Section: Social Complexity
Subsection: Writing Systems

Mnemonic Device

Talking about writing systems, mnemonic devices are: for example, tallies  
Contributors: Jenny, Majid, Peter

Variable Definition
Polity The Seshat Polity Name
Year(s) The years for which we have the data. [negative = BCE]
Confidence Inferred : The value is inferred.
Suspected : The value is suspected (Expert Check Needed).
Evidenced : The value is backed up by sufficient evidence.
Disputed? No : No disagreement among scholars.
Yes : There is disagreement among scholars.
Expert? : Not yet Checked by a Seshat Expert.
: Checked and accepted by a Seshat Expert (or RA).

Variable Definition
mnemonic_device The absence or presence of mnemonic device for a polity.

# Polity   Year(s)   Mnemonic Device   Confidence     Disputed?     Expert?   Edit
1
Soviet Union
1923 CE 1991 CE
present
Confident No Edit
2
Sui Dynasty
* Year Range of Sui Dynasty is assumed.
[581, 618]
present
Confident No Edit
3
Ashikaga Shogunate
* Year Range of Ashikaga Shogunate is assumed.
[1336, 1467]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
4
Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama
* Year Range of Japan - Azuchi-Momoyama is assumed.
[1568, 1603]
unknown
Confident No Edit
5
Heian
* Year Range of Heian is assumed.
[794, 1185]
unknown
Confident No Edit
6
Sasanid Empire II
* Year Range of Sasanid Empire II is assumed.
[488, 642]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
7
Seleucids
* Year Range of Seleucids is assumed.
[-312, -63]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
8
Early Merovingian
* Year Range of Early Merovingian is assumed.
[481, 543]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
9
Middle Merovingian
* Year Range of Middle Merovingian is assumed.
[543, 687]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
10
La Tene B2-C1
* Year Range of La Tene B2-C1 is assumed.
[-325, -175]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
11
La Tene C2-D
* Year Range of La Tene C2-D is assumed.
[-175, -27]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
12
Final Postpalatial Crete
* Year Range of Final Postpalatial Crete is assumed.
[-1200, -1000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
13
Prepalatial Crete
* Year Range of Prepalatial Crete is assumed.
[-3000, -1900]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
14
Yisrael
* Year Range of Yisrael is assumed.
[-1030, -722]
unknown
Confident No Edit
15
Deccan - Iron Age
* Year Range of Deccan - Iron Age is assumed.
[-1200, -300]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
16
Satavahana Empire
* Year Range of Satavahana Empire is assumed.
[-100, 203]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
17
Abbasid Caliphate II
* Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate II is assumed.
[1191, 1258]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
18
Ubaid
* Year Range of Ubaid is assumed.
[-5500, -4201]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
19
Achaemenid Empire
* Year Range of Achaemenid Empire is assumed.
[-550, -331]
present
Inferred No Edit
20
Ak Koyunlu
* Year Range of Ak Koyunlu is assumed.
[1339, 1501]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
21
Buyid Confederation
* Year Range of Buyid Confederation is assumed.
[932, 1062]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
22
Ilkhanate
* Year Range of Ilkhanate is assumed.
[1256, 1339]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
23
Pre-Ceramic Period
* Year Range of Pre-Ceramic Period is assumed.
[-7800, -7200]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
24
Safavid Empire
* Year Range of Safavid Empire is assumed.
[1501, 1722]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
25
Sasanid Empire I
* Year Range of Sasanid Empire I is assumed.
[205, 487]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
26
Ottoman Empire III
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire III is assumed.
[1683, 1839]
present
Confident No Edit
27
Great Yuan
* Year Range of Great Yuan is assumed.
[1271, 1368]
present
Confident No Edit
28
Neguanje
* Year Range of Neguanje is assumed.
[250, 1050]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
29
Ayyubid Sultanate
* Year Range of Ayyubid Sultanate is assumed.
[1171, 1250]
present
Confident No Edit
30
Badarian
* Year Range of Badarian is assumed.
[-4400, -3800]
absent
Inferred No Edit
31
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate I is assumed.
[1260, 1348]
present
Confident No Edit
32
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate III is assumed.
[1412, 1517]
present
Confident No Edit
33
Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II
* Year Range of Egypt - Mamluk Sultanate II is assumed.
[1348, 1412]
present
Confident No Edit
34
Egypt - Middle Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Middle Kingdom is assumed.
[-2016, -1700]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
35
Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period
* Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Thutmosid Period is assumed.
[-1550, -1293]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
36
Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Egypt - Classic Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-2650, -2350]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
37
Ptolemaic Kingdom I
* Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom I is assumed.
[-305, -217]
present
Confident No Edit
38
Ptolemaic Kingdom II
* Year Range of Ptolemaic Kingdom II is assumed.
[-217, -30]
present
Confident No Edit
39
Egypt - Period of the Regions
* Year Range of Egypt - Period of the Regions is assumed.
[-2150, -2016]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
40
Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Hyksos Period is assumed.
[-1720, -1567]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
41
Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Tulunid-Ikhshidid Period is assumed.
[868, 969]
present
Confident No Edit
42
Beaker Culture
* Year Range of Beaker Culture is assumed.
[-3200, -2000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
43
Hallstatt A-B1
* Year Range of Hallstatt A-B1 is assumed.
[-1000, -900]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
44
Hallstatt B2-3
* Year Range of Hallstatt B2-3 is assumed.
[-900, -700]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
45
Hallstatt C
* Year Range of Hallstatt C is assumed.
[-700, -600]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
46
Hallstatt D
* Year Range of Hallstatt D is assumed.
[-600, -475]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
47
Early United Mexican States
* Year Range of Early United Mexican States is assumed.
[1810, 1920]
present
Confident No Edit
48
Seljuk Sultanate
* Year Range of Seljuk Sultanate is assumed.
[1037, 1157]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
49
Erlitou
* Year Range of Erlitou is assumed.
[-1850, -1600]
present
Inferred No Edit
50
Northern Wei
* Year Range of Northern Wei is assumed.
[386, 534]
present
Confident No Edit
51
Late Qing
* Year Range of Late Qing is assumed.
[1796, 1912]
present
Confident No Edit
52
Western Han Empire
* Year Range of Western Han Empire is assumed.
[-202, 9]
present
Confident No Edit
53
Egypt - Dynasty 0
* Year Range of Egypt - Dynasty 0 is assumed.
[-3300, -3100]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
54
Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Thebes-Libyan Period is assumed.
[-1069, -747]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
55
Chuuk - Early Truk
* Year Range of Chuuk - Early Truk is assumed.
[1775, 1886]
absent
Confident No Edit
56
Chuuk - Late Truk
* Year Range of Chuuk - Late Truk is assumed.
[1886, 1948]
absent
Confident No Edit
57
Atlantic Complex
* Year Range of Atlantic Complex is assumed.
[-2200, -1000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
58
Canaan
* Year Range of Canaan is assumed.
[-2000, -1175]
present
Inferred No Edit
59
Abbasid Caliphate I
* Year Range of Abbasid Caliphate I is assumed.
[750, 946]
present
Confident No Edit
60
Akkadian Empire
* Year Range of Akkadian Empire is assumed.
[-2270, -2083]
present
Confident No Edit
61
Elam - Shutrukid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Shutrukid Period is assumed.
[-1199, -1100]
present
Inferred No Edit
62
Elam - Shimashki Period
* Year Range of Elam - Shimashki Period is assumed.
[-2028, -1940]
present
Inferred No Edit
63
Kamakura Shogunate
* Year Range of Kamakura Shogunate is assumed.
[1185, 1333]
unknown
Confident No Edit
64
Kansai - Kofun Period
* Year Range of Kansai - Kofun Period is assumed.
[250, 537]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
65
Nara Kingdom
* Year Range of Nara Kingdom is assumed.
[710, 794]
unknown
Confident No Edit
66
Warring States Japan
* Year Range of Warring States Japan is assumed.
[1467, 1568]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
67
Tokugawa Shogunate
* Year Range of Tokugawa Shogunate is assumed.
[1603, 1868]
unknown
Confident No Edit
68
Kara-Khanids
* Year Range of Kara-Khanids is assumed.
[950, 1212]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
69
Phoenician Empire
* Year Range of Phoenician Empire is assumed.
[-1200, -332]
unknown
Confident No Edit
70
Jenne-jeno I
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno I is assumed.
[-250, 49]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
71
Jenne-jeno II
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno II is assumed.
[50, 399]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
72
Jenne-jeno III
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno III is assumed.
[400, 899]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
73
Jenne-jeno IV
* Year Range of Jenne-jeno IV is assumed.
[900, 1300]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
74
Mali Empire
* Year Range of Mali Empire is assumed.
[1230, 1410]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
75
Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty
* Year Range of Songhai Empire - Askiya Dynasty is assumed.
[1493, 1591]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
76
Eastern Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Eastern Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[583, 630]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
77
Khitan I
* Year Range of Khitan I is assumed.
[907, 1125]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
78
Second Turk Khaganate
* Year Range of Second Turk Khaganate is assumed.
[682, 744]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
79
Uigur Khaganate
* Year Range of Uigur Khaganate is assumed.
[745, 840]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
80
Xianbei Confederation
* Year Range of Xianbei Confederation is assumed.
[100, 250]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
81
Early Xiongnu
* Year Range of Early Xiongnu is assumed.
[-1400, -300]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
82
Late Xiongnu
* Year Range of Late Xiongnu is assumed.
[-60, 100]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
83
Xiongnu Imperial Confederation
* Year Range of Xiongnu Imperial Confederation is assumed.
[-209, -60]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
84
Later Wagadu Empire
* Year Range of Later Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[1078, 1203]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
85
Middle Wagadu Empire
* Year Range of Middle Wagadu Empire is assumed.
[700, 1077]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
86
Cuzco - Early Intermediate I
* Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate I is assumed.
[200, 499]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
87
Cuzco - Early Intermediate II
* Year Range of Cuzco - Early Intermediate II is assumed.
[500, 649]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
88
Cuzco - Late Formative
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Formative is assumed.
[-500, 200]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
89
Inca Empire
* Year Range of Inca Empire is assumed.
[1375, 1532]
present
Confident No Edit
90
Egypt - Kushite Period
* Year Range of Egypt - Kushite Period is assumed.
[-747, -656]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
91
Fatimid Caliphate
* Year Range of Fatimid Caliphate is assumed.
[909, 1171]
present
Confident No Edit
92
Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Bronze Age II is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
93
Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-6000, -5500]
absent
Confident No Edit
94
East Roman Empire
* Year Range of East Roman Empire is assumed.
[395, 631]
present
Inferred No Edit
95
Hatti - Old Kingdom
* Year Range of Hatti - Old Kingdom is assumed.
[-1650, -1500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
96
Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7000, -6600]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
97
Konya Plain - Early Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Early Neolithic is assumed.
[-9600, -7000]
absent
Confident No Edit
98
Rome - Republic of St Peter II
* Year Range of Rome - Republic of St Peter II is assumed.
[904, 1198]
present
Inferred No Edit
99
Papal States - High Medieval Period
* Year Range of Papal States - High Medieval Period is assumed.
[1198, 1309]
present
Inferred No Edit
100
Papal States - Medieval Period II
* Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period II is assumed.
[1648, 1809]
present
Inferred No Edit
101
Papal States - Renaissance Period
* Year Range of Papal States - Renaissance Period is assumed.
[1378, 1527]
present
Inferred No Edit
102
Khmer Kingdom
* Year Range of Khmer Kingdom is assumed.
[1432, 1594]
present
Confident No Edit
103
Monte Alban V
* Year Range of Monte Alban V is assumed.
[900, 1520]
absent
Confident No Edit
104
Aztec Empire
* Year Range of Aztec Empire is assumed.
[1427, 1526]
present
Confident No Edit
105
Late Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Late Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-400, -101]
present
Confident No Edit
106
Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Terminal Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-100, 99]
present
Confident No Edit
107
Toltecs
* Year Range of Toltecs is assumed.
[900, 1199]
present
Confident No Edit
108
Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Aceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-7500, -5500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
109
Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Ceramic Neolithic is assumed.
[-5500, -4000]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
110
Sakha - Late
* Year Range of Sakha - Late is assumed.
[1632, 1900]
present
Confident No Edit
111
Umayyad Caliphate
* Year Range of Umayyad Caliphate is assumed.
[661, 750]
present
Confident No Edit
112
Byzantine Empire I
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire I is assumed.
[632, 866]
absent
Confident No Edit
113
Byzantine Empire III
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire III is assumed.
[1073, 1204]
absent
Confident No Edit
114
Konya Plain - Late Neolithic
* Year Range of Konya Plain - Late Neolithic is assumed.
[-6600, -6000]
absent
Confident No Edit
115
Ottoman Empire II
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire II is assumed.
[1517, 1683]
present
Confident No Edit
116
Samanid Empire
* Year Range of Samanid Empire is assumed.
[819, 999]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
117
Timurid Empire
* Year Range of Timurid Empire is assumed.
[1370, 1526]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
118
Hephthalites
* Year Range of Hephthalites is assumed.
[408, 561]
present
Confident No Edit
119
Eastern Han Empire
* Year Range of Eastern Han Empire is assumed.
[25, 220]
present
Confident No Edit
120
Western Jin
* Year Range of Western Jin is assumed.
[265, 317]
present
Confident No Edit
121
Hmong - Early Chinese
* Year Range of Hmong - Early Chinese is assumed.
[1895, 1941]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
122
Jin Dynasty
* Year Range of Jin Dynasty is assumed.
[1115, 1234]
present
Confident No Edit
123
Great Ming
* Year Range of Great Ming is assumed.
[1368, 1644]
present
Confident No Edit
124
Northern Song
* Year Range of Northern Song is assumed.
[960, 1127]
present
Confident No Edit
125
Early Qing
* Year Range of Early Qing is assumed.
[1644, 1796]
present
Confident No Edit
126
Tang Dynasty I
* Year Range of Tang Dynasty I is assumed.
[617, 763]
present
Confident No Edit
127
Tang Dynasty II
* Year Range of Tang Dynasty II is assumed.
[763, 907]
present
Confident No Edit
128
Shuar - Colonial
* Year Range of Shuar - Colonial is assumed.
[1534, 1830]
absent
Confident No Edit
129
Shuar - Ecuadorian
* Year Range of Shuar - Ecuadorian is assumed.
[1831, 1931]
absent
Confident No Edit
130
Naqada I
* Year Range of Naqada I is assumed.
[-3800, -3550]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
131
Naqada II
* Year Range of Naqada II is assumed.
[-3550, -3300]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
132
Yehuda
* Year Range of Yehuda is assumed.
[-141, -63]
present
Inferred No Edit
133
Ottoman Emirate
* Year Range of Ottoman Emirate is assumed.
[1299, 1402]
present
Confident No Edit
134
Ottoman Empire I
* Year Range of Ottoman Empire I is assumed.
[1402, 1517]
present
Confident No Edit
135
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late
* Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Late is assumed.
[1714, 1848]
present
Confident No Edit
136
Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty
* Year Range of Yemen - Qasimid Dynasty is assumed.
[1637, 1805]
absent
Confident No Edit
137
Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period
* Year Range of Egypt - New Kingdom Ramesside Period is assumed.
[-1293, -1070]
present
Confident No Edit
138
Akan - Pre-Ashanti
* Year Range of Akan - Pre-Ashanti is assumed.
[1501, 1701]
present
Inferred No Edit
139
Susa II
* Year Range of Susa II is assumed.
[-3800, -3100]
present
Inferred No Edit
140
Susa III
* Year Range of Susa III is assumed.
[-3100, -2675]
present
Inferred No Edit
141
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty II
* Year Range of Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty II is assumed.
[1776, 1917]
present
Confident No Edit
142
Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I
* Year Range of Russian Empire, Romanov Dynasty I is assumed.
[1614, 1775]
present
Confident No Edit
143
Holy Roman Empire - Ottonian-Salian Dynasty
* Year Range of Holy Roman Empire - Ottonian-Salian Dynasty is assumed.
[919, 1125]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
144
Ashanti Empire
* Year Range of Ashanti Empire is assumed.
[1701, 1895]
present
Confident No Edit
145
Iban - Pre-Brooke
* Year Range of Iban - Pre-Brooke is assumed.
[1650, 1841]
present
Confident No Edit
146
Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial
* Year Range of Iban - Brooke Raj and Colonial is assumed.
[1841, 1987]
present
Confident No Edit
147
Early Garo
* Year Range of Early Garo is assumed.
[1775, 1867]
absent
Confident No Edit
148
Icelandic Commonwealth
* Year Range of Icelandic Commonwealth is assumed.
[930, 1262]
unknown
Confident No Edit
149
Papal States - Medieval Period I
* Year Range of Papal States - Medieval Period I is assumed.
[1527, 1648]
present
Confident No Edit
150
Late Garo
* Year Range of Late Garo is assumed.
[1867, 1956]
present
Confident No Edit
151
Elam - Awan Dynasty I
* Year Range of Elam - Awan Dynasty I is assumed.
[-2675, -2100]
present
Inferred No Edit
152
Elam - Kidinuid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Kidinuid Period is assumed.
[-1500, -1400]
present
Inferred No Edit
153
Elam - Igihalkid Period
* Year Range of Elam - Igihalkid Period is assumed.
[-1399, -1200]
present
Inferred No Edit
154
Elam II
* Year Range of Elam II is assumed.
[-743, -647]
present
Inferred No Edit
155
Elam III
* Year Range of Elam III is assumed.
[-612, -539]
present
Inferred No Edit
156
Parthian Empire I
* Year Range of Parthian Empire I is assumed.
[-247, 40]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
157
Monte Alban II
* Year Range of Monte Alban II is assumed.
[-100, 200]
absent
Confident No Edit
158
Parthian Empire II
* Year Range of Parthian Empire II is assumed.
[41, 226]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
159
Elam - Early Sukkalmah
* Year Range of Elam - Early Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1900, -1701]
present
Inferred No Edit
160
Elam - Late Sukkalmah
* Year Range of Elam - Late Sukkalmah is assumed.
[-1700, -1500]
present
Inferred No Edit
161
Lombard Kingdom
* Year Range of Lombard Kingdom is assumed.
[568, 774]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
162
Us Reconstruction-Progressive
* Year Range of Us Reconstruction-Progressive is assumed.
[1866, 1933]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
163
Japan - Middle Jomon
* Year Range of Japan - Middle Jomon is assumed.
[-3500, -2500]
present
Inferred No Edit
164
Kansai - Yayoi Period
* Year Range of Kansai - Yayoi Period is assumed.
[-300, 250]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
165
Classical Angkor
* Year Range of Classical Angkor is assumed.
[1100, 1220]
present
Confident No Edit
166
Early Angkor
* Year Range of Early Angkor is assumed.
[802, 1100]
present
Confident No Edit
167
Late Angkor
* Year Range of Late Angkor is assumed.
[1220, 1432]
present
Confident No Edit
168
Early Mongols
* Year Range of Early Mongols is assumed.
[1000, 1206]
absent
Confident No Edit
169
Early Monte Alban I
* Year Range of Early Monte Alban I is assumed.
[-500, -300]
absent
Confident No Edit
170
Monte Alban Late I
* Year Range of Monte Alban Late I is assumed.
[-300, -100]
absent
Confident No Edit
171
Monte Alban III
* Year Range of Monte Alban III is assumed.
[200, 500]
absent
Confident No Edit
172
Monte Alban IIIB and IV
* Year Range of Monte Alban IIIB and IV is assumed.
[500, 900]
absent
Confident No Edit
173
Archaic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Archaic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-6000, -2001]
present
Confident No Edit
174
Epiclassic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Epiclassic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[650, 899]
present
Confident No Edit
175
Early Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Early Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-1200, -801]
present
Confident No Edit
176
Middle Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Middle Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-800, -401]
present
Confident No Edit
177
Initial Formative Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Initial Formative Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[-2000, -1201]
present
Confident No Edit
178
Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico
* Year Range of Middle Postclassic Basin of Mexico is assumed.
[1200, 1426]
present
Confident No Edit
179
Oaxaca - Rosario
* Year Range of Oaxaca - Rosario is assumed.
[-700, -500]
absent
Inferred No Edit
180
Oaxaca - Tierras Largas
* Year Range of Oaxaca - Tierras Largas is assumed.
[-1400, -1150]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
181
Antebellum US
* Year Range of Antebellum US is assumed.
[1776, 1865]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
182
Khwarezmid Empire
* Year Range of Khwarezmid Empire is assumed.
[1157, 1231]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
183
Kingdom of Norway II
* Year Range of Kingdom of Norway II is assumed.
[1262, 1380]
unknown
Confident No Edit
184
Cuzco - Late Intermediate I
* Year Range of Cuzco - Late Intermediate I is assumed.
[1000, 1250]
absent
Inferred No Edit
185
Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial
* Year Range of Orokaiva - Pre-Colonial is assumed.
[1734, 1883]
present
Confident No Edit
186
Orokaiva - Colonial
* Year Range of Orokaiva - Colonial is assumed.
[1884, 1942]
present
Confident No Edit
187
Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Chalcolithic is assumed.
[-4000, -3200]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
188
Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Post-Urban Period is assumed.
[-1800, -1300]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
189
Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period
* Year Range of Kachi Plain - Pre-Urban Period is assumed.
[-3200, -2500]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
190
Sakha - Early
* Year Range of Sakha - Early is assumed.
[1400, 1632]
absent
Inferred No Edit
191
Byzantine Empire II
* Year Range of Byzantine Empire II is assumed.
[867, 1072]
absent
Confident No Edit
192
Late Cappadocia
* Year Range of Late Cappadocia is assumed.
[-322, -93]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
193
Hatti - New Kingdom
* Year Range of Hatti - New Kingdom is assumed.
[-1400, -1180]
absent
Confident No Edit
194
Early Illinois Confederation
* Year Range of Early Illinois Confederation is assumed.
[1640, 1717]
present
Confident No Edit
195
Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early
* Year Range of Haudenosaunee Confederacy - Early is assumed.
[1566, 1713]
present
Confident No Edit
196
Foys
* Year Range of Foys is assumed.
[1600, 1892]
present
Confident No Edit
197
Plantagenet England
* Year Range of Plantagenet England is assumed.
[1144, 1485]
present
Confident No Edit
198
Chaco Canyon - Late Bonito phase
* Year Range of Chaco Canyon - Late Bonito phase is assumed.
[1101, 1140]
present
Confident No Edit
199
Austria - Habsburg Dynasty I
* Year Range of Austria - Habsburg Dynasty I is assumed.
[1454, 1648]
present
Confident No Edit
200
Greco-Bactrian Kingdom
* Year Range of Greco-Bactrian Kingdom is assumed.
[-256, -125]
unknown
Suspected No Edit
201
Saffarid Caliphate
* Year Range of Saffarid Caliphate is assumed.
[861, 1003]
unknown
Suspected No Edit