus Kingdom
* Year Range of Lysimachus Kingdom is assumed.
[-323, -281]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
177
Phrygian Kingdom
* Year Range of Phrygian Kingdom is assumed.
[-900, -695]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
178
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early
* Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early is assumed.
[1566, 1713]
absent
Confident No Edit
179
Cahokia - Early Woodland
* Year Range of Cahokia - Early Woodland is assumed.
[-600, -150]
absent
Confident No Edit
180
Cahokia - Late Woodland II
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland II is assumed.
[450, 600]
absent
Confident No Edit
181
Cahokia - Middle Woodland
* Year Range of Cahokia - Middle Woodland is assumed.
[-150, 300]
absent
Confident No Edit
182
Cahokia - Late Woodland III
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland III is assumed.
[600, 750]
absent
Confident No Edit
183
Cahokia - Late Woodland I
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland I is assumed.
[300, 450]
absent
Confident No Edit
184
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I
* Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I is assumed.
[750, 900]
absent
Confident No Edit
185
Chagatai Khanate
* Year Range of Chagatai Khanate is assumed.
[1263, 1402]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
186
Hephthalites
* Year Range of Hephthalites is assumed.
[408, 561]
absent
Inferred No Edit
187
Western Jin
* Year Range of Western Jin is assumed.
[265, 317]
present
Inferred No Edit
188
Timurid Empire
* Year Range of Timurid Empire is assumed.
[1370, 1526]
absent
Inferred No Edit
189
Sui Dynasty
* Year Range of Sui Dynasty is assumed.
[581, 618]
present
Confident No Edit
190
Tang Dynasty I
* Year Range of Tang Dynasty I is assumed.
[617, 763]
present
Confident No Edit
191
Tang Dynasty II
* Year Range of Tang Dynasty II is assumed.
[763, 907]
present
Confident No Edit
192
Early Wei Dynasty
* Year Range of Early Wei Dynasty is assumed.
[-445, -225]
present
Inferred No Edit
193
Japan - Early Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Early Jomon is assumed.
[-5300, -3500]
absent
Confident No Edit
194
Japan - Late Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Late Jomon is assumed.
[-2500, -1200]
absent
Confident No Edit
195
Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period
* Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period is assumed.
[-1293, -1070]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
196
Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period is assumed.
[-404, -342]
absent
Inferred No Edit
197
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II is assumed.
[1348, 1412]
present
Confident No Edit
198
Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period is assumed.
[-1720, -1567]
absent
Confident No Edit
199
Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period is assumed.
[868, 969]
absent
Inferred No Edit
200
Chuuk - Early Truk
* Year Range of Chuuk - Early Truk is assumed.
[1775, 1886]
absent
Confident No Edit
201
French Kingdom - Early Bourbon
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Bourbon is assumed.
[1589, 1660]
absent
Inferred No Edit
202
Carolingian Empire I
* Year Range of Carolingian Empire I is assumed.
[752, 840]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
203
Maurya Empire
* Year Range of Maurya Empire is assumed.
[-324, -187]
absent
Confident No Edit
204
Mughal Empire
* Year Range of Mughal Empire is assumed.
[1526, 1858]
present
Inferred No Edit
205
Abbasid Caliphate I
* Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate I is assumed.
[750, 946]
present
Confident Yes Edit
206
Abbasid Caliphate I
* Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate I is assumed.
[750, 946]
absent
Confident Yes Edit
207
Kassite Babylonia
* Year Range of Kassite Babylonia is assumed.
[-1595, -1150]
absent
Inferred No Edit
208
Late Xiongnu
* Year Range of Late Xiongnu is assumed.
[-60, 100]
absent
Inferred No Edit
209
Buyid Confederation
* Year Range of Buyid Confederation is assumed.
[932, 1062]
absent
Inferred No Edit
210
Formative Period
* Year Range of Formative Period is assumed.
[-7200, -7000]
absent
Inferred No Edit
211
Ilkhanate
* Year Range of Ilkhanate is assumed.
[1256, 1339]
absent
Inferred No Edit
212
Susiana B
* Year Range of Susiana B is assumed.
[-5700, -5100]
absent
Inferred No Edit
213
Susiana - Late Ubaid
* Year Range of Susiana - Late Ubaid is assumed.
[-4700, -4300]
absent
Inferred No Edit
214
Susiana - Early Ubaid
* Year Range of Susiana - Early Ubaid is assumed.
[-5100, -4700]
absent
Inferred No Edit
215
Elam II
* Year Range of Elam II is assumed.
[-743, -647]
absent
Inferred No Edit
216
Seljuk Sultanate
* Year Range of Seljuk Sultanate is assumed.
[1037, 1157]
absent
Inferred No Edit
217
Latium - Iron Age
* Year Range of Latium - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1000, -580]
absent
Confident No Edit
218
Rome - Republic of St Peter II
* Year Range of Rome - Republic of St Peter II is assumed.
[904, 1198]
present
Confident No Edit
219
Papal States - Renaissance Period
* Year Range of Papal States - Renaissance Period is assumed.
[1378, 1527]
present
Confident No Edit
220
Early Roman Republic
* Year Range of Early Roman Republic is assumed.
[-509, -264]
absent
Confident No Edit
221
Late Roman Republic
* Year Range of Late Roman Republic is assumed.
[-133, -31]
absent
Inferred No Edit
222
Roman Empire - Principate
* Year Range of Roman Empire - Principate is assumed.
[-31, 284]
absent
Inferred No Edit
223
Roman Kingdom
* Year Range of Roman Kingdom is assumed.
[-716, -509]
absent
Confident No Edit
224
Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity
* Year Range of Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity is assumed.
[395, 476]
present
Confident No Edit
225
Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity
* Year Range of Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity is assumed.
[395, 476]
absent
Confident No Edit
226
Xiongnu Imperial Confederation
* Year Range of Xiongnu Imperial Confederation is assumed.
[-209, -60]
absent
Inferred No Edit
227
Republic of Venice IV
* Year Range of Republic of Venice IV is assumed.
[1564, 1797]
present
Inferred No Edit
228
Asuka
* Year Range of Asuka is assumed.
[538, 710]
present
Confident No Edit
229
Heian
* Year Range of Heian is assumed.
[794, 1185]
present
Confident No Edit
230
Japan - Initial Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Initial Jomon is assumed.
[-9200, -5300]
absent
Confident No Edit
231
Kamakura Shogunate
* Year Range of Kamakura Shogunate is assumed.
[1185, 1333]
absent
Confident No Edit
232
Nara Kingdom
* Year Range of Nara Kingdom is assumed.
[710, 794]
present
Confident No Edit
233
Warring States Japan
* Year Range of Warring States Japan is assumed.
[1467, 1568]
absent
Confident No Edit
234
Tokugawa Shogunate
* Year Range of Tokugawa Shogunate is assumed.
[1603, 1868]
present
Confident No Edit
235
Kansai - Yayoi Period
* Year Range of Kansai - Yayoi Period is assumed.
[-300, 250]
absent
Confident No Edit
236
Fatimid Caliphate
* Year Range of Fatimid Caliphate is assumed.
[909, 1171]
present
Confident No Edit
237
Late Angkor
* Year Range of Late Angkor is assumed.
[1220, 1432]
absent
Inferred No Edit
238
Segou Kingdom
* Year Range of Segou Kingdom is assumed.
[1650, 1712]
absent
Confident No Edit
239
Khitan I
* Year Range of Khitan I is assumed.
[907, 1125]
present
Inferred No Edit
240
Uigur Khaganate
* Year Range of Uigur Khaganate is assumed.
[745, 840]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
241
Great Ming
* Year Range of Great Ming is assumed.
[1368, 1644]
present
Confident No Edit
242
Monte Alban II
* Year Range of Monte Alban II is assumed.
[-100, 200]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
243
Monte Alban III
* Year Range of Monte Alban III is assumed.
[200, 500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
244
Epiclassic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Epiclassic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[650, 899]
absent
Confident No Edit
245
Late Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Late Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-400, -101]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
246
Middle Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Middle Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-800, -401]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
247
Initial Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Initial Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-2000, -1201]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
248
Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[1200, 1426]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
249
Oaxaca - Rosario
* Year Range of Oaxaca - Rosario is assumed.
[-700, -500]
absent
Confident No Edit
250
Oaxaca - Tierras Largas
* Year Range of Oaxaca - Tierras Largas is assumed.
[-1400, -1150]
absent
Inferred No Edit
251
Toltecs
* Year Range of Toltecs is assumed.
[900, 1199]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
252
Inca Empire
* Year Range of Inca Empire is assumed.
[1375, 1532]
present
Inferred No Edit
253
Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -4000]
absent
Confident No Edit
254
Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-4000, -3200]
absent
Confident No Edit
255
Umayyad Caliphate
* Year Range of Umayyad Caliphate is assumed.
[661, 750]
present
Confident No Edit
256
Rattanakosin
* Year Range of Rattanakosin is assumed.
[1782, 1873]
absent
Inferred No Edit
257
Byzantine Empire II
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire II is assumed.
[867, 1072]
present
Confident No Edit
258
Byzantine Empire III
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire III is assumed.
[1073, 1204]
present
Confident No Edit
259
Ottoman Empire I
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire I is assumed.
[1402, 1517]
present
Inferred No Edit
260
Sogdiana - City-States Period
* Year Range of Sogdiana - City-States Period is assumed.
[604, 711]
absent
Inferred No Edit
261
Rasulid Dynasty
* Year Range of Rasulid Dynasty is assumed.
[1229, 1453]
present
Confident No Edit
262
Great Zimbabwe
* Year Range of Great Zimbabwe is assumed.
[1270, 1550]
absent
Confident No Edit
263
Ilú-ọba Ọ̀yọ́
* Year Range of Ilú-ọba Ọ̀yọ́ is assumed.
[1601, 1835]
present
Confident No Edit
264
Benin Empire
* Year Range of Benin Empire is assumed.
[1140, 1897]
present
Confident No Edit
265
Kingdom of Niynginya
* Year Range of Kingdom of Niynginya is assumed.
[1650, 1897]
absent
Confident No Edit
266
Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2650, -2350]
present
Inferred No Edit
267
Nkore
* Year Range of Nkore is assumed.
[1750, 1901]
absent
Confident No Edit
268
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
* Year Range of Greco-Bactrian Kingdom is assumed.
[-256, -125]
absent
Inferred No Edit
269
Sokoto Caliphate
* Year Range of Sokoto Caliphate is assumed.
[1804, 1904]
present
Inferred Yes Edit
270
Hausa bakwai
* Year Range of Hausa bakwai is assumed.
[900, 1808]
present
Inferred No Edit
271
Early Modern Sierra Leone
* Year Range of Early Modern Sierra Leone is assumed.
[1650, 1896]
absent
Inferred No Edit
272
Middle and Late Nok
* Year Range of Middle and Late Nok is assumed.
[-1500, -901]
absent
Inferred No Edit
273
Middle and Late Nok
* Year Range of Middle and Late Nok is assumed.
[-900, 0]
absent
Inferred No Edit
274
Spanish Empire I
* Year Range of Spanish Empire I is assumed.
[1516, 1715]
present
Confident No Edit
275
Hmong - Early Chinese
* Year Range of Hmong - Early Chinese is assumed.
[1895, 1941]
absent
Confident No Edit
276
Buganda
* Year Range of Buganda is assumed.
[1700, 1894]
absent
Inferred No Edit
277
Toro
* Year Range of Toro is assumed.
[1830, 1896]
absent
Inferred No Edit
278
Karagwe
* Year Range of Karagwe is assumed.
[1500, 1916]
absent
Inferred No Edit
279
Nkore
* Year Range of Nkore is assumed.
[1450, 1749]
absent
Inferred No Edit
280
Ndorwa
* Year Range of Ndorwa is assumed.
[1700, 1800]
absent
Inferred No Edit
281
Mubari
* Year Range of Mubari is assumed.
[-10000, 2000]
absent
Inferred No Edit
282
Gisaka
* Year Range of Gisaka is assumed.
[1700, 1867]
absent
Inferred No Edit
283
Fipa
* Year Range of Fipa is assumed.
[1600, 1890]
absent
Inferred No Edit
284
Buhaya
* Year Range of Buhaya is assumed.
[-10000, 2000]
absent
Inferred No Edit
285
Oyo
* Year Range of Oyo is assumed.
[1300, 1535]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
286
Jin
* Year Range of Jin is assumed.
[-780, -404]
present
Confident No Edit
287
Northern Song
* Year Range of Northern Song is assumed.
[960, 1127]
present
Confident No Edit
288
Western Han Empire
* Year Range of Western Han Empire is assumed.
[-202, 9]
present
Confident No Edit
289
Western Zhou
* Year Range of Western Zhou is assumed.
[-1122, -771]
present
Inferred No Edit
290
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I is assumed.
[1260, 1348]
present
Confident No Edit
291
Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period
* Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period is assumed.
[-1550, -1293]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
292
French Kingdom - Late Valois
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Valois is assumed.
[1450, 1589]
absent
Confident No Edit
293
Ashanti Empire
* Year Range of Ashanti Empire is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
294
Second Dynasty of Isin
* Year Range of Second Dynasty of Isin is assumed.
[-1153, -1027]
absent
Inferred No Edit
295
Parthian Empire I
* Year Range of Parthian Empire I is assumed.
[-247, 40]
absent
Confident No Edit
296
Parthian Empire II
* Year Range of Parthian Empire II is assumed.
[41, 226]
absent
Confident No Edit
297
Safavid Empire
* Year Range of Safavid Empire is assumed.
[1501, 1722]
absent
Confident No Edit
298
Republic of Venice III
* Year Range of Republic of Venice III is assumed.
[1204, 1563]
present
Inferred No Edit
299
Classical Angkor
* Year Range of Classical Angkor is assumed.
[1100, 1220]
absent
Inferred No Edit
300
Khmer Kingdom
* Year Range of Khmer Kingdom is assumed.
[1432, 1594]
absent
Confident No Edit
301
Zungharian Empire
* Year Range of Zungharian Empire is assumed.
[1670, 1757]
absent
Inferred No Edit
302
Monte Alban Late I
* Year Range of Monte Alban Late I is assumed.
[-300, -100]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
303
Monte Alban IIIB and IV
* Year Range of Monte Alban IIIB and IV is assumed.
[500, 900]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
304
Kingdom of Norway II
* Year Range of Kingdom of Norway II is assumed.
[1262, 1380]
absent
Confident No Edit
305
Sakha - Late
* Year Range of Sakha - Late is assumed.
[1632, 1900]
absent
Inferred No Edit
306
Ottoman Empire II
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire II is assumed.
[1517, 1683]
present
Confident No Edit
307
Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty
* Year Range of Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty is assumed.
[1454, 1517]
present
Inferred No Edit
308
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I
* Year Range of Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I is assumed.
[1614, 1775]
absent
Confident No Edit
309
Sokoto Caliphate
* Year Range of Sokoto Caliphate is assumed.
[1804, 1904]
absent
Inferred Yes Edit
310
Tocharians
* Year Range of Tocharians is assumed.
[-129, 29]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
311
Jin Dynasty
* Year Range of Jin Dynasty is assumed.
[1115, 1234]
present
Confident No Edit
312
Proto-French Kingdom
* Year Range of Proto-French Kingdom is assumed.
[987, 1150]
absent
Inferred No Edit
313
French Kingdom - Late Capetian
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Capetian is assumed.
[1150, 1328]
present
Inferred No Edit
314
Carolingian Empire II
* Year Range of Carolingian Empire II is assumed.
[840, 987]
present
Confident No Edit
315
Proto-Carolingian
* Year Range of Proto-Carolingian is assumed.
[687, 751]
absent
Confident No Edit
316
Middle Merovingian
* Year Range of Middle Merovingian is assumed.
[543, 687]
absent
Confident No Edit
317
Kadamba Empire
* Year Range of Kadamba Empire is assumed.
[345, 550]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
318
Koktepe I
* Year Range of Koktepe I is assumed.
[-1400, -1000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
319
French Kingdom - Early Valois
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Valois is assumed.
[1328, 1450]
present
Inferred No Edit