Section: Warfare Variables
Subsection: Military Technologies

Long Wall

The absence or presence or height of long walls.  
Contributors: Jenny, Majid, Peter

Variable Definition
Polity The Seshat Polity Name
Year(s) The years for which we have the data. [negative = BCE]
Confidence Inferred : The value is inferred.
Suspected : The value is suspected (Expert Check Needed).
Evidenced : The value is backed up by sufficient evidence.
Disputed? No : No disagreement among scholars.
Yes : There is disagreement among scholars.
Expert? : Not yet Checked by a Seshat Expert.
: Checked and accepted by a Seshat Expert (or RA).

Variable Definition
long_wall The absence or presence or height of long walls for a polity. km

# Polity   Year(s)   Long Walls   Confidence     Disputed?     Expert?   Edit
1
Archaic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Archaic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-6000, -2001]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
2
Initial Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Initial Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-2000, -1201]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
3
Middle Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Middle Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-800, -401]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
4
Late Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Late Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-400, -101]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
5
Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-100, 99]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
6
Classic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Classic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[100, 649]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
7
Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[1200, 1426]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
8
Aztec Empire
* Year Range of Aztec Empire is assumed.
[1427, 1526]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
9
Hawaii I
* Year Range of Hawaii I is assumed.
[1000, 1200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
10
Hawaii II
* Year Range of Hawaii II is assumed.
[1200, 1580]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
11
Hawaii III
* Year Range of Hawaii III is assumed.
[1580, 1778]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
12
Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period
* Year Range of Kingdom of Hawaii - Kamehameha Period is assumed.
[1778, 1819]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
13
Cahokia - Early Woodland
* Year Range of Cahokia - Early Woodland is assumed.
[-600, -150]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
14
Cahokia - Middle Woodland
* Year Range of Cahokia - Middle Woodland is assumed.
[-150, 300]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
15
Cahokia - Late Woodland I
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland I is assumed.
[300, 450]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
16
Cahokia - Late Woodland II
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland II is assumed.
[450, 600]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
17
Cahokia - Late Woodland III
* Year Range of Cahokia - Late Woodland III is assumed.
[600, 750]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
18
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I
* Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian I is assumed.
[750, 900]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
19
Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II
* Year Range of Cahokia - Emergent Mississippian II is assumed.
[900, 1049]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
20
Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling
* Year Range of Cahokia - Lohman-Stirling is assumed.
[1055, 1199]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
21
Cahokia - Moorehead
* Year Range of Cahokia - Moorehead is assumed.
[1200, 1274]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
22
Cahokia - Sand Prairie
* Year Range of Cahokia - Sand Prairie is assumed.
[1275, 1400]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
23
Oneota
* Year Range of Oneota is assumed.
[1400, 1650]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
24
Early Illinois Confederation
* Year Range of Early Illinois Confederation is assumed.
[1640, 1717]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
25
Bronze Age Cambodia
* Year Range of Bronze Age Cambodia is assumed.
[-1200, -501]
absent
Suspected No Edit
26
Bronze Age Cambodia
* Year Range of Bronze Age Cambodia is assumed.
[-500, 224]
absent
Suspected No Edit
27
Funan I
* Year Range of Funan I is assumed.
[225, 540]
8 km
Evidenced No Edit
28
Funan II
* Year Range of Funan II is assumed.
[540, 640]
8 km
Evidenced No Edit
29
Early Angkor
* Year Range of Early Angkor is assumed.
[802, 1100]
12 km
Evidenced No Edit
30
Classical Angkor
* Year Range of Classical Angkor is assumed.
[1100, 1220]
12 km
Evidenced No Edit
31
Late Angkor
* Year Range of Late Angkor is assumed.
[1220, 1432]
12 km
Evidenced No Edit
32
Khmer Kingdom
* Year Range of Khmer Kingdom is assumed.
[1432, 1594]
absent
Suspected No Edit
33
Ayutthaya
* Year Range of Ayutthaya is assumed.
[1593, 1767]
absent
Suspected No Edit
34
Rattanakosin
* Year Range of Rattanakosin is assumed.
[1782, 1873]
absent
Suspected No Edit
35
Majapahit Kingdom
* Year Range of Majapahit Kingdom is assumed.
[1292, 1518]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
36
Chuuk - Early Truk
* Year Range of Chuuk - Early Truk is assumed.
[1775, 1886]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
37
Chuuk - Late Truk
* Year Range of Chuuk - Late Truk is assumed.
[1886, 1948]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
38
Neolithic Crete
* Year Range of Neolithic Crete is assumed.
[-7000, -3000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
39
Prepalatial Crete
* Year Range of Prepalatial Crete is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
40
The Old Palace Crete
* Year Range of The Old Palace Crete is assumed.
[-1900, -1700]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
41
New Palace Crete
* Year Range of New Palace Crete is assumed.
[-1700, -1450]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
42
Monopalatial Crete
* Year Range of Monopalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1450, -1300]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
43
Postpalatial Crete
* Year Range of Postpalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1300, -1200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
44
Final Postpalatial Crete
* Year Range of Final Postpalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1200, -1000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
45
Geometric Crete
* Year Range of Geometric Crete is assumed.
[-1000, -710]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
46
Archaic Crete
* Year Range of Archaic Crete is assumed.
[-710, -500]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
47
Classical Crete
* Year Range of Classical Crete is assumed.
[-500, -323]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
48
Hellenistic Crete
* Year Range of Hellenistic Crete is assumed.
[-323, -69]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
49
The Emirate of Crete
* Year Range of The Emirate of Crete is assumed.
[824, 961]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
50
Cuzco - Late Formative
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Formative is assumed.
[-500, 200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
51
Cuzco - Early Intermediate I
* Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate I is assumed.
[200, 499]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
52
Cuzco - Early Intermediate II
* Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate II is assumed.
[500, 649]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
53
Wari Empire
* Year Range of Wari Empire is assumed.
[650, 999]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
54
Cuzco - Late Intermediate I
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate I is assumed.
[1000, 1250]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
55
Cuzco - Late Intermediate II
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate II is assumed.
[1250, 1400]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
56
Inca Empire
* Year Range of Inca Empire is assumed.
[1375, 1532]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
57
Spanish Empire I
* Year Range of Spanish Empire I is assumed.
[1469, 1715]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
58
Proto-Haudenosaunee Confederacy
* Year Range of Proto-Haudenosaunee Confederacy is assumed.
[1300, 1565]
absent
Inferred No Edit
59
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early
* Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early is assumed.
[1566, 1713]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
60
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late
* Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late is assumed.
[1714, 1848]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
61
Canaan
* Year Range of Canaan is assumed.
[-2000, -1175]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
62
Phoenician Empire
* Year Range of Phoenician Empire is assumed.
[-1200, -332]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
63
Yisrael
* Year Range of Yisrael is assumed.
[-1030, -722]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
64
Yehuda
* Year Range of Yehuda is assumed.
[-141, -63]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
65
Early Garo
* Year Range of Early Garo is assumed.
[1775, 1867]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
66
Late Garo
* Year Range of Late Garo is assumed.
[1867, 1956]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
67
Akan - Pre-Ashanti
* Year Range of Akan - Pre-Ashanti is assumed.
[1501, 1701]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
68
Ashanti Empire
* Year Range of Ashanti Empire is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
69
Icelandic Commonwealth
* Year Range of Icelandic Commonwealth is assumed.
[930, 1262]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
70
Kingdom of Norway II
* Year Range of Kingdom of Norway II is assumed.
[1262, 1380]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
71
Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7500, -5500]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
72
Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -4000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
73
Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-4000, -3200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
74
Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period is assumed.
[-3200, -2500]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
75
Kachi Plain - Urban Period I
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period I is assumed.
[-2500, -2100]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
76
Kachi Plain - Urban Period II
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Urban Period II is assumed.
[-2100, 1800]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
77
Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period is assumed.
[-1800, -1300]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
78
Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Proto-Historic Period is assumed.
[-1300, -500]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
79
Indo-Greek Kingdom
* Year Range of Indo-Greek Kingdom is assumed.
[-180, -10]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
80
Ghur Principality
* Year Range of Ghur Principality is assumed.
[1025, 1215]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
81
Delhi Sultanate
* Year Range of Delhi Sultanate is assumed.
[1206, 1526]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
82
Sind - Samma Dynasty
* Year Range of Sind - Samma Dynasty is assumed.
[1335, 1521]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
83
Durrani Empire
* Year Range of Durrani Empire is assumed.
[1747, 1826]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
84
Japan - Incipient Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Incipient Jomon is assumed.
[-13600, -9200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
85
Japan - Initial Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Initial Jomon is assumed.
[-9200, -5300]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
86
Japan - Early Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Early Jomon is assumed.
[-5300, -3500]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
87
Japan - Middle Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Middle Jomon is assumed.
[-3500, -2500]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
88
Japan - Late Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Late Jomon is assumed.
[-2500, -1200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
89
Japan - Final Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Final Jomon is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
90
Kansai - Yayoi Period
* Year Range of Kansai - Yayoi Period is assumed.
[-300, 250]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
91
Kansai - Kofun Period
* Year Range of Kansai - Kofun Period is assumed.
[250, 537]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
92
Asuka
* Year Range of Asuka is assumed.
[538, 710]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
93
Heian
* Year Range of Heian is assumed.
[794, 1185]
absent
Suspected No Edit
94
Kamakura Shogunate
* Year Range of Kamakura Shogunate is assumed.
[1185, 1333]
20 km
Evidenced No Edit
95
Ashikaga Shogunate
* Year Range of Ashikaga Shogunate is assumed.
[1336, 1467]
absent
Suspected No Edit
96
Warring States Japan
* Year Range of Warring States Japan is assumed.
[1467, 1568]
absent
Suspected No Edit
97
Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama
* Year Range of Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama is assumed.
[1568, 1603]
absent
Suspected No Edit
98
Tokugawa Shogunate
* Year Range of Tokugawa Shogunate is assumed.
[1603, 1868]
absent
Suspected No Edit
99
Iban - Pre-Brooke
* Year Range of Iban - Pre-Brooke is assumed.
[1650, 1841]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
100
Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial
* Year Range of Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial is assumed.
[1841, 1987]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
101
Konya Plain - Early Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Neolithic is assumed.
[-9600, -7000]
absent
Suspected No Edit
102
Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7000, -6600]
absent
Suspected No Edit
103
Konya Plain - Late Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Neolithic is assumed.
[-6600, -6000]
absent
Suspected No Edit
104
Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-6000, -5500]
absent
Suspected No Edit
105
Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -3000]
absent
Suspected No Edit
106
Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Bronze Age is assumed.
[-3000, -2000]
absent
Suspected No Edit
107
Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia
* Year Range of Middle Bronze Age in Central Anatolia is assumed.
[-2000, -1700]
absent
Suspected No Edit
108
Hatti - Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Hatti - Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-1650, -1500]
absent
Suspected No Edit
109
Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
absent
Suspected No Edit
110
Hatti - New Kingdom
* Year Range of Hatti - New Kingdom is assumed.
[-1400, -1180]
absent
Suspected No Edit
111
Neo-Hittite Kingdoms
* Year Range of Neo-Hittite Kingdoms is assumed.
[-1180, -900]
absent
Suspected No Edit
112
Phrygian Kingdom
* Year Range of Phrygian Kingdom is assumed.
[-900, -695]
7 km
Evidenced No Edit
113
Tabal Kingdoms
* Year Range of Tabal Kingdoms is assumed.
[-900, -730]
absent
Suspected No Edit
114
Kingdom of Lydia
* Year Range of Kingdom of Lydia is assumed.
[-670, -546]
absent
Suspected No Edit
115
Roman Empire - Dominate
* Year Range of Roman Empire - Dominate is assumed.
[285, 394]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
116
East Roman Empire
* Year Range of East Roman Empire is assumed.
[395, 631]
56 km
Evidenced No Edit
117
Byzantine Empire I
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire I is assumed.
[632, 866]
56 km
Evidenced No Edit
118
Rum Sultanate
* Year Range of Rum Sultanate is assumed.
[1077, 1307]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
119
Latium - Copper Age
* Year Range of Latium - Copper Age is assumed.
[-3600, -1800]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
120
Latium - Bronze Age
* Year Range of Latium - Bronze Age is assumed.
[-1800, -900]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
121
Latium - Iron Age
* Year Range of Latium - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1000, -580]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
122
Roman Kingdom
* Year Range of Roman Kingdom is assumed.
[-716, -509]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
123
Early Roman Republic
* Year Range of Early Roman Republic is assumed.
[-509, -264]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
124
Middle Roman Republic
* Year Range of Middle Roman Republic is assumed.
[-264, -133]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
125
Roman Empire - Principate
* Year Range of Roman Empire - Principate is assumed.
[-31, 284]
119 km
Evidenced No Edit
126
Ostrogothic Kingdom
* Year Range of Ostrogothic Kingdom is assumed.
[489, 554]
85 km
Evidenced No Edit
127
Rome - Republic of St Peter II
* Year Range of Rome - Republic of St Peter II is assumed.
[904, 1198]
85 km
Evidenced No Edit
128
Rome - Republic of St Peter II
* Year Range of Rome - Republic of St Peter II is assumed.
[904, 1198]
50 km
Evidenced No Edit
129
Papal States - High Medieval Period
* Year Range of Papal States - High Medieval Period is assumed.
[1198, 1309]
50 km
Evidenced No Edit
130
Papal States - High Medieval Period
* Year Range of Papal States - High Medieval Period is assumed.
[1198, 1309]
85 km
Evidenced No Edit
131
Sakha - Early
* Year Range of Sakha - Early is assumed.
[1400, 1632]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
132
Sakha - Late
* Year Range of Sakha - Late is assumed.
[1632, 1900]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
133
Shuar - Colonial
* Year Range of Shuar - Colonial is assumed.
[1534, 1830]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
134
Shuar - Ecuadorian
* Year Range of Shuar - Ecuadorian is assumed.
[1831, 1931]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
135
Neolithic Middle Ganga
* Year Range of Neolithic Middle Ganga is assumed.
[-7000, -3001]
absent
Suspected No Edit
136
Mahajanapada era
* Year Range of Mahajanapada era is assumed.
[-600, -324]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
137
Maurya Empire
* Year Range of Maurya Empire is assumed.
[-324, -187]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
138
Peiligang
* Year Range of Peiligang is assumed.
[-7000, -5001]
absent
Inferred No Edit
139
Yangshao
* Year Range of Yangshao is assumed.
[-5000, -3000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
140
Longshan
* Year Range of Longshan is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
141
Erlitou
* Year Range of Erlitou is assumed.
[-1850, -1600]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
142
Erligang
* Year Range of Erligang is assumed.
[-1650, -1250]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
143
Late Shang
* Year Range of Late Shang is assumed.
[-1250, -1045]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
144
Western Zhou
* Year Range of Western Zhou is assumed.
[-1122, -771]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
145
Jin
* Year Range of Jin is assumed.
[-780, -404]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
146
Early Wei Dynasty
* Year Range of Early Wei Dynasty is assumed.
[-445, -225]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
147
Western Han Empire
* Year Range of Western Han Empire is assumed.
[-202, 9]
7,200 km
Evidenced No Edit
148
Eastern Han Empire
* Year Range of Eastern Han Empire is assumed.
[25, 220]
7,200 km
Evidenced No Edit
149
Northern Wei
423 CE
1,073 km
Evidenced No Edit
150
Northern Wei
446 CE
681 km
Evidenced No Edit
151
Sui Dynasty
* Year Range of Sui Dynasty is assumed.
[581, 618]
2,414 km
Evidenced No Edit
152
Early Tang Dynasty
* Year Range of Early Tang Dynasty is assumed.
[617, 763]
48 km
Evidenced No Edit
153
Later Tang Dynasty
* Year Range of Later Tang Dynasty is assumed.
[763, 907]
48 km
Evidenced No Edit
154
Northern Song
* Year Range of Northern Song is assumed.
[960, 1127]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
155
Later Jin
* Year Range of Later Jin is assumed.
[1115, 1243]
[1,700 to 5,000] km
Evidenced No Edit
156
Great Yuan
* Year Range of Great Yuan is assumed.
[1271, 1368]
absent
Suspected No Edit
157
Great Ming
* Year Range of Great Ming is assumed.
[1368, 1644]
[6,259 to 6,700] km
Evidenced No Edit
158
Early Qing
* Year Range of Early Qing is assumed.
[1644, 1796]
[6,259 to 6,700] km
Evidenced No Edit
159
Late Qing
* Year Range of Late Qing is assumed.
[1796, 1912]
[6,259 to 6,700] km
Evidenced No Edit
160
Jenne-jeno I
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno I is assumed.
[-250, 49]
absent
Inferred No Edit
161
Jenne-jeno III
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno III is assumed.
[400, 899]
absent
Suspected No Edit
162
Middle Wagadu Empire
* Year Range of Middle Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[700, 1077]
absent
Suspected No Edit
163
Jenne-jeno IV
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno IV is assumed.
[900, 1300]
absent
Suspected No Edit
164
Neguanje
* Year Range of Neguanje is assumed.
[250, 1050]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
165
Tairona
* Year Range of Tairona is assumed.
[1050, 1524]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
166
Early Xiongnu
* Year Range of Early Xiongnu is assumed.
[-1400, -300]
absent
Suspected No Edit
167
Xiongnu Imperial Confederation
* Year Range of Xiongnu Imperial Confederation is assumed.
[-209, -60]
absent
Suspected No Edit
168
Late Xiongnu
* Year Range of Late Xiongnu is assumed.
[-60, 100]
absent
Suspected No Edit
169
Xianbei Confederation
* Year Range of Xianbei Confederation is assumed.
[100, 250]
absent
Suspected No Edit
170
Rouran Khaganate
* Year Range of Rouran Khaganate is assumed.
[300, 555]
absent
Suspected No Edit
171
Eastern Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Eastern Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[583, 630]
absent
Suspected No Edit
172
Shiwei
* Year Range of Shiwei is assumed.
[600, 1000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
173
Second Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Second Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[682, 744]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
174
Uigur Khaganate
* Year Range of Uigur Khaganate is assumed.
[745, 840]
absent
Suspected No Edit
175
Khitan I
* Year Range of Khitan I is assumed.
[907, 1125]
absent
Suspected No Edit
176
Mongol Empire
* Year Range of Mongol Empire is assumed.
[1206, 1368]
absent
Suspected No Edit
177
Late Mongols
* Year Range of Late Mongols is assumed.
[1368, 1690]
absent
Suspected No Edit
178
Zungharian Empire
* Year Range of Zungharian Empire is assumed.
[1670, 1757]
absent
Suspected No Edit
179
Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial
* Year Range of Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial is assumed.
[1734, 1883]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
180
Orokaiva - Colonial
* Year Range of Orokaiva - Colonial is assumed.
[1884, 1942]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
181
Beaker Culture
* Year Range of Beaker Culture is assumed.
[-3200, -2000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
182
Atlantic Complex
* Year Range of Atlantic Complex is assumed.
[-2200, -1000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
183
Hallstatt A-B1
* Year Range of Hallstatt A-B1 is assumed.
[-1000, -900]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
184
Hallstatt B2-3
* Year Range of Hallstatt B2-3 is assumed.
[-900, -700]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
185
Hallstatt C
* Year Range of Hallstatt C is assumed.
[-700, -600]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
186
Hallstatt D
* Year Range of Hallstatt D is assumed.
[-600, -475]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
187
La Tene A-B1
* Year Range of La Tene A-B1 is assumed.
[-475, -325]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
188
La Tene B2-C1
* Year Range of La Tene B2-C1 is assumed.
[-325, -175]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
189
La Tene C2-D
* Year Range of La Tene C2-D is assumed.
[-175, -27]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
190
Early Merovingian
* Year Range of Early Merovingian is assumed.
[481, 543]
absent
Suspected No Edit
191
Middle Merovingian
* Year Range of Middle Merovingian is assumed.
[543, 687]
absent
Suspected No Edit
192
Proto-Carolingian
* Year Range of Proto-Carolingian is assumed.
[687, 751]
absent
Suspected No Edit
193
Carolingian Empire I
* Year Range of Carolingian Empire I is assumed.
[752, 840]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
194
Carolingian Empire II
* Year Range of Carolingian Empire II is assumed.
[840, 987]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
195
Proto-French Kingdom
* Year Range of Proto-French Kingdom is assumed.
[987, 1150]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
196
French Kingdom - Late Capetian
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Capetian is assumed.
[1150, 1328]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
197
French Kingdom - Early Valois
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Valois is assumed.
[1328, 1450]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
198
French Kingdom - Late Valois
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Valois is assumed.
[1450, 1589]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
199
French Kingdom - Early Bourbon
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Early Bourbon is assumed.
[1589, 1660]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
200
French Kingdom - Late Bourbon
* Year Range of French Kingdom - Late Bourbon is assumed.
[1660, 1815]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
201
Sarazm
* Year Range of Sarazm is assumed.
[-3500, -2000]
absent
Suspected No Edit
202
Andronovo
* Year Range of Andronovo is assumed.
[-1800, -1200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
203
Kushan Empire
* Year Range of Kushan Empire is assumed.
[35, 319]
60 km
Evidenced No Edit
204
Western Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Western Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[582, 630]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
205
Chagatai Khanate
* Year Range of Chagatai Khanate is assumed.
[1263, 1402]
absent
Suspected No Edit
206
Hmong - Late Qing
* Year Range of Hmong - Late Qing is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
207
Hmong - Early Chinese
* Year Range of Hmong - Early Chinese is assumed.
[1895, 1941]
absent
Suspected No Edit
208
Southern Mesopotamia Neolithic
* Year Range of Southern Mesopotamia Neolithic is assumed.
[-9000, -5501]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
209
Ubaid
* Year Range of Ubaid is assumed.
[-5500, -4201]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
210
Akkadian Empire
* Year Range of Akkadian Empire is assumed.
[-2270, -2083]
absent
Suspected No Edit
211
Ur - Dynasty III
* Year Range of Ur - Dynasty III is assumed.
[-2112, -2004]
[190 to 300] km
Evidenced No Edit
212
Neo-Assyrian Empire
* Year Range of Neo-Assyrian Empire is assumed.
[-911, -612]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
213
Neo-Babylonian Empire
* Year Range of Neo-Babylonian Empire is assumed.
[-626, -539]
43 km
Evidenced No Edit
214
Pre-Ceramic Period
* Year Range of Pre-Ceramic Period is assumed.
[-7800, -7200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
215
Formative Period
* Year Range of Formative Period is assumed.
[-7200, -7000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
216
Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar
* Year Range of Susiana - Muhammad Jaffar is assumed.
[-7000, -6000]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
217
Susiana A
* Year Range of Susiana A is assumed.
[-6000, -5700]
absent
Suspected No Edit
218
Susiana B
* Year Range of Susiana B is assumed.
[-5700, -5100]
absent
Suspected No Edit
219
Susiana - Early Ubaid
* Year Range of Susiana - Early Ubaid is assumed.
[-5100, -4700]
absent
Suspected No Edit
220
Susiana - Late Ubaid
* Year Range of Susiana - Late Ubaid is assumed.
[-4700, -4300]
absent
Suspected No Edit
221
Susa I
* Year Range of Susa I is assumed.
[-4300, -3800]
absent
Suspected No Edit
222
Susa II
* Year Range of Susa II is assumed.
[-3800, -3100]
absent
Suspected No Edit
223
Susa III
* Year Range of Susa III is assumed.
[-3100, -2675]
absent
Suspected No Edit
224
Elam - Awan Dynasty I
* Year Range of Elam - Awan Dynasty I is assumed.
[-2675, -2100]
absent
Suspected No Edit
225
Elam - Shimashki Period
* Year Range of Elam - Shimashki Period is assumed.
[-2028, -1940]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
226
Elam - Early Sukkalmah
* Year Range of Elam - Early Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1900, -1701]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
227
Elam - Late Sukkalmah
* Year Range of Elam - Late Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1700, -1500]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
228
Elam - Kidinuid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Kidinuid Period is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
229
Elam - Igihalkid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Igihalkid Period is assumed.
[-1399, -1200]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
230
Elam - Shutrukid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Shutrukid Period is assumed.
[-1199, -1100]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
231
Elam - Crisis Period
* Year Range of Elam - Crisis Period is assumed.
[-1100, -900]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
232
Elam I
* Year Range of Elam I is assumed.
[-900, -744]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
233
Elam II
* Year Range of Elam II is assumed.
[-743, -647]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
234
Elam III
* Year Range of Elam III is assumed.
[-612, -539]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
235
Achaemenid Empire
* Year Range of Achaemenid Empire is assumed.
[-550, -331]
60 km
Evidenced No Edit
236
Sasanid Empire I
* Year Range of Sasanid Empire I is assumed.
[205, 487]
195 km
Evidenced No Edit
237
Sasanid Empire II
* Year Range of Sasanid Empire II is assumed.
[488, 642]
195 km
Evidenced No Edit
238
Badarian
* Year Range of Badarian is assumed.
[-4400, -3800]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
239
Naqada I
* Year Range of Naqada I is assumed.
[-3800, -3550]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
240
Naqada II
* Year Range of Naqada II is assumed.
[-3550, -3300]
absent
Suspected No Edit
241
Egypt - Dynasty 0
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty 0 is assumed.
[-3300, -3100]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
242
Egypt - Dynasty I
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty I is assumed.
[-3100, -2900]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
243
Egypt - Dynasty II
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty II is assumed.
[-2900, -2687]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
244
Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2650, -2350]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
245
Egypt - Late Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Late Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2350, -2150]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
246
Egypt - Period of the Regions
* Year Range of Egypt - Period of the Regions is assumed.
[-2150, -2016]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
247
Egypt - Middle Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Middle Kingdom is assumed.
[-2016, -1700]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
248
Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period is assumed.
[-1720, -1567]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
249
Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period is assumed.
[-1069, -747]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
250
Egypt - Kushite Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Kushite Period is assumed.
[-747, -656]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
251
Egypt - Saite Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Saite Period is assumed.
[-664, -525]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
252
Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Inter-Occupation Period is assumed.
[-404, -342]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
253
Ptolemaic Kingdom I
* Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom I is assumed.
[-305, -217]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
254
Ptolemaic Kingdom II
* Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom II is assumed.
[-217, -30]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
255
Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period is assumed.
[868, 969]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
256
Oaxaca - Tierras Largas
* Year Range of Oaxaca - Tierras Largas is assumed.
[-1400, -1150]
absent
Suspected No Edit
257
Oaxaca - San Jose
* Year Range of Oaxaca - San Jose is assumed.
[-1150, -700]
absent
Suspected No Edit
258
Oaxaca - Rosario
* Year Range of Oaxaca - Rosario is assumed.
[-700, -500]
absent
Suspected No Edit
259
Early Monte Alban I
* Year Range of Early Monte Alban I is assumed.
[-500, -300]
absent
Suspected No Edit
260
Monte Alban Late I
* Year Range of Monte Alban Late I is assumed.
[-300, -100]
absent
Suspected No Edit
261
Monte Alban II
* Year Range of Monte Alban II is assumed.
[-100, 200]
absent
Suspected No Edit
262
Monte Alban III
* Year Range of Monte Alban III is assumed.
[200, 500]
absent
Suspected No Edit
263
Monte Alban IIIB and IV
* Year Range of Monte Alban IIIB and IV is assumed.
[500, 900]
absent
Suspected No Edit
264
Neolithic Yemen
* Year Range of Neolithic Yemen is assumed.
[-3500, -1201]
absent
Suspected No Edit
265
Yemen - Late Bronze Age
* Year Range of Yemen - Late Bronze Age is assumed.
[-1200, -801]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
266
Sabaean Commonwealth
* Year Range of Sabaean Commonwealth is assumed.
[-800, -451]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
267
Himyar I
* Year Range of Himyar I is assumed.
[270, 340]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
268
Yemen Ziyad Dynasty
* Year Range of Yemen Ziyad Dynasty is assumed.
[822, 1037]
absent
Suspected No Edit
269
Yemen - Era of Warlords
* Year Range of Yemen - Era of Warlords is assumed.
[1038, 1174]
absent
Suspected No Edit
270
Rasulid Dynasty
* Year Range of Rasulid Dynasty is assumed.
[1229, 1453]
absent
Suspected No Edit
271
Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty
* Year Range of Yemen - Tahirid Dynasty is assumed.
[1454, 1517]
absent
Suspected No Edit
272
Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty
* Year Range of Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty is assumed.
[1637, 1805]
absent
Evidenced No Edit
273
Nara Kingdom
* Year Range of Nara Kingdom is assumed.
[710, 794]
absent
Suspected No Edit