Section: General Variables
Subsection: General

Polity Peak Years

The peak years of a polity.  
Contributors: Jenny, Majid, Peter

Variable Definition
Polity The Seshat Polity Name
Year(s) The years for which we have the data. [negative = BCE]
Confidence Inferred : The value is inferred.
Suspected : The value is suspected (Expert Check Needed).
Evidenced : The value is backed up by sufficient evidence.
Disputed? No : No disagreement among scholars.
Yes : There is disagreement among scholars.
Expert? : Not yet Checked by a Seshat Expert.
: Checked and accepted by a Seshat Expert (or RA).

Variable Definition
peak_year_from The beginning of the peak years for a polity.
peak_year_to The end of the peak years for a polity.

# Polity   Year(s)   Peak Year from Peak Year to   Confidence     Disputed?     Expert?   Edit
1
Kingdom of Bohemia - Přemyslid Dynasty
1253 CE 1278 CE
1253
1278
Evidenced No Edit
2
State of the Teutonic Order
1351 CE 1400 CE
1352
1382
Evidenced No Edit
3
Late Qing
* Year Range of Late Qing is assumed.
[1796, 1912]
1850
1850
Evidenced No Edit
4
Sui Dynasty
* Year Range of Sui Dynasty is assumed.
[581, 618]
609
609
Evidenced No Edit
5
Later Tang Dynasty
* Year Range of Later Tang Dynasty is assumed.
[763, 907]
820
820
Evidenced No Edit
6
Great Yuan
* Year Range of Great Yuan is assumed.
[1271, 1368]
1310
1310
Evidenced No Edit
7
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II is assumed.
[1348, 1412]
1348
1348
Evidenced No Edit
8
Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period
* Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period is assumed.
[-1293, -1070]
-1250
-1250
Evidenced No Edit
9
Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period
* Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period is assumed.
[-1550, -1293]
-1300
-1300
Evidenced No Edit
10
Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2650, -2350]
-2400
-2400
Evidenced No Edit
11
Egypt - Late Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Late Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2350, -2150]
-2300
-2300
Evidenced No Edit
12
Egypt - Period of the Regions
* Year Range of Egypt - Period of the Regions is assumed.
[-2150, -2016]
-2063
-2063
Evidenced No Edit
13
Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period is assumed.
[-1720, -1567]
-1555
-1555
Evidenced No Edit
14
French Kingdom - Early Bourbon
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Bourbon is assumed.
[1589, 1660]
1611
1611
Evidenced No Edit
15
Carolingian Empire I
* Year Range of Carolingian Empire I is assumed.
[752, 840]
811
811
Evidenced No Edit
16
Carolingian Empire II
* Year Range of Carolingian Empire II is assumed.
[840, 987]
840
840
Evidenced No Edit
17
Hallstatt A-B1
* Year Range of Hallstatt A-B1 is assumed.
[-1000, -900]
-900
-900
Evidenced No Edit
18
Proto-Carolingian
* Year Range of Proto-Carolingian is assumed.
[687, 751]
751
751
Evidenced No Edit
19
La Tene A-B1
* Year Range of La Tene A-B1 is assumed.
[-475, -325]
-450
-450
Evidenced No Edit
20
French Kingdom - Early Valois
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Valois is assumed.
[1328, 1450]
1364
1380
Evidenced No Edit
21
Akan - Pre-Ashanti
* Year Range of Akan - Pre-Ashanti is assumed.
[1501, 1701]
1650
1701
Evidenced No Edit
22
Ashanti Empire
* Year Range of Ashanti Empire is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
1800
1824
Evidenced No Edit
23
Archaic Crete
* Year Range of Archaic Crete is assumed.
[-710, -500]
-650
-650
Evidenced No Edit
24
Classical Crete
* Year Range of Classical Crete is assumed.
[-500, -323]
-350
-350
Evidenced No Edit
25
The Emirate of Crete
* Year Range of The Emirate of Crete is assumed.
[824, 961]
824
961
Evidenced No Edit
26
Final Postpalatial Crete
* Year Range of Final Postpalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1200, -1000]
-1200
-1100
Evidenced No Edit
27
Geometric Crete
* Year Range of Geometric Crete is assumed.
[-1000, -710]
-800
-800
Evidenced No Edit
28
Hellenistic Crete
* Year Range of Hellenistic Crete is assumed.
[-323, -69]
-250
-250
Evidenced No Edit
29
Monopalatial Crete
* Year Range of Monopalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1450, -1300]
-1390
-1300
Evidenced No Edit
30
New Palace Crete
* Year Range of New Palace Crete is assumed.
[-1700, -1450]
-1500
-1450
Evidenced No Edit
31
The Old Palace Crete
* Year Range of The Old Palace Crete is assumed.
[-1900, -1700]
-1800
-1700
Evidenced No Edit
32
Postpalatial Crete
* Year Range of Postpalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1300, -1200]
-1300
-1200
Evidenced No Edit
33
Prepalatial Crete
* Year Range of Prepalatial Crete is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
-2300
-1900
Evidenced No Edit
34
Java - Buni Culture
* Year Range of Java - Buni Culture is assumed.
[-400, 500]
100
100
Evidenced No Edit
35
Majapahit Kingdom
* Year Range of Majapahit Kingdom is assumed.
[1292, 1518]
1389
1389
Evidenced No Edit
36
Gupta Dynasty
* Year Range of Gupta Dynasty is assumed.
[320, 515]
400
400
Evidenced No Edit
37
Hoysala Kingdom
* Year Range of Hoysala Kingdom is assumed.
[1108, 1346]
1225
1225
Evidenced No Edit
38
Maurya Empire
* Year Range of Maurya Empire is assumed.
[-324, -187]
-269
-232
Evidenced No Edit
39
Mughal Empire
* Year Range of Mughal Empire is assumed.
[1526, 1858]
1630
1707
Evidenced No Edit
40
Akkadian Empire
* Year Range of Akkadian Empire is assumed.
[-2270, -2083]
-2190
-2154
Evidenced No Edit
41
Amorite Babylonia
* Year Range of Amorite Babylonia is assumed.
[-2000, -1600]
-1792
-1750
Evidenced No Edit
42
Neo-Babylonian Empire
* Year Range of Neo-Babylonian Empire is assumed.
[-626, -539]
-604
-562
Evidenced No Edit
43
Kachi Plain - Urban Period I
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period I is assumed.
[-2500, -2100]
-2500
-2100
Evidenced No Edit
44
Kachi Plain - Urban Period II
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period II is assumed.
[-2100, 1800]
-1800
-1300
Evidenced No Edit
45
Elam - Kidinuid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Kidinuid Period is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
-1158
-1158
Evidenced No Edit
46
Parthian Empire II
* Year Range of Parthian Empire II is assumed.
[41, 226]
50
100
Evidenced No Edit
47
Sasanid Empire II
* Year Range of Sasanid Empire II is assumed.
[488, 642]
570
570
Evidenced No Edit
48
Elam - Early Sukkalmah
* Year Range of Elam - Early Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1900, -1701]
-1900
-1800
Evidenced No Edit
49
Exarchate of Ravenna
* Year Range of Exarchate of Ravenna is assumed.
[568, 751]
640
640
Evidenced No Edit
50
Late Roman Republic
* Year Range of Late Roman Republic is assumed.
[-133, -31]
-49
-49
Evidenced No Edit
51
Middle Roman Republic
* Year Range of Middle Roman Republic is assumed.
[-264, -133]
-133
-133
Evidenced No Edit
52
Roman Empire - Principate
* Year Range of Roman Empire - Principate is assumed.
[-31, 284]
117
117
Evidenced No Edit
53
Roman Kingdom
* Year Range of Roman Kingdom is assumed.
[-716, -509]
-535
-535
Evidenced No Edit
54
Republic of Venice IV
* Year Range of Republic of Venice IV is assumed.
[1564, 1797]
1565
1565
Evidenced No Edit
55
Warring States Japan
* Year Range of Warring States Japan is assumed.
[1467, 1568]
1568
1568
Evidenced No Edit
56
Tokugawa Shogunate
* Year Range of Tokugawa Shogunate is assumed.
[1603, 1868]
1688
1704
Evidenced No Edit
57
Early Angkor
* Year Range of Early Angkor is assumed.
[802, 1100]
900
900
Evidenced No Edit
58
Funan II
* Year Range of Funan II is assumed.
[540, 640]
450
650
Evidenced No Edit
59
Jenne-jeno II
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno II is assumed.
[50, 399]
399
399
Evidenced No Edit
60
Mongol Empire
* Year Range of Mongol Empire is assumed.
[1206, 1368]
1251
1259
Evidenced No Edit
61
Early Mongols
* Year Range of Early Mongols is assumed.
[1000, 1206]
1206
1206
Evidenced No Edit
62
Monte Alban Late I
* Year Range of Monte Alban Late I is assumed.
[-300, -100]
-100
-100
Evidenced No Edit
63
Oaxaca - Tierras Largas
* Year Range of Oaxaca - Tierras Largas is assumed.
[-1400, -1150]
-1400
-1150
Evidenced No Edit
64
Cuzco - Early Intermediate II
* Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate II is assumed.
[500, 649]
600
600
Evidenced No Edit
65
Cuzco - Late Intermediate I
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate I is assumed.
[1000, 1250]
1250
1250
Evidenced No Edit
66
Cuzco - Late Intermediate II
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate II is assumed.
[1250, 1400]
1400
1400
Evidenced No Edit
67
Cuzco - Late Formative
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Formative is assumed.
[-500, 200]
200
200
Evidenced No Edit
68
Orokaiva - Colonial
* Year Range of Orokaiva - Colonial is assumed.
[1884, 1942]
1921
1942
Evidenced No Edit
69
Indo-Greek Kingdom
* Year Range of Indo-Greek Kingdom is assumed.
[-180, -10]
-155
-130
Evidenced No Edit
70
Egypt - Kushite Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Kushite Period is assumed.
[-747, -656]
-663
-663
Evidenced No Edit
71
Ummayad Caliphate
* Year Range of Ummayad Caliphate is assumed.
[661, 750]
724
724
Evidenced No Edit
72
Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
-1450
-1450
Evidenced No Edit
73
Byzantine Empire III
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire III is assumed.
[1073, 1204]
1180
1180
Evidenced No Edit
74
Lysimachus Kingdom
* Year Range of Lysimachus Kingdom is assumed.
[-323, -281]
-306
-281
Evidenced No Edit
75
Ottoman Empire I
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire I is assumed.
[1402, 1517]
1517
1517
Evidenced No Edit
76
Ottoman Empire II
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire II is assumed.
[1517, 1683]
1520
1566
Evidenced No Edit
77
Timurid Empire
* Year Range of Timurid Empire is assumed.
[1370, 1526]
1449
1449
Evidenced No Edit
78
Himyar I
* Year Range of Himyar I is assumed.
[270, 340]
300
300
Evidenced No Edit
79
Cahokia - Early Woodland
* Year Range of Cahokia - Early Woodland is assumed.
[-600, -150]
150
150
Evidenced No Edit
80
Cahokia - Late Woodland II
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland II is assumed.
[450, 600]
600
600
Evidenced No Edit
81
Cahokia - Middle Woodland
* Year Range of Cahokia - Middle Woodland is assumed.
[-150, 300]
300
300
Evidenced No Edit
82
Cahokia - Late Woodland III
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland III is assumed.
[600, 750]
750
750
Evidenced No Edit
83
Cahokia - Late Woodland I
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland I is assumed.
[300, 450]
450
450
Evidenced No Edit
84
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I
* Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I is assumed.
[750, 900]
900
900
Evidenced No Edit
85
Durrani Empire
* Year Range of Durrani Empire is assumed.
[1747, 1826]
1761
1761
Evidenced No Edit
86
Ghur Principality
* Year Range of Ghur Principality is assumed.
[1025, 1215]
1200
1200
Evidenced No Edit
87
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
* Year Range of Greco-Bactrian Kingdom is assumed.
[-256, -125]
-180
-180
Evidenced No Edit
88
Hephthalites
* Year Range of Hephthalites is assumed.
[408, 561]
509
522
Evidenced No Edit
89
Kidarite Kingdom
* Year Range of Kidarite Kingdom is assumed.
[388, 477]
420
440
Evidenced No Edit
90
Kushan Empire
* Year Range of Kushan Empire is assumed.
[35, 319]
229
229
Evidenced No Edit
91
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III is assumed.
[1412, 1517]
1495
1495
Evidenced No Edit
92
Ottoman Empire III
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire III is assumed.
[1683, 1839]
1683
1683
Evidenced No Edit
93
Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling
* Year Range of Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling is assumed.
[1055, 1199]
1100
1100
Evidenced No Edit
94
Cahokia - Moorehead
* Year Range of Cahokia - Moorehead is assumed.
[1200, 1274]
1200
1200
Evidenced No Edit
95
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early
* Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early is assumed.
[1566, 1713]
1650
1701
Evidenced No Edit
96
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II
* Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II is assumed.
[900, 1049]
1050
1050
Evidenced No Edit
97
Eastern Han Empire
* Year Range of Eastern Han Empire is assumed.
[25, 220]
88
88
Evidenced No Edit
98
Western Jin
* Year Range of Western Jin is assumed.
[265, 317]
280
300
Evidenced No Edit
99
Erligang
* Year Range of Erligang is assumed.
[-1650, -1250]
-1500
-1450
Evidenced No Edit
100
Hmong - Late Qing
* Year Range of Hmong - Late Qing is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
1790
1790
Evidenced No Edit
101
Great Ming
* Year Range of Great Ming is assumed.
[1368, 1644]
1450
1480
Evidenced No Edit
102
Northern Song
* Year Range of Northern Song is assumed.
[960, 1127]
1050
1050
Evidenced No Edit
103
Northern Wei
* Year Range of Northern Wei is assumed.
[386, 534]
439
439
Evidenced No Edit
104
Egypt - Middle Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Middle Kingdom is assumed.
[-2016, -1700]
-1850
-1850
Evidenced No Edit
105
Early Qing
* Year Range of Early Qing is assumed.
[1644, 1796]
1796
1796
Evidenced No Edit
106
Late Shang
* Year Range of Late Shang is assumed.
[-1250, -1045]
-1200
-1200
Evidenced No Edit
107
Early Tang Dynasty
* Year Range of Early Tang Dynasty is assumed.
[617, 763]
740
740
Evidenced No Edit
108
Early Wei Dynasty
* Year Range of Early Wei Dynasty is assumed.
[-445, -225]
-353
-353
Evidenced No Edit
109
Western Han Empire
* Year Range of Western Han Empire is assumed.
[-202, 9]
-100
-100
Evidenced No Edit
110
Western Zhou
* Year Range of Western Zhou is assumed.
[-1122, -771]
-950
-925
Evidenced No Edit
111
Ayyubid Sultanate
* Year Range of Ayyubid Sultanate is assumed.
[1171, 1250]
1193
1193
Evidenced No Edit
112
Badarian
* Year Range of Badarian is assumed.
[-4400, -3800]
-4400
-4000
Evidenced No Edit
113
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I is assumed.
[1260, 1348]
1341
1341
Evidenced No Edit
114
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III is assumed.
[1412, 1517]
1425
1425
Evidenced No Edit
115
Egypt - Dynasty 0
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty 0 is assumed.
[-3300, -3100]
-3300
-3200
Evidenced No Edit
116
Ptolemaic Kingdom I
* Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom I is assumed.
[-305, -217]
-300
-300
Evidenced No Edit
117
Egypt - Saite Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Saite Period is assumed.
[-664, -525]
-550
-550
Evidenced No Edit
118
Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period is assumed.
[-1069, -747]
-924
-924
Evidenced No Edit
119
Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period is assumed.
[868, 969]
895
895
Evidenced No Edit
120
Spanish Empire I
* Year Range of Spanish Empire I is assumed.
[1469, 1715]
1556
1598
Evidenced No Edit
121
Axum I
* Year Range of Axum I is assumed.
[-149, 349]
250
250
Evidenced No Edit
122
French Kingdom - Late Bourbon
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Bourbon is assumed.
[1660, 1815]
1723
1743
Evidenced No Edit
123
Proto-French Kingdom
* Year Range of Proto-French Kingdom is assumed.
[987, 1150]
1150
1150
Evidenced No Edit
124
French Kingdom - Late Capetian
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Capetian is assumed.
[1150, 1328]
1285
1314
Evidenced No Edit
125
Early Merovingian
* Year Range of Early Merovingian is assumed.
[481, 543]
543
543
Evidenced No Edit
126
Middle Merovingian
* Year Range of Middle Merovingian is assumed.
[543, 687]
584
629
Evidenced No Edit
127
La Tene B2-C1
* Year Range of La Tene B2-C1 is assumed.
[-325, -175]
-200
-200
Evidenced No Edit
128
La Tene C2-D
* Year Range of La Tene C2-D is assumed.
[-175, -27]
-125
-125
Evidenced No Edit
129
French Kingdom - Late Valois
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Valois is assumed.
[1450, 1589]
1515
1515
Evidenced No Edit
130
British Empire II
* Year Range of British Empire II is assumed.
[1850, 1968]
1815
1815
Evidenced No Edit
131
Neolithic Crete
* Year Range of Neolithic Crete is assumed.
[-7000, -3000]
-4500
-3000
Evidenced No Edit
132
Hawaii I
* Year Range of Hawaii I is assumed.
[1000, 1200]
1200
1200
Evidenced No Edit
133
Hawaii II
* Year Range of Hawaii II is assumed.
[1200, 1580]
1580
1580
Evidenced No Edit
134
Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial
* Year Range of Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial is assumed.
[1841, 1987]
1900
1946
Evidenced No Edit
135
Medang Kingdom
* Year Range of Medang Kingdom is assumed.
[732, 1019]
850
850
Evidenced No Edit
136
Canaan
* Year Range of Canaan is assumed.
[-2000, -1175]
-1550
-1550
Evidenced No Edit
137
Yehuda
* Year Range of Yehuda is assumed.
[-141, -63]
-105
-105
Evidenced No Edit
138
Yisrael
* Year Range of Yisrael is assumed.
[-1030, -722]
-855
-855
Evidenced No Edit
139
Chalukyas of Badami
* Year Range of Chalukyas of Badami is assumed.
[543, 753]
609
643
Evidenced No Edit
140
Chalukyas of Kalyani
* Year Range of Chalukyas of Kalyani is assumed.
[973, 1191]
1076
1126
Evidenced No Edit
141
Kassite Babylonia
* Year Range of Kassite Babylonia is assumed.
[-1595, -1150]
-1359
-1333
Evidenced No Edit
142
Second Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Second Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[682, 744]
691
716
Evidenced No Edit
143
Delhi Sultanate
* Year Range of Delhi Sultanate is assumed.
[1206, 1526]
1296
1316
Evidenced No Edit
144
Late Garo
* Year Range of Late Garo is assumed.
[1867, 1956]
1867
1900
Evidenced No Edit
145
Kadamba Empire
* Year Range of Kadamba Empire is assumed.
[345, 550]
435
455
Evidenced No Edit
146
Rashtrakuta Empire
* Year Range of Rashtrakuta Empire is assumed.
[753, 973]
814
878
Evidenced No Edit
147
Satavahana Empire
* Year Range of Satavahana Empire is assumed.
[-100, 203]
106
130
Evidenced No Edit
148
Vakataka Kingdom
* Year Range of Vakataka Kingdom is assumed.
[255, 550]
510
510
Evidenced No Edit
149
Vijayanagara Empire
* Year Range of Vijayanagara Empire is assumed.
[1336, 1646]
1505
1542
Evidenced No Edit
150
Abbasid Caliphate I
* Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate I is assumed.
[750, 946]
809
809
Evidenced No Edit
151
Abbasid Caliphate II
* Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate II is assumed.
[1191, 1258]
1226
1226
Evidenced No Edit
152
Bazi Dynasty
* Year Range of Bazi Dynasty is assumed.
[-1005, -986]
-1005
-989
Evidenced No Edit
153
Second Dynasty of Isin
* Year Range of Second Dynasty of Isin is assumed.
[-1153, -1027]
-1119
-1098
Evidenced No Edit
154
Neo-Assyrian Empire
* Year Range of Neo-Assyrian Empire is assumed.
[-911, -612]
-668
-668
Evidenced No Edit
155
Ubaid
* Year Range of Ubaid is assumed.
[-5500, -4201]
-5000
-4000
Evidenced No Edit
156
Ur - Dynasty III
* Year Range of Ur - Dynasty III is assumed.
[-2112, -2004]
-2097
-2038
Evidenced No Edit
157
Uruk
* Year Range of Uruk is assumed.
[-4000, -2900]
-3200
-3050
Evidenced No Edit
158
Achaemenid Empire
* Year Range of Achaemenid Empire is assumed.
[-550, -331]
-500
-500
Evidenced No Edit
159
Ak Koyunlu
* Year Range of Ak Koyunlu is assumed.
[1339, 1501]
1453
1478
Evidenced No Edit
160
Buyid Confederation
* Year Range of Buyid Confederation is assumed.
[932, 1062]
983
983
Evidenced No Edit
161
Elymais II
* Year Range of Elymais II is assumed.
[25, 215]
100
100
Evidenced No Edit
162
Republic of St Peter I
* Year Range of Republic of St Peter I is assumed.
[711, 904]
850
900
Evidenced No Edit
163
Ilkhanate
* Year Range of Ilkhanate is assumed.
[1256, 1339]
1316
1316
Evidenced No Edit
164
Elam - Igihalkid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Igihalkid Period is assumed.
[-1399, -1200]
-1300
-1300
Evidenced No Edit
165
Elam - Shutrukid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Shutrukid Period is assumed.
[-1199, -1100]
-1158
-1158
Evidenced No Edit
166
Elam II
* Year Range of Elam II is assumed.
[-743, -647]
-743
-717
Evidenced No Edit
167
Parthian Empire I
* Year Range of Parthian Empire I is assumed.
[-247, 40]
-120
-120
Evidenced No Edit
168
Qajar
* Year Range of Qajar is assumed.
[1794, 1925]
1900
1900
Evidenced No Edit
169
Republic of Venice III
* Year Range of Republic of Venice III is assumed.
[1204, 1563]
1481
1550
Evidenced No Edit
170
Safavid Empire
* Year Range of Safavid Empire is assumed.
[1501, 1722]
1629
1629
Evidenced No Edit
171
Sasanid Empire I
* Year Range of Sasanid Empire I is assumed.
[205, 487]
309
379
Evidenced No Edit
172
Seleucids
* Year Range of Seleucids is assumed.
[-312, -63]
-281
-281
Evidenced No Edit
173
Seleucids
* Year Range of Seleucids is assumed.
[-312, -63]
-190
-190
Evidenced No Edit
174
Seljuk Sultanate
* Year Range of Seljuk Sultanate is assumed.
[1037, 1157]
1092
1092
Evidenced No Edit
175
Ostrogothic Kingdom
* Year Range of Ostrogothic Kingdom is assumed.
[489, 554]
525
525
Evidenced No Edit
176
Rome - Republic of St Peter II
* Year Range of Rome - Republic of St Peter II is assumed.
[904, 1198]
1030
1030
Evidenced No Edit
177
Papal States - High Medieval Period
* Year Range of Papal States - High Medieval Period is assumed.
[1198, 1309]
1240
1240
Evidenced No Edit
178
Papal States - Medieval Period I
* Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period I is assumed.
[1527, 1648]
1571
1571
Evidenced No Edit
179
Papal States - Medieval Period II
* Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period II is assumed.
[1648, 1809]
1750
1750
Evidenced No Edit
180
Papal States - Renaissance Period
* Year Range of Papal States - Renaissance Period is assumed.
[1378, 1527]
1506
1506
Evidenced No Edit
181
Early Roman Republic
* Year Range of Early Roman Republic is assumed.
[-509, -264]
-287
-287
Evidenced No Edit
182
Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity
* Year Range of Western Roman Empire - Late Antiquity is assumed.
[395, 476]
439
439
Evidenced No Edit
183
Rouran Khaganate
* Year Range of Rouran Khaganate is assumed.
[300, 555]
402
429
Evidenced No Edit
184
Ashikaga Shogunate
* Year Range of Ashikaga Shogunate is assumed.
[1336, 1467]
1368
1394
Evidenced No Edit
185
Heian
* Year Range of Heian is assumed.
[794, 1185]
794
930
Evidenced No Edit
186
Kamakura Shogunate
* Year Range of Kamakura Shogunate is assumed.
[1185, 1333]
1225
1225
Evidenced No Edit
187
Nara Kingdom
* Year Range of Nara Kingdom is assumed.
[710, 794]
781
794
Evidenced No Edit
188
Kansai - Yayoi Period
* Year Range of Kansai - Yayoi Period is assumed.
[-300, 250]
125
125
Evidenced No Edit
189
Kara-Khanids
* Year Range of Kara-Khanids is assumed.
[950, 1212]
1068
1068
Evidenced No Edit
190
Classical Angkor
* Year Range of Classical Angkor is assumed.
[1100, 1220]
1150
1220
Evidenced No Edit
191
Late Angkor
* Year Range of Late Angkor is assumed.
[1220, 1432]
1220
1353
Evidenced No Edit
192
Khmer Kingdom
* Year Range of Khmer Kingdom is assumed.
[1432, 1594]
1400
1400
Evidenced No Edit
193
Chenla
* Year Range of Chenla is assumed.
[550, 825]
650
650
Evidenced No Edit
194
Funan I
* Year Range of Funan I is assumed.
[225, 540]
250
514
Evidenced No Edit
195
Phoenician Empire
* Year Range of Phoenician Empire is assumed.
[-1200, -332]
-570
-570
Evidenced No Edit
196
Saadi Sultanate
* Year Range of Saadi Sultanate is assumed.
[1554, 1659]
1578
1603
Evidenced No Edit
197
Bamana kingdom
* Year Range of Bamana kingdom is assumed.
[1712, 1861]
1800
1800
Evidenced No Edit
198
Jenne-jeno I
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno I is assumed.
[-250, 49]
49
49
Evidenced No Edit
199
Jenne-jeno III
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno III is assumed.
[400, 899]
899
899
Evidenced No Edit
200
Jenne-jeno IV
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno IV is assumed.
[900, 1300]
1100
1100
Evidenced No Edit
201
Mali Empire
* Year Range of Mali Empire is assumed.
[1230, 1410]
1312
1337
Evidenced No Edit
202
Segou Kingdom
* Year Range of Segou Kingdom is assumed.
[1650, 1712]
1650
1680
Evidenced No Edit
203
Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty
* Year Range of Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty is assumed.
[1493, 1591]
1550
1550
Evidenced No Edit
204
Xianbei Confederation
* Year Range of Xianbei Confederation is assumed.
[100, 250]
155
155
Evidenced No Edit
205
Zungharian Empire
* Year Range of Zungharian Empire is assumed.
[1670, 1757]
1679
1745
Evidenced No Edit
206
Middle Wagadu Empire
* Year Range of Middle Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[700, 1077]
1025
1050
Evidenced No Edit
207
Monte Alban II
* Year Range of Monte Alban II is assumed.
[-100, 200]
-200
-200
Evidenced No Edit
208
Late Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Late Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-400, -101]
-200
-200
Evidenced No Edit
209
Middle Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Middle Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-800, -401]
-650
-650
Evidenced No Edit
210
Oaxaca - San Jose
* Year Range of Oaxaca - San Jose is assumed.
[-1150, -700]
-1150
-850
Evidenced No Edit
211
Inca Empire
* Year Range of Inca Empire is assumed.
[1375, 1532]
1525
1525
Evidenced No Edit
212
Wari Empire
* Year Range of Wari Empire is assumed.
[650, 999]
800
800
Evidenced No Edit
213
Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period
* Year Range of Sind - Abbasid-Fatimid Period is assumed.
[854, 1193]
985
985
Evidenced No Edit
214
Sind - Samma Dynasty
* Year Range of Sind - Samma Dynasty is assumed.
[1335, 1521]
1486
1486
Evidenced No Edit
215
Sakha - Late
* Year Range of Sakha - Late is assumed.
[1632, 1900]
1850
1900
Evidenced No Edit
216
Ayutthaya
* Year Range of Ayutthaya is assumed.
[1593, 1767]
1733
1758
Evidenced No Edit
217
Rattanakosin
* Year Range of Rattanakosin is assumed.
[1782, 1873]
1793
1810
Evidenced No Edit
218
Fatimid Caliphate
* Year Range of Fatimid Caliphate is assumed.
[909, 1171]
996
996
Evidenced No Edit
219
Fatimid Caliphate
* Year Range of Fatimid Caliphate is assumed.
[909, 1171]
1058
1058
Evidenced No Edit
220
Phrygian Kingdom
* Year Range of Phrygian Kingdom is assumed.
[-900, -695]
-738
-696
Evidenced No Edit
221
Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia
* Year Range of Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia is assumed.
[-2000, -1700]
-1850
-1750
Evidenced No Edit
222
Byzantine Empire I
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire I is assumed.
[632, 866]
741
775
Evidenced No Edit
223
Byzantine Empire II
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire II is assumed.
[867, 1072]
1025
1025
Evidenced No Edit
224
Late Cappadocia
* Year Range of Late Cappadocia is assumed.
[-322, -93]
-302
-95
Evidenced No Edit
225
East Roman Empire
* Year Range of East Roman Empire is assumed.
[395, 631]
527
542
Evidenced No Edit
226
Hatti - New Kingdom
* Year Range of Hatti - New Kingdom is assumed.
[-1400, -1180]
-1240
-1240
Evidenced No Edit
227
Kingdom of Lydia
* Year Range of Kingdom of Lydia is assumed.
[-670, -546]
-560
-560
Evidenced No Edit
228
Ottoman Emirate
* Year Range of Ottoman Emirate is assumed.
[1299, 1402]
1402
1402
Evidenced No Edit
229
Roman Empire - Dominate
* Year Range of Roman Empire - Dominate is assumed.
[285, 394]
394
394
Evidenced No Edit
230
Rum Sultanate
* Year Range of Rum Sultanate is assumed.
[1077, 1307]
1220
1237
Evidenced No Edit
231
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late
* Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late is assumed.
[1714, 1848]
1714
1765
Evidenced No Edit
232
Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period
* Year Range of Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period is assumed.
[1778, 1819]
1810
1810
Evidenced No Edit
233
Samanid Empire
* Year Range of Samanid Empire is assumed.
[819, 999]
942
942
Evidenced No Edit
234
Sogdiana - City-States Period
* Year Range of Sogdiana - City-States Period is assumed.
[604, 711]
700
700
Evidenced No Edit
235
Himyar II
* Year Range of Himyar II is assumed.
[378, 525]
378
378
Evidenced No Edit
236
Rasulid Dynasty
* Year Range of Rasulid Dynasty is assumed.
[1229, 1453]
1300
1350
Evidenced No Edit
237
Yemen - Era of Warlords
* Year Range of Yemen - Era of Warlords is assumed.
[1038, 1174]
1067
1091
Evidenced No Edit
238
Yemen Ziyad Dynasty
* Year Range of Yemen Ziyad Dynasty is assumed.
[822, 1037]
1000
1000
Evidenced No Edit
239
Funj Sultanate
* Year Range of Funj Sultanate is assumed.
[1504, 1820]
1644
1680
Evidenced No Edit
240
Kingdom of Kaffa
* Year Range of Kingdom of Kaffa is assumed.
[1390, 1897]
1798
1821
Evidenced No Edit
241
Futa Jallon
* Year Range of Futa Jallon is assumed.
[1725, 1896]
1800
1896
Evidenced No Edit
242
Emirate of Harar
* Year Range of Emirate of Harar is assumed.
[1650, 1875]
1680
1790
Evidenced No Edit
243
Middle and Late Nok
* Year Range of Middle and Late Nok is assumed.
[-1500, -901]
-1500
-901
Evidenced No Edit
244
Kanem
* Year Range of Kanem is assumed.
[800, 1379]
1080
1300
Evidenced No Edit
245
Middle and Late Nok
* Year Range of Middle and Late Nok is assumed.
[-900, 0]
-900
-400
Evidenced No Edit
246
Toutswe
* Year Range of Toutswe is assumed.
[700, 1250]
900
900
Evidenced No Edit
247
Great Zimbabwe
* Year Range of Great Zimbabwe is assumed.
[1270, 1550]
1300
1400
Evidenced No Edit
248
Majeerteen Sultanate
* Year Range of Majeerteen Sultanate is assumed.
[1750, 1926]
1800
1860
Evidenced No Edit
249
Holy Roman Empire - Ottonian-Salian Dynasty
* Year Range of Holy Roman Empire - Ottonian-Salian Dynasty is assumed.
[919, 1125]
1050
1050
Evidenced No Edit
250
Torwa-Rozvi
* Year Range of Torwa-Rozvi is assumed.
[1494, 1850]
1684
1696
Evidenced No Edit
251
Mutapa
* Year Range of Mutapa is assumed.
[1450, 1880]
1500
1693
Evidenced No Edit
252
Pandya Empire
* Year Range of Pandya Empire is assumed.
[1250, 1323]
1250
1272
Evidenced No Edit
253
Polonnaruwa
* Year Range of Polonnaruwa is assumed.
[1070, 1255]
1187
1196
Evidenced No Edit
254
Kingdom of Jimma
* Year Range of Kingdom of Jimma is assumed.
[1790, 1932]
1830
1855
Evidenced No Edit
255
Adal Sultanate
* Year Range of Adal Sultanate is assumed.
[1375, 1543]
1400
1543
Evidenced No Edit
256
Ajuran Sultanate
* Year Range of Ajuran Sultanate is assumed.
[1250, 1700]
1550
1650
Evidenced No Edit
257
Sultanate of Geledi
* Year Range of Sultanate of Geledi is assumed.
[1750, 1911]
1789
1848
Evidenced No Edit
258
Early Sultanate of Aussa
* Year Range of Early Sultanate of Aussa is assumed.
[1734, 1895]
1700
1780
Evidenced No Edit
259
Kwararafa
* Year Range of Kwararafa is assumed.
[596, 1820]
1600
1600
Evidenced No Edit
260
Allada
* Year Range of Allada is assumed.
[1100, 1724]
1500
1700
Evidenced No Edit
261
Ilú-ọba Ọ̀yọ́
* Year Range of Ilú-ọba Ọ̀yọ́ is assumed.
[1601, 1835]
1730
1790
Evidenced No Edit
262
Whydah
* Year Range of Whydah is assumed.
[1671, 1727]
1671
1700
Evidenced No Edit
263
Igala
* Year Range of Igala is assumed.
[1600, 1900]
1799
1799
Evidenced No Edit
264
Sokoto Caliphate
* Year Range of Sokoto Caliphate is assumed.
[1804, 1904]
1860
1860
Evidenced No Edit
265
Electorate of Bavaria
* Year Range of Electorate of Bavaria is assumed.
[1623, 1806]
1745
1777
Evidenced No Edit
266
Ọ̀ràézè Ǹrì
* Year Range of Ọ̀ràézè Ǹrì is assumed.
[1043, 1911]
1100
1400
Evidenced No Edit
267
Hausa bakwai
* Year Range of Hausa bakwai is assumed.
[900, 1808]
1349
1600
Evidenced No Edit
268
Kanem-Borno
* Year Range of Kanem-Borno is assumed.
[1380, 1893]
1571
1583
Evidenced No Edit
269
Foys
* Year Range of Foys is assumed.
[1600, 1892]
1818
1858
Evidenced No Edit
270
Jolof Empire
* Year Range of Jolof Empire is assumed.
[1360, 1549]
1400
1499
Evidenced No Edit
271
Burundi
* Year Range of Burundi is assumed.
[1680, 1903]
1796
1850
Evidenced No Edit
272
Nkore
* Year Range of Nkore is assumed.
[1750, 1901]
1800
1901
Evidenced No Edit
273
Nayaks of Thanjavur
* Year Range of Nayaks of Thanjavur is assumed.
[1532, 1676]
1600
1634
Evidenced No Edit
274
Classical Ife
* Year Range of Classical Ife is assumed.
[1000, 1400]
1000
1200
Evidenced Yes Edit
275
Classical Ife
* Year Range of Classical Ife is assumed.
[1000, 1400]
1250
1350
Evidenced Yes Edit
276
Benin Empire
* Year Range of Benin Empire is assumed.
[1140, 1897]
1480
1590
Evidenced No Edit
277
Kingdom of the Huns
* Year Range of Kingdom of the Huns is assumed.
[376, 469]
434
434
Evidenced No Edit
278
Kingdom of Bohemia - Luxembourgian and Jagiellonian Dynasty
* Year Range of Kingdom of Bohemia - Luxembourgian and Jagiellonian Dynasty is assumed.
[1310, 1526]
1390
1390
Evidenced No Edit
279
Us Reconstruction-Progressive
* Year Range of Us Reconstruction-Progressive is assumed.
[1866, 1933]
1933
1933
Evidenced No Edit
280
Chaco Canyon - Late Bonito phase
* Year Range of Chaco Canyon - Late Bonito phase is assumed.
[1101, 1140]
1050
1125
Evidenced No Edit
281
Antebellum US
* Year Range of Antebellum US is assumed.
[1776, 1865]
1865
1865
Evidenced No Edit
282
Late Classic Tikal
* Year Range of Late Classic Tikal is assumed.
[555, 869]
734
746
Evidenced No Edit
283
Tudor and Early Stuart England
* Year Range of Tudor and Early Stuart England is assumed.
[1486, 1689]
1580
1610
Evidenced No Edit
284
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II
* Year Range of Austria - Habsburg Dynasty II is assumed.
[1649, 1918]
1780
1790
Evidenced No Edit
285
Hohokam Culture
* Year Range of Hohokam Culture is assumed.
[300, 1500]
1100
1400
Evidenced No Edit
286
Alaouite Dynasty I
* Year Range of Alaouite Dynasty I is assumed.
[1631, 1727]
1666
1672
Evidenced No Edit
287
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty I
* Year Range of Austria - Habsburg Dynasty I is assumed.
[1454, 1648]
1553
1553
Evidenced No Edit
288
Armenian Kingdom
* Year Range of Armenian Kingdom is assumed.
[-188, 6]
-95
-55
Evidenced No Edit
289
Oirats
* Year Range of Oirats is assumed.
[1368, 1630]
1452
1455
Evidenced No Edit
290
Golden Horde
* Year Range of Golden Horde is assumed.
[1240, 1440]
1312
1341
Evidenced No Edit
291
Saffarid Caliphate
* Year Range of Saffarid Caliphate is assumed.
[861, 1003]
861
879
Evidenced No Edit
292
British Empire IIIIIIIIII
* Year Range of British Empire IIIIIIIIII is assumed.
[1850, 1968]
1921
1925
Evidenced No Edit
293
Qasimid Dynasty XXXXXXX
* Year Range of Qasimid Dynasty XXXXXXX is assumed.
[1637, 1805]
1644
1679
Evidenced No Edit
294
Brandenburg-Prussia
* Year Range of Brandenburg-Prussia is assumed.
[1618, 1870]
1740
1786
Evidenced No Edit
295
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I
* Year Range of Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I is assumed.
[1614, 1775]
1682
1725
Evidenced No Edit
296
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty II
* Year Range of Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty II is assumed.
[1776, 1917]
1801
1825
Evidenced No Edit
297
Erlitou
* Year Range of Erlitou is assumed.
[-1850, -1600]
-1700
-1530
Evidenced No Edit
298
Soviet Union
* Year Range of Soviet Union is assumed.
[1918, 1991]
1957
1979
Evidenced No Edit
299
Later Jin
* Year Range of Later Jin is assumed.
[1115, 1243]
1207
1207
Evidenced No Edit